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x Union Calendar No. 728 

'Mst Congress, 2d Session House Report No. 1951 



REPORT 

ON THE 

AMERICAN SLAV CONGRESS 

AND 

ASSOCIATED ORGANIZATIONS 










JUNE 26, 1949 
(Original release date) 



April 26, 1950.— Committed to the Committee of the Whole House 
on the State of the Union and ordered to be printed 



Prepared and released by the 

COMMITTEE ON UN-AMERICAN ACTIVITIES 

U. S. HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES 



UNITED STATES 
GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE 
65890 WASHINGTON : 1950 



PUBLIC J 









\-As\\j& 



Committee on Un-American Activities 
U. S. House of Representatives 

* 

John S. Wood, Georgia, Chairman 

Francis E. Walter, Pennsylvania 
Burr P. Harrison, Virginia 
John McSweeney, Ohio 
Morgan M. Moulder, Missouri 
Richard M. Nixon, California 
Francis Case, South Dakota 
Harold H. Velde, Illinois 
Bernard W. Kearney, New York 



Frank S. Tavenner, Jr., Counsel 

Louis J. Russell, Senior Investigator 

John W. Carrington, Clerk of Committee 

Benjamin Mandel, Director of Research 



CONTENTS 



Page 

1 . Introduction 1 

2. All Slav Congress in Moscow — Slavs of the World Unite 3 

3. Directives for Sabotage 4 

4. All Slav Congress Shifts to Belgrade 6 

5. Soviet Press and Radio Support 7 

6. Communist Activities Among Slavs Abroad 11 

7. Background of the American Slav Congress 12 

8. First American Slav Congress 14 

9. Second American Slav Congress 17 

10. Withdrawals and Repudiations 18 

11. Support from Moscow 19 

12. Third American Slav Congress — The Line Changes 22 

13. Fourth American Slav Congress — Anti-U. S. A 26 

14. Support of Communist Policies 29 

15. Cooperation With Other Communist Fronts 30 

16. Leaders of the American Slav Congress: 

George Pirinsky 31 

Leo Krzycki 32 

Zlatko Balokovic 35 

Louis Adamic 39 

Adamic and the Slovene National Congress 40 

Adamic and the United Committee of South Slavic Amer- 
icans 42 

Adamic and the Communist Party, U. S. A 45 

Adamic and American Foreign Policy 46 

Boleslaw Gebert 48 

Stanley J. Nowak 49 

Anthony J. Minerich 51 

Narodni Glasnik 52 

George Wuchinich 54 

17. Publications: 

Slobodna Rech (Free Expression, Serbian) 56 

Ludovy Dennik (People's Daily, Slovak) 60 

Ludove Noviny (People's News, Slovak) 61 

Vistnik ( Messenger, Carpatho-Russian) 62 

Narodna Volya (People's Will, Macedonian-Bulgarian) 63 

Glos Ludowy (People's Voice, Polish) 68 

Zajednicar (Brotherhood, Croatian) 72 

Miscellaneous Publications 74 

18. Relief Organizations 75 

American Committee for Yugoslav Relief 77 

Politics Versus Relief 79 

American Serbian Committee for Relief of War Orphans in Yugo- 
slavia 81 

19. Fraternal Insurance Organizations: 

International Workers Order 82 

Croatian Fraternal Union 84 

Slovene National Benefit Society 88 

20. American Committee for Free Yugoslavia 89 

21. Emigration — Victimizing Slavic Americans 89 

22. American Association for Reconstruction of Yugoslavia, Inc 90 

23. Corrupting Slavic American Youth 92 

24. Embassy Activities 94 

25. Recommendations 97 

26. Appendix 99 

27. Index 135 

in 



Union Calendar No.728 



81st Congress ) HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES ( Report 



2d Session J | No. 1951 



! 



REPORT ON THE AMERICAN SLAV CONGRESS AND 
ASSOCIATED ORGANIZATIONS 



April 26, 1950.— Committed to the Committee of the Whole House on the State 
of the Union and ordered to be printed 



Mr. Wood, from the Committee on Un-American Activities, submitted 

the following 

REPORT 

[Pursuant to H. Ees. 5, 79th Cong., 1st sess.] 

IV 



These are the Slavic Americans 

"Cook upon thy nation but as a mould of humanity, when thou callest for a Slav there must respond a manJ' 



Americans of Slaoic descent now living in the 

U. S. number more than (0,000,000. ^^^"^^ 

They came to the U.S. in largest numbers be- * 

tween 1870 and 1914. 




"They belong to 
NATIONAL GROUP 



They live mainly in 
Detroit, Chicago, Cle 



ge industrial centers — Pittsburgh 
and, New York and others. 



They work in mines, steel mills, automobile and airplane 
factories, rubber plants, sugar refineries, cotton mills, iron 
works, quarries, furniture factories, lumber mills and farms 



RUSSIAN U.S.S.R. 

BYELORUSSIAN U.S.S.R. 

UKRAINIAN U.S.S.R. 

CARPATHO RUSSIAN . . U.S.S.R. 



MACEDONIAN . YUGOSLAVIA, 
BULGARIA. GREECE 

CZECH CZECHOSLOVAKIA 

SLOVAK .... CZECHOSLOVAKIA 



65890 O - 50 (Fan 



Tli.- SUvi.- AiuiTicuii. Fall ] 



AMERICAN SLAV CONGRESS 



Introduction 



The American Slav Congress is a Moscow-inspired and directed 
federation of Communist-dominated organizations seeking by methods 
of propaganda and pressure to subvert the 10,000,000 people in this 
country of Slavic birth or descent. By means of a nationalist appeal 
it strives to enlist our Slavic population in behalf of Russia's ambitious 
designs for world empire and simultaneously to incite American Slavs 
against the land of their adoption. It will be remembered that prior 
to and during World War II, Adolph Hitler and his agents flooded 
German-American communities with Pan-German propaganda ema- 
nating from Stuttgart and distributed through the German-American 
Bund and allied organizations. The American Slav Congress in its 
appeal to Pan-Slavism is a revival of the same technique on a far 
more dangerous scale, the extent and significance of which few 
Americans realize. It is an important weapon of Moscow's political 
warfare against the United States. 

Although its promoters claim that the American Slav Congress was 
organized to "promote the cultural activity of the American Slavs," 
the real objectives of the American Slav Congress have been primarily 
military. The announced purpose of the first American Slav Con- 
gress in 1942 was to mobilize the Slav workers in the basic industries 
behind the war effort after Hitler attacked the Soviet Union. The 
guiding star of this movement, which is world-wide in its scope, is 
Russian Lt. Gen. Alexander Gundorov, chairman of the All-Slav 
Committee with headquarters in Moscow. 

In the first issue of the Slavic American for the fall of 1947, this 
official organ of the American Slav Congress clearly pinpointed its 
target. On a map of the United States, in this expensively litho- 
graphed magazine, we find designated the chief industrial centers 
where the following Slavic groups are employed: Russian, Byelo- 
russian, Ukrainian, Carpatho-Russian, Polish, Serbian, Croatian, 
Slovenian, Macedonian, Czech, Slovak, and Bulgarian. The map 
calls attention to the fact that 10,000,000 "Americans of Slavic 
descent" are employed "in mines, steel mills, automobile and airplane 
factories, rubber plants, sugar refineries, cotton mills, iron works, 
quarries, furniture factories, lumber mills, and farms." The American 
Slav Congress claims that 51 percent of the workers in the coal and 
steel industries are of Slavic extraction. Specific attention is directed 
toward such large industrial centers as Pittsburgh, Detroit, Chicago, 
Cleveland, and New York. 

As an integral part of the international Communist apparatus, the 
activities of the American Slav Congress cannot be correctly evaluated 
without due regard to the "cold war" now being waged against the 

Note. — The attention of the committee has been drawn to the fact that certain persons have withdrawn 
their membership from the American Slav Congress or have died since activities described herein occurred. 
The names of these persons have been marked with footnote references to indicate these cases. It is possible 
that there are other such cases which have not been brought to the attention of the committee. 



2 AMERICAN SLAV CONGRESS 

United States by Communists throughout the world, and the fact 
that Communist leaders abroad and in the United States have openly 
declared that, in the event of war, aid must be given to the Red Army. 
Nor can we afford to overlook in this connection the basic strategy 
of the Communist International as laid down by its executive com- 
mittee in anticipation of a possible conflict with the Soviet Union: 

In fighting against war, the Communists must prepare even now for the trans- 
formation of the imperialist war into civil war, concentrate their forces in each 
country, at the vital parts of the war machine . . . This means . . . concen- 
trating the forces of the Party organization in the decisive enterprises. 1 

The American Slav Congress has operated as a powerful pressure 
medium in behalf of Soviet foreign policy within the United States. 
It has never deviated from the line of the Communist Party, U. S. A. 

The work of the American Slav Congress is vigorously supported 
by numerous publications in each of the languages mentioned above. 
These papers wholeheartedly endorse the policies of the Soviet 
Government and its satellites, paint a glowing picture of conditions 
there and echo the campaign of vituperation against the United States 
now emanating from behind the iron curtain and from -Communist 
channels throughout the world. 

The Soviet Embassy and the embassies of its satellite states have 
actively cooperated with the work of the American Slav Congress or 
its affiliated organizations, despite the pledge given in 1933 by Soviet 
Ambassador Litvinov against interference in our internal affairs. In 
some cases embassy representatives have acted in collusion with pro- 
Communist elements to secure control of powerful organizations of 
Slavic- Americans. 

Leading members of the American Slav Congress have voluntarily 
relinquished their American citizenship to assume Government posts 
in Communist-ruled countries. The organization and its affiliates 
have cooperated with the respective embassies in hoodwinking and 
victimizing skilled technicians to migrate to these countries and in 
the solicitation of vast sums of money allegedly for charitable and 
relief purposes. In view of the fact that such sums upon their arrival 
are completely controlled by totalitarian government agencies, ques- 
tions have been raised as to the possibility of the diversion of such 
funds for other government purposes and the impossibility of estab- 
lishing the actual receipt of such funds by the intended recipient. 

Fraternal organizations affiliated with the American Slav Congress 
control millions of dollars worth of insurance capital belonging to 
their SI a vie- American members. These organizations do not hesitate 
to threaten reprisals against relatives in iron-curtain countries. 
Hence they are sources of pressure whereby thousands are forced into 
cooperation with foreign Communist governments. 

Outstanding Americans have unfortunately given encouragement in 
the past to the establishment and growth of the American Slav Con- 
gress and its domination by outstanding Communists. This was done 
during days of our alliance with Russia in a desire to further the war 
effort. Happily, this policy has since been abandoned in the face of 
growing disillusionment with Russia and on June 1 and September 21, 
1948, Attorney General Tom C. Clark cited the American Slav Con- 
gress as Communist and subversive. 

1 Fascism, the Danger of War and Tasks of the Communist Parties. Thesis of the thirteenth plenum of 
the executive committee of the Communist International as published in the Communist, February 1934, 
pp. 131-144. 



AMERICAN SLAV CONGRESS 3 

A majority of foreign-born Slavs are naturalized American citizens 
who came here to escape oppression and who fully appreciate the 
blessings of American liberty. They are devotedly loyal to the 
United States and can be counted upon to oppose the Communists 
tooth and nail. 

The All-American Slav Congress was formed in Detroit on April 
25-26, 1942, in response to the appeal of the All-Slav Congress pre- 
viously held in Moscow. It was the culmination of a number of 
preliminary meetings held in various cities containing a large Slav 
population. The All-American Slav Congress owes its Communist 
domination to the fact that it is subsidiary to the All-Slav Congress 
of Moscow and to the activities in the United States of individual 
Communists operating in the Slav Congress through branches of the 
International Workers Order and other Communist-dominated fra- 
ternal organizations and Slavic groups. The continued activity of 
the Slav Congress is visible proof that despite the "dissolution" of 
the Comintern, Moscow remains, in fact, the coordinating center for 
operations of Communists and their supporters on an international 
scale. 

All-Slav Congress in Moscow — Slavs of the World Unite 

Immediately after Hitler attacked Russia on the fateful June 22, 
1941, Stalin ceased to look upon the war as a contest of rival imperialist 
powers. It became a war of "national liberation" in which Russia w T as 
fighting the battle of her Slavic brothers against the "Nazi Fascist 
beasts." 

Although there is no visible record of any Communist-inspired 
national liberation movement among Slavic nationals of German- 
occupied territory prior to June 21, 1941, a far-reaching network of 
organizations was established subsequently for such agitation. On 
August 10-11, 1941, an all-Slav conference was held in Moscow, where 
no such gathering could be held without official government sanction. 
It was formally greeted by the Red army through its official organ, 
Red Star. The chairman of the meeting was Alexander Gundorov, a 
lieutenant general in the Red army. A fellow speaker was Gen. 
Marian Januszajtis of the army of Communist Poland. A manifesto 
to all Slavonic nations was read to the assemblage by Alexander 
Fadeyev (leading Soviet representative at the recent Scientific and 
Cultural Conference for World Peace held in New York City on 
March 25, 26, and 27, 1949, which was referred to by the State 
Department on March 16, 1949, as a meeting at which spokesmen 
would not be free "to express any view other than that dictated by the 
political authorities in Moscow.") Vice chairman of the Moscow 
meeting was Alexander Korneichuk, a prominent Soviet writer. The 
keynote speech was delivered by Alexei Tolstoi, another outstanding 
Soviet writer. Other speakers were Professor Zdenek, biographer of 
Lenin, and a member of the faculty of the Moscow Institute of Western 
Slavic Languages and Cultures; Wanda Wasilewska, a Polish Com- 
munist leader resident in Moscow and the wife of Korneichuk; 
Johannes Becher, a German Communist writer; and Friedrich Wolf, 
a German emigre author who declared he had found his "second father- 
land" in the Soviet Union. Out of an executive committee of 20 
selected at this conference, 10 were Russians. 



4 AMERICAN SLAV CONGRESS 

The conference called upon the oppressed millions of Poles, Czechs, 
Slovaks, Carpathian Ukranians,Bulgars, Serbs, Macedonians, Vlakhs, 
Croats, and Slovenes to "unite against the common enemy of all Slav 
peoples." 

The chief theme of this meeting as pronounced by its leading spokes- 
men, Alexei Tolstoi, Juro Salai, Wanda Wasilewska, and Ivan Lakota, 
by manifestoes issued at this congress and at succeeding meetings held 
in Moscow on April 4-5, 1942, and February 23-24, 1944, was the note 
of encouragement of Slavonic nationals to civil war. In each case 
these manifestoes were signed by Lt Alexander Gundorov who served 
as the chief Soviet spokesman at meetings of the American Slav Con- 
gress held in the United States. 

It is true that in the cases cited these proclamations were specifically 
intended to arouse the maximum resistance to German fascism. But 
it must also be remembered that Communist propaganda throughout 
the world today identifies President Truman with Adolf Hitler and the 
United States with fascism. It must further be borne in mind that 
Maurice Thorez, leader of the Communist Party of France, on Feb- 
ruary 22, 1949, declared that the French people should welcome the 
Red Army on French soil and that this statement was indorsed by 
Communist parties throughout the world and by Moscow. On March 
3, 1949, William Z. Foster and Eugene Dennis, chairman and general 
secretary of the Communist Party, U. S. A., gave their unqualified 
endorsement to this statement and declared that the Communist 
Party, U. S. A. would "oppose" what he called "an unjust, aggressive, 
imperialist . . . and anti-Socialist war" against the Soviet Union. In 
fact, in a Moscow broadcast on May 8, 1949, Lieutenant General 
Gundorov declared that Maurice Thorez' words "have become 'fight- 
ing words' not only for the French people but in all the countries of the 
world." Under the circumstances it would be utterly naive to suppose 
that the Communists would hesitate to advocate the same measures 
among American Slavs when they consider that the time is fully ripe. 

Directives for Sabotage 

As a sample of this type of appeal we cite the manifesto of the Second 
All-Slavonic meeting held in Moscow on April 4-5, 1942: 

Oppressed Slavs! 

Sabotage war production! . . . Do all in your power to slow down the 
production of lathes and presses! Exert your utmost to spoil the arms that you 
are compelled to manufacture for your merciless enslavers! Make every effort 
to have the tanks, airplanes, and armoured cars produced by you soon go out of 
commission! See to it that the mines and shells do not explode! Disorganize the 
railroads! Dislocate the transportation systems . . . Disorganize traffic, blow 
up the bridges . . . Sabotage the production of guns, tanks, ammunition; call 
strikes! Blow up . . . ammunition dumps and storehouses! 
Disorganize their military shipments! 

General Gundorov, Soviet-assigned commissar of the American 
Slav Congress, addressed this meeting in behalf of the Red Army, 
as follows: 

I am speaking here as a Russian and a representative of the Red Army . . . 
Slavs! Sabotage production at the various plants; spoil their output, smash their 
equipment, disorganize the industries by every means in your power! . . . 
Arrange train collisions, derail troop trains, demolish the trackage . . . Thus 
you will help to multiply the successes of the Red Army. 



AMERICAN SLAV CONGRESS 5 

Another speaker, Red Army Lieutenant General Ivan Kamera of 
Byelorussia, was similarly to the point : 

Each of your operations in the front-line zones should be precisely coordinated 
with the actions of the Red Army units . . . Reconnoitre the location and 
strength of the enemy and communicate your information to the Red Army 
Command. Set fire to their dumps and oil bases, cut their telephone and tele- 
graph lines, block the road to the front for the enemy reserves, bearing in mind 
that your aim must be to render the greatest assistance to the advancing Soviet 
units. Attack the fortified positions of the enemy from the rear when the Red 
Army attacks them from the front. Be organized, efficient helpers of the Red 
Army. 

The proceedings of the second All-Slavonic meeting were published 
in pamphlet form in English by the Foreign Languages Publishing 
House in Moscow in 1942 and carry the greetings of the following 
Slavic organizations in the United States, which have been cited as 
subversive by the Attorney General or by the Committee on Un- 
American Activities or both: 

American All-Slav Congress (American Slav Congress) of Michigan and New 

York. 
International Workers Order — Croatian, Russian, Czechoslovakian, Ukrainian, 

Carpatho-Ukrainian and Serbian sections. 
Slobodna Rech, a Serbian newspaper. 
American Russian Institute. 
Serbian Vidovdan Council. 

It also carries greetings from the following organizations in the 
United States actively associated with the American Slav Congress: 

"Vidovdan" Congress of American Serbs, Pittsburgh. 

Czechoslovak National Council of America. 

Carpatho-Russian People's Committee, New York. 

American-Slovak Educational and Beneficial Athletic Association, McKeesport, 

Pa. 
Serbian Progressive Club Karageorge, Gary, Ind. 
Slovene National Council, New York. 
United American-Czechoslovak Society, New York. 
Yugoslavenski Obzor (Yugoslav Review), Milwaukee, Wis. 
Union of Yugoslav-Americans, New York. 
Croatian Fraternal Union of America, Pittsburgh. 
American-Russian Institute, New York. 
Slavonic Committee for Democracy, New York. 
Ukrainian-American League, members of, New York. 
American Workers of Slovak Descent, Chicago. 
League for the Defence of Russian Minorities, New York. 

As an outgrowth of the Slav conference in Moscow, similar gather- 
ings were held in the United States, Australia, Canada, New Zealand, 
and in Latin America. The Latin American Slav Congress was held 
in Montevideo on April 24, and 25, 1943. Indicative of its unrepre- 
sentative character was the fact that the Central Yugoslav Committee 
with 36 sections in Argentina sent no delegates. Neither did similar 
committees in Chile, Bolivia, Peru, Brazil, Paraguay, and Colombia. 
The Uruguayan delegation withdrew when it learned of a proposed 
resolution to condemn General Mihailovitch. Tomas Davidou was 
elected president of the Latin American Slav Congress. 

The second Moscow conference wasfheld on April 7, 1942, which 
was followed by the third conference on May 10 to 16, 1943. Its 
official organ is "Slavianie" (The Slavs), printed in Moscow. The 
Worker, official Communist organ, published on March 14, 1943 an 
appeal of the All-Slav Committee in Moscow for a second front. The 
appeal was made public by the Soviet Information Bureau. 



6 AMERICAN SLAV CONGRESS 

The tenor of this Moscow meeting is disclosed by the following 
cable message sent prepaid to Slavic publications throughout the 
United States on October 20, 1943: 

Moscow via press wireless All-Slav press service sending report sixth plenary 
session All-Slav Committee held Moscow 16th, 17th October 1943. 

Sixth plenary session All-Slav Committees Moscow 16th, 17th October. Ses- 
sions opened by Lieutenant General Alex Gundorov, chairman, All-Slav Com- 
mittee. 

First words spoken session re message addressed to Marshal Soviet Union 
Joseph Stalin, Supreme Commander-in-Chief, Red Army. . . . 

All-Slav Committee. 

All-Slav Congress Shifts to Belgrade 

Just as the Communist International, now known as the Comin- 
form, was transferred to Belgrade to obviate the charge of receiving 
orders from Moscow, the headquarters of international front organ- 
izations were likewise removed and for a time the headquarters of 
the All-Slav Congress was centered in Belgrade, prior to Tito's 
defection. Its fourth congress was held there from December 8 to 11, 
1946. Despite the restrictions of Yugoslavian censorship we are 
fortunate to have an account of what transpired from an eye-witness, 
Mr. Mark Basic of Chicago, who had been enticed into the American 
Slav Congress as a delegate from its Midwest division and who was 
sent as an official delegate to Belgrade. His experiences are related in 
his book, "It Happened in Yugoslavia, It Must Not Happen Here!" 
He is now one of a group of influential Slavic Americans who have 
repudiated the American Slav Congress and are exposing its machi- 
nations. 

Back of the speakers' platform were huge photographs of such lead- 
ing Communists as Dimitroff and Tito. In the central place of honor 
was Josef Stalin. On the closing day, 175,000 to 200,000 people 
greeted the delegates with shouts of "Stalin-Tito-Bierut-Dimitroff; 
Moscow, Belgrade, Warsaw, Sofia, Prague." Marshal Tito addressed 
the conference in person. Greetings were received from Stalin, Benes 
of Czechoslovakia, Bierut of Poland, and Dimitroff of Bulgaria — the 
heads of their respective governments. 

The director of the Congress was Soviet Lieutenant-General Alex- 
ander Gundorov, chairman of the All-Slav Committee in Moscow, who 
submitted the main report. The predominance of military personnel 
is also indicated by the address of Marshal Tolbokhin, Soviet com- 
mander of the Third Ukrainian Army. General Bozidar Maslaric 
of Yugoslavia was elected chairman of the permanent All-Slav Com- 
mittee and Colonel Valentine Mochalov of the U. S. S. R. was elected 
executive secretary. The Russians were, of course, securely in the 
saddle. 

Obviously referring to the United States, Zlatko Balokovic, vice 
chairman of the American Slav Congress and head of the delegation, 
assured the meeting that "no atomic energy . . . can rend asunder 
the brotherhood and solidarity of the Slavic peoples." He left after 
two days and his place as official spokesman was taken by Mr. George 
Buban of St. Louis of the Midwest division of the American Slav 
Congress. The delegation also included Anton Majnerich, also known 
as Tony Minerich and Anthony Minerich, editor of the Narodni 
Glasnik, a Croatian Communist paper published in Pittsburgh; Mrs. 




Lieutenant General Alexander Gundorov with other Red Army officers in Moscow. 

-Forward to Victory, Slav Soldiers, Meeting of Slav Soldiers held in Moscow on February 23-24, 1944, published 
bv the All-Slav Committee, Moscow, page 5. 

65890—50 (Face p. 6) 



AMERICAN SLAV CONGRESS . 7 

Anton Prpich, of Detroit, and others. Mr. Basic's commentary on this 
Congress is illuminating: 

The Congress was one of the most cleverly organized, staged, and executed — 
all to the tune of Communist propaganda — I had ever seen. Everything was 
timed with such precision that not only the layman but many professional 
observers were easily fooled . . . 

Outwardly, the congress was held for the promotion of Slav Unity. Its real 
purpose, however, was to organize and strengthen communism in its contest with 
the United States. To the innocent onlooker, the congress had the appearance of 
a peaceful aim; to me, however, it was a Communist instrument for preparing 
Slav solidarity against . . . America. 

It was the same guiding spirits and organizers who prepared the Slav congress 
in New York, namely, Lt. Gen. Alexander Gundorov from Moscow, and his 
American assistant, George Pirinsky, the secretary of said congress . . . It was 
the same guidine spirits and organizers who prepared the Belgrade Congress, 
namely Lt. Gen. Gundorov and his Communistic aides, outstanding among whom 
was Russian-American Mary Pirinsky, the former wife of George Pirinsky. 

Soviet Press and Radio Support 

The Moscow press and radio as well as Slavianie, official organ of the 
All-Slav Congress, are open in their support of the American Slav 
Congress and their deep interest in its activity. 

Slavianie for June 1942 calls attention to "the liberating role of the 
Red Army" and obligates itself to print reports "on anti-Fascist Slav 
movements in America, England, and other countries — about their 
congresses, meetings, exhibitions, and to shed light upon the work of 
individual groups, organizations, etc." 

True to its pledge, Slavianie for November 1945 published the 
demand by George Pirinsky, executive secretary of the American Slav 
Congress, that "the State Department . . . should discontinue 
its interference into the inner affairs of Bulgaria and Yugoslavia." 

The same publication for December 1945 quoted an address by Leo 
Krzycki, president of the American Slav Congress, excoriating condi- 
tions in the United States and depicting the situation in the Soviet 
Union as a delightful contrast: 

Some people abroad assert that there is no freedom of speech, no criticism, 
briefly, no real democracy in Soviet Russia. This is an absurd libel . . . 
Soviet factory makes an impression of a friendly family. This is, naturally, 
excluded where capitalist conditions prevail. ... I recollect with dread the 
pernicious influence of the street in American cities and the growth of criminality 
among the youngsters of America. This voluntary comparison does not speak in 
favor of America." 

A full and favorable account of the proceedings of the Third Ameri- 
can Slav Congress are to be found in Izvestia for September 24, 1946, 
with the speeches of Leo Krzycki, George Pirinsky, Louis Adamic, 
Stanley M. Isaacs, and greetings from Henry A. Wallace. Pravda for 
September 23, 1946, also summarizes the meeting. 

The Third American Slav Congress took place in New York on 
September 20-22, 1946. The following telegram from Joseph Stalin 
was printed in Slaviane No. 10, 1946, page 5. 

To the President of the Third American Slav Congress, Leo Krzycki, 
New York: 
The Third American Slav Congress is assembling at a time when humanity is 
faced with the task of wiping out the remnants of fascism and establishing a last- 
ing peace in the whole world. 



8 AMERICAN SLAV CONGRESS 

There is no doubt that the Slav peoples will play in the solution of this most 
important task the same outstanding role as in the destruction of Hitler Germany. 
I wish to the participants of the Congress all success in their work. 

J. Stalin. 

The fourth meeting of the American Slav Congress took place in 
Chicago on September 24-26, 1948. The text of the telegram from 
the Slav Committee of the U. S. S. R. appeared in Slaviane No. 10, 
1948, page 63: 

The Slav Committee of the IT. S. S. R. sends its warm greetings to the American 
Slav Congress representing all the democratic Slav organizations of the United 
States of America. The Congress is assembling at a time when it is particularly 
important to strengthen democratic forces and collaboration between the peoples 
for a fight against the organizers of a new war and the warmongers. 

We wholeheartedly wish you every success in your noble work for the benefit of 
peace and of strengthening of friendship and brotherhood between peoples. 

Please accept our brotherly greetings. 

The following is the text of a telegram dispatched by the Slav Com- 
mittee of the U. S. S. R. in the fall of 1948 to the American Slav Con- 
gress, with the response of the American Slav Congress, both published 
in Slavianie No. 10, 1948, page 3: 

The Soviet Slav community expresses its determined protest regarding the ar- 
rest of the Secretary-General of the American Slav Congress, George Pirinsky, the 
fighter against fascism, and for peace and democracy, and an active participant 
in the new Slav movement. The arrest of Pirinsky on the eve of the Fourth Meet- 
ing of the American Slav Congress represents an effort to put an end to its work. 
We are convinced that millions of Americans of Slav descent will raise indignant 
voices in protest (against such an act) and will fight even more actively for the 
progressive ideas of peace, democracy, and collaboration of peoples. 

The above cable constitutes an open act of incitement to Slavic 
Americans against our Government and a flagrant breach of the 
Litvinov pledge. The American Slav Congress sent the following 
appreciative reply: 

We are deeply grateful for the expression of protest against the arrest of Pirinsky 
on the eve of the Fourth Meeting of the American Slav Congress in Chicago and 
for your solidarity with our struggle for civil rights and the prevention of the 
outbreak of a new world war. The Americans of Slav descent will remain faithful 
to the policy of Roosevelt directed towards friendship and collaboration between 
the American people and the Slavs and the other freedom-loving peoples. We 
shall continue this fight united with all progressive Americans and with all those 
who defend peace, democracy, and progress. The tremendous success of the 
meeting in Chicago proved that it is impossible to intimidate the freedom-loving 
Americans of Slav descent. 

Warm brotherly greetings to the peoples of the Soviet Union who under Stalin's 
leadership have taken a major part in defeating Nazi Germany. 

A Moscow broadcast of December 23, 1948, in Ukrainian, addressed 
"Ukrainian-speaking American listeners," and depicted the glories of 
life in the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic. 

The New York Times of September 24, 1948, carries a message of 
greeting from the Slav Committee of the Union of Soviet Socialist 
Republics to the Fourth Slav Congress in the United States, reading 
in part as follows: 

Your congress is convened at a time when consolidation of the democratic 
forces and cooperation between nations against organizers and instigators of a 
new war is of particular importance. 

In Communist jargon, "democratic forces" means the Communist 
governments, the Communist Party, and its allies. Moscow propa- 



AMERICAN SLAV CONGRESS 9 

gandists, of course, are constantly denouncing Americans as "the 
organizers and instigators of a new war." 

On November 18, 1948, the Moscow propaganda network launched 
a permanent weekly broadcast for American Slavs. Samples of these 
broadcasts are available through our monitor services. On December 
2, Gen. Alexander Gundorov, chairman of the Soviet All-Slav Com- 
mittee, in a speech addressed to his "dear American friends," attacked 
the State Department for demanding that he register as a foreign 
agent on the occasion of his intended mission to the meeting of the 
American Slav Congress in 1946. As Gundorov put it, he was asked 
to register as an enemy agent, which was not true. He stressed the 
superiority of the Soviet Constitution and the Soviet state and 
referred to the U. S. S. R. as "a bulwark of peace and security." 
A fellow commentator rhapsodized on the advantages enjoyed by 
Soviet miners as compared with their American counterparts. 

Borba, official organ of the Communist Party of Yugoslavia, in its 
issue of June 18, 1947, quotes a speech made by another outstanding 
military figure then on Tito's staff, Maj. Gen. Bozedar Maslaric, 
president of the All-Slav Congress in Moscow, assuring aid to the 
activities of its affiliates abroad. He declared: 

These organizations are showing great interest in the type of people's democ- 
racies which is now being practiced in Slav countries. . . . Some of these 
organizations, for example in Latin America, were obliged to carry on their work 
illegally through the underground. We must help them in their work, supplying 
them with qualified good material. 

Moscow finds an invaluable source of encouragement and support 
for its policies in the pronouncements of the American Slav Congress. 
In a broadcast on February 11, 1949, Comrade Korkin, a Soviet 
commentator, declared: 

The American All-Slav Congress pointed out in its statement that by refusing 
to conclude a Soviet-American peace pact . . . the U. S. Government stands 
exposed before the eyes of the peace-loving people as the chief instigator and 
inspirer in the world of a still more terrible world war .... 

The U. S. Government . . . implies that the conclusion of a peace pact 
would be contradictory to the U. N. itself. . . . The falsehood of this assertion 
is quite obvious. Truman and Acheson, says the American Slav Congress, are 
trying to justify their unjustifiable position. . . . 

A Soviet broadcast of February 25, 1949, gloats over the fact that 
the American Slav Congress has opposed a bill before the House of 
Representatives approving the importation of aliens "in the interest 
of national security or essential to the furtherance of the national in- 
telligence mission." The broadcast says that "The American All-Slav 
Congress has published a protest against the approval of the bill" and 
that it has declared that the bill "will make every freedom-loving 
American and every honest person in the world disgusted with the 
cynicism of the United States Congress and its policy of reviving 
fascism and preparing a new world war." 

In a broadcast from Moscow in Czech, a speech by General Gun- 
dorov, chairman of the All-Slav Committee, is featured in which he 
inveighs against "the wild poisonous propaganda of the cannibals of 
Wall Street." Comrade Mochalov, secretary of the All-Slav Com- 
mittee in Moscow, urged "progressive Americans of Slavic origin to 
work for a policy of collaboration with the U. S. S. R." 



10 AMERICAN SLAV CONGRESS 

On March 14, 1949, the Bulgarian Home Service radioed the fol- 
lowing from Soviet-controlled Sofia: 

The American Slav Congress condemned the Atlantic Pact project. The 
general secretary of the congress, George Pirinsky, stated a considerable portion 
of the American people are worried by the proposed project and do not believe 
it represents a peace pact. American Slavs, he said, declare that those who 
support the pact resort to the same arguments to which Hitler resorted. 

The viewpoint of the American Slav Congress in condemning 
American foreign policy and the Atlantic Pact finds enthusiastic 
approval in the February 15, 1949, issue of For a Lasting Peace, for a 
People's Democracy, published in Bucharest as the official organ of 
the Information Bureau of the Communist and Workers' Parties, 
(otherwise known as the Cominform, successor to the Communist 
International) as follows: 

The American All-Slav Congress has published a statement on Truman's 
refusal to conclude a peace pact between the Soviet Union and the United States. 

It points out that in refusing to conclude a Soviet-American peace pact, which 
would have directed the efforts of the two great powers toward building a lasting 
democratic peace, the United States Government has exposed itself in the eyes 
of peace-loving mankind as the principal instigator and inspirer of a new world 
war. 

Ambiguous statements, which have become a most disgusting feature of the 
foreign policy of the Truman Government, will not deceive progressive Americans 
nor the peoples of the World, the statement stresses. The statement calls on 
all organizations affiliated to the American All-Slav Congress and all Roosevelt 
supporters to demand that the Truman Government should accept J. V. Stalin's 
peace proposal and direct all its effort toward concluding a Soviet-American pact. 

That the American Slav Congress is an organic part of the interna- 
tional Communist movement is further demonstrated by a radio talk 
from Moscow on March 24, 1949, by General Gundorov, chairman of 
the U. S. S. R. Slav Committee in which he called upon his American 
affiliates to support the Communist-inspired World Peace Congress, 
which followed the recent Cultural and Scientific Conference for World 
Peace whose Communist character and purpose was cited by the 
State Department. The World Peace Congress was intended as a 
Soviet countermove to the North Atlantic Pact. It further indicates 
the true purpose of the American Slav Congress as a pressure medium 
in behalf of Soviet foreign policy. His statement, which is in fact a 
directive, reads in part as follows: 

Brothers! American Slavs! The U. S. S. R. Slav Committee had decided at 
a special meeting to take part in the World Congress of the Supporters of Peace. 
The Slav movement cannot stand apart when it is a question of defending peace 
and when the threat of war once again hangs over mankind. 

Seven days later the Daily Worker announced that George Pirinsky, 
executive secretary, and John Marsalka, vice president of the Ameri- 
can Slav Congress, had been designated as delegates to the World 
Peace Congress — a startling example of the speed with which Mos- 
cow decisions are obeyed by officials of the American Slav Congress. 
Since Pirinsky is on bail in deportation proceedings, Leo Krzycki was 
later substituted. 

On April 21, 1949, the Moscow Overseas Service radio announced 
a message from Lieutenant General Gundurov, chairman of the Slav 
Committee of the U. S. S. R. to the Communist-dominated World 
Peace Congress in Paris, in which he emphasized its Slav character: 

The delegations to the World Congress of Peace from the Slav countries include 
representatives from the broadest sections of the public. The movement in 



AMERICAN SLAV CONGRESS 11 

defense of peace is enthusiastically joined by numerous Slav groups in the U. S., 
Canada, Argentina, Brazil, Australia, and many other countries. The National 
Committee of the American Slav Congress unanimously adopted a resolution 
condemning the North Atlantic Pact as an instrument of war. The Committee 
decided to send the president of the Slav Congress, Leo Krzycki and Professor 
Marsalka of Yale to the World Congress of Peace. Professor Marsalka soon 
after was expelled from the university for his progressive views. 

On March 23 in Buenos Aires a large police force prevented the opening of the 
third Slav Congress in Argentina. The police arrested over a hundred of its 
delegates and later raided the headquarters of the Slav Union. 

Purely on the basis of evidence from the Soviet Union and its 
satellites as outlined above, it is clear that — 

1. The American Slav Congress is a full-fledged instrument of 
Soviet policy. 

2. Its purpose is to disrupt and disunite the American people by 
subverting its Slavic-American elements. 

3. It seeks to undermine and destroy the confidence of Slavic 
Americans in the American Government. 

4. Its aim is to utilize Slavic organizations in the United States 
as a pro-Soviet fifth column. 

Communist Activities Among Slavs Abroad 

The American people cannot fail to take note of the activities of 
Communist-inspired Slav groups in other countries, outlining a pattern 
for their activity in the United States. 

On October 9, 1947, the Government of Chile was compelled to expel 
two Communist agitators possessing diplomatic status. The Gov- 
ernment charged that Andrej Cunja, Yugoslav Charge d'AfTaires and 
Dalibor Jakasa, former legation secretary in Buenos Aires, had been 
instrumental in provoking work stoppages in Chile and fomenting ac- 
tivities detrimental to hemispheric security. It charged that Cunja 
maintained ''sustained contact with leaders and members of the Com- 
munist Party in Chile, and with the pretext of establishing greater 
bonds between Yugoslavia and Chile, encouraged the organization of 
groups of nationals of descendants of Yugoslavs in which were infil- 
trated members of the Communist Party." 

The Chilean Government in its official report of the ouster of the 
two diplomats indicated specifically the aims of their activities as 
follows : 

A. Intensify and coordinate a campaign against the United States of America 
to induce the greater democratic elements to join Soviet strategy against western 
democracies. 

B. Attack the policy of continental defense. 

C. Develop a plan of sabotage of production, either by means of slowing work 
or causing strikes and conflicts in industries producing raw materials. 2 

A March 24, 1949, broadcast from San Jose described the circum- 
stances around the arrest of Pablo P. Schostakovsky, the chief of 
Slavic Communists in Buenos Aires and president of the pro-Com- 
munist group, the Slavic People's Union, Argentinian equivalent of 
the American Slav Congress. The police arrested at least 170 Slav 
Communists after a disorderly protest demonstration against the 
North Atlantic Pact by some 2,000 persons. The demonstrators 
shouted "Long Live Stalin, Down With Yankee Imperialism!" As a 
consequence of the rift in the Communist ranks with Tito, some 

* New York Times, October 10, 1947, p. 4, 



12 AMERICAN SLAV CONGRESS 

shouted "Vivo Tito!" The demonstrators gathered to celebrate the 
Third Congress of Slavs. 

According to an Ottawa dispatch in the New York Times of No- 
vember 7, 1947, the Department of External Affairs of the Canadian 
Government had to warn the Soviet Embassy that if any embassy 
member or employee used language calculated to promote ill will and 
hostility between different groups of people in Canada, the "Govern- 
ment would have no alternative but to request the immediate recall 
of the official or employee concerned." The action was taken as a 
result of a speech by I. P. Scherbatiuk, a Soviet Embassy employee 
on July 27, 1947, attacking certain Canadian-Ukrainians as "traitors 
filled with fierce hatred for their own land." 

Background of the American Slav Congress 

It is an eloquent tribute to the perfect coordination of the inter- 
national Communist apparatus that almost simultaneously with the 
Slav Congress in Moscow in 1941, a gathering of prominent pro- 
Communist leaders of Slav organizations meeting in Pittsburgh on 
August 10, 1941, decided to call an All-Slav Congress to be held during 
the first week in October. This preliminary meeting was considered 
of sufficient importance to be rated as "Special to the Daily Worker" 
by its Pittsburgh correspondent, David Lurie. "Original plans" he 
declared, "called for the reconvening of the All-Slav Congress of the 
Tri-State area (western Pennsylvania, Ohio, and West Virginia, which 
last met during the Munich crisis of 1938." The 1938 conference was 
attended by 400 delegates from western Pennsylvania, Ohio, and West 
Virginia. It will be noted, however, that activity subsided during 
the life of the Stalin-Hitler pact. Only after Hitler's attack on the 
Soviet Union was the organization revived 3 years later. 

The announced purpose of the meeting was "to build the unity of 
Americans of Slav descent and to launch a great movement in support 
of the struggle against fascism in Europe." 3 

One delegate to this initiatory meeting was Anthony Minerich, 
representing the "Narodni Glasnik," a Croatian Communist publica- 
tion. Minerich has been Pittsburgh section organizer of the Commun- 
ist Party and a delegate to its tenth national convention. He has a 
long police record in Pennsylvania, Ohio, Illinois, and New Jersey. 

Stephan Zeman, Jr., president of the Slovak Evangelical Union, 
was elected as secretary of the All-Slav Congress. He had previously 
participated in a meeting of the so-called Fraternal Order's Committee 
held in Pittsburgh on October 25, 1936, with B. K. Gebert, member 
of the National Committee of the Communist Party as chairman. 
This meeting was enthusiastically publicized in the Daily Worker of 
October 26, 1936. 

One delegate to the All-Slav Congress Committee openly declared, 
"What's the use of kidding ourselves? We all know that if it weren't 
for the Soviet Union there would be no chance of liberating the Slav 
countries." His views were applauded by the majority of those 
present, according to the Daily Worker. 

Prior to the calling of the All- American Slav Congress, a mass 
meeting of Greeks, Serbians, Macedonians, Bulgarians, and other 
Balkan nationalities was held in Gary, Ind., on September 2, 1941. 

3 Daily Worker, August 11, 1941, p. 3. 



AMERICAN SLAV CONGRESS 13 

The chief speaker was George Pirinsky, secretary of the league and 
former editor of the Bulgarian Communist weekly, "Saznanie." 

Another preliminary meeting occurred in Pittsburgh on October 3, 
1941, among leading members of the Slovak National Alliance where 
it was announced that an All-Slav Congress would be held in Pitts- 
burgh, November 21, 22, and 2.3. A leading speaker declared that 
"Red-baiters must get out of the Czecho-Slovak movement." Senti- 
ment for the Slav Congress was noted in such groups as the Croatian 
Fraternal Union and the Yugoslav Friends of Democracy. 

For some unannounced reason the November gathering did not 
materialize. Further mobilization was evidently necessary. A 
banquet was arranged at the Masonic Temple in Detroit on December 
7, 1941, which included as delegates John Kocharsky, head of the 
Polish and Slav delegation from Chicago and Detroit; Vincent Ujcich, 
vice president of the Slavonic Committee for Democracy and a 
speaker for the Bergen County chapter of the American Peace Mobili- 
zation on October 9, 1941, at Cliff side, N. J. (the American Peace 
Mobilization was the Communist-front organization which picketed 
the White House and denoimced President Roosevelt as a warmonger) ; 
Anna Blatniak, member of the Communist-controlled International 
Workers Order, representing the Slovak Women's Society (Ziveny) ; 
Rudolph Martonovic, editor of the "Lodovy Dennik" (Slovak Daily 
News), a Communist paper published at 1916 East Street, Pittsburgh, 
Pa.; Charles Korenic, national secretary of the Slovak section of the 
International Workers Order; and A. Dmytrishyn of the Ukranian 
section of the International Workers Order. 

At this banquet 1,400 Slavic Americans participated, and in 
accordance with the current Communist Party line, they voted to 
promote the sale of defense bonds. Giving the gathering added 
prestige was the address b}>- Attorney General Francis Biddle, who has 
since denounced such Communist fronts in no uncertain terms. 

The Communist whip at this meeting was Bill Gebert, known in 
Polish circles as Boleslaw K. Gebert, member of the National Com- 
mittee of the Communist Party and its specialist on activity among the 
Poles. He announced the holding of the All-Slav Congress in Detroit 
on April 25-26, 1942. He declared that Moscow had had a congress 
in which all Slavic peoples were united in a common struggle against 
the Nazis. 

In preparation for the April gathering, a Michigan American Slav 
Congress was held on March 15, 1942, at the Book-Cadillac Hotel in 
Detroit. Among the sponsors and leading speakers of this meeting 
were State Senator Stanley Nowak, identified as a member of the 
Communist Party by a number of witnesses before the Special Com- 
mittee on Un-American Activities, one of whom testified that he was 
present at a banquet tendered to Nowak on the occasion of the latter's 
joining the party in 1935 (vol. 11, p. 7016), and George Pirinsky, 
whose record will be given in full later. This conference was featured 
on the front page of the Daily Worker of March 16, 1942. 

The 300 delegates representing "key war industries" endorsed the 
"Call for a great Congress of American Slavs." 

Among the Communists who actually ran the show were Stanley 
Nowak who was chairman of a panel on fifth column activities di- 
rected chiefly against the foreign-language groups which refused to 
be roped into the Congress such as Novoye Russkoye Slovo, largest 

65890—50 2 



14 AMERICAN SLAV CONGRESS 

prodemocratic Russian newspaper in the United States: Nowy 
Swiat, large Polish daily; Polish National Council; Polish National 
Alliance; Polish Women's Alliance of America; Polish Falcons of 
America; and the Serbian National Federation. 

George Pirinsky was a speaker in behalf of the Macedonian Ameri- 
can People's League and a member of the executive committee of the 
Congress. B. K. Gebert pulled the strings from the press table 
Margaret Nowak, wife of Stanley Nowak, educational director of 
section 1 of the Communist Party of Detroit (hearings, vol. 11 p 
7016), was chairman of the Congress Arrangements Committee' 
Participating also were Nick Swetnick, member of the Young Com- 
munist League; Mary "Soc" Paige, member of the district committee 
of the Young Communist League of Michigan, active in the recruiting 
campaign for the Communist-inspired Abraham Lincoln Brigade 
which fought in Spain; Vinko Vuk, treasurer of the All-Slav Congress 
a member of the Communist Party active among Croatians. 

First American Slav Congress 

The sessions of the congress took place April 25-26, 1942 in the 
Masonic Temple, while the all-powerful arrangements committee 
headed by Margaret Nowak, met at the Hotel Book-Cadillac The 
sessions wound up with a "victory rally" on Sunday, April 26, at the 
State Fair Coliseum. Leo Krzycki was elected president; Prof. 
J. Zmrhal of the Czechoslovak National Alliance was chosen vice 
president; *Blair F. Gunther, chairman of the executive board ; Stephen 
Zeman, Jr., was made secretary; and Vinko Vuk, treasurer. The 
proceedings were prominently featured in the Daily Worker of April 
22 26, 27, 1942. Communist control was safeguarded through the 
selection of a continuations committeee to be known as the National 
Committee of the American Slav Congress of which the resident board 
was in Pittsburgh, the center of Communist strength among the 
Slavs. 

Speakers at the congress were George Addes, Communist-supported 
secretary-treasurer of the United Automobile Workers of America; 
Zlatko Balokovic, Croatian violinist; *Frank N. Isbey, chairman! 
Michigan Defense Savings Program; Chester A. Kozdroj, president,' 
1 olish Central Citizens Committee; * Joseph A. Wattras of the Polish 
National Alliance; Otto Safanek, delegate of the Czeshoslovakian 
American Youth; *Dr. W. T. Ossowski of the Michigan Slav Congress; 
*V. S. Platek, president of the National Slovak Society. 

Other speakers were Leo Krzycki, Stanley Nowak, and Tracy 
M. Doll, signer of an open letter in defense of Harry Bridges and 
supporter of the American Peace Mobilization campaign against 
lend-lease bill H. R. 1776 in February 1941. 

Congratulations arrived from Slav committees in South America, 
Canada, and Australia. The All-Slav Committee in Moscow cabled 
its fraternal greetings and best wishes. On May 1, the international 
Communist holiday, Leo Krzycki sent a message in behalf of the 
Slav Congress to the Red Army and this was publicized by the 
Daily Worker and the Ukrainian Daily News, both Communist 
papers. 

•WITHDRAWN. 



AMERICAN SLAV CONGRESS 15 

Among the activities of the congress was its repeated demand for a 
"Second Front" in conformance with the then current Communist line, 
and the broadcasting of messages over short wave to occupied countries 
abroad. It is estimated that the Congress represented not more than 
one and a half million of the 10,000,000 Slavs in the United States. 

June 21, 1942, the anniversary of Hitler's attack on the Soviet 
Union, was designated by the Slav Congress as "American Slav 
Day" and was commemorated by meetings in various Slav centers. 

The Detroit News reported that speakers "pointed to Russia for 
inspiration." Steve Pavlov urged the immediate opening of a second 
front. Cheers greeted the name of Red Army General Timoshenko. 
The Daily Worker estimated the attendance at 8,000. 

Subsequently branches of the American Slav Congress were formed 
in New York, Chicago, St. Louis, Milwaukee, Akron, Cleveland, 
Pittsburgh, and Detroit. 

State congresses and committees were formed in New York, New 
Jersey, Connecticut, Massachusetts, Rhode Island, Maryland, 
Indiana, Wisconsin, Minnesota. Pennsylvania, Kansas, Missouri, 
Ohio, Illinois, Michigan, West Virginia, Washington, California, 
and Oregon. Canada, South America, New Zealand, Australia, 
England, and North Africa — -all followed the example of the American 
Slav Congress. 

The American Slav Congress of Greater New York, with offices at 
701 Eighth Avenue, held an all-day conference on Sunday, June 21, 
1942, at Manhattan Center with 300 delegates and 100 guests. Sup- 
port of a second front was pledged. Greetings were received from 
the All-Slav Committee of Moscow, the Soviet Women's Anti- 
Fascist Committee, and the Anti-Fascist Youth Committee of Moscow. 

Among the guiding spirits of the American Slav Congress of Greater 
New York were M. Federek, Nicholas Tarnowsky, and Vladimir 
Kazakevich, coeditors of the Communist Ukrainian Daily News; 
Gen. Victor Yakhontoff, writer for the New Masses and Moscow 
correspondent for the Daily Worker. 

In Soldiers Field in Chicago, 60,000 Slavic Americans answered 
the call of the American Slav Congress on July 19, 1942. Outstand- 
ing Americans were induced to sponsor this and other meetings of 
the Slav Congress, in line with the spirit of American-Soviet coopera- 
tion at the time. Opponents of the meeting were charged with 
"giving the people 'red herrings' and 'spy scares' against our bravest 
wartime allies." 

In Cleveland, 15,000 Slavs marched down Euclid Avenue. 

In Kennywood Park, Pittsburgh, 50,000 Slavs assembled on Slav 
Day, June 21, 1942. Anthony Minerich, editor of the Croatian Com- 
munist paper, Narodni Glasnik, a member of the National Committee 
of the Communist Party with a long police record, was a speaker at 
this gathering. 

Similar meetings were arranged by the American Slav Congress in 
such important war-industry centers as Erie, Monessen, Johnstown, 
Farrell, Cleveland, St. Paul, Bellaire, Canton, Jersey City, Baltimore, 
Milwaukee, Lackawanna County (Pa.), and Chicago. These meetings 
were featured in the Daily Worker. 

Toward the latter part of March 1943, the national committee of 
the American Slav Congress held a session in Chicago reviewing a 
year's work. The Worker of April 11, 1943, devoted a full page to 



16 AMERICAN SLAV CONGRESS 

this review. It pointed out that the congress was formed "in response 
to the appeal of the All-Slav Committee in Moscow" and that most of 
its members are "working in the basic war industries." It was 
reported that congress groups have been formed in Detroit, Chicago, 
New York, Newark, Pittsburgh, St. Louis, Philadelphia, Gary, Hart- 
ford, Cleveland, and other major cities. The national committee 
adopted a resolution on its work, an answer to the appeal of the 
Moscow All-Slav Committee, and a program of action for the coming 
year. The committee pointed with pride to its achievement in 
gathering 30,000 signatures during the previous summer for a second- 
front petition. Chief center of congress activities, it was pointed out, 
is Detroit, "the heart of America's war industry," where an eight-page 
bulletin was published known as the Michigan Slav. 

The Michigan organization actively intervened in the local political 
situation and claimed responsibility for the defeat of "appeasement- 
minded" Congressman Rudolph Tenerowicz and the election of his 
"progressive" opponent. It is notorious that the Communists are 
given to labeling their opponents as appeasers and their tools as 
progressives. 

On Sunday, July 18, 1943, the Michigan Slav Congress held a mass 
meeting at the Keyworth Stadium in Hamtramck. It was claimed 
by the Daily Worker, that "five thousand spectators withstood the 
broiling sun" for 4 hours to attend the meeting. Among the speakers 
was the Communist editor George Pirinsky, executive secretary of the 
Michigan Slav Congress ; Shelton Tappes, secretary of Ford Local 600 
of the United Automobile Workers; C. Pat Quinn, president of the 
Wayne County CIO Council; and Harold Young, secretary of Vice 
President Henry A. Wallace, who brought a message of official greet- 
ing from his superior, and Sergi Kournokoff, a prolific contributor to 
the Communist press. 

The importance attached to the American Slav Congress by the 
Communist Party is indicated by two articles, one in the Worker, 
April 11, 1943, page 2, and the other in the Communist, June 1943, 
page 552, the party's official organs. The author is Avrum Landy, 
former national educational director of the Communist Party and 
president of the corporation which published the Daily Worker. 
Although not publicly associated with the American Slav Congress 
in any official capacity, Landy displays an intimate familiarity with 
its proceedings and an inordinate pride in its achievements. He con- 
siders the Congress as "one of the significant developments in the 
organized effort to forge American national unity for victory over 
Hitlerism." 

Landy calls attention to certain difficulties which plagued the Slav 
Congress and threatened its progress. Some elements sought to 
keep the Congress on a purely cultural and nonpolitical plane. But 
the Communists insisted upon emphasizing such issues as the second 
front and the necessity for "firm friendship and collaboration with the 
Soviet Union." Because of the deep national divisions among the 
Ukranians, the Congress managed to rally chiefly those supporting 
the Communist Ukranian Daily News. Certain representatives 
urged the "dissolution of the Congress in the name of organizing a 
broader United Nations Congress." This proposal was sharply re- 
buffed for the inclusion of other nationalities might have weakened 
the Communist hold on the organization. 



AMERICAN SLAV CONGRESS 17 

The rift which developed between the Soviet Government and the 
Polish Government-in-exile found its reflection in a sharp condemna- 
tion by the Michigan Slav Congress of the "Polish Government-in- 
exile in associating itself with Hitler's effort to divide the United 
Nations." 

The opposition of the American-Slovak League and Milan Hodza, 
a member of the Czechoslovak Government-in-exile, constituted an- 
other obstacle, although the friendly relations between the Benes 
government and the Soviet Union insured the cooperation of the bulk 
of the Czechoslovakian organizations, which constituted one of the 
most dependable elements in the American Slav Congress. 

During the period of cooperation between the Soviet Union, the 
Communist Party of Yugoslavia and General Mihailovich, the 
American Slav Congress hailed the latter with acclaim. As soon as a 
breach developed with Mihailovich in the latter part of 1942, the 
Congress denounced him as an agent of Hitler and tendered its sup- 
port to the partisan forces headed by Josip Brozovich (Tito), a Hun- 
garian Communist, supported by Moscow. As a result the bulk of 
the Serbian groups withdrew from the Congress. 

Second American Slav Congress 

The Second American Slav Congress was held at Carnegie Music 
Hall in Pittsburgh on September 23 and 24, 1944, as a sequel to the 
eighth plenary session of the All-Slav Committee held in Moscow on 
August 13, at which Lt. Gen. Alexander Gundorov reported on the 
committee's work during the past 3 years. Arrangements for the 
meeting had been discussed at a meeting of the national committee 
held in Cleveland on May 27, 1944, at the Hotel Cleveland, attended 
by 75 delegates claiming to represent 50 organizations in 20 cities. 

Greetings were brought to the congress by Ferdinand Smith, then 
secretary of the National Maritime Union, who has since been ousted 
from his post. Ferdinand Smith is a member of the Communist 
Party, U. S. A. and is now subject to deportation proceedings. He was 
accompanied by Hugh Mulzac, who has been an outstanding figure in 
the defense of Smith and other Communist leaders now under in- 
dictment. 

Credentials submitted to the conference showed the following 
organizations as represented: National Slovak Societies, Czechoslovak 
National Council, Czechoslovak Societies of America, Croatian Fra- 
ternal Union, Bulgarian-Macedonian People's League, Slovenian 
National Council, and the American Polish Labor Council. 4 The 
conference claimed 2,500 delegates representing Slavic organizations. 

In the light of the heavy defections among Slavic organizations and 
leaders, an explanatory statement was issued by Steve Krall, executive 
secretary of the American Slav Congress of Greater New York and 
head of the credentials committee of the meeting, who had previously 
been active in the Communist-dominated World Youth Congress of 

4 In a publication of the committee, containing the testimony of Gen. Izyador Modelski, former Military 
Attache of the Polish Embassy in Washington, D. C, reference was made to the Polish-American Labor 
Council as being a suitable contact for employees of the Polish Embassy. The organization to which this 
publication intended to refer was the American-Polish Labor Council and not the Polish- American Labor 
Council, the Polish-American Labor Council being a thoroughly loyal and patriotic organization. This 
mistake was the result of an error made by the translator of certain documents turned over to the Com- 
mittee by General Modelski. The organization referred to above as the American-Polish Labor Council 
is mentioned in this report upon numerous occasions. This organization, it is hoped, will not become 
confused with the loyal organization identified in this statement as the Polish-American Labor Council. 



18 AMERICAN SLAV CONGRESS 

1938 and in the American Youth Congress, which booed President 
Roosevelt on the White House lawn in 1940. Answering the charges 
about "the American Slav Congress having originated in Moscow," 
he claimed these statements emanated from "Dies and Hearst." 
"The Red Army has liberated large parts of Poland," he insisted. 
He praised "Roosevelt's cooperation with Stalin * * * as 
expressed at Tehran," and boasted that "no single strike action against 
the war effort has been led by a Slav-Americau." 5 

In line with the current Communist policy of supporting the war 
effort following Hitler's attack on the Soviet Union, the congress 
adopted a resolution of "support for President Roosevelt and his 
win-the-war-and-peace policies." The conference pledged its support 
of the work of the Office of War Information, the Fifth War Loan 
drive and Russian war relief. 

Subsequently on November 4, 1944, Leo Krzycki, president of 
the American Slav Congress, sent a greeting to Premier Stalin in 
which he paid a glowing tribute to the Red Army. 

Withdrawals and Repudiations 

At a meeting held on January 1, 1944, the executive board of the 
Serb National Federation, a fraternal organization of 23,000 members 
formerly affiliated with the American Slav Congress, adopted the fol- 
lowing resolution in reply to an invitation to the Pittsburgh meeting 
of the latter organization. 

RESOLUTION 

Whereas the Serb National Federation, the largest fraternal organization in 
America composed of American citizens of Serbian descent, prompted by the 
desire to be of patriotic assistance and value, to this great country of ours joined 
the so-called American Slav Congress at the time of its formation; and 

Whereas the said American Slav Congress in the recent years has deserted the 
purpose for which it was organized and has become a tool of certain radical and 
communistic influences and has become, particularly a tool of one Louis Adamic; 
and 

Whereas the said American Slav Congress has called an executive committee 
conference to be held in Pittsburgh, Pa., Friday, January 21, and Saturday, 
January 22, 1944, at the William Penn Hotel, to which conference an invitation 
has been extended for the Serb National Federation to participate in the de- 
liberation of its affairs: Be it 

Resolved, That the Serb National Federation, through its executive board, in- 
form the American Slav Congress that it does not wish to further participate 
in its functions and does hereby withdraw its membership from said American 
Slav Congress; be it further 

Resolved, That, in view of other American groups of different nationalities hav- 
ing gone on record as condemning the sinister influences in the American Slav 
Congress, and have withdrawn their memberships, and, in view of the public 
statement made by His Honor, *Blair F. Gunther, chairman of the board of direc- 
tors, and the first chairman of the said congress, "that today the American Slav 
Congress is being used by Adamic and others to put across their progressive, 
foreign views," this organization also wishes, in addition to its withdrawal from 
membership, to add its voice of condemnation for such un-American activities of 
the said American Slav Congress. 

Organized as a civil and cultural organization in 1907 the Slovak 
League of America declared itself as opposed to the American Slav 
Congress in a resolution adopted on October 21, 1947, at Cleveland, 
Ohio. This resolution reads in part: 

The American Slav Congress is indeed a masterpiece of deception. It arose 
during the war. Its purpose was to unite all Slavs in America to put forth all 

* Worker, August 27, 1944, p. 4. 
•WITHDEAWN. 



AMERICAN SLAV CONGRESS 19 

their efforts to bring about victory for the Allies. The real purpose was to bring 
victory to Communist Russia after its divorce from Hitler. This front lured many 
unsuspecting Slovaks, who, proud of their Slavic origin, thought they were 
performing their patriotic duty in joining the front. A few Slovak leaders even 
accepted office in the organization and refuse even now to see the communistic 
character of the American Slav Congress. The Slovak Catholic organizations 
wisely refused to be lured into this communistic front. The Slovak League of 
America had nothing to do with it. 

The Slovak League of America takes its place among loyal and true Americans 
in their fight against the menace of communism. It will help to expose the prin- 
ciples, strategy, and tactics of communism in America and outside of America. 

The following organizations included in the Federation of Americans 
of Central and East European Descent are on record as opposed to 
Communist rule and as supporting "present American foreign policy." 

Polish American Congress: 
Member organizations: 

Polish National Alliance of the United States (largest Polish fraternal). 

Polish Roman Catholic L T nion of America. 

Polish Women's Alliance of America. 

Polish Union of the United States of North America. 

Polish Beneficial Association and others. 
Slovak League of America: 
Member organizations: 

First Catholic Slovak Union of the U. S. A. (largest Slovak fraternal). 

First Catholic Slovak Ladies Union. 

First Slovak Wreath of Free Eagle. 

Ladies Pennsylvania Slovak Union. 

Slovak Catholic Sokol and others. 
Lithuanian American Council: 
Member organizations: 

Lithuanian Alliance of America (largest Lithuanian fraternal). 

American Lithuanian R. C. Women's Alliance. 

Lithuanian Roman Catholic Alliance and others. 
American Hungarian Federation: 
Member organizations: 

Verhovay Fraternal Insurance Association (largest Hungarian fraternal). 

Hungarian Reformed Federation. 

American Hungarian Catholic Society. 

American Sick Benefit Association. 
American Carpatho-Russian Congress: 
Member organizations: 

Greek Catholic Union of the U. S. A. (largest Carpatho-Russian fraternal) 

United Societies of the Greek Catholic Religion. 

Russian Brotherhood Organization. 

Bishop's Council of the Greek Rite Church. 
American Serbian Council: 
Member organizations: 

Serb National Federation (largest Serbian fraternal) 

Serbian National Defense Council and others. 
League of Catholic Slovenian Americans: 
Member organizations: 

Grand Carniolean Slovenian Catholic Union. 

Slovenian Mutual Benefit Association. 

Slovenian Catholic Federation. 
United Croatians of the United States and Canada: 
Member organization: 

Croatian Catholic Union of the U. S. A. and others. 
Ukranian Congress Committee: 
Member organization: 

Providence Association of Ukrainians in America. 

Ukranian National Aid Association. 

Ukrainian National Association. 

Support From Moscow 

From the outset Moscow evinced an intense interest in the American 
Slav Congress as displayed by the following sheaf of prepaid cable- 



20 AMERICAN SLAV CONGRESS 

grams addressed to Mr. Stephen Zeman and Mr. Blair Gunther, 
chairman of the Board of Directors, who as indicated herein has 
repudiated the American Slav Congress as being un-American: 

[Western Union] 

November 19, 1941. 
NB28 VIA RCA-CD KOUIBYCHEV 248 18 
NLT Mr. Stephen Zeman, 

1601 Beaver Avenue, Pittsburgh, Pa. 

To convention of Slavonic organizations in the United States. 

Brother Slavs, we warmly greet convention of Slavonic organizations in the 
United States. Back in August this public men writers and scientists of 
U. S. S. R., Poland, Czechoslovakia, Yugoslavia, and Bulgaria assembled in 
Moscow and addressed call to Slavs throughout world to rise in holy struggle 
against mortal enemy of Slavs and of all progressive mankind — bloodstained 
German fascism and its henchmen. 

Slavonic nations developed and built up their states in course of centuries 
fierce struggle against enslavers the worst of whom were German conquerors. 
Place of honour we hold among civilized nations of world was won with blood 
our finest sons shed in heroic struggle of many generations against German robbers. 

Brother Slavs, today again we have to shoulder burden hard struggle against 
greedy German fascism which is striving to seize lands of Slavonic nations exterm- 
inate Slavonic peoples and make slaves of and Germanize those who escape 
destruction. Our native lands, drenched in sweat blood our fathers forefathers, 
Hitlerite invaders want make their patrimony. We are engaged in life, death 
struggle against German robbers enslavers. Polish people is being bled white, 
heroic people Yugoslavia being mowed down by firing squads Czechia groaning 
beneath fascist jackboot. Hundreds thousands innocent people being tortured 
and brutally exterminated in districts Soviet Union overrun by fascist hordes. 

Bloody fascist criminals are ravishing women, girls, killing defenseless children 
and aged persons after subjecting them cruel torments. Many hundreds, thou- 
sands, millions Slavs have already lost lives in struggle. Finest people our 
countries, flower our culture, have been thrown into prison concentration camps 
where they're being outraged, tortured, murdered, for no other reason than that 
they're loyal sons Slavonic Nations and ardent patriots their countries. Slavonic 
books are being burned, our religion is being desecrated, Slavonic languages being 
suppressed. Our schools being closed down, Slavonic culture cynically being 
eradicated. Everything being Germanized. 

Brother Slavs, mortal danger threatens Slavonic nations. Hitler's robber pack 
is out to convert Slavonic peoples into slaves, wipe from face earth vast intellectual 
wealth created by Slavs which has become part of treasurehouse world culture. 
We must rise to defense of great heritage of geniuses who created age-old Slavonic 
culture: The great educators, Cyril and Methodius, the great patriot Jan Huss, 
great warriors, Alexander Nevsky, Jan Zyzka, Alexander Suvorov, Mikhail 
Kutuzov, scientists, musicians, poets, artists of genius — Pushkin, Tolstoy, Mickie- 
wicz, Shevchenko, Preshern, and Botev, Mendeleyev and Pavlov, Chopin, and 
Glinka, Smetana, Dvorzak, Jan Kollar and Uvk Karadjich, Ludowit Hay, 
Luzdowit Itur, and Gotze Declve. 

Brother Slavs, time has come when our historic destinies being decided. Let 
us all rise to a man in defense our culture and civilization in defense our homes, 
wives, children in defense our future! Question now facing Slavonic peoples is: 
To be or not to be! That is how our perfidious enemy is posing it. That is how 
we too must treat threatening danger and close our ranks and defeat Hitlerism 
at all costs. 

From vast expanses heroic Russia which has won eternal glory by its fearless 
struggle against criminal German facism we send our greetings to you brother 
Slavs of Western Hemisphere. We call upon you to rally around progressive 
nations who have united in mortal struggle against Hitlerism. 

Brother Slavs in the Americas — Russians, Ukrainians, Byelorussians, Czechs, 
Poles, Serbs, Croatians, Slovenians, Bulgarians, Macedonians! Let us close our 
ranks in face of common danger! Let us combine our forces to destroy terrible 
threat to all Slavs — Hitlerism with its bloody gangs! In past Slavs in the Amer- 
icas rendered enormous assistance to their brothers at home in Europe supporting 
their struggle for freedom and independence. They've always shown their 
concern for their native lands for their happiness and prosperity. Today you 
must continue that fine tradition on even greater scale and render aid to your 
brother Slavs in their hard struggle against bloodstained fascism. Entire 



AMERICAN SLAV CONGRESS 21 

American Nation headed by its finest representatives has realized what danger 
Hitler's plans of conquest present for whole progressive mankind. 

The people of the United States and their Government actively cooperating 
with peoples of Europe in struggle against Hitlerism. All Slavonic nations are 
deeply indebted to people United States for this help and sympathy. 

Brother Slavs in the Americas, know that your help in struggle against Hitlerism 
represent great contribution to defense not only of Slavonic nations but also the 
United States and all liberty-loving countries of world, to defense of progressive 
development mankind, to struggle against Fascist villains. 

We are confident of victory of progressive forces which have united for struggle 
against Hitlerism. We are confident our victory. On our side are all liberty- 
loving nations. On our side are honest people in Germany itself. On our side 
are mighty armies of U. S. S. R. and Great Britain. On our side is military and 
industrial might United States. On our side is right and justice. Let every Slav 
do his bit in this struggle and contribute to victory over bloody Hitlerism. 

On behalf of the All-Slavonic Committee. 

[Signer] Lieutenant General of Engineers Gundorov, President. 

Vice Presidents: Professor Zdenek Needly (Nejedly), Czech Public Man. 

Professor Bozhidar Maslarich, Serbian Public Alan. 

Doctor A. Stoyanov, Bulgarian Public Man. 

Academician Alexander Horneichuk, Ukrainian Writer. 

Members of committee: Ivan Regent, Slovenian Journalist and Public Man. 

Academicians: Alexei Tolstoi and Mikhail Sholokhov, Russian writers. 

Dmitri Vlakhov, Macedonian Public Man. 

Janka Kupala, Byelorussian poet. 

Wanda Wasilewska, Polish authoress. 

Ivan Lokota, Public Man, Carpathian-Ukraine, Member Czechoslovakian 
Parliament. 

Radule Stiyensky, Montenegro poet. 

Juro Salai, Croatian Public Man. 

Lavrentjev, responsible secretary; Marek Culen, Slovakian Public Man, Member 
Czechoslovakian Parliament. 

Anatoly Lavrentjev, responsible secretary. 

[Postal Telegraph] 

New York, N. Y., March 27, 1942. 
G. NA311 MB67N29 = MB 
Blair F. Gunther, 

Law and Finance Building, Pittsburgh, Pa.: 
Our representative, Mr. Rosner, in Pittsburgh Sunday. Would like to see you 
regarding Slav Congress possibly Sunday. Please inform where you may be 
reached. Wire collect. 

Edward C. Carter, Russian War Relief, Inc. 



[RCA— Radiogram] 

Detroit, Mich., April 25, 1942. 
D10/SR115 Moscow 177 24 2201 
*Blair Gunther, 

President, American All Slav Congress Committee, 
Hotel Book Cadillac, Detroit, Mich., via RCA: 
Soviet Women's Anti-Fascist Committee sends hearty greetings American Slav 
Congress. Your Congress has assembled at time when Hitler's villainous gangs 
have brought whole force their war machine against Slav peoples and are com- 
mitting crimes of unparalleled heinousness: Destroying ancient cultural and 
artistic monuments, razing to ground cities and villages, and drenching Slav lands 
in blood. By its might}' blows heroic Red Army has inflicted enormous losses on 
Hitler's robber army, but enemy is still strong; he is mustering all his forces for 
new offensive. It's duty of all Slavs to unite their forces in order to crush blood- 
thirsty Hitlerism in 1942. Women Slavs of America on behalf Soviet women, we 
call upon you intensify your struggle against Hitler and his clique and give utmost 
aid to armies fighting Nazi bandits. Remember that your active share in struggle 
will help expedite our common victory. Strengthen united anti-Hitler frontfof 
women whole world. 

Valentina Grizodtjbova, 
Chairman, Slav Women's Anti-Fascist Committee. 
Tattana Ztjyeva, 

Executive Secretary. 

•WITHDRAWN. 



22 AMERICAN SLAV CONGRESS 

[Postal Telegraph] 

G.NA253 LONG RADNYJ246 RD 240 N 137 WIRELESS VIA MRT 
NY MOSCOW 16 1814 1942 April 17. 1942. 

*Blair Gunther, President, 
Stephen Zeman, Secretary, 

American Allslav Congress Committee, Pittsburgh, Pa.: 
Thanks for greetings and pledge utmost aid to Slavs Europe in their struggle 
against Hitlerism. Allslav Committee is working mobilize all Slav nations in 
this sacred struggle. Like you we are convinced that in joint active struggle 
lies pledge of victory. Have sent report proceedings second Allslav meeting to 
representative Soviet Society Cultural Relations with Foreign Countries in 
Washington and should be glad if you would acquaint delegates to Slav Congress 
in Detroit with proceedings of meeting. Pursuance decision meeting Allslav 
Committee will publish monthly magazine Slavyanye in which space will be 
devoted to life American Slavs and their struggle against Hitlerism. Would 
welcome contributions and reports. 

Lieutenant General Alexander Gundorov, 

President, All-Slav Committee. 

Zdenek Nejedly, Vice President. 

Anatoly Lavrenjev, Executive Secretary. 



[Western Union] 

NA 50 VIA RCECD MOSCOW 159/158 5/02 38 

*Blair Gunther, President June 5, 1942. 

Stephen Zeman, Secretary 

American All Slav Congress Committee, Pittsburgh, Pa.: 
Soviet Youth Anti-Facist Committee is convening Second Soviet Youth Anti- 
Fascist meeting in Moscow June 7. It will be attended by commanders and men 
from all fronts representatives of Young Workers of Moscow, Leningrad, Urals, 
Gorky, and of Young Collective Farmers Kirhgizia Uzbekistan Tajikistan, 
Moscow Region, and Partisans of Ukraine and Belorussia. Speakers will include 
Red army men from western front; sailor from Sevastopol; artillerymen from 
Leningrad; tanktrooper from Bylorussia; Ukrainian partisan; young oilworker 
from Baku, and steelsmelter from Urals; girl tractor driver from Moscow region; 
soldier poet and scientist, Stalin prizewinner. Leading motto of meeting will be 
"Year nineteen forty two can and must be year final victory over German fas- 
cism." Meeting will be broadcasted over radio. All inquiries connected with 
meeting should be addressed: Soviet Youth Anti-Fascist Meeting, Sobinovsky 
Pereulok Number Five Moscow. Hero of Sovunion Eugene Fyodorov, chairman 
committee; Olga Lepeeinskaya, secretary. 

Third American Slav Congress 

the line changes 

Immediately after the end of World War II, international com- 
munism changed its position toward its wartime allies. The keynote 
of this change from superpatriotism to outright treason was sounded 
in an article entitled "Patriotism" appearing in the Moscow New 
Times, No. 1, June 1, 1945, by N. Baltisky, and reprinted for the 
guidance of American Communists in their theoretical magazine 
Political Affairs for October 1945. This article contained the fol- 
lowing highly significant passages: 

Consequently, if reactionary rulers plunge their country into an unjust war, a 
war of aggrandizement, genuine patriotism demands that the citizens of that 
country shall not only categorically refuse to support that war, but even oppose 
it. . . • 

♦WITHDRAWN. 



AMERICAN SLAV CONGRESS 23 

Yes, in no country do the intelligent workers, or progressive peasants or intel- 
lectuals, deny their solidarity with the Soviet Union. . . . This is solidarity and 
friendship with a Socialist state. . . . 

It is equally clear on the other hand, that anti-Soviet tendencies are incom- 
patible with patriotic convictions. 

The American Communist Party was quick to obey this directive. 
In June 1945 it expelled Earl Browder, general secretary, who had 
been publicly identified as the spokesman for the policy of Communist 
cooperation with the American Government in the effort to win the 
war. 

Nor did the American Slav Congress lose much time in toeing the 
party line against the United States. On October 1, 1945, former 
Congressman John M. Coffee inserted into the Congressional Record 
a statement regarding American policy in the Balkans by George 
Pirinsky, executive secretary of the Slav Congress — a statement 
which the New York Times had previously rejected. The statement 
read in part as follows: 

Secretary of State Byrnes openly intervened in the internal affairs of Bul- 
garia. . . . That this "red bogey" cry sounded as if we were taking over where 
Hitler and Goebbels were forced to leave off was not sufficient to warn most 
Americans of the true significance of United States intervention. . . . 

The inconsistency, the glaring contradiction of our intervention in Bulgaria 
is even more apparent when compared with our silent approval of the monarcho- 
Fascist terror now raging in Greece. . . . Only the Soviet Union of the Big Five 
has spoken out against the present monarcho-Fascist regime in Greece. 

Is it any wonder then that the people of the Balkan countries resent our attitude 
and welcome that of the Soviet Union? 

On Armistice Day 1945, 300 delegates of the New York chapter of 
the American Slav Congress met at the Roosevelt Hotel, where they 
heard former Congressman Hugh DeLacy denounce the State Depart- 
ment for its policy in Japan and Germany and charge it with "trying 
to rebuild the same kind of anti-Soviet blocs which . . . encouraged 
Hitler's rise to power and caused the war." 

During the war, the Communists had been in the forefront of the 
agitation for cordial labor-management relations. The American 
Slav Congress had exulted that "no single strike action against the 
war effort has been led by a Slavic- American." On December 2, 
1945, the Michigan Slav Congress meeting at the Masonic Temple in 
Detroit performed a complete about-face on this question. The 
"unpatriotic behavior of corporations like General Motors" was 
roundly condemned and full sympathy was expressed for GAI strikers. 
"In New York," declared George Pirinsky, "Slavs, led by high officers 
of the American Slav Congress, braved cold and rains to take part in 
the picket line of the striking Western Union workers." 6 

In connection with its All-Slav Day rally and picnic held on June 
17, 1945, the American Slav Congress of Michigan published a pamph- 
let entitled "Slavs United for Democracy, Peace, and Security," in 
which the attitude of its officials toward the United States is clearly 
expressed. Daniel Trees, executive secretary of this organization, 
and also an active official of the Detroit Civil Rights Congress, now 
defending Commun st leaders on trial, said : 

On April 25, 1945, the stage was set. . . . Two ideas clashed right from the 
outset. ... It was Democracy versus Fascism. The delegation from the Soviet 
Union received its first defeat in trying to champion the cause of labor. The 
Soviet delegation made a plea that the World Trade Union (World Federation of 

6 Slavic Americans in the Fight for Victory and Peace by George Pirinsky, published by the American 
Slav Congress, pp. 41, 42. 



24 AMERICAN SLAV CONGRESS 

Trade Unions) ... be permitted membership in the United Nations Con- 
ference . . . 

Such contempt was expressed against labor by the American and British 
delegations that labor was not even welcome as an observer. 

It should be noted in this connection that the American Federation 
of Labor has designated the World Federation of Trade Unions as 
being Communist controlled. 

Mr. Trees went on to defend the Communist regime in Poland, 
demanding "Is it justice to refuse seating Poland?" He excoriated 
what he described as "open contempt" by the American UN delegates, 
"for our great ally, the Soviet Union." He complained that "Right 
from the start the San Francisco Conference resembled a tribunal in 
which the Soviet Union was to be put on trial" and he asked "Is it 
then any wonder that Molotov while in San Francisco had to go 
about in Roosevelt's bullet-proof car?" He added that "The Soviet 
Union has gone a long and hard way to demonstrate to the world her 
sincere effort to cooperate in establishing democracy, peace, and 
security amongst nations." 

The Third American Slav Congress held at Manhattan Center in 
New York City on September 20, 21, and 22, 1946, clearly reflected 
this reversal in the Communist line as will be shown later. 

According to the roll call of delegates published in the Slavic Ameri- 
can for the fall of 1946 there were 1,998 delegates, 1,734 representa- 
tives of organizations, 264 visitors, 45 fraternal delegates from Canada, 
2 fraternal delegates from Mexico, 12 guests from Europe, 6 from the 
U. S. S. R., 2 from Poland, 1 from Czechoslovakia, and 3 from Bul- 
garia. Among them were the following military "figures from behind 
the iron curtain: Lt. Gen. Alexander Gundorov, chairman of the 
All-Slav Committee in Moscow; Maj. Gen. Vassily Kozlov, Byelorus- 
sian guerrilla leader; and Gen. Karol Swierczewski, Poland's Vice 
Minister of National Defense and former commanding officer of the 
Communist-organized International Brigade in Spain, under the alias of 
General Walter. Other delegates included Tsola Dragoitcheva, Com- 
munist leader of Bulgaria, responsible for numerous bloody purges in 
that unhappy country; George Petkov, chairman of the Slav Com- 
mittee in Sofia; Alexander Korneichuk, a Ukrainian playwright; Prof. 
Timofei Gorbunov, deputy to the Supreme Soviet of the 
U. S. S. R. from Byelorussia; Alexander Yergunov, executive secre- 
tary of the Moscow All-Slav Committee; Lydia Vionova, secretary 
of the Soviet Youth Anti-Fascist Committee; Dr. Oscar Lange, 
Polish Ambassador to the United States, and Rev. Franchisek Fiala, 
representing the All-Slav Committee of Czechoslovakia. The Yugo- 
slavian delegation was denied admission to the United States. 

The congress was divided into panel meetings on September 21, 
which spread to other meeting halls: 

Russian Irving Place, 15 Irving PI. 

Czechoslovak D. A. Sokol, 525 East 72d St. 

Bulgarian-Macedonian Cornish Arms, 311 West 23d St. 

Croatian Manhattan Center, Gold Room. 

Slovene Hartley House, 413 W. 46th St. 

Polish Astor Hotel, Broadwav at 44th St. 

Serbian Balkan Cafe, 294 8th Ave., 3d floor. 

Ukrainian Stuyvesant Casino, 142 2d Ave. 

Carpatho-Russian Astor Hotel, Broadway at 44th St. 

Youth Manhattan Center, Lounge. 

Trade Union Manhattan Center, Masonic Room. 

Cultural Astor Hotel. 



AMERICAN SLAV CONGRESS 25 

The keynote speech was presented, on September 20, in the report 
of George Pirinsky, who expressed Moscow's criticism of American 
foreign policy under the guise that we had deserted the policy of 
Franklin D. Roosevelt. He declared in part: 

What has transpired since Roosevelt died and since the war's end has con- 
vinced all of us, I am sure, that the struggle for peace will be a very hard one. . . . 

Our National Committee was conscious of this even before the war ended. 
It was clear that those forces in America, Britain, and other countries who were 
responsible for bringing Hitler into power through the policy of appeasement, 
were bent on snatching the fruits of the military victory from the people of the 
world. . . . 

While the San Francisco Conference was still in progress, 2,000 Slavic Ameri- 
cans gathered in Carnegie Hall in New York. . . . The people were aroused to 
this danger of new fascist appeasement, spearheaded by the United States 
delegation. . . . 

It was clear as his own Navy Day speech showed that President Truman was 
departing fast from the path of Roosevelt. . . . 

Some of our policy makers in Washington and most of our commercial press 
would like to convince the American people that this discord stems from what 
they call Soviet expansion in eastern Europe. . . . But we, who come from those 
Slav countries . . . know that what actually is happening there is not "Soviet 
expansion" but a mighty upsurge of the people's forces toward a militant political 
and economic democracy. . . . 

Friends, there is no use kidding ourselves. We must boldly face the reality, 
no matter how unpleasant it may be. Responsible people in Washington are 
speaking of a third world war. . . . Everywhere, whether it be in China and 
the Far East, or in central Europe, we are lending moral and material support 
to the dregs of reaction and fascism, while opposing every constructive move of 
the Soviet Union and Slavic nations. 

The same note of hostility for the United States and support for 
the Soviet Union is to be found in the following remarks of Leo 
Krzycki, president, at the same session of the American Slav Congress: 

Fellow Delegates! Today we meet in a grave and clouded atmosphere of in- 
citement to a new war. Certain forces in America, Britain, and other countries 
seem to be traveling the Munich road all over again. The policies of Roosevelt, 
which guided our nation to victory together with our allies, are being abandoned 
and replaced by a suicidal policy of atomic diplomacy which can only lead to 
atomic war. . . . 

Naturally, such warlike actions by the United States cannot inspire confidence 
in other people. We ask this question: Why all this sword rattling? Why the 
mad rush to extend our already tremendous military might? The answer is clear: 
war preparations are made for war and not for peace. . . . 

Throughout his lengthy tirade there was not one word of criticism of 
the Soviet Union, of its tremendous military preparations, of its con- 
quest of nation after nation through the fifth column collaboration of 
its Communist Parties, with the Red Army, or of its unrelenting cold 
war against the United States. 

George Petkov, chairman of the All-Slav Committee of Bulgaria, 
summarized the temper of the meeting when he declared, "Long live 
the unity of Slavs under the leadership of the U. S. S. R." 

As a wind-up, the congress held a win-the-peace mass meeting at 
Madison Square Garden on Sunday, September 22 before an estimated 
crowd of 15,000 persons who cheered lustily messages from Joseph 
Stalin, Marshal Tito of Yugoslavia and George Dimitrov of Bulgaria, 
former chief of the Communist International, while they booed the 
name of Secretary of State James Byrnes. Meeting chairman Louis 
Adamic touched off the demonstration against Mr. Byrnes when he 
charged him with being "hell bent on getting Joseph Goebbels' dreams 
to come true." 



26 AMERICAN SLAV CONGRESS 

Tickets for this meeting were advertised on sale at the (Communist) 
Workers Bookshop, 50 East Thirteenth Street. 

To the marked delight of the Soviet delegates, Paul Robeson sang 
their "Song of the Fatherland," the political significance of which was 
manifest to all. He added that the Americans must get along with 
the Slavic people "led by Communists in many parts of the world." 
Other artists included Ivan Patorzhynsky and Zoya Haidai of the 
Ukrainian opera. 

Eleven Soviet delegates including six Russians and five Ukrainians 
refused to register under the Foreign Agents Registration Act, despite 
the assurance by the Justice Department that it construed such 
requirements as merely routine admission procedure restraining neither 
the activities of the agent nor his freedom of expression. Tsola 
Dragoitcheva and her companion, Guitcho Beleff, representing the 
Slav Committee of Bulgaria, did comply. 7 

On March 16, 1946, Michal Zymierski, Marshal of Poland wrote 
to the military attache of the Polish Embassy in Washington in- 
structing him to "arouse the public opinion of Americans and Poles 
against appeasement by American occupation authorities in Ger- 
many." In harmony with this directive, the National Committee of 
the American Slav Congress, at its meeting on October 11-12, 1947, 
called for "a broad campaign" in support of a bill "for a congressional 
investigation of the United States policy of rebuilding the industrial 
might of Germany, thus reviving the danger of future German 
aggression." 

In its official organ, the Slavic American for the Winter of 1947, the 
American Slav Congress features the statement of S. Garbuzov, a 
Soviet journalist, as follows: 

The U. S. S. R. ... is a state of a new type, a "socialist state of workers 
and peasants" in which "all power . . . belongs to the working people of 
town and country as represented by the Soviets of Working People's Deputies." 

Fourth American Slav Congress — Anti-U. S. A. 

Slavic-American organizations, societies, church groups, social 
clubs, and trade-unions with Slavic-American membership were 
invited to send delegates to the Fourth American Slav Congress held 
at the Hotel Stevens in Chicago on September 24, 25, and 26, 1948. 

In view of the fact that the international Communist propaganda 
line was increasing in its intensity against the United States at this 
time, it is not surprising that the conference call reflected this hostile 
note and called for an attitude amounting to treasonable defiance of 
this Government. Emphasizing the danger of a new war against 
the Slavic countries without mentioning the fact that the intransigent 
and uncooperative attitude of the Soviet Government is chiefly 
responsible, the call declared, "In such a war, Slavic Americans would 
be expected to bear arms against their Slavic brothers and sisters. . . . 
The Slavic Americans in industrial centers of America would be ex- 
pected to produce guns, tanks, planes, bullets, and atomic bombs for 
the slaughter of their kinsmen in Slavic lands." The incitement to 
civil disobedience is clear in the closing paragraphs which announce 
that "We will not be intimidated into silence while our democratic 
rights are being destroyed and our country is being driven along the 
road toward military fascism." 

' New York Times, October 16, 1946, p. 2. 



AMERICAN SLAV CONGRESS 27 

On May 7, 1948, the resident board of the National Committee of 
the American Slav Congress met just prior to the Chicago conference. 
The board issued a statement on the proposed Subversive Activities 
Control Act of 1948 (H. R. 5852). This statement is an unexcelled 
example of the type of poisonous and lying propaganda distributed to 
millions of Slavic-Americans by the American Slav Congress. It is a 
symbol of what we may expect from this organization in the event of 
an actual conflict. The Committee on Un-American Activities, which 
sponsored the bill, had previously published two elaborate reports to 
establish the Communist Party of the United States as: (1) an agent of 
a foreign power (H. Kept. No. 209) and (2) an advocate of overthrow of 
the Government by force and violence (R. Rept. No. 1920). Never- 
theless the resident board blithely declared that "the bill states without 
supplying any proof, that there exists a world-wide Communist con- 
spiracy, directed by a foreign totalitarian power, which aims to destroy 
free American institutions and establish a totalitarian dictatorship in 
the United States under the domination of a foreign power." 

Then the board proceeds to give a completely warped version of the 
bill in the following extreme example of Communist jugglery: 

Any Slavic-American or Slavic-American organization that criticizes the 
American foreign policy, advocates friendship with Slavic countries, opposes 
ERP, condemns the United States' position on Palestine or protests the enactment 
of the draft and UMT, could, under this law, be charged with facilitating the 
establishment of a dictatorship. . . . 

Every trade-union leader who calls a strike for the betterment of working 
conditions and higher wages could be charged with "facilitating or aiding in 
bringing about the establishment of a totalitarian dictatorship." 

Needless to say there is nothing in the bill which permits any such 
interpretation, as indicated by its passage by the House of Represen- 
tatives by a vote of 319 to 58. 

In an interview on October 28, 1948, Premier Joseph Stalin voiced 
his opinion regarding American policy in Germany as "a display of the 
aggressiveness of the policy of Anglo-American and French ruling 
circles." Similarly the Fourth American Slav Congress condemned 
"U. S. Policy in rebuilding Germany" and demanded a congressional 
investigation. 

Previously we have attempted to point out the underlying military 
note behind the maneuverings of the American Slav Congress. Speak- 
ing as the chairman of the all-powerful resident board of the congress, 
Zlatko Balokovic stressed the necessity of building "resistance groups." 
He declared "all those who resist are unafraid." Emphasizing this 
note of defiance to the American Government he added, 

We who are residing in our country are unafraid. . . . We know that the 
symptoms of fascism, so evident in our America at present, are signs of the fear 
that is gnawing at the vitals of those who are afraid — not we. ... It is time for 
a complete house cleaning in Washington. . . . Slavic Americans are acutely 
aware of this crying need and so the resistance movement is growing rapidly 
from coast to coast and from the borders of Canada to the Gulf of Mexico. . . . 
There will be many skirmishes and pitched battles along the way. . . . But we 
must never refuse a challenge, never retreat except for the purpose of encircling 
and neutralizing the enemies of human progress as the Yugoslav Partisans did 
so successfully in their glorious struggle against the Nazi-Fascist invaders. . . . 
What the Yugoslav Partisans and other glorious Slavic fighters for freedom have 
done we Americans can also accomplish. 

Here Mr. Balokovic was clearly injecting the idea that the same 
type of military resistance movement used against the Nazis in France, 



28 AMERICAN SLAV CONGRESS 

Yugoslavia, and other European countries, was needed against the 
American Government. 8 

In an article appearing in the Slavic American for Spring-Summer 
of 1948, entitled "What a New World War Would Mean and How 
Slavic Americans Can Help to Prevent It," George Pirinsky, executive 
secretary of the American Slav Congress, is even more inflamma- 
tory, when he says: 

Alert Slavic Americans realize that a new war, as now planned by our militarists 
and bi-partisan politicians, will primarily but not exclusively, be a war against the 
Slav countries of Eastern Europe. . . . 

To us Americans of Macedonian descent and to Greek Americans as to the 
people in the old country who are righting in the mountains, the Truman doctrine 
is not different from the doctrine of Adolf Hitler. . . . 

In such a war, we Slavic Americans will be asked to bear arms against our 
Slavic brothers and sisters. ... If U. S. militarists and "economic royalists" have 
their way, Polish Americans . . . will be forced to help achieve what Hitler could 
not achieve — the extermination of the Polish nation. 

The same will be true of Americans of Czech, Slovak, Yugoslav, and Russian 
descent. 

Slavic American steel and auto workers of Pittsburgh, Detroit, Gary, and other 
industrial centers of America will be forced to produce guns, tanks, planes, and 
bullets for the murder of their kinsmen in Slavic lands. . . . 

For these reasons we declare that a war against the Slavic and other freedom- 
loving peoples would be a criminal war, a war against our own civil rights and 
liberties. ... It would be a war our country could never win. . . . 

Mr. Pirinsky makes it plain in this article that the "fight for peace'' 
as he has outlined it above, is "the central issue, the crucial task before 
all people's organizations, such as our American Slav Congress.'" 

The Narodna Volya (People's Will) for March 25, 1949, carried 
George Pirinsky's denunciation of the North Atlantic Pact echoing 
the voice of Moscow. "The main factor," according to Pirinsky, "is 
that the United States Government is undertaking to arm and lead the 
countries of the North Atlantic region in a military alliance against 
the countries of eastern Europe, chiefly against (the) Soviet Union." 
Deriding the contention that the Soviet Union and other Communist 
countries threaten the peace and security of America, he said that 
this pact "cannot but remind one of the similar contention of the 
authors of the Anti-Comintern Pact before the Second World War." 
"This," he added, "was the 'Big Lie' which Hitler, Goebbels and 
every Fascist scoundrel peddled." 

Pirinsky's remarks mirrored to perfection the aims of the Com- 
munist Party, U. S. A., in its activity among the foreign born as 
avowed by Israel Amter, member of its national committee, in a pre- 
convention article in the Worker of July 4, 1948. Defending the 
American Slav Congress against an attack by Attorney General Tom 
C. Clark, Amter declared: 

However, people belonging to the various national groups in this country are 
not being intimidated . . . They are fighting back . . . Their participation 
... in the May Day parade, as well as in the new strike struggles that are taking 
place, shows the determination to fight back . . . 

At the last convention we adopted a program of concentration on six national 
groups . . . (and) there are now group commissions in 17 national groups . . . 
It is necessary that the whole Party direct its attention to greater activity among 
the national groups. 

Under the organizational set-up of the Communist Party, U. S. A., 
the National Group Commission would be the supervisory body in this 

8 The Slavic American, Spring-Summer, 1948, pp. 5 and 41. 



AMERICAN SLAV CONGRESS 29 

country over the work of the American Slav Congress. In 1948 Steve 
Nelson, also known as Steve Mesarosh, and as Louis Evans, Yugoslav, 
who was involved in an atomic espionage ring for the Soviet Military 
Intelligence, was the head of this National Group Commission and a 
member of the National Committee of the Communist Party, U. S. A. 

Support of Communist Policies 

The defection of Marshal Tito from the Cominform, successor to the 
Communist International, created a cleavage in the ranks of Yugoslav- 
Americans. The Communists unhesitatingly sided with Moscow 
against Tito. A special meeting of Yugoslav- American Communists 
was called by Steve Nelson to discuss this critical situation in July 
1948. Of 75 Communists of Yugoslav origin in attendance, 74 backed 
the stand of the Commform without reservation. 9 Anti-Tito factions 
are presently in control of the American Slav Congress, and the gov- 
ernment of Yugoslavia is looked upon with disfavor by the secret 
manipulators of the Congress. 

In a radio broadcast from Braddock, Pa., George S. "Wuchinich, 
executive secretary of the American Slav Congress of "Western Penn- 
sylvania, expressed his complete support of the Cominform criticism 
of Tito, despite the fact that the latter had been idealized by him in 
the past. 

Speaking at the Fourth American Slav Congress, Leo Krzycki, its 
president, denounced the indictment of the 12 Communist leaders 
declaring that "if we permit the forces of reaction to outlaw the 
Communist Party, the foundations of our democracy would be under- 
mined and no organization would be safe." 10 

According to the Daily Worker of January 18, 1949, the American 
Slav Congress of western Pennsylvania wired President Truman and 
Attorney General Tom C. Clark demanding that they dismiss the 
indictments of 12 Communist leaders. 

In the Narodna Volya (People's Will) for December 17, 1948, the 
Slavic women of the American Slav Congress announced their defense 
of Communist women held for deportation or other violations of the 
law and denounced Government loyalty probes. 

Appearing in the Daily Worker of February 7, 1949, the American 
Slav Congress issued a statement urging President Truman to accept 
the alleged peace offer of Joseph Stalin. 

The 1946 program of the American Slav Congress uses as its chief 
slogans "Peace, Security, Progress." The draft resolution of the 
Communist Party, V. S. A., published in the Worker of May 30, 1948, 
calls for "peace, democracy, economic security and social progress." 
The similarity of these slogans, insincere as they are, is obvious. 

The third-party movement in support of Henry A. Wallace for 
President had from the outset been sparked by the Communist Party 
and received the enthusiastic support of the Communist press both 
here and in Moscow. The draft resolution for the national conven- 
tion of the Communist Party, U. S. A., held in New York City on 
August 3-6, 1948, declared: 

It is necessary to demonstrate daily that a new world war is not inevitable, that 
the masses of the people are already unfolding many struggles for peace against 

• Daily Worker, July 14, 1948, p. 4. 

•I Narodna Volya (People's Will) October 29, 1948, p. 4. 

65890—50 3 



30 AMERICAN SLAV CONGRESS 

the warmakers, as it demonstrated by the spectacular growth of the Wallace-for- 
President movement. 

The formation of this new party is of paramount historic significance . . . And 
while the Communist Party will bring forward its independent program in the 
elections, and in certain cases run candidates for Congressional and State office, 
it will render maximum support to the progressive candidates of the people's 
coalition. . . . 

In an article in Narodna Volya (People's Will) for October 29, 1948, 
George Pirinsky described how the delegates to the Fourth American 
Slav Congress "stood up with Henry Wallace." He emphasized the 
decision of the Chicago convention that "nothing is more important 
now than to roll up the largest possible Slavic American vote for the 
peace program of Wallace." 

Mr. Wallace's speech before the so-called People's Convention on 
March 7, 1948, at York, Pa., excoriated those who "are engaged 
in building up the bogey of a 'Slav menace,' " and warned that "the 
threat of atom bombs will not intimidate the peoples of Moscow, 
Belgrade, Warsaw, and Prague." The speech was published in the 
Slavic American for the Spring-Summer of 1948. 

Speaking at the Fourth American Slav Congress, Mr. Wallace 
declared: "Attorney General Tom Clark has called you disloyal . . . 
I am proud to speak before you." " In other words the cooperation 
between the congress and Mr. Wallace was complete. 

Among the active leaders of the American Slav Congress who played 
a decisive role in the Progressive Party led by Henry A. Wallace were 
the following: Louis Adamic, Frank Danowski, Leo Kryzcki, Zlatko 
Balokovic, Stanley Nowak, George Wuchinich, and others. 

Cooperation With Other Communist Fronts 

The American Slav Congress has been supported by or has co- 
operated with the following organizations which have been cited as 
subversive by either the Attorney General, the Committee on Un- 
American Activities and/or the California Joint Fact-Finding Com- 
mittee on Un-American Activities: International Workers Order, 
Nature Friends of America, Macedonian-American People's League, 
American Committee for Yugoslav Relief, American Committee for 
Protection of Foreign Born, American Association for Reconstruction 
in Yugoslavia, American Committee for Free Yugoslavia, United 
Committee of South Slavic Americans, American Polish Labor 
Council, Central Council of American Women of Croatian Descent, 
Joint Anti-Fascist Refugee Committee, National Council of Americans 
of Croatian Descent, Civil Rights Congress, National Council of 
American-Soviet Friendship, Serbian Vidovdan Council, Slovenian 
American National Council, and the following Communist publica- 
tions: Glos Ludowy (Polish), Ludovy Dennik (Slovak), Narodni 
Glasnik (Croatian), Saznanie (Bulgarian), Soviet Russia Today, 
Ukrainian Daily News, Russky Golos (Russian), Narodna Volya 
(Bulgarian), and Slobodna Rech (Serbian). 

The Slavic American, official organ of the American Slay Congress, 
has carried tokens of support from the following unions cited by the 
House Special Committee on Un-American Activities on March 29, 
1944, as having "Communist leadership . . . strongly entrenched." 

» Slavic American— Fall 1948, p. 18. 




Left to right: Leo Krzycki, President, and George Pirinsky, Executive Secretary, 
of the American Slav Congress, greeting Henry A. Wallace at the Fourth 
American Slav Congress. 

—The Slavic American, fall, 1948, p. 3. 
65S90— 50 (Face p. 30) 



AMERICAN SLAV CONGRESS 31 

United Electrical, Radio and Machine Workers of America (fall, 1947). 
International Fur and Leather Workers Union (fall, 1947). 
International Fishermen and Allied Workers of America (fall, 1947). 
United Packinghouse Workers of America (summer, 1948). 
United Office and Professional Workers of America (summer, 1948). 

Leaders of the American Slav Congress 

At this point we wish to give an analysis of the leaders of the 
American Slav Congress in order to furnish an insight into the nature 
of the organization itself. 

GEORGE PIRINSKY 

George Pirinsky, executive secretary of the American Slav Congress, 
was formerly editor of the Bulgarian-Macedonian Communist weekly, 
"Saznanie." In 1937 Pirinsky was held under a deportation warrant 
by the Department of Immigration on charge of illegal entry. This 
charge was subsequently dropped. However, on September 24, 1948, 
he was arrested as an alien charged with being a member of the Com- 
munist Party, U. S. A., and with advocating forceful overthrow of 
the United States Government. He is actively carrying on his activi- 
ties while under a $1,000 bond. His real name is George Zykoff or 
Zaikoff. His articles in the "Saznanie" appeared under the name of 
George Nicoloff. The Daily Worker of May 8, 1936, page 4, cites a 
glowing tribute to George Pirinsky by Georgi DimitrofT, former 
Premier of Bulgaria and former head of the Communist International. 

In view of the importance of Pirinsky 's role in the Slav Congress it 
is well to dwell on his record for a moment. We can well understand 
Dimitroff's enthusiasm, when we read George Pirinsky's article in the 
Daily Worker of August 31, 1935, page 4, which declares in large head- 
lines, "Bulgarians in U. S. must answer Dimitrov's call, heroic leader 
of the Communist International an inspiration and an example to 
the toilers of the whole world." On May 8, 1936, Pirinsky announced 
in the Daily Worker that his paper "Saznanie" proposed to greet 
Dimitroff with a six-page edition. 

In an article as early as August 31, 1935, Pirinsky expressed his 
strong pro-Russian bias. He cited a quotation from Lenin: 

On The National Pride of The Great Russians . . . We are filled with national 
pride because of the knowledge that the great Russian nation, too, has created 
a revolutionary class. . . . 

He went on to cite for the guidance of his readers a letter from 
Dimitroff dated May 13, 1934, which read in part as follows: 

Only the united revolutionary struggle of the Macedonian people in close 
alliance with the workers and peasants of Bulgaria, Yugoslavia, and Greece can 
bring to victory the Macedonian revolution for liberation. Only the Soviet 
system, as the experiences of the great Soviet Union glaringly proved, can guaran- 
tee final national liberation and complete national unification. . . . 

The Civil Rights Congress has been active in the defense of Com- 
munist leaders now on trial. It was cited as subversive by Attorney 
General Tom C. Clark on September 2, 1947. Mr. Pirinsky was a 
sponsor of the national conference of the Civil Rights Congress held 
in Chicago on November 21 to 23, 1947, and was the signer of a 
statement protesting the indictment of 12 members of the national 
board of the Communist Party. 12 

o Daily Worker, December 15, 1948, p. 11, and December 31, 1948, p. 3. 



32 AMERICAN SLAV CONGRESS 

As stated previously, on September 23, 1948, Pirinsky was arrested 
and held for deportation as a member of an organization advocating 
the overthrow of the American Government by force and violence. 
He was charged with affiliating with the Communist Party after his 
entry into this country in violation of immigration statutes. A 
Moscow broadcast in March 1949 warned that Pirinsky 's arrest 
would call for "the anger of the Soviet people." Although released 
on $1,000 bail, he is still continuing his activity at full blast, recently 
completing a 5 weeks' tour of 18 cities in the Midwest and on the 
Pacific coast. The American Slav Congress, the American Com- 
mittee for Protection of Foreign Born, also cited as subversive by 
Attorney General Tom C. Clark, and the Pirinsky defense fund 
committee, have joined "to carry the fight to the highest courts of the 
land." 

For 18 years Pirinsky has been the national secretary of the Mace- 
donian American People's League, which is cited as subversive by 
Attorney General Tom C. Clark, and which is an affiliate of the 
American Slav Congress. 

The character of the Macedonian American People's League may 
be judged from the following authorized statement appearing in the 
American Slav for the summer of 1948 under the title "The Truman 
Doctrine Brings Death to Our People in Aegean Macedonia." 

Macedonian Americans, whose relatives live in Northern Greece, known to 
them as Aegean Macedonia, have been receiving letters stating that under the 
Truman doctrine, conditions there are worse then they were under the Hitler 
doctrine at the time of the German occupation of the Balkans. . . . 

Today the Americans bring bombers, artillery, machine guns, and bullets; 
today we Americans bring them death! And this, in the name of democracy, 
in the namejof our American way of life. What a mockery! What a cynicism! . . . 

The statement adds the following clear-cut threat to the American 
people: 

For the horrible destruction which Hitler's policies brought to the people of 
Europe, we held not only Hitler and his advisers responsible but also the people 
of Germany for not stopping Hitler's madness. The same holds true for us, the 
American people. 

LEO KRZYCKI 

Leo Krzycki has been the president of the American Slav Congress 
since its foundation. He was recommended as a reliable contact 
in instructions sent to the Polish Embassy by Michal Zymierski, 
Marshal of Poland, dated March 14, 1946, as is also the American- 
Polish Labor Council formed in January 1944. The American-Polish 
Labor Council, of which Leo Krzycki is president, was cited as sub- 
versive by Attorney General Tom C. Clark on December 4, 1947, and 
September 21, 1948. 

In 1945, Krzycki visited various Soviet-dominated puppet states 
and his experiences were described in a pamphlet entitled "What I Saw 
In The Slavic Countries, "published in 1946 by the American Slav Con- 
gress. His standing with the Polish Communist Government is dis- 
closed by a photograph showing him in personal conversation with 
Boleslaw Bierut, President of Poland, who awarded him the decoration 
of "Polonia Restituta." Bierut granted him a 4-hour interview. 
According to Krzycki, "It was the longest interview that the president 
has had with any American." "Nothing is more erroneous," he 




Left to right: American Slav Congress President Leo Krzycki, Executive Secretary George 
Pirinsky with Lt. Gen. Alexander Gundorov, Chairman of the All-Slav Committee, and 
Tsola Dragoitcheva, leading Bulgarian Communist and Cabinet Member. 

—The Slavic American, fall, 1947, p. 17. 
65890—50 (Face p. 32) 



AMERICAN SLAV CONGRESS 33 

hastens to comment, "than to label the Polish Government a 'stooge 
of Moscow.' " He was then flown in a Soviet plane to Moscow. 

Krzycki describes his reception in Moscow: "As I alighted from 
the plane, I suddenly stopped in my tracks, speechless, for before me 
was an array of important people, who in the typical European 
fashion, began immediately to make their welcome speeches. There 
was Lt. Gen. Alexander Gundorov, president of the All-Slav Com- 
mittee in Moscow. . . ." 

But the outstanding occasion of all was still to come. "On Jan- 
uary 3," Krzycki adds, "was the most memorable day of my whole 
stay in the Soviet Union for it was then that I spent 90 minutes with 
the man who has been the great architect of the present Soviet state — 
Joseph Stalin." This was more time than had been allotted to 
American Secretary of State James F. Byrnes. This insult to a repre- 
sentative of the American Government and mark of favor toward his 
own stooges is typical of Stalinist protocol. 

Krzycki entered the spacious hall in the Kremlin with "mixed 
feelings of awe, curiosity, and admiration." Waiting for him beside 
Stalin was Foreign Minister V. M. Molotov. Stalin clasped his hand 
warmly. Choosing to overlook the 15,000,000 inmates of Stalin's 
slave labor camps, Krzycki drew an immediate parallel between 
Russia's ruthless dictator and Abraham Lincoln. 

Reporting later on his interview Krzycki declared, "Stalin wants 
American workers of Slav extraction. He wants to help them out if 
they are unemployed in the United States — wants to know if Slavs 
over here who are good mechanics will help Russia out for a couple of 
years by going there to work for Russia." Krzycki must have known 
when he said this that American workers on relief live better than 
employed workers in the Soviet paradise. 

A Milwaukee Polish language newspaper for February 6, 1946, was 
so incensed at this invitation that it issued the following reply : 

It appears that Krzycki will follow the Milwaukee Nazi (Eugene J. Buerk, who 
was deported to Germany in 1941 for recruiting Americans of German descent to 
work in German factories.) Many workers went (to Germany) and bitterly 
regretted it since. Krzycki wants Poland to be tied up with Russia as a Soviet 
puppet. Don't let any of you (Americans) betray the U. S. A. in behalf of Stalin. 

In Bulgaria he was received by Premier George Dimitrov, former 
head of the Communist International, and Tsola Dragoitcheva, 
notorious for her bloody purges. 

From Sofia, he flew to Belgrade where he met Marshal Tito, whom 
he later called the "Yugoslav George Washington." He described 
Tito as "a glamorous Hollywood figure, with a beautifully shaped 
head, immaculately dressed and refined in his manners," who is "the 
undisputed idol of 15,000,000 Serbs, Croats, Slovenes, and Mace- 
donians." Such eulogies of Tito are totally absent from American 
Slav Congress literature, since his falling out with the Soviet Union and 
the Cominform. 

Mr. Krzycki then injects a note of pro-Soviet patriotism for his 
Slav audience in the United States: 

Another salient feature of eastern Europe is the great prestige and influence 
of the Soviet Union. Far from being the result of any artificial propaganda, 
it is soundly rooted in the hearts and minds of the people. The magnetic attrac- 
tion which the U. S. S. R. exerts over the Slavs can be understood in terms of the 
past, present, and future. . . . 



34 AMERICAN SLAV CONGRESS 

The victorious resistance of the U. S. S. R. against the Nazi onslaught has 
deeply impressed all Slavs who, moreover, were all liberated by the Red Army . . . 
Finally there is the spell cast by the Soviet socialist system. 

The author pays a glowing tribute to the Communist dictatorship. 
Although planning to stay only 10 days in Russia, he enjoyed govern- 
mental favors so freely that he remained for 5 weeks. Indeed he 
discovered that "there is something to this business of proletarian 
dictatorship." While he declined to remain in the Soviet paradise 
himself, he described it in the following glowing terms for his con- 
stituents: 

It represents another type of democracy, with the accent on the social and 
economic sides of life which are considered more basic than the purely political. 
People there are given full latitude, nay, they are even encouraged, to complain 
of any injustices or lags in production. Nowhere else is the individual given such 
a possibility to realize himself. 

Krzycki has demonstrated his devotion for the Soviet Union over a 
period of years. The magazine Soviet Russia Today, for April 1943' 
referred to Krzycki as a sponsor of a dinner celebrating the twenty- 
fifth anniversary of the Red Army. The July 1946 issue of this 
magazine carried his article, entitled "The New Poland is Democratic." 

According to the Daily Worker of November 12, 1947, he was a 
speaker for the American Committee of Jewish Writers, Artists, and 
Scientists at a celebration commemorating the anniversary of the 
Russian Revolution. The California Joint Fact-Finding Committee 
on Un-American Activities has cited this organization as subversive. 

The National Council of American Soviet Friendship, Inc., lists 
Leo Krzycki on its board of directors for the year 1948. This organ- 
ization was cited as subversive by Attorney General Tom C. Clark on 
December 4, 1947, and September 21, 1948. 

Mr. Krzycki has been active in defense of individual Communists 
who have run afoul of the law. Speaking before the American Slav 
Congress in Chicago on September 24, 1948, he assailed the arrest of 
the 12 Communist leaders as a step toward fascism. He has cam- 
paigned in behalf of the George Pirinsky Defense Fund Committee, 
according to the Daily Worker of January 6, 1949, page 7. 

The American Committee for Protection of Foreign Born is an 
organization which specializes in the defense of foreign Communist 
agents, such as Gerhart Eisler. It was cited as subversive by Attorney 
General Clark on June 1 , 1 948, and September 2 1 , 1 948. Mr. Krzycki 
was a guest of honor at its dinner in New York City on April 17, 
1948, and a speaker according to the Daily Worker of December 13, 
1948, page 4. 

He has vigorously opposed the Mundt-Nixon T anti-Communist bill, 
signing a statement on May 7, 1948, against the bill as sweeping 
"away the Bill of Rights" and substituting "the police state." 

The Win-the-Peace Conference was organized following the end of 
World War II to mark the revival of the anti-American line which 
had been temporarily shelved while we were allies with Russia. 
Known also as the National Committee to Win the Peace, it was cited 
as subversive by Attorney General Clark on December 4, 1947, and 
September 21, 1948. The Daily Worker of May 9, 1946, page 3, 
lists Leo Krzycki as a supporter of this movement. Jointly with the 
Committee for a Democratic Far Eastern Policy, which was cited 
as subversive by the California Joint Fact-Finding Committee on 




Leo Krzycki, president of the American Slav Congress in consultation with George 
Dimitrov, former general secretary of the Communist International, and at the 
time of this interview, Premier of Bulgaria. 

—What I Saw in the Slavic Countries by Leo Krzycki, published by American Slav Congress— 1945, 
page 13. 

65890—50 (Face p. 34) 



AMERICAN SLAV CONGRESS 35 

Un-American Activities in its 1948 report, the National Committee 
to Win the Peace held a conference on October 18-20, 1946, to con- 
demn American policy in China. Leo Krzycki was a sponsor of this 
joint conference. He was also vice chairman of the Win-the-Peace 
Committee and sponsored its New York Conference of June 28 and 
29, 1946. 

The International Workers Order was cited by Attorney General 
Francis Biddle as "one of the strongest Communist organizations." 
It has been closely allied with the American Slav Congress. Leo 
Krzycki was a speaker for this organization according to the Daily 
Worker of June 19, 1947, page 8. 

The movement in support of Henry A. Wallace has crystallized in 
the Progressive Citizens of America and later the Progressive Party. 
Leo Krzycki was the vice chairman of the Progressive Citizens of 
America according to the Daily Worker of January 19, 1948, page 2. 
He was the chairman of the nationalities division for Wallace at the 
Progressive Party convention held in Philadelphia in July 1948 and a 
member of its powerful platform committee. He paid a glowing 
tribute to Wallace at the fifth conference of the American Slav Con- 
gress of Greater New York held on April 27, 1947. 

Moscow's complete confidence in Mr. Krzycki is demonstrated by 
a development during World War II. On July 25, 1944, Russia 
announced its recognition of Boleslaw Bierut's Polish National 
Council formed in Moscow. Two days later the new Polish Govern- 
ment's press bureau in Moscow began sending a stream of cablegrams 
to Mr. Krzycki in Milwaukee, including a 22-page manifesto. He 
was obviously designated officially to lay the groundwork for the 
approval of the Communist Government of Poland by Polish-Ameri- 
cans. A few days after receiving this directive from Moscow he 
embarked on a lecture tour to convince Polish- American audiences to 
support the Communist Government of Poland. 

Mr. Krzycki's devotion to Moscow aroused a storm of disapproval 
in his home chapter (Milwaukee County) of the American Slav 
Congress, which divorced itself from the national body on the ground 
that the latter was dominated by Communist influences. On De- 
cember 20, 19.43, 16 delegates including 8 Poles adopted a sharp 
resolution condemning the parent body for seeking to divert the 
activity of affiliated organizations and exploit them to further the 
imperialistic aims of Soviet Russia. 

In 1937 Krzycki was a leading speaker at a Chicago CIO mass 
meeting featured by the Communist press, which resulted in rioting 
in which five persons were killed and more than 100 injured near the 
strike-bound Republic Steel Corporation's South Chicago plant. A 
Chicago newspaper implied that his speech incited the 2,000 strikers 
and sympathizers to menace police guarding the plant. This is the 
man who now heads the American Slav Congress. 

ZLATKO BALOKOVIC 

Zlatko Balokovic has served in important capacities within the 
American Slav Congress since its inception, as chairman of its policy- 
making resident board, vice president of the national organization, 
and as its honorary chairman. He is a member of its national board 
of directors, chairman of the New York chapter, and a member of 



36 AMERICAN SLAV CONGRESS 

the editorial board of the Slavic American, its official organ. In 
December 1946 he was the chief of the official delegation of the 
American Slav Congress to the All-Slav Congress in Belgrade, where 
he was accompanied by his wife. The couple was provided with a 
special train furnished by the Yugoslav Government, and the special 
protection of its secret police. 

Obviously referring in a critical vein to the United States Govern- 
ment, Balokovic declared at this meeting, "There is no atomic 
energy that can rend asunder the brotherhood and solidarity of the 
Slavic peoples." 

The Croatian-born Balokovic came to this country in 1924, after 
having traveled through Europe as a concert violinist. Two years 
after his arrival, he married Joyce Borden. 

In the manner of a modern Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde, he divided 
his numerous activities between the smart set of Chicago, New 
York, and Maine (where he maintains separate residences) and the 
motley crew operating within the orbit of the Communist Party and 
its front organizations, particularly those promoting Stalin's con- 
ception of Pan-Slavism in the United States. Although he first 
came to this country in 1924, he did not obtain his citizenship until 
June 2, 1941. After several unsuccessful concerts in this country, Mr. 
Balokovic discarded his career as a concert violinist for the role of 
professional revolutionist at the upper levels of the Stalinist'apparatus. 

The Slavic American for the fall of 1947, describes how during 1931- 
32, Mr. and Mrs. Balokovic traveled around the world on their own 
140-foot yacht, Northern Light. 

Balokovic seems to have been bitten by the Communist bug in 1943 
when his name appeared in the (Communist) New Masses of Novem- 
ber 9, 1943, as the president of the National Council of Americans of 
Croatian Descent, also known as the Croatian American National 
Council, which was cited as subversive by Attorney General Clark on 
June 1 and September 21, 1948. This was organized in Chicago in 
March 1943 at a Congress attended by 927 delegates dedicated to the 
"coordination of the war effort of the American Croats for the duration 
of the war." Located opposite the Pittsburgh City-County Building, 
two floors above the headquarters of the Communist Party of western 
Pennsylvania, its executive secretary is Frank Borich, former head of 
the South Slav Bureau of the Communist Party, who attested loyalty 
to the Communist International in the Daily Worker of May 25, 1929, 
pages 1 and 2. There is no record of the entry of this individual into 
the United States. He was arrested as the result of deportation pro- 
ceedings in 1932. A deportation order was entered and subsequently 
upheld by the courts upon two occasions. The order was later 
canceled by the Department of Labor. Organizer for the National 
Council of Americans of Croatian Descent is John Bronich, of 1122 
Louisiana Avenue, Farrell, Pa., who signed a nomination petition in 
behalf of the Communist Party of Pennsylvania in 1940. 

In the New Masses statement, Mr. Balokovic hailed "Soviet 
Russia's contribution to the inevitable victory of the United Nations 
and the elimination of the Nazi-fascist drive for world conquest." 
Almost simultaneously, his name appeared as a sponsor of the National 
Council of American-Soviet Friendship in connection with its meeting 
of November 6-8, 1943. This organization was cited as subversive 
by Attorney General Tom C. Clark on December 4, 1947, and Sep- 



r 






Zlatko Balokovic receiving the Order of Brotherhood and Unity from Dr. Ivan 
Ribar, President of the Presidium of the (Communist) Federated People's 
Republic of Yugoslav. Joyce Balokovic looks on. 

—The Slavic American, fall, 1947, p. 44 
65890—50 (Face p. 36) 



AMERICAN SLAV CONGRESS 37 

tember 21, 1948. Balokovic has been a member of its board of 
directors since 1943, and in May 1948 he was one of the signers of the 
council's letter endorsing Henry A. Wallace's open letter to Joseph 
Stalin. He and his wife are members of the advisory council of the 
magazine Soviet Russia Today. 

Balokovic received & number of decorations from royalist govern- 
ments during his career as a musician, examples of which are the 
Yugoslav Grand Cross of St. Sava, from Prince Paul in 1939; Knight 
Commander of St. Gregory; Knight Commander of the Bulgarian 
Order of Merit; Bulgarian Red Cross (first class); and the Bulgarian 
Order of the Ninth of September. 

This did not deter him from accepting the Order of Brotherhood and 
Unity, the highest nonmilitary decoration, from Dr. Ivan Ribar, 
president of the Presidium of the (Communist) Federated People's 
Republic of Yugoslavia, during his 2-month tour of that country in 

1946. He saw Marshal Tito on six different occasions. Such recogni- 
tion is not given to foreigners by Communist governments without 
some quid pro quo in the form of services rendered. 

Writing under the title "We Felt the Heartbeat of New Yugo- 
slavia," in the Slavic American, for the fall of 1947, Balokovic de- 
scribed his experiences. He made hundreds of speeches throughout 
Yugoslavia, a country which limits its public speakers strictly to those 
who are rockribbed members of the Communist Party. Although he 
has not been articulate in support of Tito since the latter's dispute with 
the Cominform, Balokovic took issue at that time with the American 
Government because of its alleged effort to "bring about the over- 
throw of the present Yugoslav Government, or, at least, force a change 
in its economic policy." He insisted that "the overwhelming majority 
of the people of Yugoslavia are heart and soul" behind their Com- 
munist government and their new Communist leaders. In glowing 
terms he described the democratic practices of the "New Yugoslavia," 
its complete tolerance of religion, its preservation of small business 
enterprises, and the Communist way of life which he declared "prom- 
ises hundreds of millions of people in the world who never had enough 
to eat, or a chance to get an education, or any enjoyment * * * a 
sure and rapid improvement in their standard of living." 

In an open letter to Balokovic, in the Croatian Voice of January 3, 

1947, published in Winnipeg, Canada, Ivica Smith, former Lieutenant 
Commissar of the Fifth Battalion of the Twenty-seventh Brigade of 
the Yugoslav Army, describes how he accompanied Balokovic in 
Zagreb and Belgrade, by order of OZNA, the Yugoslav secret police. 
We quote the letter in part: 

Sir, you were blind, you could not see the situation in Yugoslavia, for you saw 
only those things OZNA and Tito wanted you to see. . . . 

You enjoyed the parades organized by OZNA. You gave concerts in Zagreb 
and Belgrade; but who were the listeners? Again, Skojevoi and Oznasi. . . .They 
were ordered to applaud by OZNA. The professors, students, and musicians 
who would have attended, could not, because they were not organized com- 
munists and many of them are in prison and camps. 

Sir, this is the truth, the bitter truth. Do you see, Mr. Balokovic — you were 
lying without any shame. 

On the occasion of the shooting down of American fliers by Yugo- 
slavia, Mr. Balokovic wrote a letter in the New York Times of 
December 27, 1946, page 26, in which he took the American Govern- 
ment to task for the incident and upheld the claims of Marshal Tito. 



38 AMERICAN SLAV CONGRESS 

"There is no doubt" he declared, "that the sovereign rights of that 
country were being violated for a period of more than 2 months by- 
American and British planes. . . By withholding information and 
minimizing our involvement on the one hand, while stressing and 
elaborating the 'insolence' of the Yugoslav Government on the other, 
they have helped create further confusion on the whole matter." 

His critical attitude toward the United States was not limited 
merely to matters involving Yugoslavia. In the Daily Worker of 
January 28, 1948, page 10, he is listed as a signer of a statement 
criticizing American policy in Germany. In a letter dated March 16, 
1949, he is listed as one of those criticizing American policy in the 
Panama Canal Zone. 

Balokovic has had a number of ties with organizations and activities 
which are admittedly of a Communist character. As early as Decem- 
ber 22, 1943, there appeared in the New York Times, a declaration 
signed by Balokovic in honor of George Dimitrov, former general 
secretary of the Communist International. 

The American Youth for Democracy was formerly known as the 
Young Communist League. It was cited as subversive by Attorney 
General Tom C. Clark on December 4, 1947, and September 21, 1948. 
Balokovic was the sponsor of a dinner arranged by the American 
Youth for Democracy on December 12, 1945. 

He was a signer of a statement issued by the Civil Rights Congress, 
and appearing in the Daily Worker of April 16, 1947, page 2, defending 
the Communist Party. A similar statement appeared as an advertise- 
ment in the Washington Post of May 20, 1947, page 13. The Civil 
Rights Congress was cited as subversive by Attorney General Tom 
C. Clark on December 4, 1947, and September 21, 1948. 

According to the Daily Worker of March 4, 1948, page 2, he signed 
a letter issued by American Committee for Protection of Foreign 
Born, in behalf of Communist defendants in deportation cases. This 
organization was cited as subversive by Attorney General Clark on 
June 1, 1948, and September 21, 1948. 

In the Worker of April 20, 1947, page 8, we find his name attached 
to a statement condemning "punitive measures directed against the 
Communist Party." 

On February 19, 1948, page 13, the New York Times carried a paid 
advertisement of a citizens committee demanding the seating of Simon 
W. Gerson, an avowed Communist, in the New York City Council. 
Mr. Balokovic's name appears attached to this statement. 

He was also a signer of a statement against the Mundt-Nixon 
anti-Communist bill, according to the Congressional Record of May 
18, 1948, page 6189. Under Communist initiative, the Citizens 
Legislative Conference was held in Albany for the purpose of opposing 
pending anti-Communist bills in the New York State Legislature. 
Mr. Balokovic was a signer of the call to this conference as publicized 
in the Daily Worker of January 2, 1948, page 5. The New York 
Times of March 14, 1946, page 18, carried his name attached to a paid 
advertisement calling for the abolition of the Committee on Un- 
American Activities. 

The Joint Anti-Fascist Refugee Committee was cited as subver- 
sive by Attorney General Tom C. Clark on December 4, 1947, and 
September 21, 1948. Members of its executive board have been 
convicted for contempt of Congress and this conviction was upheld 



AMERICAN SLAV CONGRESS 39 

by the United States Court of Appeals on March 18, 1948. According 
to a letterhead of this organization dated February 3, 1948, Balokovic 
was a national sponsor, a post he has occupied for a number of years. 
On October 28, 1947, the Committee on Un-American Activities, in 
its public hearings referred to this organization as "engaged in pro- 
viding transportation and support for international Communist 
agents." 

Together with Joseph Brodsky (deceased) an attorney in Com- 
munist cases and a member of the Communist Party, Balokovic was 
a member of the advisory council of the People's Radio Foundation, 
Inc. This organization was cited as subversive by Attorney General 
Tom C. Clark on December 4, 1947, and September 21, 1948. 

The movement behind the candidacy of Henry A. Wallace has had 
the full endorsement and support of the Communist Party. Mr. 
Balokovic was a member of the Wallace-for-President Committee 
and chairman of its nationalities division according to the official 
organ of this movement, the Citizen, for April 1948, page 1. He and 
his wife were members of the Maine delegation to the Wallace con- 
vention in Philadelphia in 1948. 

Mr. Balokovic has been prominent in a number of Slav organiza- 
tions closely linked with the American Slav Congress. He was presi- 
dent of the United Committee of South Slavic Americans and 
President of the American Committee for Yugoslav Relief, a sub- 
sidiary. He was also honorary president of the American Association 
for Reconstruction in Yugoslavia, Inc., of which Anthony Gerlach, a 
known Communist, was the active head. These organizations will 
be described in greater detail elsewhere in this report. 

In the Slavic American for the spring-summer of 1948, Zlatko 
Balokovic, as chairman of the resident board of the American Slav 
Congress, gives an account of his recent tour on behalf of the American 
Slav Congress and the Wallace campaign. Attacking "red baiting," 
recent Communist deportation cases, the Mundt-Nixon (anti-Com- 
munist) bill and "loyalty purges" as "symptoms of fascism" in 
America, he calls upon his followers to "resist the malignant disease 
of fascism." From his approach it is clear that he is subtly seeking 
to sow among Slavic Americans the seed of defiance against our 
Government, even going so far as to hint at armed resistance, emulat- 
ing the Yugoslav partisans, as the following significant passages will 
show: 

My wife and I were greatly impressed and inspired by what one might call 
resistance groups that had sprung up spontaneously all over the country. 

There will be many skirmishes and many pitched battles along the way. . . 

But we must never refuse a challenge, never compromise or deny our principles, 
and never retreat except for the purpose of encircling and neutralizing the enemies 
of human progress as the Yugoslav (Communist) Partisans did so successfully in 
their glorious struggle against the Nazi-Fascist invaders. 

What the Yugoslav partisans and other glorious Slav fighters for freedom have 
done we Americans can accomplish. 

LOUIS ADAMIC 

Operating through other Slavic-front organizations and not directly 
as an official of the American Slav Congress, Louis Adamic, as a 
speaker, sponsor, and writer has been a tower of strength for that 
organization. His articles have been featured in the Slavic American 
and he was a leading speaker at meetings of the American Slav Con- 



40 AMERICAN SLAV CONGRESS 

gress on September 20 to 22, 1946, and October 12, 1947, both in 
New York City. As honorary president of the Slovenian American 
National Council, honorary president of the American Committee 
for Free Yugoslavia, honorary president of the United Committee of 
(South) Slavic Americans and editor of its publications, cochairman 
of the American Committee for Yugoslav Relief and honorary presi- 
dent of the American Association for Reconstruction in Yugoslavia, 
Inc., he has been in a position to exploit powerful social contacts in 
their behalf. These organizations constitute a supporting and 
affiliated bloc with the American Slav Congress. 

The extent of Mr. Adamic's influence in Yugoslavia can be measured 
by the fact that he was welcomed at the Zemun Airport at Belgrade 
on January 14, 1949, by Boris Kidritch, member of the Yugoslav 
Politburo and chairman of the State Planning Commission, Dr. Ales 
Bebler, Assistant Foreign Minister of Yugoslavia, Vladimir Dedijer, 
director of the Federal Information Department, lvo Andric, chair- 
man of the Yugoslav Writers' Union, and Dusan Timotijevic, chairman 
of the Council of Journalists of Yugoslavia. It is thought that his 
mission may have had for its purpose a reconciliation between Bel- 
grade and Moscow and the healing of the rift with Marshal Tito." 
The Yugoslav Home Service, in its broadcast of January 17, 1949, 
paid the following tribute to Adamic's contribution to its present 
Communist regime: 

Adamic wrote letters to President Roosevelt, Churchill, and to the Soviet 
Ambassador in Washington. Besides Adamic procured the necessary financial 
means for publishing a paper of Yugoslav newspapermen in London. Articles 
written by Adamic on our partisans and leaders of the national liberation move- 
ment have been greatly echoed in our own and in the foreign press. For all 
these reasons, Louis Adamic is a very welcome guest for our peoples. 

Writing in the New York Star of July 11, 1948, 6 months before this 
visit, he said: 

Never, before or since the rift, have the Yugoslavs made a statement or 
published so much as a suggestion that they entertain the faintest aspiration to 
be independent of the U. S. S. R. . . . Never, before or since the rift, have the 
Yugoslavs hinted with a single word that they do not, or some day might not, 
wish to remain in the Soviet orbit . . . 

The rift has brought on no perceptible drop in the Yugoslavs' open resentment 
of the United States, more precisely of "Wall Street," as the base of world reaction 
which is spearheading imperialism and the drive toward World War III. 

Adamic and the Slovene National Congress 

The Slovene National Congress is affiliated with the American Slav 
Congress. It held its first sessions in Cleveland on December 5-7, 
1942, at Slovene National Home, 6417 St. Clair Avenue NE. It 
was officially claimed that 550 delegates representing 250,000 Slovenes 
of birth and descent attended the meeting. The chief ideological 
spokesman of this meeting was Louis Adamic, who was chairman of 
Referat No. 1 on "The War and the American Slovenes." Mr. 
Adamic's overweening sympathy for the Soviet Union and what it 
stands for, is clearly expressed in his statement of acceptance of this 
post, published in The Worker of December 6, 1942, page 8, from 
which we quote in part: 

I feel honored to have been selected for this function. . . . There seems to 
be no doubt . . . that the commanders of some of the Partisan troups are Com- 
munist or men who are S} r mpathetic to Communism or to Russia or both, while 
the majority of the rank-and-file is not Communist, but strongly pro-Russian. 



AMERICAN SLAV CONGRESS 41 

It is more than probable also that in Slovenia and in the rest of Yugoslavia there 
are Soviet commissars or Soviet army officers who are the advisers if not the 
Supreme commanders of the Partisan troops . . . There is no doubt that Russia 
as a government or state is deeply interested in Yugoslavia as a whole and perhaps 
particularly in Slovenia — both in an immediate military sense and from the 
long-range view which may take in the postwar period ... I believe that the 
Congress should be deeply impressed by the fact that Soviet Russia is the only 
great power so far which has officially and unequivocally expressed itself in favor 
of a united Slovenia ... It may be important to have in mind that, to all 
appearances, General Mihailovich is no factor in the Slovenian military, ideolo- 
gical, or general political situation. 

It should be noted that Mr. Adamic's attacks on General Mihailo- 
vich, representing the Yugoslav Government-in-exile, correspond in 
their timing and character to similar attacks by the Soviet Govern- 
ment and the Communist press throughout the world after July 1942. 

It is essential to go more deeply into Adamic's viewpoint and record 
because he is the spokesman of various Communist-front organiza- 
tions operating among the Slavic population in America. He has 
been accused of having the ambition to become America's "High 
Commissioner in the Balkans." Hence the following pro-Soviet, 
pro-Communist views of Louis Adamic are of more than passing 
significance : 

I see now that the salvation of the Yugoslav people and other small backward 
nations in that part of the world lies, clearly and inescapably, in the direction of 
Russia. They will have to overthrow their present racketeer rulers, form a 
Balkan or East European federation of collectivist national republics and in some 
mutually satisfactory way, attach themselves to the U. S. S. R. 

Now I see why the Russian Revolution was necessary, from the standpoint not 
only of backward, peasant Russia, but of the world at large. (Native's Return, 
by Louis Adamic, p 361.) 

******* 

I believe that a majority of people forming the Yugoslav Liberation Front and 
the Bulgarian underground are eager or ready for Sovietization ... If Soviet- 
ization — with all it implies — does occur, it may be the simplest process. The 
Yugoslav federation would become a republic within the Soviet Union, and w ould 
most likely be headed by Tito or Dimitroff. (The Bulletin, vol. 1, No. 3, October 
20, 1943, pp. 1, 2, official organ of the United Committee of Slavic Americans, 
Louis Adamic, editor, quoted from My Native Land, by the same author.) 

Mr. Adamic has disclosed his friendly relations with the Communist 
Party of Yugoslavia in his pamphlet Struggle containing material 
which had previously appeared in the Communist New Masses of 
September 1933, translated from the Yugoslavian text. Here he tells 
the story of a young Communist he encountered hi Dalmatia. He 
has hidden his hero's identity "in order not to betray anything con- 
nected with the work of the Communist Party of Yugoslavia." 

At times, Mr. Adamic is lucidly frank in his contempt for American 
democracy, for our British ally and their representatives. The follow- 
ing author's note is taken from Dynamite, by Louis Adamic: 

The story that I present here is, as I see it, a criticism of your American capital- 
ist-democratic civilization, the most severe criticism, it seems to me, that anyone 
could write . . . America is at the crossroads . . . Right or Left? . . . But 
eventually it will be left, for in the very nature . . . it is a left or revolutionary 
country. [Emphasis supplied.] 

The following caustic anti-British and pro-Russian comment is taken 
from the statement of an unidentified correspondent from Missouri 
featured in War and Post- War, a bulletin published by Louis Adamic 
in behalf of the United Committee of South-Slavic Americans: 

We've welded ourselves irretrievably to an obsolescent British Empire . . . 
that will fall apart as soon as the war ends ... It is clear, however, that the 



42 AMERICAN SLAV CONGRESS 

struggle for Europe that began as a battle between Stalin and Hitler has shifted. 
It has become virtually a struggle for the world, and Churchill has assumed the 
declining Hitler's role. But Stalin is already winning . . . (vol. II, No. 10). 

As against the "Western imperialist powers," Mr. Adamic editori- 
ally refers to the Russian Revolution as "the most massive event so 
far in the twentieth century" and adds that "in some ways we are 
farther from democracy than Russia was even before 1941." 

Mr. Adamic even goes so far as to suggest that Anglo-American 
officers might meet with death if they do not carry out preconceived 
ideas as to the settlement of the Balkan problem. We quote Mr. 
Adamic from his October 20, 1943, Bulletin excerpts from My Native 
Land : 

If the Anglo-American forces come into the country with the wrong approach 
and protect the Darlan so no one will be able to get at him, someone will be apt 
to kill the highest British or American officer he can get at. 

It should be further noted that Mr. Adamic has been a supporter 
of the following organizations cited by the Committee on Un-American 
Activities and/or the Attorney General as subversive: American 
Committee for Protection of Foreign-Born, National Committee 
for the Defense of Political Prisoners, National Committee for People's 
Rights, National Emergency Conference, American League Against 
War and Fascism, Joint Anti-Fascist Refugee Committee, American 
Writer's Congress, Conference on Pan-American Democracy, Win- 
the-Peace Conference, and National Federation for Constitutional 
Liberties. 

Mr. Adamic sponsored the publication of a pamphlet called The 
Truth About Yugoslavia, published by Mirko Markovich, past editor 
of the Communist paper Slobodna Rech, printed in Serbian. The 
pamphlet was printed under union label 209 of the Prompt Press, 
publishers for the Communist Party. Associate sponsors of this 
pamphlet attacking Mihailovich and supporting Tito, were the follow- 
ing active spirits in the American Slav Congress and affiliated groups : 
Zarko Buncick, Yovan Kraynovich, Mirko Markovich, Tony Mayna- 
rich (usually known as Anthony Minerich), Frano Petrinovich, 
honorary president of the Yugoslav National Defense Society of 
Chile, Peru, and Colombia, Yanko Rogelj, Vaso Trivanovich, editor 
of the pro-Tito magazine Yugoslavia, published by the Acorn Press, 
Inc., Ridgefield, Conn., Mark Vinski, and Vunko Vuk. 

Adamic and the United Committee of South Slavic Americans 

At best, the Balkan situation presents a most confused picture to 
Americans. The multiplication of committees under Communist 
domination intensified that confusion and tended to encourage 
Americans to keep clear of the mess, to the evident advantage of the 
Soviet Union. 

In a special article appearing in the Worker of September 5, 1943, 
Louis Adamic explained to Louis F. Budenz, then editor of this Com- 
munist paper, the aims of the United Conference of South-Slavic 
Americans formed at Cleveland in August 1943 and previously known 
as the United Yugoslav Committee. This conference sought to unite 
Serbians, Croatians, Slovenians, and Bulgarians into one organization, 
with headquarters at 1010 Park Avenue, New York City. Its officers 
included Louis Adamic, president; M. J. Bogdanovich of San Pedro, 
Calif., as treasurer; Etbin Kristan, president of the Slovenian American 



AMERICAN SLAV CONGRESS 43 

Council of Chicago; Zlatko Bunchich, head of the Serbian American 
Vidovdan Council, attorney and one-time mayor of Monroe Falls, 
Ohio, speaker for the Akron Council of American-Soviet Friendship 
in November 1943; Dr. Victor Sharenkoff of New York, representing 
the Bulgarian American Committee; Rev. Emil Glocar of Akron, Ohio: 
Rev. Nikola Drenovac of Youngstown, Ohio, and Rev. Voyeslav 
Gachinovich of Pittsburgh. 

Mr. Adamic pointed out that his organization opposed the attitude 
of "many of our high officials in Washington." He particularly de- 
plored the attitude of the mayor of a large city whose population 
is about 70 percent new-immigrant (Mayor Frank J. Lausche, of 
Cleveland), who refused to cooperate with the United Committee of 
South-Slavic Americans on the ground that his city was already the 
scene of "serious differences within the immigrant groups as to the 
adjustments necessary in Europe after the war." The mayor felt 
that the committee might make that situation more acute. Adamic 
mentioned his committee's opposition to the aims of the Yugoslav 
Government-in-exile and to General Mihailovich. He estimated that 
his group represented "over a million people." 

At Cleveland, a 10-point program was adopted, pledging support 
to the partisan army of Yugoslavia under Tito and urging the United 
Nations to cooperate with the so-called National Anti-Fascist Liberation 
Council in Yugoslavia, allied with Tito. 

Mr. Adamic has pointed out in his bulletin of September 7, 1943, 
that the August 7, 1943, meeting was a culmination of a number of 
prior preliminary group meetings. During the autumn and winter 
of 1942-43, Serbian, Slovenian, and Croatian groups held their 
respective congresses and formed the Serbian Vidovdan Council, the 
Slovenian American Council, and the Council of Americans of Croatian 
Descent. On June 19, 1943, the leaders of these groups met in Pitts- 
burgh and formed the United Committee of Croatian, Serbian, and 
Slovenian Americans. The Bulgarians and Macedonians met in 
Detroit on July 17-18. They were invited to send representatives to 
the meeting of the United Committee of Croatian, Serbian, and 
Slovenian Americans called for August 7, in Cleveland. These 
representatives accepted the suggestion and the name of the organiza- 
tion was changed to the United Committee of South Slavic Americans. 
Mr. Adamic, as president, was authorized to explore the possibilities 
of establishing contact with Greek, Albanian, and other Balkan 
American organizations, groups and individuals. It should be noted 
at this point that this procedure parallels the practice now in force 
in Europe of establishing Communist-dominatecl and inspired nation- 
al liberation committees among the nations mentioned above. 

The individuals present at the August 7 meeting included Louis 
Adamic, Zlatko Balokovic, M. J. Dogdanovich, *lvan Butkovich, 
Zarko M. Buncick, Rev. Nikola Drenovac, Rev. Voyeslav Gachinovich, 
Rev. Emil Glocar, Etbin Kristan, Mirko Kuhel, Anthony Lucas, 
Mirko Markovich, Anthony Minerich, Frano Petrinovic (representing 
sympathetic Yugoslavs in South America), George Pirinsky, *Peter 
Radich, Yanko Rogelj, Victor Sharenkoff, and *Joseph Zalar. 

The recommendation made by the Cleveland conference "to give 
moral and (as soon as possible) material support to the National 
Liberation Army and partisans of Yugoslavia" aroused some mis- 
givings, among affiliated elements. The Slovenian American Council, 

♦WITHDRAWN. 



44 AMERICAN SLAV CONGRESS 

for example, whose executive committee met in Chicago on. August 31, 
1943, instructed its acting secretary, Mr. Kuhel, to request the presi- 
dent of the united committee, Mr. Adamic, to change the phrasing of 
point 7, in order to urge support for "all people's guerrillas who are 
fighting the invaders." Mr. Kuhel explained the situation to Mr. 
Adamic in a letter dated August 24, 1943, as follows: 

All Americans of Slovenian descent are not as yet fully informed about the 
truth of the resistance in Yugoslavia, and in Slovenia in particular, and many of 
them still associate the partisan forces with "criminals, Communists, and frati- 
cidal rebels." . . . This being the case, and until the true facts are known to all 
the people, there is danger that some groups comprising SANC (Slovenian Ameri- 
can National Council) will resent the outright endorsement of only one resisting 
force. . . . 

The Slovenian American National Council was evidently loath to 
accept the streamlined propaganda of the Communist publicity ma- 
chine in support of Tito and the National Liberation Army as against 
General Mihailovich. 

Mr. Adamic squirmed out of this attempted resistance to the official 
Communist Party line by claiming that he had no right himself to 
change the wording of the statement passed at Cleveland on August 7> 
but he expressed his deep sympathy with the SANC and promised 
that the question of rephrasing point 7 would be taken up at the next 
meeting. Nevertheless, the Slovenian American National Council 
voted to send $1,000 as an "initial contribution" to the United Com- 
mittee of South Slavic Americans. 

Another meeting of the United Committee of South Slavic Ameri- 
cans was held at the Fort Pitt Hotel in Pittsburgh on November 13, 
1943. The organization published a bulletin under the personal editor- 
ship of Louis Adamic, issues of which have been devoted largely to 
reprints from his pro-Soviet book, My Native Land. 

The United Committee has received unstinting support from Mirko 
Markovich, Moscow-trained past editor of the Communist Slobodna 
Rech (Free Expression) of Pittsburgh. This paper featured a speech of 
Earl Browder in its issue of December 5, 1939, page 6. In its Decem- 
ber 26, 1939, issue, it acclaimed the Communist slogan "The Yanks 
are not coming" and displayed the Soviet star above the American 
flag in place of the eagle on its front page. 

The Fort Pitt meeting featured in the Daily Worker of November 
19, 1943, demanded lend-lease aid to the Communist-supported 
Yugoslav People's Army headed by Tito and deplored American aid 
to Mikhailovich. It urged a reversal of our support of the Yugoslav 
Government-in-exile. 

Mr. Adamic later addressed a rally of the Cleveland Slovenian- 
American National Council praising the "partisan tradition," denying 
that it was a Russian invention. Others who addressed this meeting 
at the Slovenian Auditorium were Sava Kasanovich, secretary of the 
Serbian Independent Democratic Party; Rev. Emil Glocar, of the 
Akron Serbian Orthodox Church; Etbin Kristan and * Joseph Zalar, 
president and treasurer of the Slovenian American National Council 
(Worker, November 21, 1943, p. 2). 

The extent to which pro-Communist groups operating in the 
orbit of the American Slav Congress were given official recog- 
nition is indicated by a short-wave broadcast to Yugoslavia on 
September 28, 1943, with the approval of the Office of War Informa- 

•WITHDRAWN. 



AMERICAN SLAV CONGRESS 45 

tion and participated in by the Croatian American Council, the 
Serbian American Vidovdan Congress, the Slovenian American 
National Council, and the Bulgarian Macedonian Victory Congress, 
all combined in the United Committee of South Slavic Americans. 
This broadcast was approved by Louis Adamic, Zlatko Balokovic, 
Zarko Buncick, Etbin Kristan, Peter Peff, and Smeale Voydanoff 
(Bulletin of the United Committee of Slavic Americans, October 20, 
1943, p. 3). Voydanoff was a speaker with George Pirinsky at the 
Eleventh National Convention of the Macedonian-American People's 
League of America, of which he was then president (Daily Worker, 
September 3, 1941, p. 5). 

The Narocmi Glasnik (Croatian People's World), published at 1916 
East Street, Pittsburgh, with the Slobodna Rech, of which Anthony 
Minerich has been cited above as Communist editor, supported the 
United South Slav Committee in its issue of November 10, 1943, and 
the Michigan Slav Congress, as well as advertising Louis Adamic's 
book My Native Land. 

Mr. Adamic's Bulletin of October 20, 1943, carried on page 7 an 
advertisement of an offer of a "striking portrait of Tito, commander 
in chief of the Yugoslav Liberation Armies," executed by Hugo 
Gellert, official artist for the Daily Worker, the New Masses, and the 
International Workers Order. Profit from this offer was to go to the 
United Committee of South Slavic Americans. 

A meeting of the United Committee of South Slavic Americans was 
held at the Scottish Rite Temple in San Francisco early in October 
1943, with the following speakers: Louis Adamic, Zlatko Balokovic, 
and Sava Kasanovich (San Francisco News, October 25, 1943). It 
should be noted that Balokovic, president of the National Council 
Americans of Croatian Descent, contributed a glowing eulogy of the 
Soviet regime to the Communist New Masses of November 9, 1943, 
page 14. 

Adamic and the Communist Party, U. S. A. 

On August 2, 1948, Louis F. Budenz, former managing editor of the 
(Communist) Daily Worker, testified before a Senate investigating 
committee regarding his relations as a Communist Party official with 
Louis Adamic. Denying that Adamic was actually a member of the 
party, Mr. Budenz said that Communist officials had succeeded in 
"poisoning the mind" of Adamic to the point of carrying out some 
Communist objectives. Budenz had been assigned by the party to 
the job of corrupting Adamic. To further this purpose, he introduced 
Adamic to Avrum Landy, who was in charge of directing the party's 
work among foreign-language groups. In denying Budenz' charges, 
Mr. Adamic admitted that "Budenz was one of my numerous sources 
of information" in writing his book My Native Land. In the Daily 
W T orker of November 3, 1943, and also of January 9, 1944, we find 
highly laudatory reviews of this book by Budenz. The reviewer de- 
clared that "Louis Adamic * * * granted the palm to the Daily 
Worker for its dispatches on the actualities in the South Slav country." 

In his pamphlet Teheran, Our Path in War and Peace, Earl Browder, 
then general secretary of the Communist Party, U. S. A., declares, 
"Only Louis Adamic's sensational book My Native Land, issued 
toward the end of 1943, with its devastating and unanswerable record 
of facts, finally broke the newspaper blockade on the truth about 

65890—50 i 



46 AMERICAN SLAV CONGRESS 

Yugoslavia." Acccording to the testimony of Budenz before the 
Committee on Un-American Activities on November 22, 1946, the 
manuscript of this work was shown to Browder before its publication. 
The work was subsequently selected as the monthly choice of the 
Book Find Club, a Communist front. 

As early as September 22, 1943, an article by Louis Adamic appeared 
in the Daily Worker, concerning the influence of the Russian revo- 
lution. In 1943, he signed a statement which appeared in the New 
York Times on December 22, eulogizing George Dimitrov, former 
general secretary of the Communist International. On January 4 
of the next year, the Daily Worker carried an article by Adamic, 
lauding the same individual. The New York World-Telegram of 
September 21, 1944, described a dinner in honor of Ferdinand Smith, 
a Communist now the subject of deportation proceedings. Adamic 
was a sponsor of this affair. On April 7, 1948, the Daily Worker 
earned the name of Louis Adamic as a signer of a protest against the 
arrest of Pablo Neruda, a Chilean Communist poet. 

Mr. Adamic has supported the following organizations engaged in 
the defense of Communist cases before the courts: Civil Rights 
Congress, National Federation for Constitutional Liberties, National 
Committee for the Defense of Political Prisoners, the Joint Anti- 
Fascist Refugee Committee, the American Committee for Protection 
of Foreign Born, of which he was an advisory board member; National 
Emergency Conference, and National Committee for People's Rights. 
Articles by Adamic have appeared in the (Communist) New Masses 
for October 26 and November 9, 1943. 

Adamic and American -foreign policy 

With the exception of the period when Russia was our ally during 
World War II, the Communists and their front organizations have 
been consistently hostile to American foreign policy. Among such 
organizations supported by Louis Adamic were: Committee for a 
Democratic Far Eastern Policy, American Council for a Democratic 
Greece, American Committee for Spanish Freedom, Conference on 
Pan-American Democracy, American League Against War and 
Fascism, and the Win-the-Peace Conference. 

Adamic has signed statements attacking American foreign policy 
in Germany (the Daily Worker, January 28, April 15, 1948), Yugo- 
slavia (Bulletin of the United Committee of South Slavic Americans, 
April 1946), and Panama, on March 16, 1949. The standard Com- 
munist work attacking "American imperialism" is Bases and Empire, 
by George Marion, a member of the Daily Worker staff. This book 
has been publicly approved by Louis Adamic. 

The leading spokesman of the movement organized by the Com- 
munists against the foreign policy of the United States is, of course, 
Henry A. Wallace, presidential candidate supported by the Progres- 
sive Party and the Communist Party, U. S. A. Adamic was a member 
of the platform committee of the Progressive Party at its Philadelphia 
convention in July 1948. He contributed financially toward the 
campaign and actively wrote and spoke in its support. As part of his 
contribution toward the Wallace campaign, Adamic changed the name 
of his publication from "Trends and Tides" to "Resist." In his first 



AMERICAN SLAV CONGRESS 47 

"resistance number" for January-March 1948, he explains its purpose 
in language which counsels resistance to the polices of our Government: 

It spearheads a movement which must get under way in the U. S. during 1948 
... a movement which must begin to resist by every moral, legal, and political 
means the artificially created hysteria now whirling toward World War III . . . 
resist the lie now astride the White House, the State Dept., the press and radio 
. . . resist the enormous distortion of facts and ideas involved in our relations 
with Russia, Yugoslavia, etc. . . . resist the un-American, fascist developments 
evident all over the U. S. ... resist the militarization of America. 

Mr. Adamic's reactions to the Freedom Train express his hostility 
toward the exhibit and ihat for which it stands. In the same issue 
of Resist, he asks pointedly whether the purpose of the exhibit was 
"to implant in the people's subconscious minds a concern for the paper 
and the cloth in the showcases and thus replace any passion for the 
meaning in such documents as the Declaration of Independence, the 
Constitution, the Bill of Rights?" How many Government em- 
ployees, he asks, "were doing anything to resist the present attacks 
on civil rights in Washington ' and almost throughout the country?" 
And again, he inquires, "How many had felt an impulse to resist the 
so-called loyalty tests . . .?" 

When American fliers were shot down over Yugoslavia, Adamic 
charged that the United States was out to "provoke the Yugoslavs 
to unwise action." 

As a manifestation of his pro-Soviet sympathies, Mr. Adamic has 
been a supporter of a number of organizations and activities devoted 
to promoting the cause of the Soviet Union. From 1943 to 1946, he 
has been a sponsor of the National Council of American-Soviet 
Friendship, cited as subversive by Attorney General Tom C. Clark 
on December 4, 1947, and September 21, 1948. In May 1948, he 
signed its statement in support of Henry A. Wallace's open letter to 
Joseph Stalin. The magazine Soviet Russia Today for July 1948 
carried a laudatory article by Adamic. In 1943, he sponsored a 
dinner celebration in honor of the twenty-fifth anniversary of the 
Red Army, under the auspices of the Soviet Russia Today. 

Mr. Adamic's antagonistic views of the United States, his hopes for 
a Communist revolution, and his completely pro-Russian bias are 
summarized in his article entitled "Conspiracy Against Peace," 
appearing in the Slavic American for the winter of 1947, and from 
which we quote: 

I believe that we Americans are . . . dangerous ... to ourselves and the 
rest of the world. We are in a dangerous state of mind intricately involved 
in the vast distortion of Soviet-American relations. That distortion is mostly the 
work of our American lords, our conscious and unconscious counterrevolution- 
aries, who control the press and radio, who boss much of our educational system 
and, less firmly, many of our churches; who are afraid of today's widespread 
revolutionary developments. . . . And their immediate purpose, already 
dangerously realized, is to get control of our national soul in order to have us 
where they want us when the next depression comes about, and in order to have 
a chance to kill off the Revolution. . . . 

They (the counter-revolutionaries) and the Baruchs fiddle, and fellows like 
Truman, Byrnes, Vandenberg, Dewey, and Pegler dance. . . . 

We have, at best, very little time to frustrate this conspiracy disguised as 
patriotism. . . . Many of these peoples (the now backward peooles of the 
world) right now have no other inspiration than communism and the Russian. . . . 

It so happens that it was our press that . . . began the present propaganda war 
between the U. S. and the U. S. S. R. . . . What is more, it is we who began 
the present "cold war." . . . 

The world is going left. I believe we should go along. . . . 



48 AMERICAN SLAV CONGRESS 

BRONISLAW KONSTANTINE GEBERT, ALSO KNOWN AS BOLESLAW GEBERT, 
B. K. GEBERT, WILLIAM GEBERT, AND BILL GEBERT 

A charter member of the Communist Party, U. S. A., former head 
of its Polish federation, former member of its central executive com- 
mittee, later known as the national committee, former district organizer 
in Chicago and Detroit, Bronislaw Konstantine Gebert (known also as 
Boleslaw Gebert, B. K. Gebert, William Gebert, and Bill Gebert) 
was one of the prime movers in launching the American Slav Congress, 
of which he was a vice president and national committee member. 
He was particularly active at the meetings held in Detroit on Decem- 
ber 7, 1941, and April 25, 26, 1942. 

Although he was arrested and held for deportation as far back as 
February 1933, he continued his activity in this country until August 
16, 1947, when he departed aboard the Polish steamer Batory without 
the knowledge or permission of the State Department. In 1946, he 
was recommended to the Polish Embassy by its home office as a reliable 
contact. Today he is in Poland as secretary of the Central Committee 
of the Polish Trade-Unions. He is a living example of the close 
relationship between the Communist government of Poland, the 
American Slav Congress, and the Communist Party, U. S. A. 

According to the testimony of Gen. Izyador Modelski, former 
military attache of the Polish Embassy, on March 31, 1949, before 
this committee, Boleslaw Gebert was decorated by the Polish Govern- 
ment for his services and was told publicly, "You are our great 
support. You gave us information of great importance." 

Prior to his association with the American Slav Congress, Gebert 
specialized in the field of trade-union activity for the Communist 
Party. In 1930, he was an organizer of the Communist-controlled 
National Miners Union, a split-off from the United Mine Workers of 
America. During the same year, he was a representative of the 
Trade-Union Unity League, the American affiliate of the Red Inter- 
national of Labor Unions, with headquarters in Moscow. 

In 1930, the Communist Party launched the International Workers 
Order, a fraternal organization, and Gebert became active in its 
Polish section, finally becoming a general vice president and president 
of the Polonia Society, or Polish division of the IWO, which is in turn 
affiliated with the American Slav Congress. Attorney General Biddle 
referred to- the IWO as "one of the strongest Communist organiza- 
tions." 

In 1936, the Communist Party was active in a campaign to organize 
the steelworkers into the CIO. The International Workers Order 
established a Fraternal Orders Committee for this purpose, and it was 
headed by Gebert, who then was known as "Bill," a name more suit- 
able for his activity among American trade-unionists. The name 
"Boleslaw" was reserved for his Polish contacts. He was a member 
of the steering committee of the Steel Workers Conference held in 
Pittsburgh on October 25, 1936, in which Max Bedacht, former general 
secretary of the Communist Party, U. S. A., participated. Later, he 
became active in organizing automobile workers. His exploits are 
described in his own articles in such Communist publications as 
Party Organizer of September-October 1931, May-June 1932, July 
1932, May-June 1933, April 1934, June 1935, July 1935, October 1935, 
February 1936, and September 1936; in the Communist, official 



AMERICAN SLAV CONGRESS 49 

theoretical monthly organ of the Communist Partv, U. S. A., for 
September 1932, August 1933, September 1933, December 1933, 
January 1934, July 1934, August 1935, September 1935, January 1936, 
June 1936, August 1936, May 1937, October 1937, February 1938, 
March 1938, and May 1939; and The Daily Worker, official daily 
organ of the Communist Party, U. S. A., for January 11, 1930, 
January 13, 1934, October 25, 1934, January 18, 1938, April 14, 1938, 
and May 10, 1938. From these articles, it may be concluded that he 
was not only active as an individual but formulated policy and direc- 
tives for Communist Party members in his own special field. 

In 1934, Gebert was the vice chairman of the tJ. S. Congress Against 
War and Fascism, whose program called for the "stopping of the 
manufacture and transport of munitions and all other materials es- 
sential to the conduct of war, through mass demonstrations, picketing, 
and strikes," support of the "peace policies of the Soviet Union," and 
efforts to "win the armed forces" for this program. 

Speaking at district committee plenum of the Communist Party, 
U. S. A., on May 14-15, 1932, he emphasized the importance of 
building "an iron wall of defense around the Soviet Union," of stopping 
"shipment of war materials," and of "sending of troops." He stressed 
the necessity of knowing "just exactly" where "the war industries" 
are located, "from what places the shipment of ammunition will take 
place." He urged the penetration of the "armed forces." 13 

In his article in The Communist for September 1935, he called upon 
party members to benefit fully from the "experience of the general 
strike in San Francisco and Terre Haute, the general strikes in textile 
and lumber, ... in which the Communist Party played an 
important role." In an article appearing in the August 1935 issue of 
the same magazine, he repeated the advice of Joseph Stalin in which 
Stalin declared on May 6, 1929: 

I think the moment is not far off when the revolutionary crisis will develop in 
America, and when a revolutionary crisis develops in America that will be the 
beginning of the end of world caoitalism as a whole. 

In departing for the Communist paradise in Poland, Mr. Gebert 
has evidently decided not to wait for this development here but to 
leave it to his Communist confreres in the United States to bring it 
to fruition. 

STANLEY J. NOWAK 

On September 26, 1938, at a meeting of the Fourth American Slav 
Congress in Chicago, Stanley Nowak was elected national secretary. 
He has been the president of its Michigan chapter and a member of the 
editorial board of its official organ, The Slavic American. 

Testifying before the Special Committee on Un-American Activities 
on November 30, 1939, William Odell Nowell, a former member of 
the Communist Party in Detroit, said that Stanley Nowak joined the 
party in 1 935, and added, "I was present at his initiation at a banquet 
during which he was initiated by William Weinstone." Weinstone 
was, at that time, district organizer of the Communist Party. 

On November 14, 1938, Zygmund Dobrzynski testified before the 
same committee of Congress that he was solicited for membership in 
the Communist Party by Stanley Nowak. Nowak's name had 
appeared earlier in testimony before this committee, when on October 

is Party Organizer, July 1932, pp. 3, 4, and 5. 



50 AMERICAN SLAV CONGRESS 

20, 1938, Mr. Fred W. Frahm, Detroit superintendent of police, 
identified Stanley Nowak as one of the "outstanding Communists" 
involved in violent and riotous strikes in Detroit. 

On December 12, 1942, Stanley J. Nowak was arraigned in Detroit 
on charges of falsely pledging allegiance to the United States while a 
member of the Communist Party. He had been elected to the State 
legislature in 1938. In this campaign, he circulated with "Compli- 
ments of Stanley Nowak," copies of the Daily Record, a Midwest 
Communist publication. On February 9, 1943, the indictment was 
dismissed by order of Attorney General Biddle because he felt that 
the facts did not "warrant criminal prosecution." The allegation 
regarding Nowak's Communist Party membership was not repudiated 
by the Department of Justice. The dismissal of the indictment was 
undoubtedly motivated by wartime considerations. 

On March 16, 1942, the Daily Worker carried the name of Stanley 
Nowak as a sponsor of the National Free Browder Congress. The 
same publication for February 20, 1948, announced Nowak's attack on 
the Immigration Department for the arrest of Ferdinand C. Smith, 
a member of the Communist Party, U. S. A., now held for deportation 
to the British West Indies. 

The Civil Rights Congress has been in the forefront of the defense 
of the 12 Communist leaders now under indictment. It has been 
cited as subversive by Attorney General Tom C. Clark on December 4, 
1947, and September 21, 1948. According to the official letterhead 
of this organization, Stanley Nowak is a vice chairman. The Daily 
Worker of March 3, 1948, page 3, describes his appearance on a picket 
line under the auspices of the Michigan Civil Rights Congress, in 
behalf of Communist deportation cases. 

The American Committee for Protection of Foreign Born is another 
organization which specialized in the defense of Communist cases, 
more particularly foreign-born Communists like Gerhart Eisler, John 
Williamson, Jack Stachel, and many others. On June 1, 1948, and 
September 21, 1948, Attorney General Tom C. Clark cited this 
organization as subversive. A 1948 letterhead of this organization 
shows Stanley Nowak as its national chairman. He has been a 
featured speaker at its conferences for a number of years. 

In line with Communist policy, he was an outstanding supporter of 
the campaign to elect Henry A. Wallace, having been a sponsor of the 
Michigan Committee for Wallace for President, a member of the 
National Wallace for President Committee, a candidate for Congress 
on the Progressive (Wallace) Party in 1948, and a member of the rules 
committee of the Wallace convention in Philadelphia in July 1948. 

He is listed as a vice president of the International Workers Order, 
which Attorney General Biddle cited as "one of the strongest 
Communist organizations." 

Formerly an organizer of the United Automobile Workers Union 
(CIO), he has been identified throughout with its Communist- 
controlled left wing. 

Nowak was a prolific writer for the Proletarian, a Detroit Com- 
munist magazine. In its July 1929 issue, he contributed an attack on 
religion. Its June 1931 issue announced under "Party Notes" that: 

Comrade Stanley Novak [sic] delivered a series of four lectures on the progress 
of the Soviet Union. These meetings were held at the local headquarters (2036 
Woodward Avenue) from May 3 to 6, inclusive. They were well attended and 
the lectures much appreciated. 



AMERICAN SLAV CONGRESS 51 

In the May 1929 issue of this magazine, Nowak contributed an 
article entitled "The Trotsky Opposition and Its Lessons," in which 
he stated that, "There is no 'Stalin dictatorship' in Russia. There is, 
however, a dictatorship of the working class," which he declared 
"cannot be maintained without a united, well-disciplined Communist 
Party." 

ANTHONY J. MINERICH, ALSO KNOWN AS TONY MINERICH AND ANTHONY 

MAJNERICH 

In accordance with established practice, Tony Minerich used that 
name when operating in an English-speaking environment. In Slavic 
circles he is known as Anthony Majnerich. The call for the Second 
American Slav Congress, held in Pittsburgh on September 23, 24, 
1944, lists Mineri-ch as a member of its national committee. He has 
also been a member of the United Committee of South Slavic Amer- 
icans and a vice president of the American Slav Congress of western 
Pennsylvania. 

A Croatian by birth, Minerich has for some time been the editor of 
Narodni Glasnik (People's Voice), published at 1916 East Street, 
Pittsburgh, Pa., where it is housed with such other Communist pub- 
lications as Slobodna Rech (Serbian), and Ludovy Dennik (Slovak). 
Minerich was naturalized on March 19, 1928, stating that he was 
born in Yugoslavia in 1903. On October 4, 1940, he registered as a 
voter in Pittsburgh, stating that he was born in Pennsylvania, May 27, 
1903. 

Minerich has had considerable experience as an official of the Com- 
munist Party. The Daily Worker of April 15, 1931, referred to him 
as a member of the national committee of the Young Communist 
League. On March 27, 1936, this Communist publication mentions 
him as a section organizer of the Communist Party in the Pittsburgh 
district. Earlier, in November 1935, he was a speaker at a meeting 
of the central committee of the Communist Party. 

In previous years, Minerich concentrated his attention upon Com- 
munist-controlled unions and organizations of the unemployed, where 
his activities brought about his arrest on a number of occasions. In 
February 1928 he was arrested and released on bond of $2,000, in 
connection with a Pennsylvania and Ohio coal strike, in which he 
was involved as a member of the national committee of the National 
Miners Union, and in which he was actively associated with Frank 
Borich, another leading Croatian Communist. According to the 
Daily Worker of April 5, 1933, he was arrested in Springfield, 111. 
while he was secretary of the Illinois State Unemployed Councils. 
Representing this organization, he was a signer of a call to action 
issued by the Provisional Committee Trade Union Confeience for 
United Action, held in New York City on August 26, 27, 1933, to- 
gether with such well-known Communists as Israel Amter, Herbert 
Benjamin, Frank Borich, Earl Browder, Philip Frankfeld, William Z. 
Foster, and many others. 

He was again arrested in Jersey City in October 1933, according 
to the Daily Worker, and later sentenced to 90 days in jail. In 1937, 
the party was actively pushing its efforts to penetrate the ranks of 
the Steel workers. Minerich became conference secretary of the Steel 
Workers Organizing Committee at Brownsville, Pa., according to the 
Daily Worker of June 9, 1937, page 5. 



52 AMERICAN SLAV CONGRESS 

According to Labor Unity, for May 1928, official organ of the Trade- 
Union Educational League, which was cited as subversive by Attorney 
General Biddle on May 28, 1942, Tony Minerich was expelled from 
the United Mine Workers (AFL) by John L. Lewis, because of his 
activities. This was prior to his naturalization. 

It is a well-known fact that Communist countries like Yugoslavia 
do not admit ordinary visitors from the United States. Anthony 
Minerich, Croation-American Communist, encountered no such 
obstacles when he toured that country for 9 months during 1946 and 
1947. He received his passport in November 1946, as a newspaper- 
man. In fact, the following account of Mr. Mark Basic, who was a 
delegate to the All-Slav Congress in Belgrade, seems to indicate that 
Mineiich was highly influential with the Communist government of 
that country: 

On the morning of Friday, December 30, 1946, I went to see Mr. Majnerich, 
editor of the journal "Narodni Glasnik," about the possibility of getting through 
him a reservation on an airplane to the United States, for I knew he had influence 
with the government. He advised me to get in touch with the All-Slav Committee 
in Belgrade ... At the same time, he invited me to attend a meeting which was 
to be held that same morning . . . When I arrived there I noticed Mrs. Ann 
Prpich, one of the delegates from Detroit and Mr. Anton Majnerich, as well as 
the OZNA (secret police) man who had accompanied Mr. Buban on his trip to 
Primorje and Dalmatia. I then learned that the meeting in question was the 
annual gathering of the Legislature of Dalmatia . . . We received a big ovation. 

During his stay in Yugoslavia, Minerich acted as a correspondent 
for the Daily Worker and Narodni Glasnik. Upon his return, he 
entered upon a lecture tour dealing with the achievements of the 
"New Yugoslavia." 

He played an important part in Yugoslavia's attempt to lure Ameri- 
can citizens of Yugoslav descent back to the "fatherland," where their 
western skills and dollars could be utilized behind the iron curtain. 
Yugoslavia did not admit that naturalization in the United States 
superseded original Yugoslav citizenship; therefore the United States 
issued no visas for travel in Yugoslavia, because the State Department 
considered it extremely unlikely that any such "visitor" would be 
permitted to return to the United States. Minerich ignored these 
unpleasant possibilities; his attempts to entice Slavs to smuggle aboard 
a Yugoslav ship, the steamship Radnik, through Canada played 
subtly on the desire to trace relatives in the "old country." He put 
forth his propaganda on Narodni Glasnik's weekly radio program. 

NARODNI GLASNIK (PEOPLE'S VOICE, CROATIAN) 

As the responsible editor of Narodni Glasnik, otherwise known as 
the People's Voice, or People's Herald, Minerich has made this publi- 
cation a channel for pro-Soviet and pro-Communist news and views 
among our Croatian population, many of whom do not read any 
American publication. The fact that it boasts a circulation of only 
10,000 must not cause us to minimize its importance among the 
Croatian families in our basic industries, particularly the key indus- 
trial State of Pennsylvania. It publishes dispatches from TASS, 
official Soviet news agency, and prior to Tito's break with the Comin- 
form, it carried dispatches from TANJUG, official news service of 
Yugoslavia. A foimer editor was Frank Borich, well-known Com- 
munist. 



AMERICAN SLAV CONGRESS 53 

Mary Sumrak, listed as managing editor and business manager of 
Narodni Glasnik, was the signer of a Communist nominating petition 
in Pittsburgh in 1947. Her husband, Mark Sumrak, also signed such 
a petition. He was convicted of perjury by a grand jury investigating 
these petitions and sentenced to 6 months in jail. 

Arthur Bartl is one of the editors of Narodni Glasnik. He is also 
a sponsor of the American Slav Congress of western Pennsylvania. 
In February 1947, he and George Wuchinich signed an invitation to a 
meeting of this organization as representatives of the American 
Veterans Committee. When this invitation was publicized in Novem- 
ber 1947, George Griffiths, chairman of the Allegheny County (Pa.) 
Area Council of the American Veterans Committee, repudiated their 
action, saying it was "without either the knowledge or authorization 
of AVC," and that the local AVC was in accoid with the AVC's 
statement in national convention that the organization opposed 
totalitarianism, either of the left or of the right. 

Bartl is the husband of Daisy Lolich, group secretary of the United 
Committee of Slavic-Americans. According to the Daily Worker of 
February 3, 1942, page 5, Daisy Lolich was a speaker at a Communist 
Party meeting. 

Keep America Free, a monthly publication of the American Slav 
Congress of western Pennsylvania, carried a long article by Arthur. 
Bartl in its issue of December 3, 1947, in which Bartl attacked what 
he called "a national witch hunt and red scare," and defended Com- 
munist Russia and Yugoslavia. He said: 

... a national witch hunt and red scare is deliberately and consciously being 
whipped up. . . . These are all symptoms of the way fascism begins. . . . (we 
will) awake one day to find our fundamental liberties taken away, living in the 
clutches of a police state, a dictatorship. . . . Even high-standing American 
statesmen have resorted to (this tactic) in attacking our Allies — the Soviet Union 
and the heroic Yugoslav people, and against all those Slavic Nations who, in this 
recent war, liberated their own reactionary and decadent governments. 

For some time Bartl has been the master of ceremonies on the regular 
weekly Croatian radio program over Station WLOA (Braddock, Pa.) 
which is sponsored by Narodni Glasnik — the program on which An- 
thony Minerich used to exhort American Slavs to return to the "new 
Yugoslavia" before Yugoslavia fell into disrepute because of the Stalin- 
Tito break. 

Narodni Glasnik has another leading Communist Party member 
(born in Yugoslavia) on its editorial staff. He is Leo Fisher, who for 
years has been active among Croatians in the United States. He con- 
tributed an article on February 5, 1948, To Keep America Free, the 
western Pennsylvania Slav Congress' monthly publication. He 
stated unequivocally that Wallace could count on "determined sup- 
port" of his candidacy from the Croatian-Americans in this country 
because they were his "natural supporters," and also because he would 
make corrections in the Wall Street policy of the Democrats and Re- 
publicans. Fisher says about the present United States Government: 

Hysteria is now whipped to full blast against the Soviet Union and against any 
supporter for American-Russian friendship. . . . And we continue to aid corrupt, 
undemocratic governments in the Near and Far East, while we promote civil 
wars and send marines to serve up flesh where dollars fail. 

An acid test of its subservience to Moscow is furnished by the 
attitude of^Narodni Glasnik toward Marshal Tito's dispute with the 



54 AMERICAN SLAV CONGRESS 

Cominform. In no uncertain language, it showed the direction of 
its loyalty. The following are editorial comments published on July 
1 and 8, 1948: 

In the recent meetings all American Yugoslavs have adopted resolutions 
backing the Cominform's criticism directed against Marshal Tito and against 
the leadership of the Communist Party of Yugoslavia. Taking that as a symp- 
tom, it is clear that the great majority of Americans of Yugoslav descent accept 
the criticism of the Cominform against Yugoslav leadership. 

Our people trust the Soviet Union and its leadership and they cannot under- 
stand behavior on the part of Yugoslav leaders for which they are hailed today 
by the whole bourgeois press. 

A clear example of the tie-up between the Communist Party and 
Narodni Glasnik is that on May 31, 1947, the Daily Worker ran a 
cartoon on the Taft-Hartley bill, and 2 weeks later, on June 16, 1947, 
Narodni Glasnik used the same cartoon, originally produced for the 
Daity Worker. 

The Narodni Glasnik supported the United South Slavic Commit- 
tee in its issue of November 10, 1943, as well as the Michigan Slav 
Congress. It also carried an advertisement of Louis Adamic's book, 
My Native Land. 

Official records of expenditures of a Communist fraternal order, the 
International Workers Order, show that more than $5,000 in 3 years 
was transferred to the coffers of Narodni Glasnik. The expenditures 
were listed under the head of "press publicity," not advertising. 

GEORGE WUCHINICH 

George Wuchinich has for some time been the executive secretary of 
the western Pennsylvania branch of the American Slav Congress. 
He is a nationality officer of the American Slav Congress and has 
been a frequent contributor to the Slavic American, official Congress 
organ, as well as a member of its editorial board. 

Because of his military training and espionage experience, and 
because western Pennsylvania is a highly strategic industrial area, 
Wuchinich is one of the most dangerous individuals in the American 
Slav Congress. During the period when Russia was our ally and the 
Communist Party was actively prowar, he served as an American 
paratrooper. He was attached to the Office of Strategic Services in 
1942 and served for 9 months m 1943 with Tito's Communist partisans 
in Slovenia. In 1945, he served with the Chinese Communist Army. 
He thus has had considerable experience in Communist guerrilla 
warfare both in Yugoslavia and China. In addition he is a graduate 
of Carnegie Tech, trained as an engineer. 

Describing his experience "when I volunteered to become an OSS 
spy," he wrote in the Slavic American for the fall of 1947: 

I learned to parachute, to shoot, to kill, to live in the woods. . . . Few other 
Americans had the privilege given to me. My assignments took me all around 
the world. . . . There were months in the woods of Yugoslavia with the partisans 
from 1943-44 and more months in 1945 with the Chinese Communist Eighth 
Route Armjr. As an American spy I had to bury myself among the people. 

He continued with a eulogy of the various Communist regimes in 
China, Yugoslavia, northern Greece, Poland, Czechoslovakia and 
advised his readers to "add to all of these the Soviet Union." 



i ° 




2- -=ig 



AMERICAN SLAV CONGRESS 55 

He recalled "the Indian Communist" he met "in a Calcutta book- 
shop in 1945." He then described his utter disgust with the United 
States in the following terms: 

Out of the hospital in 1946 I found my America changing fast. Surely and 
openly the newspapers, our leaders, and prominent spokesmen at Washington 
were taking a comfortable view of the Nazis . . . From Fulton (where Churchill 
spoke) we went rapidly down the road forgetting ideals, the hopes, and aspirations 
of our brother fighters in the American and Allied armies . . . We who fought 
the war know that most of the press is not to be trusted. 

Like Balokovic, he sounded a note of resistance against the United 
States, the same note which is the theme song of Moscow's present 
"cold war": 

We find the temper of the people rising. They question now and many are 
taking action . . . They (American capitalists) hold America, so they believe, 
and they yearn for the world. But America is not theirs, nor is America the 
world . . . 

The picture was blackest when the Truman doctrine was announced . . . 
14,000,000 of us were in uniform and we Slavic Americans numbered 1,000,000 
Joes . . . we shall find our rightful place with progressive peoples the world over. 

There can be no doubt that the term "progressive peoples" referred, 
in the usual Aesopian language publicly employed by Communists, 
to the Soviet Union and its satellite states. 

Wuchinich's pro-Communist bias is displayed in a letter he wrote 
which was published in The Bulletin for April 1947, official organ of 
the United Committee of South-Slavic Americans, in which he savs* 

The Communists won the battle which was all around us . . . The Communists, 
who were guerillas, were at first suspicious, then quickly became friends . . . 

We saw a different spirit (in Communist China) for the first time in China. 
The people liked their army ... It was like Yugoslavia all over again . . . 
Plainly put. the word "Communists" is fooling a lot of us. Hitler tried scaring 
us, and in the end we had to fight him . . . 

It would seem that these Communist armies had sufficient confidence 
in Wuchinich to show him courtesies not ordinarily extended to 
representatives of the United States Army. His credentials were 
evidently valid in Communist circles throughout the world. 

Following the current Communist line, he advised against support 
to the Chinese Nationalist Government and urged that "our marines 
and other armed forces be drawn out at once." 

On May 29, 1948, Wuchinich appeared on behalf of George Pirinsky, 
executive secretary of the American Slav Congress, in the Senate 
Judiciary Committee hearings on the Mundt-Nixon anti-Communist 
bill. He presented a statement which is highly revealing, from which 
we quote in part: 

You say we can't do anything to undermine our institutions or establish (ed) 
Government policies. It means we can't go against the Truman doctrine or 
the Marshall Plan . . . Can't we criticize Mr. Truman or the bipartisan policies 
of America? 

This law labels you for what? A Communist. And that word is very, very 
familiar. 

What did they (the Fascists) use in their country? They used the same fish, 
this red herring. They built iup this whole business on anticommunism, and 
that is the whole purpose of your bill, a world conspiracy of communism. 

Mr. Wuchinich declared before the Senate Judiciary Committee that 
the American Slav Congress is not a Communist organization and 



56 AMERICAN SLAV CONGRESS 

that it is in no way affiliated with the Communist Party. On June 1, 
1948, Attorney General Tom C. Clark cited the American Slav Con- 
gress as subversive and Communist. 

Mr. Wuchinich made his admiration and sympathy for the Soviet 
Union equally plain, while expressing no favorable sentiment toward 
the United States at any point in his testimony. 

He went on to laud the Chinese Communists whom he called "the 
decent-thinking people who have banded together to give their people 
something that will at least assure them of a future." 

In the light of his articulate praise of the Communist regime in 
Yugoslavia, it is interesting to note that when Marshal Tito got into 
difficulty with the Cominform, Wuchinich changed his tune, as shown 
by his radio broadcast from Braddock, Pa., published in the Daily 
Worker of July 7, 1948, page 3. There he is quoted as referring 
approvingly to the "direct, open criticism lodged by the Cominform 
against the Yugoslav Communist Party." 

According to the Pittsburgh Press of January 19, 1949, Wuchinich 
denounced universal military training in the United States, but not 
in the Soviet Union. He spoke over Station WLOA at Braddock, 
Pa., and asked his audience, "Would you rather lose a leg helping the 
United States and British oil companies hang on to their lush leases 
for American oil?" 

Wuchinich has by no means restricted his activity to the Slavic 
field, as will be noted. The Daily Worker of April 3, 1946, featured 
his photograph in connection with his appearance as a speaker at the 
dinner-forum of the Committee for a Democratic Far Eastern Policy, 
which has been consistent in its opposition to American policy in the 
Far East and in its support of the Chinese Communists. 

Fully in harmony with the line of the Communist Party, Wuchinich 
was an active supporter of the Progressive Party campaign for Henry 
A. Wallace. He was vice chairman of the Progressive Party of Penn- 
sylvania and a member of the nomination committee at the Wallace 
convention in Philadelphia in July 1948. He was a member of the 
National Wallace for President Committee and the Pennsylvania 
Wallace Committee. 

Publications 

slobodna rech (Free Expression, Serbian) 

A self-avowed former member of the Communist Party, U. S. A., 
Milosh Knezevich, has sworn in testimony given before the Committee 
on Un-American Activities, on April 25, 1949, that he was recruited 
for membership in the Communist Party at a meeting called ostensibly 
to raise funds for a Serbian-language newspaper, Slobodna Rech. The 
witness stated: 

I made the remark "This is not a Communist meeting?" and they answered 
"When we have a meeting for Slobodna Rech that means a Communist meeting. 
It is understood." 

Slobodna Rech (Free Expression) is one of the three newspapers 
concerned with Slavic affairs which are housed at 1916 East Street, 
Pittsburgh, Pa., and which received wire service from Tass (official 
news service of the U. S. S. R.) and, at one time, from Tanjug (official 
news service of Communist Yugoslavia). Like the other papers, 
Narodni Glasnik, 14 and Ludovy Dennik (now Ludove Noviny), an 

" Narodni Glasnik discussed on p. 52. 



AMERICAN SLAV CONGRESS 57 

important point in Slobodna Rech's editorial policy is ardent support 
of the American Slav Congress. Among its active members and 
sponsors the American Slav Congress has listed Mirko Markovich, 
Nikola Drenovac, and Charles Vuich, all editors of Slobodna Rech. 
In a report to the conference of the Serbian Progressive Movement, 
which was reprinted in Slobodna Rech on October 4, 1947 Drenovac 
emphasized that among the "principal tasks" of Slobodna Rech was its 
"work for organization of the .American Slav Congress." Slobodna 
Rech took a quarter-page advertisement in the Slavic American (pub- 
lication of the American Slav Congress) in the Fall 1947 issue to send 
greetings to the American Slav Congress, and the paper again sent 
greetings through the Souvenir Journal of the Third American Slav 
Congress. A long article in the December 3, 1947 issue of Keep 
America Free, published by the American Slav Congress of Western 
Pennsylvania, was signed "Editorial staff, Slobodna Rech." George 
Wuchinich, executive secretary of the American Slav Congress of 
Western Pennsylvania, and a member of the educational board of 
the Slavic American, contributes a weekly column to Slobodna Rech, 
as well as to the other papers published at 1916 East Street. 

Mirko Markovich and Nikola Drenovac were both active in the 
United Committee of South Slavic Americans, cited as subversive 
and Communist by Attorney General Tom Clark, and in the report 
referred to above, Drenovac stated: 

Insisting that the truth about Yugoslavia must be disseminated among the 
American people, the Slobodna Rech has as one of its principal tasks the organi- 
zation of the United Committee of Yugoslav-Americans. 

According to its official records of expenditures, the International 
Workers Order, Communist fraternal organization, has paid out large 
sums every year to Slobodna Rech for "press publicity" about the 
organization. 

Slobodna Rech has for years made a curious choice of editors. At 
least three of them — Stefan Dedijer, Mirko Markovich, and Nikola 
Drenovac — threw over the job in favor of one-way tickets to Com- 
munist Yugoslavia, whence they have never returned. 

Stefan Dedijer's brother, Vladimir, a member of the central com- 
mittee, Communist Party of Yugoslavia, was appointed in July 1947 
to cabinet rank in the central Yugoslav Government as director of 
the information department, according to the House Committee on 
Foreign Affairs, which also notes that Stefan Dedijer is active in the 
present regime (as of January 1, 1948 — there is no record after the 
Tito-Stalin break). (See "Five Hundred Leading Communists," sup- 
plement IV of the report of the House Committee on Foreign Affairs, 
"The Strategy and Tactics of World Communism," p. 123). As a 
matter of fact, it is reported that Stefan Dedijer quit his job as editor 
of Slobodna Rech to edit the Belgrade Communist daily Borba 
(Struggle). He has been a Yugoslav delegate to the United Nations 
Economic and Social Council. Bogdan Raditsa, former Yugoslavian 
information officer in this country, has charged that when Stefan 
Dedijer was in Yugoslavia he was 

the main contact with foreign newspapermen and was the official guide of 11 
Protestant ministers who visited that country in 1946 and declared there was 
freedom of worship. (Washington Star, May 11, 1949, p. Al.) 

Mirko Markovich returned to Yugoslavia to become a professor at 
Belgrade University. During his term as editor of Slobodna Rech, 



58 AMERICAN SLAV CONGRESS 

and while he was a sponsor of the American Slav Congress, he diligently 
pursued a course of activities which patterned and duplicated in every 
detail the intricacies of the Communist Party line. During the Stalin- 
Hitler pact, Markovich spoke in New York, on May 23, 1941: 

President Roosevelt and his administration have never taken the American 
people into their confidence. They preach about preserving democracy and 
freedom abroad, while they practice dictatorship and subterfuge at home. . . . 
This war we are asked to enter would be the greatest and most devastating 
conflict in all history. And what have we to gain . . .? There is no danger to 
this nation from without. Our only danger lies from within. 

On December 10, 1940: 

". . . We have nothing to fear from competition with Hitler for markets 
outside this hemisphere and a Nazi-dominated Europe ... we have nothing 
to fear from a Nazi European victory." 

After Stalin and Hitler broke and Russia and the United States 
were allies at war with the Axis Powers, Markovich appeared on July 
6, 1942, at a reception given at the Yugoslav Consulate in New York, 
where in his capacity as editor of Slobodna Rech he offered King 
Peter a check of $1,000 for "the Chetniks and regular army of 
General Mihailovich" to be used for the purpose of assisting a Yugo- 
slav stand against Nazi Germany. Six months later Louis Adamic, 
the hero of the American Slav Congress, sponsored a pamphlet 
compiled and published by Mirko Markovich. This booklet was 
called The Truth About Yugoslavia and consisted of a series of 
documents issued by Tito's Partisans in Yugoslavia, which purported 
to show that Mihailovich, for whose benefit Markovich had presented 
a thousand dollars and some high-flown words of praise, was actually 
a traitor to Yugoslavia, fighting on the side of the Axis. 

The third Yugoslav returnee, Nikola Drenovac, entered the United 
States on a nonquota clergyman's visa, which admits a foreign min- 
ister whose denomination maintains no seminary in the United States 
to train its clergymen. Drenovac was subsequently unfrocked by his 
denomination. Drenovac himself said, "I was thrown out on the 
street with my family by Bishop Dionisije . . ." Right Reverend 
Dionisije is the presiding bishop of the Serbian Orthodox Church in 
the United States and Canada, and honorary president of the anti- 
Communist American Serbian Congress. Drenovac claimed to have 
found a new religion in the pro-Communist Serbian progressive move- 
ment, which he called a "real living church of Christ" in which 
"brotherly love is proven by deeds and not by sound of banners and 
empty speeches." After Drenovac's connection with the Serbian 
Orthodox Church was ended, it is to be assumed that his nonquota 
clergyman's visa was no longer valid. However, instead of return- 
ing to Yugoslavia, Drenovac took up his position as editor of Slobodna 
Rech, and became one of the company of sponsors of the American 
Slav Congress. The Slavic American, publication of the American 
Slav Congress, continued to confer upon him the title of "Reverend," 
in spite of the fact that he had been unfrocked. 

Finally, as the Immigration Service was investigating his status, 
Drenovac returned to Yugoslavia, amid a fanfare of farewell banquets 
from his Communist followers. 

In a speech before the Serbian Progressive Movement at its con- 
ference in 1947, which was reprinted in Slobodna Rech, October 4, 
1947, just prior to his departure from this country, Drenovac said: 



AMERICAN SLAV CONGRESS 59 

Finally I recommend from this chair to all the American Serbians to follow the 
example of the heroic Serbian people in Yugoslavia . . . Let them repulse . . . 
as the Serbian people in the old country have repelled all people's wrongdoers and 
traitors . . . Let us not forget that "only unity saves Serbians" and that for all 
of us, all Slavs, the salvation is in unity. Strengthen, disseminate, and support 
the best sponsor of the unity among the American Serbians — "Slobodna Rech." 

This amounts to a modification of the old-time Communist cry 
"Workers of the World, Unite!" Drenovac is urging American Slavs 
to follow the example of other Yugoslavs who forsook their Govern- 
ment, to unite with Russia. 

Slobodna Rech has consistently indicated to the American Serbians 
that only the Communist Party has been constantly right and on the 
side of truth and light. During the Stalin-Hitler pact, the following 
attacks on the United States appeared in Slobodna Rech: 

Hungry people seek bread, while Roosevelt gives them guns. (February 1, 
1940.) 

Today a vaster and vaster number of people realize that President Roosevelt 
has adopted a policv of hunger for the people, for the reason that he has adopted 
a policy of war. (March 21, 1940.) 

Day by day, it is now clear that Roosevelt's national unity is in reality a unity 
of the people's adversaries or an expansion of the war, so as to produce greater 
profit for Wall Street. (March 21, 1940.) 

The United States is arming, but not for defense because no danger of attack 
is imminent. (January 14, 1941.) 

Roosevelt knows, as his ministers do know, that America is not threatened with 
invasion; inasmuch as the American people will see with more cognizance that 
Roosevelt's administrative program leads on to the senseless European war, so 
much more obvious and determined will his opposition to that policy be. (Janu- 
ary 21, 1941.) 

Whose war is this? When did the American people relent to have our land 
enter the present war? The American people should unanimously arise and 
categorically demand of the President to abide by his promises and refrain from 
dragging our country into the devastating war of today. (March 4, 1941.) 

The President is intentionally doing what Wilson had done in the last war. 
He is promising the people peace, while doing everything in preparation for war. 
The task should be undertaken to frustrate America's entry into this imperialistic 
slaughterhouse. (March 25, 1941.) 

The pact between Soviet Russia and Japan is one of peace. ... In relation 
to the question of the pact one should foster this in mind: That until now the 
United States was the primary arsenal of Japan against the Chinese. While 
Roosevelt's administration issued statements against aggression, with its integral 
might he went on helping Japan with munitions. (April 22, 1941.) 

Roosevelt wants war; the people want peace. Regardless of what President 
Roosevelt and his ministers, as well as an entire army of paid propagators, talk 
about war, they cannot sell it to the American people, because the American 
people know that it is not a war for their benefit. (June 3, 1941.) 

These unrestrained attacks on President Roosevelt were con- 
veniently forgotten during the war, and after the war, Nikola Drenovac 
claimed that Slobodna Rech and its Slavic followers were being 
persecuted with all "those elements that followed the political line 
of the great President Franklin Delano Roosevelt." 

The United States basked in the aura of right, truth, and light in 
the pages of Slobodna Rech for 4 years, while Russia and the United 
States were allies. We were cast again into darkness after Germany's 
surrender. The change in the Communist position began with 
Mihailovich, who had been Slobodna Rech's hero. He was thrown 
to the wolves by Tito, branded a reactionary Fascist collaborator, 
and executed. Drenovac stated that "Slobodna Rech was the first 
paper in America to expose the traitor Drajo Mihailovich and re- 
ported to its readers precisely and in a persuasive manner descriptions 



60 AMERICAN SLAV CONGRESS 

of the fate of the army of people's liberation and partisans of Yugo- 
slavia against the Fascist occupant." This occurred shortly after 
Slobodna Rech's editor presented a thousand dollars to King Peter 
for the support of Mihailovich. 

Attacks on United States foreign and domestic policies are now 
featured just as prominently in Slobodna Rech as they are in the 
Daily Worker. When the American flyers were shot down over 
Yugoslavia, Slobodna Rech carried the following headlines: 

What Business Had the American Flyers to Cross Our Borders? 
It's Their Hard Luck. 

Why Didn't They Watch Where They Flew? 
It Is Not Tito's Fault That They Lost Themselves. 

This Unfortunate Incident Will Be Repeated if Americans Don't Stay Within 
Their Own Border. 

There is no attempt at subtlety in Slobodna Rech's devotion to 
Russia, no attempt to praise by indirection. In the issue of February 
19, 1948, Slobodna Rech declares: 

There is no unemployment in Russia, but in one day alone 30 percent find 
themselves on the street without jobs, bread, or water in a western United States 
city. 

Russia informed the United States away ahead of time that Japan would at- 
tack her. Russia, therefore, is the intelligentsia of the world and we should 
adhere to and be guided by the Soviet government and her people. 

A book called The Great Conspiracy Against Russia, by Albert E. 
Kahn and Michael Sayers, was assiduously plugged in the pages of 
Slobodna Rech: 

In reading this book, everyone will come to realize the great conspiracy against 
the Soviet Union and its people. 

One of the foremost of Communist projects among Slavic 
Americans has been the effort to lure them back to their native land. 
Communists promised a new spirit in the land, participation in build- 
ing a "new order," singing and happiness. Their actual purpose, of 
course, was to turn to Communist advantage American emigres' 
labor skills, their material belongings, their life-savings. A Yugoslav 
ship, the steamship Radnik, made regular trips between Yugoslavia 
and New York and Montreal, returning to Yugoslavia each time 
crowded with passengers and loaded with American machinery, radio 
equipment, and so forth, to be used for relief in Yugoslavia. When 
the steamship Radnik put into New York Harbor, Slobodna Rech 
lyrically described its arrival with "the wonderful Red Star, symbol 
of liberty, fraternity, and unity." This is discussed more fully later 
in this report. 

LTJDOVY DENNIK (PEOPLE'S DAILY, SLOVAK) 

In January 1943 two Slovak newspapers, Ludovy Dennik (People's 
Daily) and Pravda (Truth)— the same name as that of the Moscow 
paper — printed weekly, moved from Chicago to 1916 East Street, 
Pittsburgh, where the Croatian paper Narodni Glasnik and a Serbian 
paper Slobodna Rech are also published. With them, as editor, 
came a man born in Slovakia, where his name was Brueck Kalman. 
This man became a naturalized citizen of the United States in Novem- 
ber 1941 under the name Koloman Bruck, and at the same time he 
was granted court permission to change his name to Calvin Brook. 




C g*0 £ 0) OT> 



AMERICAN SLAV CONGRESS 61 

His name appears thus as a sponsor of the American Slav Congress. 
That name has also been signed to many stories in the Daily Worker, 
official organ of the Communist Party, U. S. A., which Brook wrote 
as the Pittsburgh correspondent. He is still a frequent contributor. 
Brook has been a member of the educational committee of the Inter- 
national Workers Order, a Communist fraternal organization whose 
official records show that Brook's paper, Ludovy Dennik, in 1943 
alone, received $1,375 for printing material classified as "press 
publicity" about the International XVorkers Order. 

When the Pittsburgh Press disclosed in November 1947 that 
Ludovy Dennik was among foreign-language newspapers receiving 
press dispatches from Tass, official news service of Yugoslavia, 
Calvin Brook signed a long telegram to the Press accusing it of 
whipping up "anti-Red hysteria," and threatening to sue not only 
the Pittsburgh Press but any anti-Communist Slovak paper that 
might have the temerity to reprint the "insulting statements." Keep 
America Free, a monthly publication of the American Slav Congress 
of western Pennsylvania, devoted most of three columns in its issue 
of December 3, 1947, to a similar defense, signed People's Daily and 
Weekly Truth. Since the time of this revelation, Tass appeared no 
more as an identification tag in Ludovy Dennik, although CTK — 
the Czechoslovak Press Bureau in Prague — occasionally received 
credit for stories. 

Calvin Brook also conducts a Slovak radio program over Station 
WLOA (Braddock, Pa.) for the obvious purpose of dispensing Com- 
munist-line propaganda. For instance, a feature of the program was a 
news broadcast by Ludovy Dennik's managing editor, Joseph Hara- 
jovic, who grasped every opportunity to castigate the Marshall 
plan. Arrangements for this radio program were made by John 
Bodrog, another sponsor of the American Slav Congress. 

In addition to the services it received from official news services 
behind the iron curtain, Ludovy Dennik spread the Communist 
word to its Slovak readers with material secured from the Daily 
W'orker. Two days after the Daily Worker excoriated President 
Truman in an editorial on his message to a special session of Congress 
in November 1947, Ludovy Dennik printed the editorial in Slovak — - 
a word-for-word translation, along with a cartoon originally produced 
for the Daily Worker which showed the "Big Business Press" beating 
the drums for war. (See illustration.) Ludovy Dennik was thus 
characterized out of its own pages as a unit in the Communist press. 

LUDOVE NOVINY (PEOPLE'S NEWS, SLOVAK) 

In 1948, Ludovy Dennik, apparently suffering financial difficulties, 
started publishing only twice a week instead of daily. Calvin Brook 
left Pittsburgh for Chicago, where he stayed several months. Shortly 
after his return, the situation was resolved when Ludovy Dennik was 
replaced by another Slovak newspaper, called Ludove Noviny 
(People's News). It is published at the same address as Ludovy 
Dennik, maintains exactly the same editorial policy, and has the 
same editor, Calvin Brook — but it appears only five times per week, 
Monday through Friday. The Ludove Noviny is officially owned by 
the same three individuals who owned Ludovy Dennik, Andrew 
Ferencik, Daisytown, Pa.; Laco Sobol, 38 Budge Street, Etna, Pa.; 

65890 — 50 5 



62 AMERICAN SLAV CONGRESS 

and John Zuskar, 404 Curtin Street, Pittsburgh, Pa. Ferencik was 
a signer of a Communist Party nominating petition in 1940. 

George Wuchinich, executive secretary of the American Slav 
Congress of western Pennsylvania and member of the Educational 
Board of the Slavic American, does a weekly column printed in 
Ludove Noviny. 

Rudolph Martanovic, a former manager of the American Slav 
Printing Association (now the American Progressive Printing Co.), 
publisher for the Slavic newspapers at 1916 East Street, returned 
to Czechoslovakia in June 1947, to work actively for the Com- 
munist Party of Czechoslovakia. In February 1948 a short-wave 
broadcast reported that Rudolph Martanovic presided over a Com- 
munist rally in Bratislova, Czechoslovakia, during which he de- 
nounced western imperialism. He still is a contributing editor to 
Ludove Noviny, from Czechoslovakia. 

VISTNIK (MESSENGER, CARPATHO-RUSSIAN) 

There are four foreign-language newspapers, closely following the 
Communist Party line, published in or near Pittsburgh, Pa., where 
there is a heavy concentration of Americans of Slavic descent. Three 
of them, Narodni Glasnik, Slobodna Rech, and Ludove Noviny (for- 
merly Ludovy Dennik), are published at 1916 East Street, Pittsburgh. 
A fourth, Vistnik, formerly published at the same address, has moved 
to McKees Rocks, Pa., where it is now published by the Lemesh 
Press. Vistnik, which means "The Messenger," is a Carpatho- 
Russian paper issued weekly. Its editor is Stephen Varzaly of 
Rankin, Pa., a man who has been accorded the dubious distinction of 
excommunication from one church and suspension from another. 
Still, he claims the title of "Reverend." 

Varzaly denounced the Greek Catholic Church, of which he was a 
priest, whereupon he was excommunicated by the Pope on October 
29, 1936. He established a new diocese of the Carpatho-Russian 
Orthodox Greek Catholic Church, and then turned upon it by preach- 
ing union of that church with the Soviet Patriarch of Moscow, 
demanding that all connection with the Ecumenical Patriarch of 
Constantinople be severed. Varzaly was then suspended from his 
duties in the Carpatho-Russian Orthodox Greek Catholic Church by 
the archbishop of the church, the Most Reverend Orestes P. Chornock, 
for "subversive" activities. Archbishop Chornock's secretary de- 
clared that — 

The real issue is one of true Americanism and loyalty to the United States 
against subversive influences that threaten to gain control of the church and make 
it a vehicle of vicious propaganda. . . . [Vistnik] has consistently and with im- 
punity, followed the Moscow line. 

Besides harping on union with the Soviet Patriarch, Vistnik carries 
excerpts from the Moscow publications Izvestia and Pravda. News 
stories occasionally carry the credit line of CTK — the Communist 
Czechoslovak Press Bureau at Prague. 

Varzaly is active in pro-Communist Slav organizations. He is a 
sponsor of the American Slav Congress of Western Pennsylvania, and 
participates on the radio program, the "Slovak Hour," heard over 
Station WLOA in Braddock, Pa. This program is directed by Calvin 
Brook, sponsor of the American Slav Congress and editor of Ludove 



AMERICAN SLAV CONGRESS 63 

Noviny (formerly Ludovy Dennik). Editorials from Brook's paper 
appear, reprinted word-for-word, in Vistnik. Varzaly's chief assistant 
is John Bodrog, also a sponsor of the American Slav Congress of 
Western Pennsylvania. It was Bodrog who made the original arrange- 
ments for Calvin Brook's radio program. 

NARODNA VOLYA (PEOPLE'S WILL, MACEDONIAN-BULGARIAN) 

The official organ of the Macedonian-American People's League, 
located at 5856 Chene Street, Detroit, Mich., is Narodna Volya 
(People's Will), a Bulgarian-language weekly newspaper of the same 
address. The Macedonian- American People's League, which has been 
cited as subversive and Communist by the Attorney General, is an 
affiliate of the American Slav Congress. George Pirinsky, now 
executive secretary of the American Slav Congress, once headed the 
Macedonian-American People's League and according to the Daily 
Worker, received the personal thanks of George Dimitrov, premier of 
Communist Bulgaria, who "expressed delight at the rapid develop- 
ment of the Macedonian People's League." Narodna Volya's edi- 
torial policy is frequently expressed in three or four column articles 
under Pirinsky 's by-line. 

Just before the elections last November, when Narodna Volya was 
calling for the election of Henry Wallace, Pirinsky contributed an 
article under the headline, "Bring Out the Slavic American Vote! 
Translate the Indignation Into Political Action," in which he assailed 
American foreign policy, President Truman, and the Marshall plan 
as follows: 

The delegateslfto^the American Slav Congress] . . . stood up with Henry 
Wallace ... [to vote against] the bipartisan policy of war and fascism . . 
[and to denounce] the Truman Doctrine and the Marshall Plan as measures that 
lead to war. 

And: 

The fight . . . should be conducted on the basis of a merciless exposure of the 
cold war tactics of the Republican and Democratic bipartisan reactionaries . . . 
how closely [sic] to a new world war they have brought our country and the world. 
(Narodna Volya, October 29, 1948.) 

At the New Year, Pirinsky again assailed President Truman and 
American "war preparations" against "our Soviet wartime ally": 

It is with a sense of deep concern and alarm that we see the bipartisan policy- 
makers of the United States and the American press engaged in whipping up an 
insane spy-scare hysteria, and driving for new war preparations and armed bases 
all over the world. Instead of setting an example of work for peace, . . . the 
Truman administration ... is intensifying the cold war and is issuing new blasts 
against our Soviet wartime ally whose gallant peoples did the main righting and 
main dying for our common victory over Xazi Germany. . . . The American bi- 
partisans . . , are rebuilding the war powers of Germany and Japan as American 
anti-Soviet outposts, and are arming every fascist scoundrel from China to Greece 
. . . through their Truman doctrines, Marshall Plans, North Atlantic military 
alliances and what not, are trying to dominate the worid economically as well as 
politically . . . while the doors of America are flung wide open to some of the 
worst fascist and pro-fascist scum of Europe. (Narodna Volya, January 14, 1949.) 

Pirinsky ends this article by denouncing the Department of Justice for 
attempting to deport undesirable aliens, for issuing lists of subversive 
organizations, and for obtaining the indictment of the 12 leaders of the 
Communist Party who are charged with advocating the overthrow of 
the United States Government by force and violence. 



64 AMERICAN SLAV CONGRESS 

Echoing the blasts from Moscow, Pirinsky commented on the 
Atlantic Pact: 

The main factor is that the United States Government is undertaking to arm 
and lead the countries of the North Atlantic region against the countries of 
eastern Europe, chiefly against Soviet Union. . . . The warmongers talk de- 
fense — the main point that the sponsors of the pact make is that it is a treaty 
for defense . . . designed to discourage aggression by confronting the potential 
aggressor with military power of the signatory powers. ... In other words, a 
new and gigantic "cordon sanitare" [sic] is being forged around the Soviet 
Union . . . against every progressive force in the world . . . [The] pact is 
based on the "big lie" which Hitler, Goebbels, and every fascist scoundrel 
peddled ... to cover up the criminal preparations for aggression by the real 
Axis aggressors . . . Slavic Americans throughout the country . . . are alarmed 
at the sinister motives and purposes of the pact, directed chiefly against their 
kith and kin in the Slavic lands — the lands which America . . . now wants to 
destrov, so that fascism and imperialism may go on forever. (Narodna Volya, 
March 25, 1949.) 

This is no isolated example of Narodna Volya's dogged adherence 
to the official, international Communist Party line. Narodna Volya's 
special hero is one of the world's most prominent Communists, Georgi 
Dimitrov — formerly the general secretary of the Communist Inter- 
national, Premier of Communist Bulgaria and Secretary General of 
the Central Committee of the Communist Party of Bulgaria. 

Narodna Volya devoted almost its entire issue of June 20, 1947, to 
paying tribute to George Dimitrov on the occasion of his sixty -fifth 
birthday. The leading front-page story was headed by a two-column 
picture of Dimitrov and a letter from the Bulgarian-American 
People's Union, as follows: 

Georgi Dimitrov, 

Prime Minister, Sofia. 

The Executive Committee, members, and sympathizers of the Bulgarian- 
American People's Union send you their heartiest greetings on the occasion of your 
65th birthday. 

Bulgaria is fortunate that it has as its leader during the trying period of its 
revival and reconstruction the first fighter against fascism, Georgi Dimitrov. 
This is the foundation for certain success. 

We Bulgarians in the United States wish you health and a long life to lead the 
Bulgarian people toward a successful fulfillment of the two-year plan and towards 
a flourishing culture. 

We promise to help with all our ability in the creation of a great and peaceful 
Bulgaria. 

Accept the love of all piogressive Bulgarian-Americans. 

[s] Dr. Victor Sharenkopf, President. 
[s] Peter Paycheff, Secretary. 

At that time Sharenkoff was the editor of Narodna Volya. Pay- 
cheff is now a director of the Narodna Volya (People's Will) Co- 
operative Publishing Co., Inc. 

An article entitled "An Interview with George Dimitroff," which 
appeared in the Worker (Sunday edition of the Daily Worker) on 
May 4, 1947, was reprinted in a Bulgarian translation in Narodna 
Volya on May 23, 1947: 

George Dimitrov, prime minister of the Republic of Bulgaria and the world- 
famed anti-Fascist . . . believes the American people can defeat the instigators 
of fascism and war in their country . . . 

Is the tendency to fascism in the world today different from the fascist tendencies 
which developed in the period between World War I and World War II? 

"If such differences can be spoken of," Dimitrov said, "they consist chiefly in 
the fact that after World War I it was the Germans who carried this fa -cist ten- 
dency, whereas today it is the imperialists of other countries who carry it." Dimi- 
trov specified "the imperialists of England and America." 



AMERICAN SLAV CONGRESS 65 

"Today the new fascism — Churchill and his followers in England and America — 
has the same aim for world rule." 

The article calls Dimitrov "the hero of all Bulgarians and other anti- 
Fascists." 

A speech by Dimitrov reviewing the Fifth Congress of the Bulgarian 
Communist Party was reprinted in Narodna Volya from Bulletin No. 
1 of the Bulgarian Legation, Washington, D. C. He makes two points: 

. . . the People's Democracy performs the functions of the dictatorship of the 
proleteriat . . . From the fact that the power of the People's Democracy and the 
Soviet power have their general forms in common . . . follows the necessity for a 
general study and the most ample use of the great experience of the construction of 
Socialism in the Soviet Union. . . . learning constantly and indefatigably from 
the great Bolshevik Party and from our teacher and common leader, Stalin . . . 

. . . bourgeois democracy is dictatorship of capital, a minority of capitalists 
exploiting the vast majority of the toilers . . . (Narodna Volya, January 21, 
1949.) 

Dimitrov's close friend Peter Grigorov was editor of Narodna Volya 
in 1945 and participated actively in the United Committee of South- 
Slavic Americans. Grigorov contributed an article to a pamphlet 
issued by the American Slav Congress of Michigan, "Slavs United for 
Democracy, Peace, and Security." Grigorov's article was titled 
"South Slavs Today — Tomorrow." In it, he promoted the idea of 
pan-Slavism, saying that former Balkan conflicts were "undoubtedly 
and obviously" due to the "conflicting influences of the Great Powers 
of Europe" which placed on Balkan thrones "foreign dynasties — 
agents of various rival imperialisms." But today, his article states: 

United and on the path of peaceful development, building and reconstruction, 
with the help of their big and mighty brother the Russian People, they will step as 
equals into the Great All-Slav family— main pillar of future peace and progress in 
Europe and the whole world . . . We, the Americans of South Slavic descent, 
have a right to be proud of our great relatives and their heroic deeds. Let us, 
most energetically support them morally and materially. 

Despite Grigorov's frequent references to ""We, the Americans," he 
subsequently gave up his position as editor of Narodna Volya to return 
to Bulgaria as secretary to the Communist Premier Dimitrov. 

Navena Geliaskova, who was active in the United Committee of 
South Slavic Americans, was also recalled to Bulgaria by Dimitrov 
when he assumed the premiership. Alexander Rizov, who sponsored 
the American-Russian Institute and contributed to Narodna Volya, 
returned to Bulgaria for the same reason. In Bulgaria he became 
editor of Free Bulgaria, an English language publication. 

Another Narodna Volya editor, Victor Sharenkoff, signed a decla- 
ration honoring Dimitrov, according to an advertisement in the New 
York Times of December 22, 1943, page 40. Sharenkov was a mem- 
ber of the national committee of the American Slav Congress, accord- 
ing to the Call for the Second American Slav Congress, Pittsburgh, 
Pa., September 23-24, 1944, and according to the Souvenir Journal of 
the Third American Slav Congress in 1946, he was the president of the 
Bulgarian-American People's League, affiliated with the American 
Slav Congress. Sharenkov was also a member of the board of di- 
rectors of the New York Committee for Protection of Foreign Born 
of the American Committee for Protection of Foreign Born, cited as 
a Communist-front organization by the Attorney General, and sec- 
retary of the United Committee of South Slavic Americans, similarly 
cited. In 1947, Sharenkov endorsed the Michigan Herald, an official 
organ of the Communist Party, USA. 



66 AMERICAN SLAV CONGRESS 

Christ Vishin, vice president of the Narodna Volya (People's Will) 
Cooperative Publishing Co., Inc., was a member of the auditing com- 
mittee of the Macedonian People's League. The Macedonian- 
American People's League was also cited as subversive and Communist 
by the Attorney General. 

Peter Paycheff, director of the same publishing company and sec- 
retary of the national committee of the Bulgarian-American People's 
League, was a vice president of the Bulgarian panel of the Michigan 
committee of the American Slav Congress, according to a program 
issued by the Third Congress entitled "Rally to Win the Peace." 
He was a member of the United Committee of South-Slavic Ameri- 
cans. He is a Bulgarian nationality officer of the national committee, 
American Slav Congress. 

Nick Kolcheff, another director of the same company and vice 
president of the national committee of the Bulgarian-American 
People's League, sent greetings to the American Slav Congress in 1946, 
according to the official program of the third congress, and to the 
Slavic American, published by the American Slav Congress, according 
to the issue for Fall 1947. 

Smeale Voydanoff, president of this publishing company and 
president of the Macedonian-American People's League, and vice, 
president of the United Committee of South-Slavic Americans, was 
recently photographed at an American Slav Congress banquet with 
George Pirinsky and the leader of the Bulgarian Communist-line 
Slavs. Dr. Christ M. Stoycoff. This picture was reproduced in the 
Slavic American in the fall 1948 issue. Voydanoff is now the leading 
Macedonian nationality officer on the national committee of the 
American Slav Congress. Voydanoff was a member of the National 
Wallace for President Committee, and contributed money to finance 
Wallace's campaign. 

Narodna Volya's tie-up with the Communist Party, U. S. A., is 
especially evident in the number and type of articles it reprints 
directly from the Daily Worker. In one short period in 1947, April 20 
to June 5 — a matter of 6 weeks — Narodna Volya printed no less than 
eight articles which originally appeared in the Daily Worker. They 
dealt not only with Bulgaria, but with Greece, Yugoslavia, and 
Hungary. On August 15, 1947, Narodna Volya credited a long dis- 
patch to Tanjug, official news service of Communist Yugoslavia 
(before the Stalin-Tito break). 

Narodna Volya may be read in vain for any hint of criticism of the 
present Communist regime in Bulgaria. Instead, Narodna Volya 
states unequivocally: 

In spite of adverse foreign propaganda, the country (Bulgaria) is steadily march- 
ing forward toward true democracy and peace (Narodna Volya, August 15, 1947). 

On October 15, 1948, Narodna Volya printed an article called 
"Aspects of Bulgarian Economy — Pacts and Figures Taken From the 
Speech of Traicho Kostov, Deputy Prime Minister, Delivered on 
September 8, 1948, on the Occasion of the Fourth Year of Liberation." 

On November 12, 1948, Narodna Volya printed a statement by 
Dr. Nisim Mevorah, Minister of the People's Republic of Bulgaria: 

COMMENT ON UNITED STATES REFUSAL TO SUPPORT BULGARIA'S ENTRY INTO THE 

U. N. 

Bulgaria recently made a request for admission to the United Nations. On this 
occasion our Government received a note from the United States Government 



AMERICAN SLAV CONGRESS 67 

stating its negative attitude based on an alleged lack of democracy in Bulgaria and 
an alleged lack of cooperation with the United Nations on the part of Bulgaria . . . 
Any impartial observer would agree that our country is a true democracy, indeed, 
a higher, more advanced democracy, safeguarding the rights of the toiling masses 
. . . How many countries whose governments object to our admission to the 
United Nations have clear consciences in this respect? . . . The charges against 
Bulgaria are even less appropriate at a time when the Greek monarchist faction 
is receiving airplanes, money, supplies, and military missions from abroad. 

When 15 clergymen of the Council of the United Evangelical 
Churches in Bulgaria were arrested and charged with espionage and 
treason before the district court of Sofia under circumstances reminis- 
cent of the case of Archbishop Stepinac, the press of the western 
democracies expressed the general feeling of horrified outrage. Na- 
rodna Volya, however, presented comment from a bulletin of the 
Bulgarian Telegraphic Agency: 

All of the accused persons had consciously and voluntarily entered into rela- 
tions, personally or through other individuals, with . . . members of British and 
American Intelligence . . . and had gathered and handed over to them in- 
formation of a military, economic and political character. . . . 

The treasonous activity of the accused manifested itself in propaganda for war 
between the U. S. A. and the U. S. S. R. . . . in circulation of slanders against 
the People's Government, against Democracy in Bulgaria and against the Soviet 
Union. . . . 

Two defendants went to the Secretary of the American Mission . . . and 
told him many slanderous lies against the Soviet troops stationed at that time in 
Bulgaria . . . activity hostile to Bulgaria and the Soviet Union was decided 
upon ... in conformity with instructions given them by foreign intelli- 
gence . . . 

The spying and treasonous activities of the defendants were highly remunera- 
tive. In connection with their espionage against the People's Government, the 
defendants . . . received foreign currency — chiefly U. S. dollars — with which 
they speculated illegally. 

It should be mentioned as part of the background although it was not included 
in the accusation that some of the defendants led very immoral lives. 

Notice that the defendants were accused not only of being spies 
for Britain and the United States against Bulgaria, but of slandering 
the Soviet Union and its troops — special manifestations of treason 
lay in propaganda against the U. S. S. R. 

Narodna Volya grasps every opportunity to laud the Soviet Union. 
When the Very Rev. Hewlett Johnson, the Red Dean of Canterbury, 
spoke in Detroit about his tour behind the iron curtain, Narodna 
Volya printed a detailed report under the byline of George Paunoff. 

In this article, Paunoff said: 

Of course nothing could split the . . . Slav nations. They have been around 
long enough for the Imperialistic Europe. Now they are united and protected 
by the great Soviet Union ... If it were not for the Russian Red Army, Bulgaria 
and the other Slav nations would have been now under the Fascist rule of the 
Marshall Plan and the Truman Doctrine's monopolistic designs (Narodna Volya, 
December 17, 1938). 

A dispatch from Allied Labor News, a Communist foreign news 
service, which reported a tour of the iron-curtain countries made by 
eight left-wing members of the British Parliament, appeared in 
Narodna Volya on November 14, 1947: 

The Truman doctrine is an American policy hostile to Eastern Europe, say the 
eight Labor members of parliament, headed by Konni Zilliacus. . . . The coun- 
tries of Eastern Europe, after finding that their big industrialists and landowners 
played ball with fascism during the war, "have settled the issue of power between 
the working class and the propertied class in favor of the workers." . . . "In 
Czechoslovakia and Poland," Zilliacus declared, "there is more political and civil 
liberty and freedom of speech than is the case in America at present. . . ." "The 



68 AMERICAN SLAV CONGRESS 

Truman doctrine is regarded in these countries as a sort of declaration of economic 
and diplomatic war against eastern European socialism. ..." 

At home, Narodna Volya maintains a constant policy of active 
cooperation with various Communist-front organizations, including 
the Civil Rights Congress, the American Committee for Protection 
of Foreign Born, and the National Lawyers Guild. It refers to the 
Congress of American Women, cited as subversive and Communist 
by the Attorney General, as "the only antifascist women's organiza- 
tion in the United States." 

The most enthusiastic support is reserved for the American Slav 
Congress. When George Pirinsky, executive secretary of the Ameri- 
can Slav Congress and a Bulgarian-born alien, was arrested in depor- 
tation proceedings, Narodna Volya said: 

The action by the Justice Department was an obvious attempt to disrupt the 
National Convention of the American Slav Congress which was taking place in 
Chicago last week-end. It follows the pattern of the Justice Department to 
create hysteria and intimidation among the foreign-born communities (Narodna 
Volya, October 8, 1948). 

The Fourth Convention of the American Slav Congress was held 
in Chicago in September 1948. Narodna Volya printed a list of the 
national officers elected, the congress' proposed budget for 1949, its 
call to women to participate in the organization's projects, its "Reso- 
lution on Peace," its "Resolution on 'Exiles'," and its "Resolution, 
on Organizations." In addition, a "Report of the Fourth American 
Slav Congress" appeared; this report was so long that it was divided 
between two issues of Narodna Volya. 

Narodna Volya may be safely considered as the organ, in the Bul- 
garian language, of the Communist Party and the American Slav 
Congress. 

GLOS LUDOWY (PEOPLE'S VOICE, POLISH) 

Glos-Ludowy is a Polish-language newspaper, with an English 
section, which is published weekly at 5856 Chene Street, Detroit, 
Mich. — the address of the Polonia Society of the International Work- 
ers Order, of which Glos Ludowy is the official organ. The Inter- 
national Workers Order is a leading Communist fraternal organization. 
It is interesting that the Macedonian- American People's League, cited 
as a subversive Communist organization by the Attorney General, 
and its official newspaper, Narodna Volya, Bulgarian organ of the 
Communist Party and the American Slav Congress, also have head- 
quarters at 5856 Chene Street — as does the American Polish Labor 
Council, similarly cited by the Attorney General. 

Glos Ludowy has consistently supported the American Slav 
Congress. On page 18 of the program of the first convention of the 
organization, early in 1942, there appears a full-page advertisement 
by Glos Ludowy, saying: 

We Greet the American Slav Congress and Pledge to Give It Our Continued 
Wholehearted Support. 

Michigan State Senator Stanley Nowak, special hero of Glos 
Ludowy — to which he contributes a regular weekly column — is now 
the national secretary of the American Slav Congress. Wladislaw 
Kucharski, an editor of Glos Ludowy, and Henry Podolski, former 
editor in chief, are Polish nationality officers and members of the 
national committee of the American Slav Congress. Casimir Now- 



AMERICAN SLAV CONGRESS 69 

acki, regular Los Angeles correspondent of Glos Ludowy, is also a 
Polish nationality officer and member of the national committee of 
the American Slav Congress and is also executive secretary of the 
Slavic Council of Southern California. Adam R. Siedlecki, Cleveland 
correspondent for Glos Ludowy and member of the Ohio American 
Slav Congress, sent greetings to the Third American Slav Congress. 

Kucharski has publicly endorsed the Michigan Herald, official organ 
of the Communist Party, and according to the Daily Worker of 
March 5, 1941, he signed a statement to the President defending the 
Communist Party. 

Casimir Nowacki signed California Communist Party election peti- 
tion No. 88C in 1932. In his capacity as executive secretary of the 
Slavic Council of Southern California, he has attacked the arrest of 
the 12 Communist Party leaders now on trial in New York charged 
with advocating the overthrow of the United States Government by 
force and violence. In conjunction with this organization's policy, 
he has opposed President Truman's loyalty program and endorsed the 
candidacy of Henry Wallace. According to the Daily People's World, 
west coast Communist Party organ, he is a contributor to the Slavic 
American, published by the American Slav Congress, and he has also 
contributed to the Daily People's World. Nowacki's wife, Grace, is 
a Los Angeles correspondent for Glos Ludowy, and contributes to the 
Daily People's World. 

On March 22, 1947, Glos Ludowy printed a statement issued by the 
national committee of the American Slav Congress which conformed 
in every detail to its own editorial policy of attacking United States 
foreign and domestic programs: 

. . . today a wave of reaction is sweeping our country. The coalition of tory 
Republicans and . . . Democrats has unleashed a furious offensive to destroy 
the democratic rights of the people, particularly of labor and the foreign-born . . . 

In the field of foreign policy, the Roosevelt-haters in Congress and the adminis- 
tration are proposing plans for rebuilding Germany and the restoration of prewar 
antipeople's regimes in liberated countries. International cooperation, which is 
the only road to peace, is being threatened by a deliberately created war hysteria 
against our allies of yesterday, and by warlike actions . . . 

Clearly, if this drive of American monopolists and their representatives in 
Congress is not stopped . . . War-minded selfish interests will . . . plunge the 
world into complete atomic destruction. 

Only ... a coalition of forward-looking Americans can stem this tide . . . To 
this end, we call upon Slavic Americans to: 

. . . Fight back the attacks on the foreign-born and all progressive Ameri- 
cans . . . Build the American Slav Congress! . . . 

America must march forward . . . not back to Hooverism and degradation! 

On at least two occasions when the American Slav Congress attacked 
President Truman as a fascist, Glos Ludowy carried full accounts as 
leading "news" stories: 

SLAVS REBUKE IMPERIALISM OP PRES. TRUMAN 

Severe rebuke to Pres. Truman for forsaking the ways of democracy in his new- 
fangled imperialist foreign policy was administered March 17 by the American 
Slav Congress of Western Pennsylvania. ... It points out that: 

"Pres. Truman in his recent foreign policy speech proposed a $400-million credit 
to Turkey and Greece to begin a series of gigantic loans and military aid to 
'stop communism.' These financial ventures in reality indicate a desire for a 
rebirth of full fascism in Europe and the world. . . . Aiding these two undemo- 
cratic governments has an objective with an 'oily touch,' to hold the middle east 
pools grabbed by English and American companies. . . . 



70 AMERICAN SLAV CONGRESS 

"Congress backs up the lead of Truman and Hoover in their world attack by 
beginning to destroy democracy at home . . . wild hysteria singles out the 
Communist party. . . . Again the cry of 'stop communism' is used to violate the 
constitution and the bill of rights. . . ." (Glos Ludowy, April 9, 1947.) 

to protest truman's imperialism 

A mass meeting to commemorate the second anniversary of Franklin D. 
Roosevelt's death by rallying the people to fight for restoration of his policy of 
allied cooperation and social progress here at home will be held [in Detroit]. . . . 
Similar meetings will be held in other Slav American centers . . . announces 
Sec. George Pirinsky of the American Slav Congress, the sponsoring organiza- 
tion. . . . 

"The betrayal by Pres. Truman," said Pirinsky, "of the pledge he made at the 
time of Roosevelt's death, to follow in peace the policies of his great predecessor 
that brought us victory in the war, has aroused great concern and indignation 
among Americans of Slav descent." (Glos Ludowy, April 12, 1947.) 

Early in 1942, years before Poland was completely absorbed in the 
Soviet orbit behind the iron curtain, Glos Ludowy assured its readers 
that: 

Poland and the Soviet Union will strengthen their friendly relations. 

Glos Ludowy has never faltered in this program of active coopera- 
tion with the Soviet regime. In the March 22, 1947, issue, an editorial 
was reprinted from the Moscow Izvestia, criticizing President Tru- 
man's appeal for Greece. In the same issue, an article which appeared • 
in the Daily Worker on March 15, 1947, also criticizing the Greece- 
Turkey loan, was translated into Polish: 

The Truman-Hoover- Vandenberg scheme to pour munitions, money, and 
military aid into the rotten regimes of Greece and Turkey cannot be defended in 
open, honest debate. [It is] a whipped-up structure of a fake "crisis" and "Com- 
munist expansion. . . ." That is why the Truman proposition is now being 
blackmailed through Congress. Truman . . . and the GOP leadership now seek 
to compel acceptance with the accusation any disagreement "may weaken Amer- 
ica's position at Moscow." 

The Greek-Turkish deal is already proving itself to be a political weapon for 
regimenting all thought, however conservative, if it does not conform. It outlaws 
all democratic disagreement. It is part of the scheme to make America totali- 
tarian. 

In the April 12, 1947, issue of Glos Ludowy, discussion of Truman's 
speech on Greece and Turkey was carried a step further to state that 
Truman was on the side of the world's fascists: 

It seems that President Truman's "popularity" has increased — this is the 
statement of the reactionary press in America. 

The increase of this popularity has supposedly followed the delivery by Truman 
of his "famous" speech concerning "the danger of Soviet expansion" which has 
to be stopped because "Communism is endangering the entire world." 

Who liked that speech? Who applauded Truman? 

First the hangman of the Spanish people, Generalissimo Francisco Franco. 
. . . The left-overs of Italian Fascists and German Nazis . . . will now 
serve as instructors of western democracy. They have experience in the fight 
against Communism and humanity . . . 

Our enemies of yesterday have not changed. They are blowing the same 
Fascist horn. They praise President Truman with the same enthusiasm as they 
condemned President Roosevelt. 

Truman was attacked and the Communists defended in this issue, 
too — this time in connection with the loyalty investigation order 
which was given the usual Communist-twisted interpretation totally 
at variance with the true text: 

President Truman, by virtue of his executive power, issued a decree ordering 
the investigation of loyalty among the 2,000,000 employees and Federal workers 
as well as their families. . . . 



AMERICAN SLAV CONGRESS 71 

It is impossible to anticipate the consequences of this decree. It is quite simple 
for the Government to seize any large industry; then each workman becomes a 
Federal employee and the way is open to investigate his loyalty. 

Each workman or an employee of such a business if he asks for a higher pay or 
better working conditions will at once be stamped as subversive, and each union 
official will be considered a menace to the Government system. 

The minority groups will be subject to persecution. This covers national, 
race, and political organizations as well as cultural and religious. The official 
sources are speaking about Communists. But this decree is so elastic that it is 
impossible to define the margin. When this decree is discussed, we are immedi- 
atelv reminded that Hitler started with the Communists. (Glos Ludowy, April 
5, 1947.) 

Nearly two pages of Glos Ludowy were devoted to a speech made 
by Dr. Oscar Lange, Polish representative on the United Nations 
Security Council, blasting the United States and President Truman. 
Of this speech, Glos Ludowy said: 

Defense of the United Nations against Pres. Truman's sabotage and pitiless 
exposure of Truman's hypocrisy in veiling American imperialism in Turkey and 
Greece were combined in a statesmanlike address before the United Nations 
security council by Dr. Oscar Lange, Polish representative on the council. Lange's 
polished sarcasm and devastating^rony made a great impression on all but the 
American and British delegates. (Glos Ludowy, April 26, 1947.) 

Two men who have been responsible for directing the policy of 
Glos Ludowy are avowed members of the Communist Party, U. S. A., 
high in the party hierarchy. One of these men is Thomas X. Dom- 
browski, editor of Glos Ludowy. He was the Communist candidate 
for the United States Congress from the First District of Michigan 
in 1940, and according to the Daily Worker of April 4, 1946, he was 
chairman of the Communist Party of Hamtramck, Mich. ^He|has 
contributed to the Fraternal Outlook, official organ of the Interna- 
tional Workers Order, and has been a frequent contributor to the 
Daily Worker. 

Another is Boleslaw Gebert, founder and former editor of Glos 
Ludowy, who is now an official of the Polish Government. The 
following is from a typical editorial by Gebert, lauding the Soviet 
Union and its satellite states: 

We observe the efforts of rioting militarists, wild politicians, covered by blood 
and misery, bankers and bankrupt reactionaries in different countries, who try 
to stop progress by false slogans, exorbitant lies, and fear. 

The truth must win, the truth which states that the Soviet Union is not our 
enemy; that the Slav nations are our best friends; that socialism is the expression 
of the will of 200,000,000 Soviet citizens; that the people's democracy is the best 
for the interests of Poland, Bulgaria, Yugoslavia, Rumania, and Czechoslovakia; 
that the victory of democracy in China and India and other Asiatic countries will 
be beneficial to the entire world. . . . 

The truth must win because . . . driving the communists underground . . . 
is a disaster for the U. S. . . . 

Those who think that, by anti-red persecutions, terrorizing with jails and by 
moral terror, they can save something which is petrified are mistaken. . . . What 
is good will live forever. (Glos Ludowy, March 22, 1947.) 

Glos Ludowy stops at nothing in its frantic efforts to glorify the 
Soviet Union, even appealing to the deep-seated religious sentiment of 
its readers. The following article presents an extreme in Glos 
Ludowy's invidious comparisons between the United States and the 
U. S. S. R.: 

If Christ would come to this world and appear in America ... we would 
witness an insane persecution started by the U. S. capitalistic press. . . . "He is 
a Communist — a subversive person and an agent of Moscow. . . ." 



72 AMERICAN SLAV CONGRESS 

The Catholic press would write along this pattern: 

"We warn against a cheat and a fraud who claims that he is Christ. He insults 
the dignitaries of the Church, calling them 'whited sepulchres'. . . . He arrived 
in America illegally sent by Stalin. . . ." 

The Supreme Court would condemn Christ to several years in prison for insulting 
the Congress of the United States. 

If further complications took place with "this dangerous subversive individual 
and Communist," then surely he would be deported to the Soviet Union. . . 
(Glos Ludowy, April 5, 1947.) 

ZAJEDNICAR (BROTHERHOOD, CROATIAN) 

In addition to Narodni Glasnik, there is another big Croatian- 
language newspaper published in Pittsburgh. Zajednicar, the larg- 
est, strongest, and oldest Croatian newspaper owned by one insurance 
organization, is published every Wednesday by the Croatian Fraternal 
Union of America, at 3441 Forbes Street, Pittsburgh, Pa. The bylaws 
of the Croatian Fraternal Union forbid political or religious contro- 
versy in its official organ, and this stricture was scrupulously observed 
under the editorship of Milan M. Petrak, who refused to permit 
Communist propaganda to appear in the columns of Zajednicar. In 
the 1943 convention of the Croatian Fraternal Union, the "progres- 
sives," or left-wingers, succeeded by one vote in deposing Petrak, and 
the fellow-traveler Philip Vukelich was elected in his place. He has 
held the position ever since, in spite of bitter protests from non- 
Communist members of the organization. 

In the August 27, 1947, issue of Zajednicar, there appeared a state- 
ment signed by nine national officers of the Croatian Fraternal Union, 
including the supreme president, which declared: 

We denounce with all the vigor at our disposal the editor of Zajednicar, Philip 
Vukelich, who has turned our newspaper into a mouthpiece for the Communist 
Party line. In leading articles he has denounced the United States and its Gov- 
ernment, while praising the activities of Communist governments abroad. He 
has attacked leading American statesmen such as President Truman, Secretary of 
State Byrnes, and Marshall while praising the purveyors of disunity and dis- 
affection (Zajednicar, August 27, 1947). 

In September 1947, there was a near riot at the national convention 
of the Croatian Fraternal Union in Pittsburgh. Right-wing members 
of the organization charged that Vukelich had violated the bylaws 
prohibiting political and religious discussion in Zajednicar; that he 
had been disloyal to the organization and to the United States. 

"Proof of his disloyalty can be found in almost any issue of Zajednicar since 
he became editor of this theoretically fraternal newspaper," Marcus Kostolich 
of Benwood, W. Va., told the delegates. Major Kostolich, World War II veteran 
and anti-Communist leader, claimed the editor had tried to "lure innocent, 
trusting Croatian-Americans back to Yugoslavia." Mr. Vukelich "attempted to 
paint a picture of a country so peaceful, happy, and prosperous that life over 
there is preferable to that in the United States." . . . [He] made no mention of 
the "terrorism, murder, torture or imprisonment for the slightest violation of 
totalitarian laws which have taken away the basic rights of every individual to 
freedom from religious or political persecution." Mr. Vukelich further was 
criticized for "lauding and praising the infamous government of the murderer 
Tito . . . consistently attacking the United States." Shouts from the floor 
charged him with being a "liar" and "traitor." (Pittsburgh Press, September 
21, 1947.) 

At this same convention, a letter on the stationery of the Yugoslav 
Embassy, signed by Soldatic Dalibar, social attache of the Yugoslavian 
Embassy, was read. It stated that in the interests of the Yugoslavian 
Government Philip Vukelich should remain as editor of Zajednicar. 



AMERICAN SLAV CONGRESS 73 

Philip Vukelich is a group secretary of the United Committee of 
South-Slavic Americans and the leading Croatian nationality officer 
and member of the national committee of the American Slav Congress. 
According to the Fall 1947 issue, he sent greetings to the Slavic Ameri- 
can, published by the American Slav Congress, in his capacity as 
secretary of the National Council of Americans of Croatian Descent, 
cited as a subversive Communist organization by the Attorney Gen- 
eral. Vukelich delivered a report at the Fourth American Slav 
Congress held in Chicago, September 24-26, 1948, according to the 
Slavic American, fall 1948, page 5. It is reported that Vukelich was 
present at a meeting of the supreme directors of the Council of Cana- 
dian Slavs (an organization similar to the American Slav Congress, 
with similar objectives) in Toronto on February 16 and 17, 1946. 

Steve Brkich, English editor of Zajednicar, has been vice president 
of the National Council of Americans of Croatian Descent. 

Michael Horvath, also an editor of Zajednicar, was listed as an 
active member and sponsor of the American Slav Congress in "a call 
for the Second American Slav Congress," which was held in Pittsburgh 
in 1944. 

Shortly after the end of World War II, the Communist Party 
abandoned the pro-Allied stand maintained during World War II; 
at the same time, under Vukelich's direction, articles hostile to the 
United States began to appear in Zajednicar: 

Our State Department did not declare itself for democracy, but, like Churchill 
and Bevin, against the Slavs in general, and during the entire last week there 
was a diplomatic battle about democracy in Bulgaria, Rumania, and Hungary. 

The great concern in favor of the democrats in Bulgaria and Rumania, concern 
which causes headaches to Secretary of State Byrnes, appears funny, if he cannot 
explain who are the neglected democrats in these countries. 

On account of this, America is using economic sanctions against individual 
nations. . . . 

America cannot and should not exercise pressure on the free will of any 
people. . . . 

As the situation appears today, a black light is being thrown upon America, 
as if she is coming with the force of her gold in one hand and the atomic bomb in 
the other. And with these powerful weapons she is trying to subdue each nation 
to her will and to serve not democracy, but exploitation by a small group of 
people. (Zajednicar, September 5, 1945.) 

In 1946, although the United States was in the process of rapid 
disarmament, Zajednicar accused the United States of ' 'militarism": 

Wallace had enough of courage to condemn such intrigues — that is, of the 
reactionaries in Washington — because they are not only immoral but absurd, 
leading to war between our country and Russia and Slavs. It is no longer a 
secret that our military circles are planning war. And the leaders of this strongest 
military force in the world are today right back of our Secretary of State Byrnes, 
who is conducting an "insolent" policy in the peace conference against our best 
allies during the last war — Russia and Yugoslavia — as well as against other Slav 
states but in the interest of Italy and similar states, who in war were on the side 
of Hitler's Germany. Let us add to this that what is going on today is a move- 
ment to mold a most peaceful nation into an aggressive nation, a state becoming 
and already now a strongest military power in the world. (Zajednicar, October 8, 
1940.) 

With the headline "We should fight to prevent Italy from becoming 
an English colony," Vukelich accused former Secretary of State 
James Byrnes of tryirjg to "deprive the Italian people of their inde- 
pendence" (Zajednicar, issue 22, 1946), and of "shoving the United 
States into a war for which America is preparing ..." Vukelich 
charged the United States press with trying to stir up sentiment for a 



74 AMERICAN SLAV CONGRESS 

Third World War (Zajednicar, issue 38, 1946). He declared that the 
United States foreign policy was: 

Nothing else but the building up of war machinery on the borders of the Soviet 
Union and other Slavic nations. (Zajednicar, issue 12, 1947.) 

When the Big Four conference was held in Moscow, Zajednicar 
protested what it described as "hysterical propaganda against com- 
umnism" and "certain press attempts to create chaos and to fool the 
people leading them astray from the chief problem of Germany." 
(Zajednicar, April 30, 1947.) 

On November 19, 1947, Zajednicar explained "why Yugoslavia 
could not approve the Marshall plan." If Yugoslavia cooperated, it 
stated, she would lose her independence, "like the most unfortunate 
country in Europe — Greece." 

Vukelich and Zajednicar have consistently defended the Soviet 
Union and the "People's Democracies" behind the iron curtain, and 
have just as consistently attacked the United States. 

Estimates of Zajednicar's circulation vary from 60,000 to 100,000 
in the United States and Canada. There is little doubt that its 
malignant influence is felt in every Croatian home in the country, 
especially where the family reads no English paper. 

MISCELLANEOUS PUBLICATIONS 

Qlas Naroda (The People's Voice, Slovene) 

Glas Naroda is a Slovene language newspaper published by the 
Slovene Publishing Co., and has offices at 216 West Eighteenth Street, 
New York City. The newspaper is published daily except Saturday, 
Sunday and holidays. The present managing editor is Anna P. 
Krasna who has been active in the American Slav Congress and the 
American Association for Reconstruction in Yugoslavia, Inc. The 
policy of the newspaper follows the Communist line. The present 
circulation is estimated at 3,400 copies. 

Proletarec (Proletarian, Slovene) 

Proletarec is a weekly Slovenian language newspaper which is 
printed and published by the Yugoslav Workman's Publishing Co., 
Inc., at 2301 South Lawndale Avenue, Chicago, 111. In 1941 it had 
a circulation of about 2,500 copies. Frank Zajac is the present editor 
of Proletarec. 

This newspaper has supported the Slovenian American National 
Council and has published pro-Russian and pro-Yugoslavian articles 
which are critical of the American foreign policy. During December 
1947 Frank Zajac met with Matthew Cvetic, Slovenian Communist 
Party member, and Mirko Kuhel of the Slovenian American National 
Council, at which time Zajac revealed that Proletarec, Enakopravnost 
and Prosveta were being sued by Reverend Gabrisek, an anti-Com- 
munist, as a result of articles which had appeared in all three news- 
papers. Zajac's attorney had advised him that the newspapers could 
not defend the suit without information and assistance from the 
Yugoslavian Embassy. Zajac felt that the suit would probably be 
lost, which would result in the folding up of all three newspapers. 

Enakopravnost (Equality, Slovene) 

Enakopravnost is the weekly evening paper published in the Slovene 
language with a local circulation around Cleveland of approximately 



AMERICAN SLAV CONGRESS 75 

3 000 copies. The editor is Mary Ivanish, sister of the owner and 
publisher Vatro J. Grill, president of the American Yugoslavian Print 
Co., 6231 St. Clair Avenue, Cleveland, Ohio. The newspaper is also 
published at the same addiess. The editorial policy of the paper has 
been stronglv in favor of Marshal Tito. The paper has also supported 
the United Committee of South Slavic Americans which is Communist 
controlled. 

Two other foreign-language newspapers which support the American 
Slav Congress are Svornost, a Czechoslovak paper published in Chi- 
cago, and the Slovak Herald. . 

The following Slavic publications have jointly protested against the 
deportation of Michael Salerno, Communist editor of L'Unita del 
Popolo, in a statement published in the Daily Worker of October 12, 
1948, page 4 and issued by the American Committee for Protection of 
Foreign Born, which was cited as subversive and Communist by 
Attorney General Tom C. Clark. 



Publication 


Address 


Editor 


' Claimed 
circulation 


Ukrainian Daily News.. 


84 East 4th St., New York, N. Y 

130 East 16th St., New York, N. Y.... 




14, 310 


Dr. David Z. Krinkin 


23, 343 







"Relief" Organizations 

A network of so-called relief organizations has sprung up around 
the American Slav Congress. Exerting every available means of 
pressure among Slavic Americans, exploiting the names of well-known 
public figures who have been persuaded that they are aiding a worthy 
cause and utilizing every possible emotional appeal to public sympathy 
in behalf of suffering Slavs, these organizations have collected huge 
sums of money. Since this money is routed through Communist 
channels both here and through Communist governmental channels 
abroad, it is highly questionable whether any of it ever was employed 
for relief purposes or whether it reached sources for which it was 
originally intended. 

As a guide in this respect we present the statement made by Benja- 
min Gitlow, Communist candidate for Vice President in 1924 and 
1928, in his testimony before the Special Committee on Un-American 
Activities on September 7, 1939: 

The Communist Party in 1922 obtained its largest subsidy indirectly from 
Moscow out of money which should have gone for specific relief purposes. You 
will recall the great famine in Russia in 1922, when the Hoover Commission was 
sent to Russia to relieve distress in the famine region. At that time, the American 
Communist Party, through a subsidiary organization known as the Friends of 
Soviet Russia, launched a relief campaign to raise funds for the famine-stricken 
victims in Russia. A large amount of money was raised. Over $1,000,000 was 
raised through that campaign. This money was transmitted to the central bureau 
in France, in Paris, and this central bureau at Paris obtained receipts from the 
Soviet Government that it received the money for relief purposes; but the money 
never went to the Soviet Union. That money was kept there and waa divided 
among the Communist parties in the capitalist countries. As a result a large 
amount of the monev was transmitted to the American party. 

Money collected for relief purposes through the Friends of Soviet Russia was 
retransmitted back to the American party to support its activities in this country. 
At the same time, the Communist Party used the relief organization set-up to 
finance its organizers and its activities in the United States. If the party found 
itself pinched for a few thousand dollars, we would call to the meeting of the 



76 AMERICAN SLAV CONGRESS 

political committee Rose Karsner, secretary of the Friends of Soviet Russia, to 
make a loan, and she would turn over to the party a few thousand dollars, or 
whatever the amount of money voted was, and would enter the necessary book- 
keeping entries that would show that the money was spent for a legitimate pur- 
pose. At the same time we put a number of the members of the political party, 
I think Max Bedacht and some others, on the pay roll of the Friends of Soviet 
Russia. They received their weekly pay as organizers or propagandists, or some 
other activities of the Friends of Soviet Russia. They were not doing that work, 
but they were doing party work. If we had to send' an organizer into the field, 
to raise his railroad fare and pay his wages while engaged in organizing work, we 
at the same time designated him as an organizer for the Friends of Soviet Russia. 
So, out of relief money, he would be paid for work as an organizer. 

On February 14, 1940, the Surrogate's Court of New York County 
handed down a precedent-making decision in the case of Michel Bold, 
who died intestate leaving his father residing in Odessa in the Union of 
Soviet Socialist Republics as his sole next of kin. The court decided 
that the "moneys due the father of the decedent are directed to be 
deposited with the city treasurer to await adequate and satisfactory 
proof that the beneficiary will be paid his share in the fair equivalent 
of American dollars without confiscatory reduction or outright expro- 
priation." The court further declared that "It is not intended that 
a foreign government, of which the beneficiary is a national, should 
be the object of the testator's bounty, nor that the right to succeed to 
the property of the New York decedent should be diverted from the 
statutory next of kin to a foreign power." Thus legal cognizance 
has been taken of the unreliability of the transmission of moneys to 
private individuals within the Soviet Union. It is reasonable to 
assume that this ruling would apply with equal force to the Soviet 
satellite states where similar practices are in force. 

The real function of the Joint Anti-Fascist Refugee Committee, a 
Communist front, ostensibly devoted to the relief of victims of fascism, 
is disclosed by a member of its executive board, Howard Fast, in his 
pamphlet "The Incredible Tito, Man of the Hour," in which he admits 
that "An agent of the Joint Anti-Fascist Refugee Committee contacted 
Tito and the committee provided the funds and means for Tito's 
return to Yugoslavia." This information was never officially dis- 
closed to either the supporters of this organization or the President's 
War Relief Control Board which granted it a license. 

In the New York Times of April 26, 1948, page 11, Cavendish, 
former United States Ambassador to Yugoslavia, called for an investi- 
gation to determine whether large sums of dollars sent each year by 
relatives from the United States reach the persons for whom they are 
destined. 

According to estimates furnished by the Department of Commerce 
for the period of July 1, 1947, to June 30, 1948, the value in dollars 
of parcels sent to Soviet-dominated Slavic countries was as follows: 

Albania $268,000 

Bulgaria 3, 747,000 

Czechoslovakia 4 f 081, 000 

Poland 14, 794^000 

U. S. S. R 774,000 

Yugoslavia 15 4,427,000 

Total 16 28, 091, 000 

11 Not presently considered Soviet dominated. 

18 "Voluntary Foreign Aid," a study by a special subcommittee of the House Committee on Foreign 
Affairs (80th Cong., 2d sess.), Government Printing Office, Washington, D. C, 1948, p. 6. 



AMERICAN SLAV CONGRESS 



77 



From the same sources we quote figures on personal remittances 
from the United States to European Slavic countries which are 
Communist-controlled, for the period during the first and second 
quarters of 1947. 



[In millions of dollars] 



First quarter 
1947 



Second quarter 
1947 



Czechoslovakia. 

Poland 

Russia 

Yugoslavia 




1.7 
3.8 



3.3 



Total. 



6,2 



i Ibid, p. 5. 

AMERICAN COMMITTEE FOR YUGOSLAV RELIEF OF THE WAR RELIEF 
FUND OF AMERICANS OF SOUTH SLAVIC DESCENT, LATER KNOWN AS 
THE AMERICAN COMMITTEE FOR YUGOSLAV RELIEF 

Money-raising activities in behalf of Communist Yugoslavia were 
placed in the hands of two outstanding leaders of the American Slav 
Congress, namely Louis Adamic and Zlatko Balokovic, whose social 
contacts enabled them to secure munificent returns for the American 
Committee for Yugoslav Relief of the War Relief Fund of Americans 
of South Slavic Descent, later known as the American Committee for 
Yugoslav Relief, of which they were cochairmen. It was started in 
1943 as a competitor of the American Yugoslav Relief Fund, 
a strictly nonpolitical relief group. Mrs. Joyce Borden Balokovic was 
cofounder and chairman of the women's division. George M. Buban, 
national vice president of the American Slav Congress, has been a 
member of the board of the American Committee for Yugoslav Relief. 
He has also been president of the American Slav Congress of greater 
St. Louis. 

This campaign is significant for a number of reasons: 

1. The number of non-Communist individuals of social and political 

prominence who were successfully enticed to lend their names 
and support to this Communist enterprise, blissfully unaware 
of its* true character, of its personnel, of overhead costs, of the 
ultimate destination of "relief" funds and of the exploitation 
of "relief" drives for political purposes. 

2. The cynical ruthlessness and hypocrisy of those responsible for 

the management of the organization who turned their harrowing 

appeals for relief on and off like a spigot determined primarily 

by the exigencies of Communist international policy. 

A letter dated May 8, 1947, signed by Zlatko Balokovic as president 

of the American Committee for Yugoslav Relief, Inc., then located at 

235 East Eleventh Street, New York 3, N. Y., is a good sample of the 

type of emotional appeal subtly interwoven with political propaganda 

which was used by this group. It says in part: 

The next three months will decide how many of the 2,400,000 Yugoslavs with 
tuberculosis will die. 

Without outside help before the next harvest, daily food rations will fall to 
652 calories. It is less than was fed the victims of the horrible Nazi camps at 
Belsen and Buchenwald . . . 



65890 — 50- 



78 AMERICAN SLAV CONGRESS 

Your contribution can feed the people of a good and brave nation — a nation 
whose new constitution makes racial and religious discrimination a crime. 

The campaign was actively supported by the Daily Worker, official 
organ of the Communist Party, U. S. A., as the following typical 
announcement will show: 

Unless the Yugoslav people are provided with warm clothing and shoes before 
the freezing weather sets in, thousands will not survive . . . Every American 
can do his share now by contributing to the Winter Clothing Campaign of the 
American Committee for Yugoslav Relief. 17 

Simultaneously it received the approval and support of the follow- 
ing unions, then controlled by the Communists: United Federal 
Workers (CIO), International Longshoremen's and Warehousemen's 
Union (CIO), United Office and Professional Workers of America 
(CIO), United Shoe Workers of America (CIO), United Electrical, 
Radio and Machine Workers of America (CIO), Mine, Mill and 
Smelter Workers Union (CIO), Transport Workers Union (CIO), 
National Maritime Union (CIO), State, County and Municipal 
Workers (CIO) and others. It was further endorsed by the following 
individuals with long records of affiliation with Communist front 
organizations: J. Raymond Walsh, Sam Jaffee, Walter Bernstein, 
William S. Gailmor, Abraham Flaxer, Frederick N. Myers (Com- 
munist Party member), Ferdinand Smith (Communist Party member) , 
Jo Davidson, Max Bedacht (Communist Party official), Samuel L. M. 
Barlow, Hugh DeLacy, Herbert March (Communist Party member), 
Ernest DeMaio (Communist Party member), Stanley Nowak (Com- 
munist Party member), Reid Robinson, Stanley M. Isaacs, Johannes 
Steel, and many others. 

In response to this type of solicitation the committee enlisted the 
support of outstanding Americans. 

Headlines, official organ of the American Committee for Yugoslav 
Relief, announced in July 1945 that a women's division had been 
organized "with a sponsoring committee of 225 nationally prominent 
women." 

The American Committee for Yugoslav Relief was granted License 
No. 583 by the President's War Relief Control Board. 

Under an impressive national sponsorship, chapters of the American 
Committee for Yugoslav Relief sprang up in various cities throughout 
the country; the California division at 808 South Vermont Avenue, 
room 3, Los Angeles; at room 724, 135 Stockton Street, San Francisco; 
at 166 West Jackson Boulevard, Chicago, 111.; at 703 Public Square 
Building, Cleveland, Ohio; at 900 Hofman Building, Detroit, Mich.; 
at 1005 Berger Building, Pittsburgh. Pa., and in various parts of 
New York City. Originally headquarters which were formally 
opened on December 6, 1944, were at 58 Park Avenue in New York 
City. 

According to a report submitted to the President's War Relief 
Control Board on February 1, 1946, by the war relief fund of the 
Americans of South Slavic Descent, the following table shows how 
much was collected, how much was spent for overhead and how much 
was transmitted for relief purposes to the Communist Government of 
Yugoslavia. It shows that 43 percent was spent for overhead ex- 
penditures as against the maximum of 10 percent usually allotted for 
such purposes by bona fide relief organizations. 

I 7 Worker, December 2, 1945, p. 12, sec, 2, 



AMERICAN SLAV CONGRESS 



79 



Year 


Total received 


Spent for relief 


Spent for ad- 
ministration, 
pul licit y, etc. 


Unexpended 

balance 


Percent of 
promotion 

expenses 


1944 

1945 - 


$293, 830 
435, 324 


$29, 955 
194, 062 


$47 

187, 201 


$263,826 
317,886 




43.0 







COMPARED WITH, FOR EXAMPLE, AMERICAN RELIEF FOR ITALY, INC., 


NEW 


YORK 


1944 - $1,237,895 

1945 2,221,827 


$1,016,162 $43,026 $178,706 
1,897,948 196.605 305,979 


3.5 
8.8 



For purposes of comparison the Relief for Italy, Inc., was chosen 
since this organization also only functioned in 1944 and 1945. How- 
ever, the figures of many other societies are available such as the 
National Catholic Welfare, War Relief Services, whose expenses for 
1943, 1944, and 1945 were 3.5 percent, 2.8 percent, and 2.2 percent, 
respectively, of total funds received. 

According to the New York Herald Tribune for July 14, 1948, 
Zlatko Balokovic, president, reported that the organization had 
"raised $2,113,710 to send food, clothing, medicine, and other relief 
supplies to Yugoslavia." He gave no break-down to show how this 
money was distributed. 

Nor did he disclose that his staff included Hilda Eisler, wife of 
Gerhart Eisler, agent of the Communist International; as associate 
secretary, Harry M. Justiz, member of the executive board of the 
American Slav Congress of Greater New York who was convicted, 
with other members of the executive board of the Joint Anti-Fascist 
Refugee Committee, of contempt of Congress, sentenced to 3 months 
in jail and fined $500, who has actively defended such Communists 
as Sam Darcy and George Pirinsky; as treasurer, Michael M. Nissel- 
son, a character witness for convicted members of the Joint Anti- 
Fascist Refugee Committee, a sponsor of the American Slav Congress 
and a member of the advisory council of the magazine Soviet Russia 
Today. 

POLITICS VERSUS RELIEF 

A study of the activities of the American Committee for Yugoslav 
Relief discloses that the collection of funds for "relief" was only 
incidental to and a cover for its propaganda activities in behalf of the 
Communist regime in Yugoslavia. On May 20, 1945, the Hollywood 
chapter arranged a "Tribute to Yugoslavia" dinner at which the 
guest of honor was Col. Vladimir Dedijer, member of the central 
committee of the Communist Party of Yugoslavia, director of its 
information department, a member of the cabinet and a brother 
of Stephen Dedijer, former editor of the "Slobodna Rech," Serbian 
Communist paper of Pittsburgh. 

On December 8, 1946, the Worker carried an announcement of a 
farewell greeting "to Yugoslavia's UN delegation," which was spon- 
sored by the American Committee for Yugoslav Relief. Speakers 
included Stanoje Simich, Yugoslav Foreign Minister, Sava N. Kosa- 
novich, Ambassador, and Dr. Ales Bebler, Deputy Foreign Minister, 
plus Albert E. Kahn, an American Communist. 

In August 1946, a $2 contribution to the New York office of the 
American Committee for Yugoslav Relief, brought in return a 42- 



80 AMERICAN SLAV CONGRESS 

page pamphlet, 8K by 10 inches, with a flashy two-color cover, en- 
titled the Incredible Tito, by Howard Fast, Daily Worker columnist. 
Tito was pictured as "a man of such stature as the storied heroes of 
old." Enclosed was also a leaflet defending Yugoslavia's claim to 
Italian Trieste. Also enclosed was a 36-page red, white, and blue 
magazine setting forth the achievements of the Tito government in 
photographs with laudatory captions. 

In 1945, the committee started a million-dollar medical relief cam- 
paign which was coupled with a national drive to collect signatures 
for a scroll which, according to the official announcement was to "be 
sent to Marshal Tito as a testimonial of admiration and fellowship- 
in-democracy from the American people." 

In July 1946, the organization sponsored a meeting at the Metro- 
politan Opera House called as a tribute to the "fifth anniversary of 
the Yugoslav partisan movement, Europe's first guerrilla resistance." 
The Yugoslav Chetniks under Mihailovich who initiated the fight 
against the Nazis were ignored. 

In August 1946, a number of American planes were shot down over 
Yugoslavia and the fliers were killed. The incident aroused wide- 
spread indignation throughout the United States and a demand for the 
curtailment of UNRRA relief supplies to Yugoslavia. The reaction 
of officials of the American Committee for Yugoslav Relief, was in 
no sense American. In fact, this wanton destruction of American lives' 
was condoned and Yugoslavia was defended for its action. In a 
letter published in the New York Times of August 27, 1946, Mr. 
Balokovic said: 

There is no doubt that the sovereign rights of that country were being violated 
for a period of more than two months by American and British planes . . . our 
State Department had received six notes (from the Yugoslav Government) 
informing them of such violation and protesting these unfriendly acts. . . . 

By withholding information and minimizing our involvement on the one hand, 
while stressing and elaborating the "insolence" of the Yugoslav Government on 
the other, they (the State Department and the American press) have helped 
create further confusion on the whole matter. 

A few days later, the New York Times of September 14, 1946, 
carried a protest by Michael M. Nisselson, acting chairman of the 
American Committee for Yugoslav Relief, who declared that denial 
of badly needed American relief supplies to Yugoslavia in reprisal for 
the shooting down of American planes and the killing of American 
fliers would be "contrary to every vestige of American humanitarian- 
ism." 

Members of the American Committee for Yugoslav Relief, who 
had been hoodwinked by its humanitarian appeals in the past, refused 
to swallow this bait any longer. Mrs. Alice Newman Berezowsky, 
lecturer, of 892 Park Avenue, New York City, who had been active 
in fund raising for this committee and for the Russian War Relief, 
declared in answer to Balokovic's appeal from Paris: 

Relief is one thing but political activity under the guise of charitable relief is 
another. This letter is a lot of double talk from beginning to end and I do not 
want to be in the position of opposing the State Department of my country. 

On August 29, 1946, the Pennsylvania State Department of Welfare 
reported that it had notified the American Committee for Yugoslav 



AMERICAN SLAV CONGRESS 81 

Belief that it would have to submit a financial statement or stop 
soliciting funds in Pennsylvania after October 24, when its yearly 
permit expired. 

In 1947 an incident occurred which further opened the eyes of those 
who had innocently lent their names to this committee. According to 
the New York Times of November 7, 1947, page 17, 4 crates of radar 
equipment and 26 cases of radio parts, enough for three complete 
naval radar sets — in other words, highly strategic war materials — 
were consigned to the Yugoslav Red Cross by the American Com- 
mittee for Yugoslav Relief, then listed at 465 Lexington Avenue, 
New York City. Mrs. Zlatko Balokovic hastened to explain that her 
organization had "nothing to do with the shipment of the radar and 
radio other than to rent space" in its warehouse for the crates. Dis- 
covery of this shipment was made by agents of the Federal Bureau 
of Investigation. Out of 34 crates opened at the warehouse, 4 con- 
tained medical supplies and 30 contained radar and radio equipment, 
proceeding to Yugoslavia aboard the Government-owned steamer 
Radnik. 

The American Committee for Yugoslav Relief was declared sub- 
versive and Communist bv Attorney General Tom C. Clark on June 
1, 1948, and September 21, 1948. 

That was not, however, the closing chapter of this project. On 
June 29, 1948, the Cominform, otherwise known as the Communist 
International, delivered a denunciatory blast at "The Incredible 
Tito." Immediately, Mr. Balokovic erased from his mind the 
thought of the "2,400,000 Yugoslavs" threatened with death from 
tuberculosis. He no longer raised the issue of relief being "used 
politically." In a statement issued on July 14, 1948, he declared 
that his board of directors felt that circumstances no longer war- 
ranted continuance of its activities. In other words, he abandoned 
to their misery millions of Yugoslavs with the most callous indiffer- 
ence and because of obvious political motives. 

AMERICAN SERBIAN COMMITTEE FOR RELIEF OF WAR ORPHANS IN 

YUGOSLAVIA 

The American Serbian Committee for Relief of War Orphans in 
Yugoslavia is an organization similar in character to the American 
Committee for Yugoslav Relief. George F. Wuchinich has been a 
member of its national executive committee. Speaking on the eve 
of his departure for Communist Yugoslavia, late in 1947, Nikola 
Drenovac, former editor in chief of the Serbian Communist paper 
Slobodna Rech, published in Pittsburgh, declared in reference to this 
organization: 

A humanitarian action of aid to the war orphans and people of Yugoslavia was 
started recently among the American Serbians — an American Serbian committee 
for relief of war orphans was founded . . . The Serbian progressive movement 
and "Slobodna Rech" warmly greeted the foundation of this humanitarian 
organization and offered it many-sided and complete support. 18 

The American-Serbian War Orphans Relief Committee held a 3-day 
meeting at the Fort Pitt Hotel in Pittsburgh at the beginning of 
September 1948. In the midst of its activities its secretary, Rev. 
Voyeslav Gachinovich, was found missing. He had left for Communist 

i» Slobodna Rech, October 4, 1947, p. 2. 



82 AMERICAN SLAV CONGRESS 

Yugoslavia 10 days before to join his wife, Milena. A deposed priest 
of the regular Serbian Orthodox Church, he had been, prior to his 
departure, pastor of the Serbian Independent Orthodox Church of 
St. George at 103 South Sixteenth Street, South Side, Pittsburgh. 

He and his wife were sponsors of the American Slav Congress of 
Western Pennsylvania. He was also a leader of the United Com- 
mittee of South Slavic Americans, mentioned above. 

The American-Serbian War Orphans Relief Committee has no per- 
mit to solicit funds in Pennsylvania, according to the State depart- 
ment of welfare. 

Its list of officers published in the (Communist) Slobodna Rech 
included: Milan Budisavljevich, of Johnstown, president; vice presi- 
dents are Peter Grkovich, Lazar Gruich, Nikola Milanovich, Velimir 
Popadich, Vladimir Lalich, Jovo Skalich, Obrad Supich, Milan Pav- 
lica, and George Ogrizovich. Michael Bosanac is listed as treasurer 
and Zora Susnjar as financial secretary. The executive board con- 
sisted of Sam Werlinich, Ilija Bunjevac, Lazar Kurepa, Ljubomir 
Trkulja, Miloslav Tomanovich, Simo Majijevich, M. Keller, Josip 
Rajnovich, and Charles Vuich, the latter being editor of the Slobodna 
Rech, and a sponsor of the American Slav Congress. Rajnovich and 
Vuich have been identified as active members of the Communist Party 
in the Pittsburgh area by a witness before the Committee on Un- 
American Activities. 

Fraternal Insurance Organizations 

Mr. Joseph Kotrly, former consul general of Czechoslovakia for the 
Dominion of Canada, has outlined the Communist technique of utiliz- 
ing Slavic fraternal insurance organizations as an instrument of po- 
litical pressure upon these nationals. In a British United Press dis- 
patch dated March 30. 1948, he pictured the plight of the Slavic immi- 
grants who do not speak the language of the country of their adoption 
and who have difficulty in integrating themselves into its civic, national, 
intellectual, literary, artistic fife. Perhaps to some extent we Ameri- 
cans are partly responsible for the immigrant's feeling of isolation and 
insecurity. Mr. Kotrly explained that the Communists have been 
quick to exploit this situation for their own benefit. 

He pointed out: 

Their first appeal is to a sense of security, they offer them insurance policies, 
sickness and burial benefits . . . Once a member has been paying for some 
time, a certain equitv accrues to him which he is unwilling to relinquish. He is 
then ready to be used politically to the extent to which a hold has been developed 
on him through his financial interest. . . . (through) classes, lectures conferences 
for political indoctrination, sending of delegates to congresses held m satellite 
countries . . . Individuals are picked who are politically promising and who 
can be sent overseas for special training so as to return as superior political agitator 
material. 

Communist-dominated fraternal organizations have constituted a 
bulwark of financial support for the American Slav Congress. The 
roster of officials of the American Slav Congress interlocks closely with 
that of these fraternal organizations. 

INTERNATIONAL WORKERS ORDER 

In spite of the fact that the Office of the Attorney General cited the 
International Workers Order as "one of the strongest Communist 



AMERICAN SLAV CONGRESS 83 

organizations" in 1942 and again as subversive and Communist on 
December 4, 1947, and September 21, 1948, the American Slav Con- 
gress has chosen leading officials of the International Workers Order 
for its most important posts. Among the nationality vice presidents 
whom the American Slav Congress listed at its third national meeting 
in 1946 were Michael Tkach, president, Ukrainian- American Fra- 
ternal Union, IWO; Daniel Kasustchik, secretary, American-Russian 
Fraternal Society, IWO; and Boloslaw Gebert, president, Polonia 
Society, IWO. Listed as a member of the national committee of the 
American Slav Congress at its second meeting held in September 1944, 
were the following officials of the International Workers Order: 
Daniel Kasustchik, secretary, Russian Section, IWO; Walter Riback, 
secretary, Ukrainian Section, IWO; Peter Shipka, treasurer, IWO. 

At the Fourth Slav Congress in 1948, Shipka delivered the organi- 
zational report. In fact, it may be safely said that the International 
Workers Order, which includes such Slavic groups as the American 
Russian Fraternal Society, Carpatho-Russian American Mutual Aid 
Society, Croatian Benevolent Fraternity of Americans, Polonia So- 
ciety, Serbian American Federation, the Slovak Workers Society and 
the Ukrainian American Fraternal Union, with a claimed total mem- 
bership of 185,000 and assets totaling $5,300,000 and insurance in 
force reaching $15,000,000, constitutes the very backbone of the 
American Slav Congress. It must be realized that the influence of 
these 185,000 members reaches out to at least 5 or 10 times that num- 
ber of persons. 

The organization has claimed at least 19,000 branches operating in 
44 States, including the District of Columbia. 

Full-page advertisements of the International Workers Order have 
appeared in the Slavic American, official Slav Congress organ, for the 
Fall of 1947, Summer of 1948, with smaller advertisements by sub- 
sidiary lodges, this being a standard method of subsidizing organiza- 
tions within the Communist orbit. 

In its report to the Pennsylvania State Insurance Department, the 
International Workers Order admitted that it had devoted some of its 
funds for "press publicity" to the payment of a total of $125,425 in 
1941, 1942, and 1943, to the three Communist publications in Pitts- 
burgh, the Slobodna Rech, the Narodni Glasnik and the Ludovy 
Dennik, which are leading publicity organs for the American Slav 
Congress, plus 10 other Communist publications including the Daily 
Worker and the Morning Freiheit. In explaining this appropriation 
the report says: 

The amounts contributed to all papers, except the Daily Worker and the Morning 
Freiheit, are apportioned on the basis of two and one-quarter cents per member. 

In the Slavic American for the Summer of 1948 is a description by 
Mrs. Katherine Gluszak of Poland as it operates under the present 
Communist regime. She was one of a delegation of 105 people who 
traveled under the auspices of the Polonia Society of the IWO. 

In the Slavic American for the Winter of 1947, the International 
Workers Order is eulogized as an organization with "stimulating, pro- 
gressive policies." Its membership in Pennsylvania is estimated at 
40,000. 

Present executive secretary of the IWO is Samuel Milgrom, also 
known as Hyman Sampson Milgrom, Sampson Milgrom, Shimshun 
Milgram and A. W. Mills, a member of the Communist Party, U. S. A., 



84 AMERICAN SLAV CONGRESS 

who was held for deportation in 1930, but who has nevertheless been 
openly active in Communist circles since then. Former executive 
secretary was Max Bedacht, former general secretary of the Com- 
munist Party. Another former Communist organizer who served as 
executive secretary was Herbert Benjamin. Its former president was 
William Weiner, also known as Welwel Warczower, former treasurer 
of the Communist Party, convicted in 1941 of passport fraud. 

Since its foundation in 1930, the International Workers Order has 
consistently supported outright Communist political candidates or 
those receiving Communist support. It is to be found in the forefront 
of Communist May Day parades and in support of Communist front 
organizations. 

When he was executive secretary of the Communist Party, U. S. A., 
Earl Browder made the following report before its eighth convention 
in April 1934, in which he listed the International Workers Order 
among the achievements of the party: 

Since the 7th Convention, we have made another important addition to the 
list of mass revolutionary organizations.^ This is the mutual benefit society, the 
International Workers Order. 

He outlined the tasks before this organization in the following 
terms : 

The IWO has before itself the problem of how to consolidate and further extend 
its mass membership without lowering its previous high standard of revolutionary 
activity, of political education of its members, especially through involving them 
more directly in the class struggle. ig 

The Communist Party's tie-up with the International Workers 
Order has been amply demonstrated. In a pamphlet published in 
1930 entitled "What Is the International Workers Order and Why 
Every Worker Should Join It", the announcement is made that — 

The International Workers Order realizes that the only party that leads the 
working class in its struggle against capitalism is the Communist Party . . . We 
therefore endorse the Communist Party. We appeal to all workers to vote for 
the Communist Party. We aid the party in its struggles. 

In 1932 the IWO published a pamphlet entitled "We Support the 
Communist Candidate in This Year's Election Campaign" (subtitle) 
"Every member of the International Workers Order must rally behind 
the Communist election platform." 

CROATIAN FRATERNAL UNION 

The Croatian Fraternal Union, with headquarters at 3441 Forbes 
Street, Pittsburgh, Pa., was founded 50 years ago, long before the 
Communist Party, U. S. A., was organized. Its dues-paying member- 
ship is over 100,000. It publishes a weekly newspaper called Zajed- 
nicar with a circulation of 100,000 readers reaching every Croatian 
home. It is rated as one of the richest nationality insurance groups 
in the country with $15,865,921 in cash and bonds and $566,938 in 
real estate. This entire organization was taken over by the Com- 
munists at its quadrennial convention held in Pittsburgh in September 
1947. 

This does not mean that the majority of 308 delegates at the con- 
vention were Communists, since not more than 50 are estimated as 
being party members, nor does it mean that the majority of members 

w Communism in the United States by Earl Browder, pp. 74 and 75. 



AMERICAN SLAV CONGRESS 85 

are Communists. It does mean, however, that by clever jockeying 
this Communist kernel succeeded in wresting control from the hands 
of the non-Communists, electing five Communists to its "supreme 
court" in control of the immense resources of this powerful organi- 
zation. 

The September 1947 convention of the Croatian Fraternal Union 
received the following cablegrams from the so-called People's Fed- 
erated Republic of Croatia, and the executive board of the Communist 
puppet, the Croatian Republic Peasant Party in Zagreb, Yugoslavia 
(then in good standing with the Communist bosses in Moscow), 
indicating that the Communist government of Yugoslavia was directly 
and deeply interested in the convention proceedings: 

The National Committee of the People's Front of Croatia sends the Congress of 
your union and through you to all Croatians in America our brotherly greetings. 

We Croatians in the Croat People's Republic, creating together with the other 
peoples of FNRJ (Federated People's Republic of Yugoslavia) their free homeland, 
value your patriotism which you have proven by contribution and aid for her 
liberation and reconstruction. 

But we are following your struggle against the handful of Ustashi and Matchek 
traitors (Dr. Vlateo Matchek, exiled leader of the Croatian Peasant Party now 
living in Washington), who with the aid of exiled reactionaries are trying to 
disrupt your work and to disunite the progressive and patriotic Croatian forces 
in America. 

Believing that this, your Seventh Congress, represents a new victory for 
Democratic Forces of Croats in America, we wish a free and complete success in 
the work. Long live the Democratic National Committee Peoples Federated 
Croatia and freedom-loving forces in America. 

(Signed) People's Federated Republic of Croatia, 

Zagreb, Yugoslavia. 

The text of the second cablegram was: 

The executive committee of the Croatian Republican Peasant Party greets 
your convention of the Croatian Fraternal Union, which you brother immigrants 
will start Sept. 15 in Pittsburgh. Croatian people are confident that you brothers 
and sisters will, in your work for your organization, work in the general interest 
for the defense and interests of the Croatian people. 

We believe that you will travel the road of freedom on the highway of the 
Slav Unity and on the road of social justice which was directed or taught to us by 
our great leader and teacher, Stephan Radich (founder of the Croatian Republican 
Party who was assassinated in 1927 in Belgrade Parliament). 

We are more than sure that you will, brother and sister immigrants, strengthen 
and defend the brotherhood and unity of our peoples. In the same manner as we 
were taught to defend and to fight for by the greatest son of our people, Marshal 
of Yugoslavia, Josip Broz Tito. 

Croatian people were able to obtain honor and place among the other people 
of the world only through the brotherhood and unity of the Croatian, Servian, 
and other people of Yugoslavia. 

Croatian people attained this under the leadership of Marshal Tito in brotherly 
union of our equal peoples in the federated National Republic of Yugoslavia. 

Brother Croatians, in immigration, it is our wish that this convention will bend 
every effort to follow the spirit of a brotherhood and unity of the Slav aid for 
the close association of our nation. 

(It is our wish) That the progressive democratic forces at this convention come 
to its fullest expression as that is the only way to help our people most in its 
fight against insidious actions of foreign and internal enemies and in that way 
they will best defend the interests of the Croatian people. 

Death to the Fascist, liberty to people, faith in God and Peasant unity. 
(Signed) Executive Board, Croatian Republic Peasant Party, 

Zagreb, Yugoslavia. 

The background of the 1947 convention of the CFU must be traced 
back to 1924, when Stephen Zinich, under the guise of a^news reporter, 
steered the Communist cell at a Detroit convention. He was for- 



86 AMERICAN SLAV CONGRESS 

merly the editor of the Yugoslav Communist paper, Radnik, until he 
was deported as an undesirable alien in 1930. 

At the Chicago convention in 1943 held at the Sherman Hotel, the 
Communists succeeded in electing 7 out of 12 of their candidates to 
the powerful "supreme board" of the Croatian Fraternal Union. These 
included Alartin Krasich (Krasic), later treasurer of the American Slav 
Congress, and also a member of the International Workers Order, 
Lodge 426G of Chicago, who became supreme treasurer of the CFU; 
Mary Mrnjec, of Chicago, elected as a trustee, a director of the Amer- 
ican Committee for Yugoslav Relief, and member-at-large of the 
United Committee of South Slavic Americans, who was charged with 
sitting on the American flag at the 1926 convention and referring to it 
as a "rag"; Matt Goreta of River Rouge, Mich., a speaker at a Com- 
munist-endorsed meeting held on May 14, 1937, signer of a petition in 
behalf of the Communist Party of Michigan in 1940, supporter of the 
American Slav Congress, who admitted his Communist Party member- 
ship, and four other sympathizers, John Kovach, Anton Derkos, f Jacob 
Mance, and Charles Verbanek. 

Behind the scenes the Communist caucus was manipulated by 
Stephen Loyen and Frank Borich, both^Communist leaders in activity 
among Slavic groups and at one-time editors of the (Communist) 
Narodni Glasnik. Stephen Loyen was the assistant secretary of the 
National Council of Americans of Croatian Descent of which Borich, 
was executive secretary. The American-Croatian Herald has charged 
that Loyen was acting under the direct instructions of Gerhart Eisler, 
representative of the Communist International, now the Cominform, 
who was also a guest at the Sherman Hotel, at the time. Loyen has 
since departed for Yugoslav to evade deportation. 

Calling itself the "progressive party," the Communist-controlled 
caucus denounced its opponents as "Hitlerite agents," "Fascists," 
and Red-baiters. They put through a resolution of laudatory greeting 
to Josef Stalin. In the place of the anti-Communist Milan M. Petrak, 
this group elected Philip Vukelich as editor of their official publication, 
Zajednicar. As floor leader of the Communist bloc, Loyen gleefully 
declared, "This is the greatest victory in the history of the Croatian 
Fraternal Union." 

No criticism of the Communists either here or abroad was tolerated 
by the supreme board. When *John Ladesic, American-born vice 
president introduced a resolution of censure against Tito for shooting 
down unarmed American aircraft, the board decided to place the 
blame for the incident on the United States for allegedly "violating 
Yugoslav sovereignty." 

Having carried on an intense recruiting campaign the pro-Com- 
munist bloc entered the 1947 convention with an estimated delegation 
of 32 Communists, about 120 fellow travelers and about 150 avowed 
non-Communists. It is reported that five busloads of delegates came 
in from Canada to attend the convention. 

The first day of the convention was marked by a near-riot over the 
seating of Croatian-born Harry M. Justiz, a New York attorney, who 
issued a press release admitting that he was convicted of "contempt 
of Congress" because of his membership on the executive board of the 
Joint Anti-Fascist Refugee Committee, an organization engaged in 
the defense, transportation and support of foreign Communist agents 

♦WITHDRAWN. 
fDECEASED. 



AMERICAN SLAV CONGRESS 87 

like Gerhart Eisler. Justiz was sentenced to 3 months in jail and a 
fine of $500. He also admitted that he was legal adviser to the 
Yugoslav Embassy in New York. He declared that he was "pro-Tito 
because the majority of the Yugoslavs want the type of government 
they have under his premiership." He admitted membership in Uk 
Communist-dominated American Labor Party. 

Justiz has been active in defending such known Communists as 
George Pirinsky in 1949, Sam Darcy in 1940. He has supported the 
following organizations specializing in the defense of Communist cases: 
National Federation for Constitutional Liberties, George Pirinsky 
Defense Fund Committee, National Emergency Conference for Demo- 
cratic Rights, American Committee for Protection of Foreign Born, 
Joint Anti-Fascist Refugee Committee and the National Lawyers 
Guild. He is also a member of the International Workers Order, 
previously described. He has been officially listed b}^ the American 
Slav Congress of Greater New York as a member of its executive 
board. The American Association for Reconstruction in Yugoslavia, 
Inc., has listed Mr. Justiz as a member of its auditing committee. He 
is also a member of the United Committee of South Slavic Americans. 
During the Stalin-Hitler Pact, Justiz was a supporter of the Lawyers 
Committee to Keep the United States Out of War and the Emergency 
Peace Mobilization, later known as the American Peace Mobilization, 
which picketed the White House. Although challenged by Maj. 
Marcus Kostelich, a veteran of World War II, Justiz was seated as a 
delegate by a vote of 166 to 135 at the convention of the Croatian 
Fraternal Union. 

The candidates on the Communist-supported slate were the 39-year- 
old St. Louis attorney, George M. Buban, a vice president of the 
American Slav Congress and head of its St. Louis chapter, delegate 
to the All-Slav Congress in Belgrade and a vice president of the 
American Association for Reconstruction of Yugoslavia, who ran for 
chairman; Vlekoslav Manich of Bessemer, Pa., a supporter of the 
American Slav Congress, vice president of the National Council of 
Americans of Croatian Descent, and member of the platform commit- 
tee at the Wallace convention in Philadelphia in July 1948, who ran 
for vice president; Milan Popovich of Mountain View, Calif., who ran 
for second vice president; Nick Busic, who ran for secretary, is a 
member of Gary Lodge 4291 of the International Workers Order, a 
supporter of the American Slav Congress; Milan Skertich of Campbell, 
Ohio, nominated for first assistant secretary; and Anton Sarich, a 
marcher in the Diles Bottom, Ohio, Communist May Day parade in 
1925, who was a candidate for second assistant secretary. This entire 
slate was successful. 

Anti-Communists at the convention claimed that since 85 percent 
of the delegates were born in Yugoslavia and still have relatives there, 
they feared reprisals from the Tito regime. The question arises to 
what extent this consideration might play a part in the event of a con- 
flict between the United States and one or more of the Communist, 
Slavic puppet states. 

Anti-Communists also quoted N. J. Nicolac of Mountain View, 
Calif., a member of the board of directors, as having said, "I was 
against Roosevelt as long as Roosevelt was against Stalin." 

The convention chairman ruled out all discussion of the letter from 
the Yugoslav Embassy, bearing its official seal, which linked Martin 
Krasic, supreme treasurer, and Philip Vukelich, editor of Zajednicar, 




88 AMERICAN SLAV CONGRESS 

as intermediaries, and which implied that these men had received 
ney for factional purposes. 

After a bitter attack on Philip Vukelich, for his anti-American 
editorship of Zajednicar, his approval was finally steam-rollered by 
the pro-Communist majority. 

In protest against these tactics, 127 anti-Communist delegates 
walked out of the convention, leaving the meeting without a two- 
thirds quorum required by the bylaws to conduct business. Chairman 
Buban ruled, however, that convention procedure required only a 
simple majority. 

On November 19, 1947, Judge Frank P. Patterson of Pittsburgh 
ruled in favor of an injunction that forbids the present left-wing 
officers of the Croatian Fraternal Union from using the funds of the 
organization and taking charge of the fraternal insurance company it 
controls. 

SLOVENE NATIONAL BENEFIT SOCIETY 

The Slovene National Benefit Society has purchased full-page 
advertisements in the American Slav for the fall of 1947, the summer 
of 1948, and the fall of 1948. It lists its assets at $13,555,568.45 and 
its membership at 70,123. Its main office is located at 2657 Lawndale 
Avenue, Chicago 23, 111. 

In the Slavic American for the fall of 1947, page 62, Vincent- 
Cainkar is listed as president of the Slovene National Benefit Society. 
On page 53, he is presented as the treasurer of the Slovenian American 
National Council, which held a convention in Cleveland on May 30, 
31 in 1947. This latter organization has been cited as subversive 
and Communist by Attorney General Tom C. Clark on June 1 and 
September 21, 1948. F. A. Vider (Vidar), secretary of the Slovene 
National Benefit Society, is mentioned by the Daily Worker of June 
1, 1948, as president of the Slovenian American National Council, 
in bitter protest against the ruling of the Attorney General. 

Indicative of the method by which the same individuals appear 
again and again to bolster up various Communist-front organizations, 
we find that the honorary presidents of the Slovenian American 
National Council were Louis Adamic and Etbin Kristan. Speakers 
at the testimonial dinner for Etbin Kristan were Louis Adamic, 
Sava Kasanovich, Yugoslav Ambassador, George Pirinsky, George 
Wuchinich, and Philip Vukelic, editor of Zajednicar. 

fVincent Cainkar was a member of the National Wallace for Presi- 
dent Committee in 1948, of the United Committee of South Slavic 
American in 1947 and a vice president of the American Slav Congress 
in 1944. 

F. A. Vider was a member of the arrangements committee at the 
Wallace convention in Philadelphia in July 1948, and of the United 
Committee of South Slavic Americans in 1947. 

Mirko G. Kuhel, treasurer of the Slovene National Benefit Society, 
was executive secretary of the Slovenian American National Council, 
and a sponsor of the American Slav Congress in 1947. During the 
same year he was group secretary of the United Committee of South 
Slavic Americans. 

The Slavic American for the summer of 1948 in its description of the 
founding convention of the Progressive Party in Philadelphia, July 
23, 24, and 25, 1948, in support of Henry A. Wallace refers to "the 

tDECEASED. 



AMERICAN SLAV CONGRESS 89 

Slovene leaders of Chicago, fVincent Cainkar, F. A. Vider, and Mirko 
Kuhel" as "part of the Illinois delegation." 

American Committee for Free Yugoslavia 

The American Committee for Free Yugoslavia was a branch of the 
Moscow-inspired American Slav Congress operating in Seattle, Wash., 
and vicinity. In line with the policy of the Communist Party, it 
was active in support of the Communist Yugoslav leader, Marshal 
Tito, and in condemnation of his rival, Mihailovich. 

The records of the officers of the American Committee for Free 
Yugoslavia, show the connecting links between that organization, the 
American Slav Congress, the Communist Party and its front organiza- 
tions. The honorary president was Louis Adamic, president of the 
United Committee of South-Slavic Americans, one of the leading 
spirits of the American Slav Congress, whose record is discussed at 
length elsewhere in this volume. Joseph F. Jurich, vice president, 
is president of the International Union of Fisherman and Allied Work- 
ers of America and a member of the national executive board of the 
CIO. He made a financial contribution to the Daily Worker, listed 
March 3, 1933, page 2, self-proclaimed "Central Organ of the Com- 
munist Party, U. S. A., Section of the Communist International." 
He was the leader of the pro-Communist wing of the Washington 
Industrial Union Council in a convention fight to oust the Communists 
from office (Daily Worker, September 24, 1940, p. 3). Mr. Jurich has 
publicly appealed in behalf of leading Communist cases such as Earl 
Browder, Harry Bridges, Sam Darcy, and members of the Communist- 
dominated International Fur and Leather Workers' Union. The 
Sunday Worker of November 7, 1937, twentieth anniversary of the 
Russian Revolution, carried his revolutionary greetings to the Soviet 
Union. He signed the call to the American Peace Mobilization meet- 
ing for April 5-6, 1941, which preceded its picketing of the Wnite 
House. He hailed the Daily Worker on its twentieth anniversary in 
January 1944. Jurich also sponsored the Joint Anti-Fascist Refugee 
Committee, a Communist front. 

The Daily Worker of March 4, 1944, gives an enthusiastic account 
of a meeting arranged by the American Committee for Free Yugo- 
slavia held in Seattle. 

The American Committee for Free Yugoslavia was cited as a 
Communist front by the California Joint Fact-Finding Committee on 
Un-American Activities in its 1948 report. 

Emigration — Victimizing Slavic Americans 

Before Marshal Tito's fall from grace with the Cominform, strenuous 
efforts were made by organizations centering about the American Slav 
Congress to lure skilled technicians and young people to migrate to 
Yugoslavia. Because of legal difficulties in the United States, this 
matter was taken up for consideration at a meeting of the supreme 
directors of the Council of Canadian Slavs in Toronto on February 16 
and 17, 1946. Present also were Philip Vukelich, editor of Zajednicar, 
and Leo Fisher of Narodni Glasnik. 

According to the testimony of Dr. Mladen Guino Zorkin, former 
member of the staff of the Yugoslav Embassy in London, presented in 

TDECEASED. 



90 AMERICAN SLAV CONGRESS 

executive session before a subcommittee of the Committee on Un- 
American Activities on July 10, 1947, and also presented to the Cana- 
dian Government, such emigration was motivated by the following 
considerations: 

1. To secure skilled engineers and technicians for Yugoslav 
factories. 

2. To secure the money these emigrants bring with them. 

3. To train their children as Communist agents for future use 
against the United States. 

4. To secure American passports for the use of international 
Communist agents. 

5. To convince the Yugoslav people that workers were leaving 
the United States because of unbearable conditions. 

6. To provide an additional means of pressure upon relatives 
remaining in the United States. 

7. To provide a cover for the transportation of international 
Communist operatives. 

The Communist Slavic press in the United States and the publica- 
tions of the American Slav Congress and its associated organizations 
have been replete with propaganda encouraging this emigration. We 
have already quoted some above. In the Slavic American for the fall 
of 1947, there is an article entitled, "We Felt the Heartbeat of New 
Yugoslavia" describing the visit of Zlatko Balokovic and his wife. It 
is profusely illustrated with photographs glorifying life in Yugoslavia. 
This was supplemented by the lecture tour of Anthony Minerich after 
his return from a 9-month visit to Yugoslavia. 

On February 6, 1946, Leo Krzycki was quoted by Milwaukee papers 
as quoting from his interview with Joseph Stalin as follows: 

Stalin wants American workers of Slav extraction. He wants to help them 
out if they are unemployed in the United States— wants to know if Slavs over 
here who are good mechanics will help Russia out for a couple of years by going 
there to work for Russia. 

Another example is the announcement reported by Dennis W. 
Delaney, United States internal revenue collector, that Russia's 
Armenian Republic was seeking to induce Armenian natives, now 
American citizens, to renounce their citizenship and return to their 
former homeland. Applicants appeared before the Internal Revenue 
Department to obtain tax clearance. According to the New York 
Times of October 21, 1947, page 14, about 1,000 Armenians from all 
parts of the country were expected to sail about November 1. 

In the vSlavic American for the summer of 1948, we find Katherine 
Gluszak's description of the "New Poland," the result of a trip by a 
delegation of 72 persons, under the auspices of the Polonia Society 
of the International Workers Order. 

The Slavic American for the fall of 1948, in an article on Bulgaria 
by Edward V. Tempest, carries photographs of "voluntary youth 
brigades" at work and closes with the appeal that "Bulgaria needs 
arid deserves help." 

American Association for Reconstruction or Yugoslavia, Inc. 

The outstanding organization in this field has been the American 
Association for Reconstruction of Yugoslavia, Inc., of 450 Lexington 
Avenue, New York City. According to its official stationery, Anthony 



AMERICAN SLAV CONGRESS 91 

(Anton) (Tony) Gerlach is listed as executive secretary. A long- 
standing organizer of the Communist Party in Michigan, and former 
member of its central committee, he was its candidate for city treasurer 
of Detroit in 1933. In 1930 he was Michigan district secretary of the 
Trade Union Unity League, which was headed by William Z. Foster, 
present chairman of the Communist Party, U. S. A., and which was 
affiliated with the Red International of Trade Unions in Moscow. 
The International Labor Defense, otherwise known as "the legal arm 
of the Communist Party," claimed him as its Detroit district secre- 
tary, according to the Daily Worker of May 22, 1934, and February 
16, 1935. Gerlach was high in the circles of the International Workers 
Order, as a trustee and member of its general council, as well as the 
president of its Croatian Benevolent Fraternity in 1947. In 1937 he 
called upon his fellow IWO's to aid the Daily Worker. 

In June and July of 1947, he made an extensive tour in behalf of the 
American Association for Reconstruction of Yugoslavia, Inc., covering 
such Yugoslav centers as San Pedro, Los Angeles, San Diego, Watson- 
ville, San Jose, Cuperinto, Mountain View, San Francisco, Oakland, 
Sacramento, Fresno, etc. 

Again we find the recurrence of names familiar in the American 
Slav Congress with Louis Adamic and Zlatko Balokovic as honorary 
presidents, George Buban as vice president, and Harry M. Justiz as 
member of the auditing committee. 

In a booklet entitled Rebuilding Yugoslavia, by Anthony Gerlach, 
supporters are asked to "contribute one useful tool of any kind" or 
to "send us scientific textbooks" to the American Association for 
Reconstruction in Yugoslavia. Inc., care of Warehouse of the American 
Committee for Yugoslav Relief. The booklet is illustrated with 
elaborate charts supplemented by considerable statistical data ob- 
viously obtainable only from Yugoslav Government sources. 

The December 24, 1946, issue of Slobodna Rech carried an elaborate 
announcement of a special offer of assistance in connection with 
emigration to Yugoslavia. It was signed by Mr. Soldatic, social 
attache of the Yugoslav Embassy in Washington and the Reverend S. 
Maletic, social attache of the Yugoslav consulate in New York. It 
announced that an office had been established for this purpose. 

The State Department refused to grant permission to American 
citizens to leave for Yugoslavia on the ground that it could not guar- 
antee protection to them because that country did not recognize the 
American citizenship of Yugoslav-born nationals, or even of their 
children. Hence, the emigrants traveled by way of Canada. Typical 
of the effects of this campaign are the following cases: 

Zajednicar for June 25, 1947, reprints a letter from Joseph Koledin 
of Greenville, Pa., who said he had embarked on the Yugoslav owned 
steamship Badnik, without a passport or visa, joining the crew as a 
baker. 

Others are reported to have received Yugoslav passports from the 
Yugoslav consulate in Chicago, with which they passed over the 
Canadian border and boarded ship at Montreal. One such case was 
mentioned in the Toronto Novosti of June 3, 1947. Mrs. Milena 
Gacinov of Pittsburgh, Pa., is cited as a case in point. This same 
paper on April 3, 1947, published a report of the Council of Canadian 
South Slavs, which was addressed by the press attache of the Yugo- 
slav diplomatic mission to Canada and others. Applications for 
repatriation were solicited, and shipping facilities were discussed. 



92 AMERICAN SLAV CONGRESS 

The Ottawa Journal for June 25, 1947, has described as follows the 
type of propaganda employed by the Yugoslav Embassy in Canada, 
in encouraging emigration to Yugoslavia, propaganda which is un- 
doubtedly being duplicated in this country, since a number of Ameri- 
cans were included in the group: 

Departure of these 2,000 Yugoslavs has been organized by the Yugoslav Charge 
D' Affairs. . . . 

There has been a forceful campaign of persuasion, however, by means of meet- 
ings in all centers where there are many Yugoslav Canadians and through the 
foreign language press. . . . 

Major Branko Vukelich, for instance, has been very busy. He is Acting 
Counsel General for Yugoslavia in Montreal. ... I have read one report of a 
Kirkland Lake meeting back in July 1946 when he spoke of guaranteed steady 
employment in Yugoslavia, of the social security and sickness insurance, old-age 
pension and free eduction, the modern roads, railways, and many cinemas for 
working people. . . . 

Along with these general appeals to Yugoslav patriotism. . . . 

The Ottawa Journal estimated that at least 2,000 individuals had left 
during the year, taking at least $2,000,000 with them. 

Toward the end of May 1947, 500 repatriates left Canada aboard 
the Yugoslav ship Radnik with the blessings of Paul Lukin, Yugo- 
slav Charge d 'Affaires. He described in huge figures the earnings of 
workers in Yugoslavia. 

The New York Times of July 11, 1947, reported the arrival from 
Canada of 18,336 Yugoslavs in Belgrade, which undoubtedly in- 
cluded a number of emigrants from the United States. There is no 
question that the propaganda speeches made by Zlatko Balokovic on 
his return from Yugoslavia stimulated this exodus. 

A letter published in a Winnipeg Croatian newspaper in July 1947 
describes the plight of one of these emigrants and adds, "If you come 
here with money, the Government -will take everything from you." 

On August 8, 1947, the Winnipeg Croatian Voice published a story 
that at least 50 of those who had recently returned to Yugoslavia 
from Canada were in jail on charges of sabotage. According to this 
paper, all dollars had been taken away from the emigrants and they 
had received Yugoslavian dinars in return — which were practically 
worthless. They were stripped of all tools and machinery, which they 
had been induced to take with them. 

It is further reported that an emigrant named Jacob Drobnic was 
shot aboard the S. S. Radnik — which left Montreal on June 6 or 7, 
1947 — for refusing to relinquish his money and that his body was 
subsequently brought ashore. 

While it has always been a fundamental principle of American 
democracy to allow freedom of travel for legitimate purposes, the 
practices described above raise the question of governmental responsi- 
bility for the victimization of American citizens who are being misled 
by deceptive propaganda. The experiences of men like Andrew Smith, 
who wrote "I Was a Soviet Worker," should be popularized among our 
Slavic Americans to prevent such victimization. Since Tito's fall 
from grace with the Communist international, the exact status of this 
organization at the present time is an unknown factor. 

CORRUPTING SLAVIC-AMERICAN YOUTH 

The American Slav Congress and its associated organizations have 
not limited themselves in their propaganda merely to adult Slavic 



AMERICAN SLAV CONGRESS 93 

Americans but have made energetic efforts to reach young people of 
Slavic descent. In a circular entitled "A Call to Slavic American 
Youth," signed by Leo Krzycki, president, George Pirinsky, executive 
secretary, and Carol Fijan, head of its Youth Division, the American 
Slav Congress announced in connection with its Third Congress on 
September 20-22, 1946, that: 

Fraternal delegates from all the European Slav countries and Latin America 
will also attend. Among these delegates will be Slav Youth Leaders from the 
youth committees of the Slav Countries. These delegates are eager to meet the 
Slavic American youth of our country. 

At this Third Congress, we plan to discuss the formation of a National Council 
of Slavic American Youth Clubs. This affiliated Council would serve as a center 
and coordinator of Slavic Youth in America. It would unite all Slavic American 
youth in the fight for peace and security . . . 

We are calling upon all Slavic Youth groups to send delegates to the Third 
American Slav Congress. We cordially invite you to participate in these plans. 
There will be special sessions devoted to the youth . . . where they will meet 
personally the Slavic youth leaders of Europe. 

It should be noted in this connection that Israel Amter, former 
chairman of the New York State Committee of the Communist Party, 
in a preconvention article on work among foreign language groups 
appearing in the Worker for July 4, 1938, urged that "special atten- 
tion" be paid to the task of "winning over" the youth of foreign 
extraction. 

The American Slav Congress announcement was followed by the 
formation of Slavic American youth clubs and councils in Pittsburgh, 
Chicago, Cleveland, and New York. In the New York area alone, 
there were 24 such youth clubs, which held a conference on April 26, 
1947, at which plans were made for a central cultural and activities 
division, a leadership training division, and a civic affairs bureau. 
The council published its own bulletin, entitled See Here. 

The executive committee of the New York Youth Council chose 
the following officials: Fred Gerlach, president, of Croatian descent, 
like his namesake, Anthony Gerlach; Carol Fijan, secretary, also of 
Croatian descent; Bill Kaciak, treasurer, of Slovak descent. 

On September 27, 1947, the Daily Worker carried a letter signed by 
Fred Gerlach in which he declared that his "faith in capitalism has 
been destroyed." He was also a sponsor of two Communist-promoted 
projects against our national defense program, the one the National 
Youth Lobby sponsored by the Young Progressive Citizens of America 
and held in Washington, D. C, on June 15, 16, 1947, and the other, 
the National Youth Assembly Against Universal Military Training 
held in the same city on February 15, 16, 1948. 

Ilene Vlahov, a member of the Yugoslav American Youth Club, 
was selected as a delegate to the World Youth Festival held in Prague 
in the summer of 1947 under Communist auspices. The New York 
Council raised $1,200 for this purpose. Vlahov was accompanied by 
Frank Ilchuk, president of the Ukrainian American Fraternal Union, 
of the International Workers Order, who had returned in 1947 from 
a visit to Soviet Ukraine. As a speaker for the American Youth for 
Democracy, formerly known as the Young Communist League, Frank 
Ilchuk expressed his greetings to the Soviet youth, according to the 
Daily Worker of June 25, 1948, page 5. He was also a sponsor of 
the national founding convention of the National Youth for Wallace 
Committee and a supporter of the National Council of American 

65890—50 7 



94 AMERICAN SLAV CONGRESS 

Soviet Friendship in 1947, an organization cited as subversive by 
Attorney General Clark on December 4, 1947, and September 21, 1948. 

The Slavic American for the fall of 1947 announced that delegates 
to the "World Youth Festival in Prague would join in the "rebuilding 
of Lidice," in Communist-dominated Czechoslovakia. 

In order to attract youthful Slavic Americans to throw in their lot 
with the Communist government of Yugoslavia, the Worker of August 
12, 1947, carried a glowing description of the brigades at work building 
the Youth Railroad, adding that "Their enthusiasm is shared by 
teams of young people from England, Czechoslovakia, the Scandina- 
vian countries, Poland, Switzerland, and many other countries (not 
the United States, for Americans were denied passports by the State 
Department to come here.)" 

Supplemented by attractive photographs, the article admitted that 
"These young people are not working for wages. Their rewards" it 
added, "are the pleasure of fellowship — for the 7-hour daily work 
routine is followed by singing, dancing, sports, theatricals, and the 
opportunity to learn." A project like this in the United States would 
be immediately condemned by the Communists as slave labor. It is 
also highly questionable how much time or inclination these young 
laborers had for "singing, dancing, sports, theatricals" after 7 hours 
of arduous, unpaid toil. In an interview published in the New York 
Times of August 25, 1947, Miss Elizabeth McKittrick of New York, 
aged 22, who was induced to join the youth brigade, stated that 
there was "plenty of Communist propaganda * * * all laid on." 

In its English section, Narodna Volya (People's Will) August 15, 
1947, Bulgarian Communist publication, carried a description of 
"Bulgaria's youth construction works" and the "hundreds of young 
foreigners" who "are already working shoulder to shoulder with their 
Bulgarian comrades." According to this article, the World Federa- 
tion of Democratic Youth, the international Communist youth organ- 
ization, is arranging for the "exchange of brigadiers," which is a 
glorified method of securing labor without cost. 

The November 14, 1947, issue of the same publication relates the 
experiences of the 27 members of the British Youth Brigade, who, it 
is declared were "happy to have seen Eastern democracy at work and 
to participate in this soul-stirring enterprise." 

On September 28, 1947, the Washington Star carried a story of 
Charles Lipow, an avowed member of the American Youth for Democ- 
racy, who entered Yugoslavia by way of Czechoslovakia without a 
State Department permit, to work on the Youth Kailroad. In other 
words, this young Communist evaded the laws of his own country in 
his desire to aid what was then a Soviet satellite state. 

The machinery of the American Slav Congress is utilized to subvert 
not only adult Slavic Americans, but also their offspring who have 
had the advantage of education in our American schools. As has 
been previously indicated, these youngsters furnish excellent material 
for training as English-speaking agents of either Russia or its satellite 
states. 

Embassy Activities 

In 1933, Maxim Litvinov, Soviet Ambassador to the United States, 
signed a solemn pledge with the United States, in which both countries 
mutually promised: 



AMERICAN SLAV CONGRESS 95 

To refrain, and to restrain all persons in Government service and all organizations 
of the Government or under its direct or indirect control, including organizations 
in receipt of any financial assistance from it, from any act overt or covert liable 
in any way whatsoever to injure the tranquillity, prosperity, order, or security 
of the whole or any part of the United States, its Territories or possessions, ai d, 
in particular, from any act tending to incite or encourage armed intervention, 
or any agitation or propaganda having as an aim, the violation of the territorial 
integrity of the United States, its Territories or possessions, or the bringing about 
by force of a change in the political or social order of the whole or any part of 
the United States, its Territories or possessions. 

Despite the fact that the American Slav Congress is clearly a sub- 
versive organization and that it was cited as such by Attorney Gen- 
eral Tom C. Clark on June 1 and September 21, 1948, both the 
Soviet and satellite embassies have not hesitated to cooperate fully 
with this organization. At the Third American Slav Congress, "Win 
the Peace" rally in Madison Square Garden in New York City on 
September 22, 1946, the following were included among the speakers: 
Oscar Lange, Polish Ambassador and later UN representative, who 
had renounced his American citizenship; General Karol Swierczewski, 
Polish Vice Minister of War and Under Secretary of National Defense; 
Tsola Dragoitcheva, secretary of the Bulgarian Fatherland Front and 
a member of the Bulgarian Cabinet; Prof. Timofei Gorbunov and 
Alexander Koriieicb.uk, both deputies to the Supreme Soviet. At 
this meeting, Louis Adamic compared Secretary of State James F. 
Byrnes with Joseph Goebbels. 

Secret instructions given to Gen. Izyador Modelski, former military 
attache of the Polish Embassy, by Michal Zymierski, Minister of 
National Defense and Marshal of Poland in a document dated March 
14, 1946, disclose that he was advised "to take advantage" of the 
following organizations and individuals, closely associated with the 
American Slav Congress: American Polish Labor Council, headed by 
Leo Krzycki, president of the American Slav Congress; Polonia So- 
ciety, affiliated with the International Workers Order, president, 
Boleslaw Gebert, a nationality president of the American Slav Con- 
gress; and the Kosciuszko League with headquarters in Detroit, Mich. 

In a July 22, 1947, release issued by the Serbian National Defense 
Council of America of 5 North Wabash, Chicago, 111., this organiza- 
tion, which is closely in touch with developments among Slavic 
Americans, declared: 

Members of the Yugoslav Embassy and Consular staffs and their agents seize 
upon every opportunity to appear before Slav groups throughout the country to 
sing the praises of their homeland. Threats of reprisals against relatives in 
Yugoslavia are commonplace. 

On April 19, 20, 1947, a meeting of the Second Croatian Con- 
gress, held in Cleveland, was addressed by Sava Kosanovich, Yugoslav 
Ambassador. Represented at this gathering were the Croatian Fra- 
ternal Union and the Croatian Benevolent Fraternity of the Inter- 
national Workers Order, both affiliates of the American Slav Congress. 
Greetings were received from Vladimir Burarich, head of the Croatian 
Republic of Yugoslavia. 

The Narodni Glasnik for September 10, 1946, shows the Yugoslav 
acting consul general of Montreal at the Serbian Congress in Pitts- 
burgh. 

According to the sworn testimony of Mr. Mladen Guino-Zorkin, a 
former member of the Yugoslav Embassy in London, Colonel Tartag- 
lia, Yugoslav military attache in Washington, has made an extensive 



96 AMERICAN SLAV CONGRESS 

lecture tour of the United States, publicized in the Croatian Com- 
munist press. 

The Slavic American for the winter of 1947, official publication 
of the American Slav Congress, devotes four full pages to the report 
of seven American clergymen who visited Yugoslavia in 1947. Mem- 
bers of this group included Dr. Guy Emery Shipler, Rev. Claude 
Williams, and Dr. William Howard Melish, individuals with extensive 
records of support of Communist-front organizations. These men 
issued a report which was highly laudatory of conditions in Com- 
munist Yugoslavia despite numerous negative reports previously 
received from authoritative sources. Part of its purpose was un- 
doubtedly to stimulate the growth of emigration from the United 
States to Yugoslavia. 

It is worth noting that this propaganda tour originated with the 
Yugoslav Embassy as the following letter will show: 

Embassy op the Fedebal People's 

Republic of Yugoslavia, 

Washington, June 27, 1947. 
Dr. Emory Stevens Bucke, 

581 Boylston Street, Boston, Mass. 

Dear Dr. Bucke: On behalf of the Government of the Federal People's 
Republic of Yugoslavia, it is my pleasure to invite you to be one of a party of 
about 10 leading representatives of the protestant church in the United States to 
visit Yugoslavia this summer as our guests. 

It is hoped that you will be able to spend 2 or 3 weeks there, as a majority of 
the group may decide, visiting Belgrade, Zagreb, and other points of interest, 
including possibly the current youth railway project (see enclosure) and the 
Dalmatian coast. Full opportunity for consultation with Yugoslav religious 
leaders of all faiths will be afforded. 

In the interest of making the trip as expeditious as possible, we have thought 
that air travel was preferable, and have made tentative reservations for the 
party on a New York- Prague flight on July 25. Direct connections with Belgrade 
will be made at Prague. 

In addition to yourself, those being invited are: Dr. Carlyle Adams, Dr. George 
Walker Buckner, Jr., Dr. Arthur B. Moehlman, Dr. Louie D. Newton, Bishop 
G. Bromley Oxnam, Mr. Herman Reissig, Dr. Guy Emery Shipler, Dr. Samuel 
Trexler, Dr. Claude Williams. 

It will be appreciated if you can reply promptly by telegram, and may I ask 
that replies be addressed to Mr. Monroe Stern, information officer at this Embassy, 
who is handling arrangements. We should like to know in particular if the July 
25 date is satisfactory; if not, owing to the heavy demand for air transportation 
to Europe, we shall have to make other plans immediately. We should appreciate 
also having a letter from you as soon as possible stating whether a stay of 2 or 3 
weeks in Yugoslavia is more convenient for you, what parts of the country you 
would be most interested in seeing, and any other preferences or suggestions you 
may have. Since it may not be possible in some instances to divide the party, 
it is understood that the preferences of the majority will prevail. 

We shall arrange for transportation to and from New York, by rail or air as 
you prefer, and for your accommodation there if necessary prior to departure. 

It is suggested that your passport application be made at once. As soon as 
we receive your acceptance we will notify the State Department that a Yugoslav 
visa will be issued to you. 

It is my very earnest hope, and that of my Government, that you will find it 
possible to make this journey, which I know will be useful in increasing under- 
standing between our two countries. 

With very best wishes, I am 
Very sincerely j^ours, 

Sava N. Kosanovic, 
Ambassador of Yugoslavia. 



AMERICAN SLAV CONGRESS 97 

Soviet satellite states have consulates widely distributed throughout 
the United States, their services being interchangeable at the disposal 
of the Soviet Government. A list of these consulates follows: 

Czechoslovakia— New York, Pittsburgh, Philadelphia, Cleveland, Chicago, 

St. Louis, San Francisco, Los Angeles, Panama Canal Zone. 
Poland — New York, Pittsburgh, Detroit, Chicago. 

Some idea of the extent of the personnel available for this type of 
activity is afforded by figures released by Government agencies. In a 
letter to Congressman Landis, of Indiana, released on December 12, 
1947, former Under Secretary of State Robert A. Lovett declared that 
the Soviet Union allowed one American to enter its border for every 
88 Russians granted visas to this country. He pointed out that 
"with few exceptions, Soviet citizens in the United States come within 
the classification of official Soviet personnel." He declared that on 
July 1, 1947, there were 516 Soviet officials in the United States with 
an estimated 250 dependents. 

On March 27, 1948, Watson B. Miller, United States Immigration 
Commissioner, disclosed that 1,396 Russians had entered the United 
States in the previous year, of which 852 were Government representa- 
tives, 469 officials "in transit," 44 students and 31 others simple 
"temporary visitors." 

Satellite representatives admitted into the United States, he de- 
clared, included 1,182 visitors from Czechoslovakia, and 718 from 
Poland. 

Compared to the freedom accorded to these individuals to associate 
themselves with subversive organizations, Constantine Brown, 
Washington Star columnist, has pointed out that members of our 
diplomatic and consular missions in Russia — and this no doubt is true 
in the satellite states — never have freedom to travel. When they do 
secure a special passport, they are accompanied by secret police 
escorts. Certainly they are never permitted to address any organiza- 
tion within these countries. 

Recommendations 

Based upon the information contained herein, we find it expedient 
to recommend the following: 

1. The strict enforcement of the Litvinov agreement and its appli- 
cation to other embassies. 

2. The strict enforcement of the principle of reciprocity regarding 
the number of individuals permitted to enter the United States from 
the Soviet Union or its satellite states and regarding the rights of such 
individuals as compared with the number of Americans permitted to 
enter those countries and the rights accorded them. 

3. The principle of reciprocity should be strictly enforced regarding 
the protection of American citizens abroad. 

4. Slavic- Americans should be protected from intimidation and 
victimization by foreign governments or their agents in this country. 



98 AMERICAN SLAV CONGRESS 

5. In the interest of national security, the Federal Government 
cannot afford to overlook subversive influences at work among 
10,000,000 of our Slavic-Americans concentrated in our basic indus- 
tries. Every encouragement and aid should be given to loyal Slavic 
organizations and individuals in counteracting these influences. This 
is of particular importance because the vast majority of our Slavic 
population is inherently loyal to the United States and these loyal 
persons of Slavic descent should be protected from those in the 
minority who desire to use them for nefarious and un-American 
purposes. 

6. The citizenship of alien Communists should be revoked and they 
should be deported. 

7. Through the cooperation of Federal, State, and local govern- 
ments the licenses of fraternal insurance organizations which engage 
in subversive activities should be revoked. 

8. Those responsible for the perpetration of frauds upon American 
citizens through spurious relief organizations or other Communist- 
front organizations, should be prosecuted and receive the full penalty 
of the law. At the present time these frauds are merely exposed long 
after they have done their damage and the perpetrators are forgotten. 
Wherever Federal, State, or local legislation is required for this pur- 
pose, it should be enacted. 

9. There should be a stricter Federal, State, and local licensing of 
relief organizations to protect the American people from Communist 
frauds. 

10. Foreign Communists should be barred from admission to the 
United States. 



APPENDIX 



Note. — Where obvious discrepancies have occurred in the spelling of names in 
original texts, they have been reconciled. 

Exhibit No. 1 

American Slav Congress 
national executive office 
8 West 40th Street, New York 18, N. Y. 

Leo Krzycki Anton Derkos *John D. Butkovich 

President Treasurer fVincent Cainkar 

Prof. J.J. Zmrhal Zlatko Balokovic Vasil Dicoff 

First Vice-President Chairman, Resident Board Harry Luboshkoff 

*Blair F. Gunther George Pirinsky Wesley J. Muzik 

Chairman, Board of Directors Executive Secretary *V. S. Platck 

Stephen Zeman, Jr. 'Edmund Poinc 

Secretary *Peter Ratica 

Michael Tkach 
•Samuel Werlinich 
Vice-Presidents 

Reverend and Dear Sir: We are sending you the Call for the Second Amer- 
ican Slav Congress, which will be held in Pittsburgh, Pa., September 23-24, 1944. 
We hope that you and your parish will give this Call your careful and immediate 
attention and action. 

The American Slav Congress was formed in 1942, for the purpose of uniting all 
Slavic Americans, through their churches, clubs and organizations, for greater 
effort in winning the war and the peace. In the 2){ years of its existence the Amer- 
ican Slav Congress, as a non-partisan organization embracing people of all nation- 
alities, all religious and social convictions, has made a substantial contribution 
towards this goal. Now the need for our unity is greater than ever before. Upon 
our efforts in this crucial period will depend not only our lives but the chance of our 
brothers and sisters in Slav countries for a free and independent existence in the 
future, a chance to live in accordance with the dictates of their conscience. 

We feel that with your cooperation this Second gathering of Slavic Americans 
can be an overwhelming success, that it can be an effective and necessary ex- 
pression of unity behind our fighting boys and brothers, behind our Commander- 
in-Chief and our government. We hope that you and your parish will feel this 
a worthy undertaking and will come as delegates to participate in discussion of 
problems facing us in this period and in the post-war era. 

The churches particularly, whose aim it has always been to unite in brother- 
hood all men of good will and who have kept alive the pride in national heritage 
that all Slavic Americans share, can play a vital and wholesome role in guiding 
the world of the future. For that reason we feel that your participation in this 
Second Congress is of particular importance. 

We shall be glad to have from you any suggestions and proposals for the 
Second Congress, and any ideas you might have on its preparation and conduct 
Please send them and the credentials of your delegates to this office. 
For victory and peace 
Fraternally yours, 

Leo Krzycki, 

President. 
Prof. J. J. Zmrhal, 

Vice President. 
*Blair F. Gunther, 
Chairman, Board of Directors. 
Stephen Zeman, Jr. 

Secretary. 

Anton Derkos, 

Treasurer. 
Zlatko Balokovic, 
Chairman, Resident Board. 
George Pirinsky, 

Executive Secretary. 

• WITHDRAWN. 
tDECEASED. 

99 



100 AMERICAN SLAV CONGRESS 

Exhibit No. 1-A 

A CALL FOR THE SECOND AMERICAN SLAV CONGRESS 

to be held in 

The Soldiers and Sailors Memorial Bldg., Fifth Ave. & Bigelow Blvd., 
Oakland, Pittsburgh, Pa. 

September 23-24, 1944 

Convention — Business Session: Saturday, September 23, 1944, beginning 9 a. m. 
Sunday, September 24, 1944, beginning 10 a. m. 

Mass Meeting — Public Demonstration: Sunday, September 24, 1944, 2:30 p. m. 

To All Americans of Czech, Polish, Croatian, Slovak, Russian, Serbian, Ukrainian, 

Carpatho-Russian, Slovenian, Bulgarian, and Macedonian origin and descent: 

At last the hour we prayed for, worked and hoped for is near — the hour of 
final reckoning with the Nazi enslavers. The battle is on for final liberation of 
Europe from the fascist yoke. Striking from west, east and south, the Anglo- 
American and Soviet armies, assisted by the Yugoslav Army of Liberation and 
other United Nations, will crush the enemy. The Liberation of Europe is at hand. 

Thousands of America's best sons and countless millions of our Slav brothers in 
the Soviet Union, in Yugoslavia, Poland, Czechoslovakia, and Bulgaria have died 
to insure victory for the United Nations. 

We are determined that nothing less than complete victory over the fascist 
enemy shall be ours and that no fascist criminals shall escape their just punish- 
ment. 

_ Faced with concerted Allied attacks from which there is no escape, Hitler and 
his friends in America are desperately trying to weaken our national unity by 
sowing dissension among different social classes and racial groups and by under- 
mining confidence in our Commander-in-Chief. All seditionists, pro-fascists and 
advocates of a negotiated peace are concentrating their attacks upon President 
Roosevelt and his policies, hoping to snatch away the fruits of that victory for 
which our sons and brothers are giving their lives. 

We must not permit this to happen. The coming American elections are part 
of the struggle against Hitler and Tojo. Our domestic battle against fascism must 
be won at the polls next November. 

The nomination and reelection of President Roosevelt in November has become 
the paramount necessity for the American people and the rest of the world. 

We place this task above all partisan considerations. We, Americans of Slav 
descent, belong to various political parties, but a common desire binds us in this 
solemn hour: to crush the enemy with the full force of our national strength 
and to stand united behind our Commander-in-Chief for final victory and for the 
establishment of a world of freedom and peace. 

Fellow Americans! This is a call to action. 

Every loyal liberty-loving Slavic American working in war industries must 
now stand like a soldier at his post to assure an uninterrupted flow of arms and 
munitions to our brave soldiers and our Allies. We must now give everything to 
back the battle of liberation with arms, War Bonds, blood donations, material 
aid to our Allies, and our united spirit. 

Every Slavic American, regardless of his party affiliations, must do everything 
in his power to reelect President Roosevelt and elect all those candidates for 
Congress who will support his general policies for victory, security, and peace. 

To strengthen our national unity; to paralyze the disruptive work of Hitler's 
friends in America; to defeat all pro-fascists and appeasers in the November elec- 
tions; to give strength to our government for cooperation with our brave Allies, 
the Soviet Union, Britain, and other United Nations for a world of security and 
peace; and to rally every patriotic Slavic American to do his part in the national 
effort, the American Slav Congress calls a Second Congress of Slavic Americans 
to be held in Pittsburgh, Pa., September 23-24, 1944. M| 

We call upon all fraternal, church, cultural, labor, civic, sports, and other 
organizations to elect delegates to this historic Congress. 



AMERICAN SLAV CONGRESS 101 

Let us join hands to back the invasion and to retain our Commander-in-Chief 
at the helm, marching with him in the final push to victory and peace for many 
generations, as outlined at Teheran. 

American Slav Congress, 
Leo Krzycki, President. 
Jaroslav J. Zmrhal, 

Vice President. 
*Judoe Blair F. Gtjnther, 

Chairman, Board of Directors. 
Stephen Zeman, Jr., Secretary. 
Anton Derkos, Treasurer. 
Steve Krall, 

Executive Secretary. 

Board of Directors 

vice presidents 

*John D. Butkovich, President, Croatian *Peter Ratica, President, United Russian 

Fraternal Union Orthodox Brotherhood of America 

t Vincent Cainkar, {President, Slovene Michael Tkach, Ukranian-American 

National Benefit Society League of U. S. A. 

Harry E. Lubeshkoff, United Russian *Samuel Werlinich, former President, 

Organizations, Cleveland Serb National Federation 

Vasil Dicoff, Bulgarian Macedonian Zlatko Balokovic, President, United 

Committees Committee of South Slavic Americans 

Wesley J. Muzik, President, Czecho- Zarko Buncick, President, Serbian Vi- 

slovak Society of America dovdan Congress 

George Pirinsky, National Secretary, Etbin Kristan, President, Slovene- 
Macedonian-American People's American National Council 
League Peter Peff, President, Bulgarian- Mace- 

*V. S. Platek, President, National Slo- donian Victory Congress 
vak Society 

*Edmund Poinc, Chairman, Polish panel 
American Slav Congress of Michigan 

Representation to the second congress will be as follows: Slavic national 
organizations — ten delegates; state organizations — five delegates; local lodges, 
churches, clubs, trade unions, societies — two delegates. Leading Slavic- 
American personalities may be seated as delegates by the Credentials Com- 
mittee. 

Registration: At Fort Pitt Hotel, Pittsburgh, Pa., beginning at 7:30 P. M. 
Friday, September 22, 1944. Also at the Soldiers and Sailors Memorial Bldg., 
Saturday, September 23, 1944, beginning at 8:00 A. M. 

Registration fee: $2.00. Registration fee may be paid in advance (by mail) 
or when registering. 
For further information, inquire at: 

American slav congress, 8 West 40th Street, New York 18, N. Y. 

Lackawanna 4-2771 

Credentials 

american slav congress 

September 23-24, 1944, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 

Name of Organization 

Address of Organization 

Number of Members in Organization National Extraction 

We will be represented by delegates. 

(number) 

•WITHDRAWN. 
fDECEASED. 



102 AMERICAN SLAV CONGRESS 

The following are our delegates to the Second American Slav Congress: 



name 

ADDRESS 

CITY & P. O. UNIT STATE. 

NAME 

ADDRESS 

CITY & P. O. UNIT STATE. 

NAME 

ADDRESS 

CITY & P. O. UNIT STATE- 



NAME 

ADDRESS 

CITY & P. O. UNIT STATE. 

NAME 

ADDRESS 

CITY & P. O. UNIT STATE. 

NAME 

ADDRESS 

CITY & P. O. UNIT STATE. 



President 

[sea l] Secretary 

There will be a registration fee of $2.00 for each delegate to help defray expense 
of the Congress. 

{Additional names of delegates can be attached to this page on a separate sheet) 

Enclosed please find $ which our organization has voted towards the de- 
fraying of expenses of the Second American Slav Congress and for continuing its 
important work. 

(Tear off this page and send to the American Slav Congress, 8 West 40th St., 

New York 18, N. Y.) 

(Make all checks and money orders payable to American Slav Congress) 

National Committee, American Slav Conoress 

Frank Balek, Czech American National Alliance, New York. 

Adolph Bazant, Czech American National Alliance, Michigan. 

Metropolitan Benjamin, Russian Orthodox Patriarchal Church. 

Rev. M. F. Benko, Slovak Lutheran Alliance. 

Timothy Beresnev, Secretary, Russian Consolidated Mutual Aid Society. 

Rev. J/S. Bradac, Czech N. C. Z. A. 

Stoyan Christowe, Writer. 

Rev. Voyeslav Gachinovich, St. George Serbian Church, SS. Pittsburgh. 

Michael Holod, President, Russian Brotherhood Organization of U. S. A. 

* Michael J. Horvath, Editor, Zajednicar. 
Dr. A. M. Jozefczyk. 

Daniel Kasustchik, Secretary, Russian Section, International Workers Order. 

* Vincent Klein, International Representative, United Automobile Workers^CIO. 
*Michael Knezevich, Ukranian American League. 

Tsveta Kolchagoff, Vice President, Bulgarian-Macedonian Committee, Detroit. 

*Arthur Koscinski. 

Prince Vladimir Koudasheff. 

George Kovacevich. 

Chester A. Kozdroj. 

Suzanne Kusy, President, Zivenia Beneficial Society. 

*John Ladesic, Vice President, Croatian Fraternal Union. 

Hon. Anthony Lucas, Vice President, Central Council Americans of Croatian 

descent. 
Michael Manousec. 

Joseph Martinek, Executive Secretary, Czechoslovak National Council of U. S. A. 
Anthony Minerich, Editor, Narodni Glasnik. 
Rev. N. D. Nakov, Macedonian-American Orthodox Church. 
*Dr. W. T. Ossowski, President, American Slav Congress of Michigan. 
Steve Pawloff. 

Rev. Jaroslav Pelikan. President, Slovak National Alliance. 
Karel Prchal, American Sokol Union of Chicago. 
Mary Prihidoff Pirinsky, Member, Board of Directors, American Slav Congress of 

Michigan. 
Hon. John Primich, President, Carpatho-Russian Organization "Unity." 
John Reiner, President, St. Louis Czech National Alliance. 
Walter Riback, Secretary, Ukrainian Section International Workers Order. 
John Rogelj, President, American Fraternal Union. 
Dr. Victor Sharenkoff, Secretary, Bulgarian-Macedonian Victory Congress. 

•WITHDRAWN. 



AMERICAN SLAV CONGRESS 103 

Peter Shipka, Treasurer, International Workers Order. 

Dr. Christ M. Stoycoff, Bulgarian-Macedonian Victory Congress. 

Frank M. Surtz, Slovene Mutual Benefit Association. 

Judge George Tenesy, Slovak National Alliance. 

* Anton Tomasic. 

Raymond Travnik, Vice President, Slovene National Benefit Society. 

Smeale VoydanofY, President, Macedonian-American People's League. 

*Joseph Wattras, Director, Polish National Alliance. 

Dr. D. K. Yatich, Vice President, American Slav Congress of Michigan. 

*Gregory Zatkovich, President, National Carpatho-Russian Council. 

John Zeman, President, Slovak Gymnastic Union "Sokol." 

Rev. Ernest Zizka, Czechoslovak National Council. 

Active Members and Sponsors of American Slav Congress 

Alex M. Alexcev, Vice Chairman, United American Slav Committee of Phila- 
delphia. 
Paul Babich, Treasurer, American Slav Council of Milwaukee County, Inc. 
*Rev. V. P. Backora, Slovak Presbyterian Church, Braddock, Pa. 
John Baxa, Treasurer, United American Slavs of Ohio Valley. 
John Bayus, Slovak Calvinistic Presbyterian Union. 

* Joseph Bazdarich, American Slav Congress, Midwest Division. 
fSam Bielich, Local 1272, United Steel Workers of America, CIO. 

Steve Bodnar, 2nd Vice President, American Slav Congress of Connecticut. 

John Bodrog, Vice President, Carpatho-Russian Organization "Unity." 

George Borsz, Slavic Council of Los Angeles. 

Calvin Brook, Editor, Ludovy Dennik. 

George M. Buban, Vice President, American Slav Congress, Midwest Division. 

Peter Cengia, President, Slav American Congress, of Oakland, Calif. 

Matthew C. Cvetic, State, County & Municipal Workers, CTO. 

Anthony Czelen, Secretary-Treasurer, Monongahela Valley News. 

*John A. Datchman, Slovene American National Council. 

Michael Evanoff, President, United Slav Committee of Flint, Mich. 

R. Feolich, Canton, Ohio, Conference of American Slav Congress. 

Stephen Gabalac, Vice President, Summit County L'nited Slav Committee. 

Milena Gachinovich, American Serbian Democratic Women's Club. 

Benedict Gordoy, Treasurer, Summit Countv l'nited Slav Committee. 

Very Rev. A. P. Gougin, Treasurer, United American Slav Committee of Phila- 
delphia. 

Frank Grigorsky, American Slav Congress, Midwest Division. 

Steve Grubiak, Treasurer, American Slav Congress of Michigan. 

William Gruitch, Treasurer, American Slav Congress of Newark & Vicinity. 

Joseph K. Hellmuth, Secretary, American Slav Congress, Midwest Division. 

Charles Hronek, Czech Catholic Union. 

Jan Jakimowski, Treasurer, American Slav Congress of Massachusetts. 

*John F. Janosik, President, American Slav Congress of Monessen, Pa. 

Helen Jurasek, Secretarv, Slav American Council of Oakland, Calif. 

Matthew C. Juricich, Business Agent, Local G10, UERMWA, CIO. 

Triva Kachansky, American Slav Congress of Michigan. 

*Michael Kachur, Local 1211, United Steelworkers of America, CIO. 

Matt Kalain, President, Summit County United Slav Committee. 

*Rev. Matthew Kebe, St. Mary's Assumption Roman Catholic Church. 

Mike Keller, Congress of Industrial Organizations. 

Joseph Kirvan, United Steelworkers of America, CIO. 

Bozena Klabouch, Secretary, American Slav Committee of Milwaukee County, 
Inc. 

*George Knezevich, Congress of Industrial Organizations. 

Martha Koda, 3rd Vice President, American Slav Congress of Connecticut. 

Peter Kostyshak, Warren, Ohio, Conference of American Slav Congress. 

Charles Kovack, Chairman, American Slav Council of Milwaukee County, Inc. 

John Kramarech, Vice President, District 4, United Mine Workers of America. 

Martin Krasich, Treasurer, Croatian Fraternal Union. 

Anna Krasna, Co-Chairman, American Slav Congress of Greater New York. 

Louis Krch, American Slav Council of Cleveland. 

Albert Krziwonos, Secretary, American-Polish Labor Council. 

Victor Kucharenok, Secretary, American Slav Congress of Greater New York. 

Rev. Ivan Ladizinski, President, United American Slavs of Gary, Ind. 

Frank Lasich, Secretary, United American Slavs of Ohio Valley. 

•WITHDRAWN. 
fDECEASED. 



104 AMERICAN SLAV CONGRESS 

Frank Ledvinka, Bridgeport, Ohio Conference of American Slav Congress. 
Matt Lepovich, United Steelworkers of America, CIO. 

Hon. Blaz A. Lucas, Treasurer, American Slav Congress, Midwest Division. 
Rev. Strahinja Maletich, Executive Secretary, United Committee of South Slavic 

Americans. 
Milo D. Mamula, Executive Secretary, American Slav Congress of Western 

Pennsylvania. 
J. C. Mance, Chairman, Supreme Board, Croatian Fraternal Union. 
Martin Marek, Secretary, American Slav Congress of Massachusetts. 
Michael Marinkovich, National President, "Edinstvo." 
Mirko Markovich, Editor, Slobodna Rec. 

Francis Matujec, Treasurer, American Slav Congress of Kansas City. 
Lia Menton, Vice President, American Slav Congress of Michigan. 
Rev. N. M. Metropolsky, American Slav Congress of Michigan. 
Stan Meizio, Assistant Secretary, American Slav Council of Milwaukee County, 

Inc. 
Mrs. Charles L. Motak, Vice President, American Slav Congress of Greater New 

York. 
Charles Musil, Vice President, American Slav Congress of Greater New York. 
Stella Nahorney, President, American Slav Congress of Connecticut. 
Anton Narich, Vice President, American Slav Congress of Michigan. 
Muriel Narich, Recording Secretary, American Slav Congress of Michigan. 
Michael Novikoff, Vice President, American Slav Congress of Michigan. 
Rev. Dr. A. M. A. Pankov, Chairman, Ohio Conference of American Slav Con- 
gress. 
Peter Paycheff, Vice President, American Slav Congress of Michigan. 
Frank Puncar, Vice Chairman, American Slav Council of Milwaukee County, Inc. 
Dr. Simeon Pysh, Vice President, American Slav Congress of Greater New York, 
Mrs. John Radovich, All-Slav Committee of San Diego, Calif. 
J. H. Radzyminski, Congress of Industrial Organizations. 
John Ranostaj, Akron, Ohio, Conference of American Slav Congress. 
Nick Ratiac, 1st Vice President, American Slav Congress of Connecticut. 
William Reznicek, Co-Chairman, American Slav Congress of Greater New York. 
*John P. Ribic, Chairman, American Slav Congress of Kansas City. 
Hon. George G. Sadowski, Honorary Chairman, American Slav Congress of 

Michigan. 
Joseph Saladiak, Vice President, National Slovak Society. 

Dr. Martin P. Sasko, Vice President, American Slav Congress, Midwest Division. 
Michael Schultz, Financial Secretary, United American Slav Committee of 

Philadelphia. 
Rev. Joseph Simko, Warren, Ohio, Conference of American Slav Congress. 
Anton G. Sintich, Financial Secretary, American Slav Congress of Greater New 

York. 
Rev. Andrew Slaby, Braddock, Pa. 

Peter Smey, Chairman, United American Slav Committee of Philadelphia. 
*John Sobczak, President, American Slav Congress of Western Pennsylvania. 
William Spacek, Treasurer, American Slav Congress of Connecticut. 
*Emil Stankoviansky, Editor, Slovak Herald. 

Joseph Stemple, United American Slav Committee of Philadelphia. 
Carole Stimetz, Secretary, American Slav Congress of Kansas City. 
Joseph J. Suk, President, American Slav Congress of Massachusetts. 
Michael Sulovsky, Treasurer, American Slav Congress of Western Pennsylvania. 
Miroslav Svec, Treasurer, American Slav Congress ot Greater New York. 
Vincent Totka, Honorary Chairman, American Slav Council of Milwaukee 

County, Inc. 
Rev. Bohuslav Tuhy, President, American Slav Congress of Newark and Vicinity. 
Ben Tutens, Executive Secretary, American Slav Congress of Connecticut. 
Frank Veloski, Vice President, United American Slavs of Ohio Valley. 
Theodore Vucelich, President, United American Slavs of Ohio Valley. 
Charles Vuich, Secretary, Serbian Vidovdan Congress. 
Mrs. Emilie Welcl, Secretary, American Slav Congress, Midwest Division. 
Maria Wojkowski, Secretary, American Slav Congress of Newark & Vicinity. 
*Anthony Yary, District Secretary, Ukrainian Workingmen's Association. 
John Zaremba, Treasurer, American-Polish Labor Council. 
*John Zahradnik, President, American Slav Congress of Allegheny Valley. 
Jsoeph Zary, Editor, Narodne Noviny. 

Joseph Zavetnik, Vice President, American Slav Congress of Greater New York. 
Msgr. Oldrich Zlamal, Czech Catholic Union. 

•WITHDRAWN. 



AMERICAN SLAV CONGRESS 



105 



Exhibit No. 2 
AMERICAN SLAV CONGRESS 

NATIONAL COMMITTEE 

Leo Krzycki, President 

VICE PRESIDENTS 

Prof. J. J. Zmrhal, Zlatko Balokovic, Harry Payer 

Stephen Zeman, Jr., National Secretary 

George Pirinsky, Executive Secretary 

Martin Krasich, Treasurer 

Steve Krall, Financial Secretary 



NATIONALITY VICE PRESIDENTS 



George M. Buban, Croatian 
Zarko M. Buncick, Serbian 
Daniel Kasustchik, Russian 
Etbin Kristan, Slovenian 
Wesley J. Muzik, Czech 
*Dr. W. T. Ossowski, Polish 
*V. S. Platek, Slovak 



*Peter Ratica, Carpatho-Russian 
Dr. V. Sharenkoff, Bulgarian 
Prof. J. Tarasevich, O. S. B., Byelorus- 
sian 
Michael Tkach, Ukrainian 
Smeale Voydanoff, Macedonian 



NATIONAL COMMITTEE MEMBERS 



William Abramchik 

Paul Babich 

Thomas Babin 

Frank Balek 

Arthur Barabasoff 

*Joseph Bazdarich 

Metropolitan Benjamin 

Charles Binder 

George V. Borsz 

Mary Busse 

*John D. Butkovich 

fVincent Cainkar 

Peter Cengia 

Matthew Cvetic 

Michael Dedek 

Anna Devunich 

Mary Dmytruk 

Michael Evanoff 

Adolph R. Feix 

Helen Galaburda 

Boleslaw Gebert 

Katherine Gluszak 

John Golosinec 

Peter Grigorov 

Michael Hanusiak 

Joseph K. Hellmuth 

Michael Hudyma 

Zuzanna Jandik 

Harry Justiz 

Prof. Anthony Karczma- 

rzyk 
*Paul Kazimer 
Ann Kepic 
Ludvig Kis 
Bozena Klabouch 
*Vincent J. Klein 
*Michael Knezevich 



John Kogoz 

Tsveta Kolchagoff 

Nick Kolcheff 

Ann Kononchuk 

Fedor F. Knocevich 

Alex Kondracky 

Agnes Kordula 

Peter Kostyshak 

Albina Kotoun 

Mirko Markovich 

Joseph Martinek 

Bozo Masanovich 

Thaddeus Mason 

Lia Menton 

Jan Mindas 

Anthony J. Minerich 

Mary Mrnjec 

Charles Musil 

Ludwig Mutz 

Anton Narich 

Sam Nicolauk 

Sen. Stanley Nowak 

Rev. A. M. Pankov 

Mary Pirinsky 

Blagoy Popoff 

Eva Popoff 

Charles M. Prchal 

Vaclaw Prech 

Prince Alexander 

Poutiatin 
Dr. Simeon Pysh 
John Reiner 
William Reznicek 
Walter Riback 
Rev. Andrew Rolik 
Joseph Schmidt 
John Sekul 



Mary Sharshon 
Peter Shipka 
Vaclav Seminar 
Rev. Joseph Simko 
F. J. Skirpan 
Mary Skerlong 
Peter Smey 
*John Sobczak 
J. Sobieski 
Waclaw Soyda 
Theresa Spech 
*Emil Stankoviansky 
Dr. Christ M. Stoycoff 
Joseph J. Suk 
Anna Susloff 
Helen Szymanska 
Nicholas Tarnowsky 
Charles J. Kovac 
George Kovacevich 
Bosanka Krajnovich 
Albert Krzywonos 
Suzanne Kusy 
Vivian Lacina 
Michael Lagoyda 
Michael Lah 
Ignaty Lazaruk 
George Lesko 
Daisy Lolich 
Harry E. Lubeshkoff 
Anthony Lucas 
Blaz Lucas 
Petrunella Maciew 
Rev. Strahinja Maletic 
fJacob Mance 
Michael Marinkovich 
George Tenesy 



•WITHDRAWN. 
fDECEASED. 



106 



AMERICAN SLAV CONGRESS 



George Timko 
Ben Tutens 
Rev. Emrich Vangor 
Rev. Stephen Varzaly 
Helen Vrabel 
♦Joseph F. Wattras 



*Samnel Werlinich 
George Witkovich 
Maria Wojkowska 
Dr. D. K. Yatich 

*John Zahradnik 
Josephine Zakrajsek 



John Zaremba 
Mrs. Rudolph Zdvoraeek 
Rev. Ernest Zizka 
Michael Zlepko 



"Slav People's Vow . . . Never Again!" By Mary Pirinsky. Copyright 
March, 1945, by The National Committee of American Slav Congress, pp. 29 & 30. 



R. S. V. P. 



Exhibit No. 3 

You are cordially invited to attend a 

Testimonial Dinner 

in honor of 

Senator Claude Pepper 

tendered by the 

AMERICAN SLAV CONGRESS 

Sunday, October 12, 1947, 6:30 p. m. 

at the 

Pennsylvania Hotel 

7th Avenue and 33rd Street 

Reservations $7.50 
Program 



Jtion. Claude Pepper 
United States Senate 

Representatives of the Slavic Countries to the United Nations 

Radischev Chorus and Dance Group 

Ivan Petroff 
Baritone 

Dr. J. Raymond Walsh 
Dinner Chairman 



Archbishop Adam 

Louis Adamic 

Sholem Asch 

C. B. Baldwin 

Zlatko Balokovic 

Thomas Bell 

Metropolitan Benjamin 

Elmer A. Benson 

Mary McLeod Bethune 

Hon. John A. Blatnik 

Prof. Lyman R. Bradley 

Prof. Dorothy Brewster 

George M. Buban 

Hon. Emanuel Celler 

Bartley C. Crum 
*Joseph Curran 
*Melvyn Douglas 

Muriel Draper 

•WITHDRAWN. 



SPONSORS 

Hugo Ernst 

Prof. Henry Pratt Fair- 
child 

Clark Foreman 

Rev. Stephen H. Fritch- 
man 

Elinor S. Gimbel 

Donald Henderson 

Hon. Stanley M. Isaacs 

Robert W. Kenny 

Rockwell Kent 

Leo Krzycki 

Mirko G. Kuhel 

Emil Lengyel 

Kenneth Leslie 

Albert Maltz 

Hon. Vito Marcantonio 

Prof. Kirtley F. Mather 



Carev Mc Williams 

Saul Mills 

Hon. James E. Murray 

Thomas A. Murray 

Michael M. Nisselson 

Stanley Nowak 

James G. Patton 

Mrs. Lionel C. Perera, Jr. 

Ivan Petroff 

Arthur Upham Pope 

Jacob S. Potofsky 

Charles M. Prchal 

Charles Recht 

Elliott Roosevelt 

Hon. A. J. Sabath 

Hon. George G. Sadowski 

William Jay Schieffelin 



AMERICAN SLAV CONGRESS 



107 



Prof. Frederick L. Schu- Donald Ogden Stewart 

man Prof. Dirk J. Struik 

J. P. Selly Arthur Szyk 

Lisa Sergio Dr. Joseph Tenenbaum 

Mia Slavenska Mary Van Kleeck 

Johannes Steel Smeale Voydanoff 
Prof. Bernhard J. Stern Dr. J. Raymond Walsh 



Dr. Gene Weltfish 
A. F. Whitney 
Capt. George S. Wuchi- 
nich 

Victor A. Yakhontoff 
Prof. J. J. Znirhal 



Exhibit No. 4 

|From Narodna Volya, April 12, 1948. p. 41 

American Slav Congress — Newly Elected Officers and Members of the 

National Committee 



national officers 
President: Leo Krzycki 

Hon. Chairman of the Board: Zlatko Balokovic 
Vice-Pres.: Prof. J. M. Marsalka 
National Secy.: Sen. Stanley Nowak 
Executive Secy.: George Pirinsky 
Financial Secy.: Charles Musil 
Treasurer: Sam Nicolauk 



Croatian : 

Philip Vukelich 

Leo Bacich 

Frank Borich 

John Gerlach 

Harry Justiz 

Frank Krasich 

Peter Margetich 

Anthony J. Minerich 

N. J. Nicolac 

Anton Narich 

Sylvia Niksich 

Joe Bella — Alt. 

John Cervenk — Alt. 

John Ruzich — Alt. 
Czechoslovak: 

Casper Buchel 

Gustav Pikal 

Charles Musil 

Peter Shipka 

Joseph Griger — Alt. 

John Kalicak — Alt. 

George Matia — Alt. 

Slovene: 

Mirko Kuhel 
Martin Cetinski 
Matt Cvetic 
Frank Jepich 
Etbin Kristan 
Joseph Zavetnik 
F. A. Vider 
John Pollock— Alt. 

Macedonian : 

Smeale Voydanoff 
Mike Evanoff 
Nicola Kovacheff 
Elia Nicoloff 



NATIONALITY OFFICERS 

Macedonian — Continued 

Blagoy Popoff 

Vangel D. Bistrow — 
Alt. 

George Dochkoff — 
Alt. 
Carpatho-R ussian : 

Katherine Guzley 

Michael Lagoyda 

Dr. Simeon Pysh 

Irene Petrikowicz — 
Alt. 
Russian: 

William Abramchik 

Nicholas Fitch 

Daniel Kasustchik 

Harry Lubeshkoff 

Kostia Ossip 

Gen. Nicolai Rood- 
son 

Michael Laban — Alt. 
Bulgarian: 

Dr. Christ M. Stoy- 
coff 

Peter Pavcheff 

Bocho Mlrcheff 

Dora Ozanian 

Geco Racheff 

Mike Doneff— Alt. 

Atanas Nicoloff — Alt. 
Serbian : 

George Wuchinich 

Nikola Baltich 

Bosko Pecelj 

Daniel Trees 

Peter Vukcevich 

Charles Vuich 

Paul Babich— Alt. 



Serbian — Continued 

*Risto Nogulich — Alt. 
Anka Prstojevich — 
Alt. 

Polish: 

Joseph Hellmuth 
Katherine Gluszak 
Eugene Jasinski 
Wladislaw Kucharski 
Casimir Nowacki 
Joseph Rudiak 
Henry Podolski 
Frank Lipkowski — 
Alt. 

Labor: 

Joseph Poskonka 
John Zoch 

Ukranian: 

Michael Tkach 
Mike Hudyma 
Ann Semeniuk 
Mary Sharshon 
Nicholas Tarnowsky 
M. Rakochy— Alt. 

Women's Division: 

Joyce Balokovic — 

Pres. 
Anna Devunich 
F. Karwoska 
Bozena Klabouch 
Ann Kononchuk 
Anka Prstojevich 
Agnes Vukcevich — 

Secy. 
Helen Kedo 
Anna Kolar 
Helen Lotoshyka 
Dora Ozanianns 



•WITHDRAWN. 



108 american slav congress 

Exhibit No. 5 

The Slavic American 

A quarterly published by the American Slav Congress 

Vol. 1. Fall 1947. No. l 

OFFICERS 

Leo Krzycki, President Stephen Zeman, Jr., National Secretary 

Zlatko Balokovic, Chairman Resident George Pirinsky, Executive Secretary 

Board Martin Krasich, Treasurer. 

Prof. J. J. Zmrhal, Vice President Steve Krall, Financial Secretary 

CONTRIBUTING EDITORS 

Thomas Bell George Wuchinich 

Stoyan Christowe Pauline Klopacka, Managing Editor 

Dr. Pitirim Sorokin Philip Wolfe, Art Editor 

Art: Savo Radulovich, Alvena Seckar. 

Photos: P. 3— John J. Najduch, 7-11— Pearl Harbor, World Wide Photos. 
Sen. Pepper, World Wide Photos, 20-23— Official United Nations Photos. 40- 
41 — Several by Konstantin Kostich. 43 — Konstantin Kostich. 

Published quarterly in the U. S. A. by the American Slav Congress, 205 East 42nd Street, New York 17, 
N. Y. Single Copy, 35 c: Yearly subscription, one dollar: Canada and foreign, one dollar and fifty cents. 

Printed by Schoen Printing Co., Z. J. Kantin, President, New York City 



Exhibit No. 6 

[Historic American Slav Congress, April 25 and 26, 1942, Detroit, Mich., p. 1] 

Welcome 

The Michigan Committee of the American Slav Congress greets the delegates 
to the first American Slav Congress. 

We are proud of the honor that is placed upon our city and state in being host 
to this representative gathering of American Slavs from all parts of our country. 

We wish each and every delegate and guest to the American Slav Congress suc- 
cess in this joint undertaking which will contribute to Victory over the enemies 
of our Country and of the Freedom-loving Peoples of the World. 

Michigan State Committee of the American Slav Congress 
*Dr. W. T. Ossowski, President. George Pirinsky, Executive Secretary. 

BOARD OF DIRECTORS 

Honorary Chairman: * Frank N. Isbey, George Marksity, Pres. Serbian Vidov- 

Chairman Defense Savings Program dan Congress. 

of Michigan. Anton Narich, Croatian Fraternal 

Secretary-Treasurer: Charlotte Muzar. Union. 

Recording Secretary: Marie Tomasin. Raymond Travnik, Slovene N. P. J. 

Roman V. Ceglowski: United Councils, Federation. 

Polish Roman Catholic Union. *Arthur A. Koscinski, Polish American 

Alex Lebedeff, United Russian War Council. 

Relief Committee. Mary Stanowska, State President, 

Nicholas Balcoff. Women's Auxiliary, Polish Army 

Jadwiga Gibasiewicz, State President Veterans. 

Polish Women's Alliance 



•WITHDRAWN. 



AMERICAN SLAV CONGRESS 



109 



VICE PRESIDENTS 



*Vincent Klein. 

Dr. D. K. Yatich. 

State Senator Stanley Nowak. 

Vasil Dicoff. 

Joseph Kocis. 

Dushan Christ, Macedonian Society 

"Tetovo." 
Tsveta Kolchagoff, Bulgarian-Mace- 
donian Citizens Committee. 
Chester A. Kozdroj, Pres., Central 

Citizens Committee. 
* Edmund Poinc, State Pres. Polish Sea 

League. 
John Siemasz, Pres., United Carpatho- 

Russian Organizations. 
Mary Godlewski, State Vice President, 

Polish Falcons of America. 
Anton Babey, Ukrainian-American 

League. 
Michael Kammer, President, Federation 

Slovak Societies. 



Alois Simon, Czech National Alliance. 
Lola Nowak, Secretary United Slav 

Committee of Flint. 
Frank Dunn, Past Commander, Polish 

Legion of American Veterans, Dept. 

of Michigan. 
Steve Pawloff, United Russian War 

Relief Committee. 
Daniel Peyovich, President, Monte- 
negrin Humanitarian Society. 
Dr. Maxim P. Melnik. 
Frank Rusak, Packard Local 190, 
UAW-CIO. 

Triva Kachansky, Serbian Radio Club. 
Thomas Besenic, Croatian Fraternal 

Union. 
Edmund Partyka, Professor of Music. 
Igor Plusc, Slav Society, University of 

Michigan. 
Michael Loff, Russian Diocese of 

Detroit. 



Exhibit No. 7 

[Souvenir Journal, Rally to Win the Peace, September 20, 21, 22, 1946] 
The Michigan Committee of the American Slav Congress Greets the 

THIRD AMERICAN SLAV CONGRESS 

Long Live the Unity of Americans of Slavic Descent 

michigan executive board members 

President: Stanley Nowak, State Senator. 
Honorary Presidents: 

* Frank N. Isbey, Director Michigan War Financing Committee. 

George Sadowski, Congressman. 
Treasurer: Anton Babiy. 
Executive Secretary: Daniel Trees. 



Bulgarian : 

Peter Paycheff, vice 

president. 
Dr. Victor Sharen- 

koff. 
Bocho Mircheff. 
T. Marinoff. 
Mrs. R. Kovacheff. 
Polish: 

John A. Zaremba, 

vice president. 
Joseph Wisniewski. 
Anthony Rucinski. 
W. Berlinski. 
Frank Rusak. 
Halina Piwkowska. 
Ladislaus Kemula. 
Mrs. E. Biegalska. 
Ukrainian : 

D. Daychuk, vice 

president. 
J. Chirin. 



PANEL MEMBERS 

Ukrainian — Continued 

T. Fylyma. 

Mrs. Charnowola. 

M. Kruchyn. 
Slovenian: 

Martin Cetinski, vice 
president. 

Mrs. Mary Knez. 

Michael Glad. 
Russian: 

Michael Novikoff, 
vice president. 

Anton Koshewoy. 

Nicholas Prokopen- 
ko. 

Anna Sinelnik. 

Gregory Soukhodol. 
Czechoslovak: 

A. Simon, vice presi- 
dent. 

S. Svoboda. 

Mr. Viskochil. 



Czechoslovak — Continued 

Frank Moravansky, 

Mr. Vosmik. 
Macedonian: 

Nichola Kovacheff, 
vice president. 

Pete Hadjieff. 

Blaga Popravska. 

Nick Yogun. 

Philip Vishin. 

John Gorginoff. 
Carpatho-Russian : 

Irene Petrikowicz, 
vice president 

Maria Broda. 

Anna Monashko. 

Mike Nemesh. 

Steve Yurkiwski. 

Alexander Starostin. 
Slovak: 

Charles Belohlavek, 
vice president. 



•WITHDRAWN. 

65890—50- 



no 



AMERICAN SLAV CONGRESS 



Slovak — Continued 

George Martin. 

Eva Kochajda. 
! John Cervenak. 

Anna Smedo. 

Paul Kovicic. 
Serbian : 

Dr. Yatich, vice pres- 
ident. 

Triva Kachansky. 



Serbian — Continued 
Mr. Payavich. 

Peter Kelly. 
Zoran Matich. 
Croatian : 

Anton Narich, 

president. 
Michel Gregorovich. 
Mark Kramarich. 
Daniel Lepo. 



vice 



Croatian — Continued 

John Zcleznak. 
Flint: 

Michael Evanoff, vice 
president. 

Lola Nowak. 

Miss E. Bejcek. 

M. Bereznoff. 

George Fedosuk. 



Exhibit No. 8 

[The Slavic American, Fall, 1947, p. G8] 

Sincere Greetings and Best Wishes for Success to the Slavic American 

The founding of the American Slav Congress marked a neAV era in the develop- 
ment of unity among American citizens of Slav descent. 

The Slavic American, official quarterly publication of the American Slav 
Congress, will further serve to strengthen the bonds of friendship and mutual 
understanding among us. It will help mobilize Slavic Americans into a significant 
and integral section of American progressive forces in their deep desire for lasting 
peace built on unity among the United States, England, and the U. S. S. R. 

THE MIDWEST DIVISION, AMERICAN SLAV CONGRESS 

Professor Jaroslav J. Zmrhal, President. 
Wm. V. Abramchik, 
Joseph Hellmtjth, 

Secretaries. 



Exhibit No. 9 

American Slav Congress of Western Pennsylvania 



Joseph Rudiak, president 
Paul Matanich, vice president 



Arthur Bartl 
John Bodrog 
Frank Borich 
Anna Devunich 
Mike Dudash 



George S. Wuchinich, executive secre- 
tary 
Matthew Cvetic, treasurer 



sponsors 



Michael Hanusiak 
Janko Kovach 
Martin Krasich 
Matt Lepovich 
Frank Bury 



*V. S. Platek 
Mary Salovay 
Steve Zeraan, Jr. 
George Buban 



Exhibit No. 10 

[rittsburgh Press, November 25, 1947, p. 15] 

Active Members and Sponsors of the American Slav Congress of Western 

Pennsylvania 

*Dr. F. J. Arch: American Fraternal Union. 

*Rev. V. P. Backora: Slovak Presbyterian Church, Braddock, Pa. 

♦WITHDRAWN. 



AMERICAN SLAV CONGRESS 111 

Arthur Bartl: American Veterans Committee. 

fSam Bielich: Local 1272, United Steel Workers of America, CIO. 

John Bodrog: Carpatho Russian Organization "Unity." 

Frank Borieh: Croatian Council. 

Calvin Brook: Ludovy Dennik — Slovak Peoples' Daily. 

Anthony Czelen: Monongahela Valley News. 

Anna Devunich: Croatian Women's Council. 

*Adam Dombrowski: Russian- American Fraternity. 

Rev. Nikola Drenovac: Pittsburgh, Pa. 

Michael Domostoy: Russian- American Fraternity. 

*Frank Ezerski: American Slav Congress of Monessen, Pa. 

Michael Dudash: Slovak Workers Society. 

Milena Cachinovich: American Serbian Democratic Women's Club. 

Rev. Voyeslav Gachinovich: St. George Serbian Church S. S., Pittsburgh, Pa. 

Michael Hanusiak: Ukranian- American Fraternal Union. 

*John F. Janosik: American Slav Congress of Monessen, Pa. 

*Michael Kachur: Local 1211, United Steel Workers of America, CIO. 

Stanlev K. Kazorski: Polish American Civic League. 

*Rev. 'Matthew F. Kebe: St. Mary's Roman Catholic Church, Pittsburgh, Pa 

Janko Kovach: Croatian Fraternal Union of America. 

Mike Keller: Congress of Industrial Organizations. 

*George Knezevich: Congress of Industrial Organizations. 

Joseph Kirvan: United Steel Workers of America, CIO. 

Paul Klun: Slovenian Hall. Pittsburgh, Pa. 

Martin Krasich: Croatian Fraternal Union of America. 

Frank Lesich: United American Slavs of Ohio Valley. 

Frank Ledvinka: Bridgeport, Ohio, Conference of American Slav Congress. 

Matt Lepovich: United Steel Workers of America, CIO. 

J. C. Mance: Croatian Fraternal Union. 

Anthony Minerich: Narodni Glasnik, Croatian Peoples' Daily. 

Michael Kumer: Slovenian Mutual Benefit Society (SNPJ). 

Anthony Naprickowski: Polish Labor Council. 

*V. S. Platek: National Slovak Society. 

Joseph Saladiak: National Slovak Society. 

Frank Bury: National Slovak Society. 

*Matt Pavlakovich: Slovenian Catholic Beneficial Union (KSKJ). 

*Peter Ratica: Russian Brotherhood. 

Mary Skerlong: United Committee of South Slav Americans, Pittsburgh. 

*John Sobczak: Amalgamated Clothing Workers. 

Mary Solovay: American-Russian Fraternal Society (I WO). 

*Emil Stankoviansky: Slovak Herald. 

Josephine Vesely: Czech Society of America. 

Rev. Stephen Varzaly: St. Michael Greek Catholic Church, Braddock, Pa. 

Charles Vuich: Serbian Vidovdan Congress. 

George S. Wuchinich: American Veterans Committee. 

* Anthony Yary: Ukrainian Workingmen's Association. 

*John Zahradnik: American Slav Congress of Allegheny Valley. 

Joseph Zary: Narodne Noviny. 

Michael Sulovsky: Narodne Noviny. 

Stephen Zeman, Jr.: Slovak Evangelical Union. 

John Javornik: Slovak Evangelical Union. 

Anton Zornik: Slovenian Mutual Beneficial Society (SNPJ). 

HEAR A REPORT OF THE BELGRADE ALL SLAV CONGRESS 

American Slav Congress Sponsors: These are the sponsors whose support the 
Western Pennsylvania branch of the American Slav Congress claimed last 
February when it w r as drumming up attendance for a conference. The list is 
reproduced here as it appeared on printed announcements of the conference 
distributed by the Congress. Included are the names of four Communist-line 
newspapers. 

♦WITHDRAWN. 
tDECEASED. 



112 



AMERICAN SLAV CONGRESS 



Exhibit No. 11 

[Souvenir journal, Rally to Win the Peace, American Slav Congress, September 20, 21, 22, 1946] 
Greetings to the Delegates of the Third American Slav Congress 



AMERICAN SLAV CONGRESS OF GREATER NEW YORK 



Zlatko Balokovic, Presi- 
dent 

William Reznicek 

Catherine Gluszak, Co- 
chairmen 

Carol Fijan, Executive 
Secretary 

Olga Tkach, Assistant 
Secretary 

Anatole Phillipoff, Finan- 
cial Secretary. 

HONORARY VICE PRESI- 
DENTS 

Jan Kiepura 
Ivan Petroff 
V. J. Tereshtenko 

VICE PRESIDENTS 

Dora Ozanian, Bulgarian 
Michael Logoyda, Car- 

patho-Ukr. 
Charles Musil, Czecho- 
slovak 
Jean Sakowska, Polish 
General N . Roodson, Rus- 
sian 



VICE PRESIDENTS COn. 

Nicholas Tarnowsky, 
Ukranian 

Joseph Zavetnik, Yugo- 
slav 

EXECUTIVE BOARD 

Bulgarian: 

A. Belieff 

Boris Domevich 

Sotir Yaneff 
Carpatho-Russian : 

Joseph Koban 

Mrs. P. Guzley 

Dr. Simeon S. Pysh 
Czechoslovak: 

Czech: ' 

Alois Zatecky 
Marie Doubek 
Marie Simunek 

Slovak: 

Ernest Pokornv 
Paul Bily 
Anna Rogerson 
Polish: 

Frank Taparata 

Zenon Bobruk 



EXECUTIVE BOARD COD. 

Polish — Continued 

M. Aniszko 
Russian: 

P. Leoniuk 

N. Federoff 

E. Gursky 

K. Ossip 
Ukrainian: 

A. Chudowich 

A. Kondracky 

A. Odaysky 
Yugoslav: 

Croatian: 
Harry Justiz 
Vincent Ujcich 
John Nikich 

Serbian : 

Lous Radoman 
Peter Vukcevich 
Eli Jouvicevich 

Slovenian: 
Ludwig Mutz 
Frank Urbancic 
Jennie Padar 



Exhibit No. 12 

[The Slavic American, Summer 1948, p. 57] 

American Slav Congress of Greater New York Greets the Fourth 
American Slav Congress for Peace and Democracy 



Zlatko Balokovic, President 
Katherine Gluszak, Cochairman 
George Kusic, Cochairman 
Konstantin Ossip, Financial secretary 



Peter Bartkiw, Treasurer 
Charles Musil, Secretary 
Mary Marshall, Assistant secretary 



vice presidents 



Dora Ozanian, Bulgarian 
Alex Wallach, Carpatho-Russian 
George Klopacka, Czechoslovak 
Harry Justiz, Yugoslav 



Ann Rajevicz, Polish 
Nicolai Roodson, Russian 
Alex Kondracky, Ukrainian 



AMERICAN SLAV CONGRESS 



113 



Exhibit No. 13 

[The Slavic American, Fall 1947, p. 60] 

Greetings and much Success to the Slavic American from the Cleveland 
American Slav Congress 



Czechs 
Croats 
Russians 
Byelorussians 



COMPRISING 

Carpatho Ukrainians 

Ukrainians 

Slovenes 

Slovaks 



Serbs 

Macedonians 

Poles 



AMERICANS ALL 



Harry Lubeshkoff, President 
Josephine Zakrajsek, Secretary 
James Prech, Treasurer 



Exhibit No. 14 

[Souvenir journal, Rally to Win the Peace, 3d American Slav Congress, New York, September 20, 21, 22 

1946, p. 48] 

Best Wishes to the Third American Slav Congress 

John Selepak, 211 Ash St., Scranton, Pa. 

Honorable Edward J. Coleman, State Senator of Lackawanna County, Scranton, 

Pa. 
Anna M. Kakak, President of the American Slav Congress of Lackawanna County, 

Pa. 
Vladimir E. Kolechko, Organizer, American Slav Congress of Lackawanna County, 

Pa. 
Carl Evanchenko, Financial Secretary, American Slav Congress of Lackawanna 

County, Pa. 
Dmytro Ilchuk, Executive chairman, American Slav Congress of Lackawanna 

County, Pa. 



Exhibit No. 15 

[Ibid., p. 62] 

Greetings to the Third American Slav Congress From Russian Panel of 
the Michigan American Slav Congress, Detroit, Mich. 



M. Novikoff, President 

A. Koshewoy, Vice Presi- 
dent 

G. G. Soukhodol, Secre- 
tary 

Anna Sinelnik, Assistant 
Secretary 

N. Prokopenko, Treas- 
urer 

Lena Karpik 

Fred Karpik 



Philip Zoboski 
M. Sholah 
M. Zuracielli 
Mary Kolensky 
J. Jedosky 
P. Wolynec 
H. Zaranko 
J. Pereganoff 
G. Stolman 
H. Timofeeuk 
A. Starostin 



A. Karenko 
H. Wojtovich 
V. Tovaleski 
Katherine Suhar 
D. Hucul 
Mary Lazura 
J. Manchir 
R. Mozedko 
N. Fitch 
N. Losik 



Exhibit No. 16 

[The Slavic American, Fall 1948, p. 31] 

Czech Panel of Chicago (ASC) 



Joseph Dufek 

Dr. Frank Hofrichter 

Joseph Houska 



Y. S. Kowalinka 
Dr. Joseph Mizoch 
Barcals Paints 



F. & A. Pesir 

Jerry Stary 
Francis Vastlik 



114 AMERICAN SLAV CONGRESS 

Exhibit No. 17 

[The Slavic American, Fall 1947, p. 78] 

Best Wishes for Success to Our New Publication the Slavic American 
From Ukrainian Panel, American Slav Congress of Greater New York, 
85 East 4th St., New York 3, N. Y. 

executive committee 

Nicholas Tarnowsky Peter Bartkiw A. Melnick 

Alex Chudowich Alex Kondraeky H. Wengryn 

Michael Billy Alex Odaysky S. Wilchynsky 

Marv Puzvr 



Exhibit No. 18 

Souvenir journal, Rally to Wim the Peace, 3d American Slav Congress, New York, September 20, 21,22 

1946, p. 67] 

The Midwest Division of the American Slav Congress Greets the Dele- 
gates to the Third American Slav Congress 

Prof. Jaroslav J. Zmrhal, President 
Secretaries: 

Joseph K. Hellmuth 

Wm. V. Abramchik 



Exhibit No. 19 

[The Slavic American, Fall 1948, p. 29] 

Greetings From A. S. C. of Newark, N. J. 

John J. Kaskevich, M. D., Tilly Janovitz Shepero Shoe Store 

530 Si iimner Ave., Newark Michael Kolarik Matej Stromko 

John Benko Stefan Lacko Stefa Ta! 

John Dolinajec Joseph Matejka Joseph Turza 

Michael Droban Michael Matejka Frank Zavartkaj 

Steven Dzuroska Joseph Medvecky Joseph Zilinek 

Stephen Hruska Imro Ribar 



Exhibit No. 20 

Souvenir journal, Rally to Win the Peace, 3d American Slav Congress, New York, Sept. 20, 21, 22, 1946, p. 71] 

Greetings to Third American Slav Congress from the American Slav 
Congress of Greater St. Louis 

Delegates (members) : 

George M. Buban, President George Matia, Secretary 
John Kalicak, 1st Vice president Rudolph Zdvoracek, Financial sec- 
John Pavliny, 2d Vice president retary 
Victor Cernich, 3rd Vice president John Matosich, Treasurer. 

Exhibit No. 21 

[The Slavic American, Summer 1948, p. 55] 

Greetings and Salutations to the Fourth American Slav Congress from 
the American Slav Congress of Greater St. Louis 

John Kalicak, President George Matia, Secretary 

Vice presidents: Tmbro Robich, Financial secretary 

Rudolf Zdvoracek John Matosich, Treasurer 

John Pavliny Stephan Kulifay, Sergeant-at-Arms 
Edward Tutin 



AMERICAN SLAV COXGRESS 



115 



Exhibit No. 22 

[The Slavic American, Summer 194^, p. 40] 

Greetings and Best Wishes for Success to the Fourth American Slav 
Congress from American Slav Council of Milwaukee County, Inc. 

Gust. Obleska, Chairman. 
Paul Babich, Treasurer. 

Bozena Klabouch, Executive secretary, 2913 N. 39th St., Milwaukee 10, Wis- 
consin. 



Exhibit No. 23 

[Souvenir journal, Rally to Win the Peace, 3d American Slav Congress, New York, September 20, 21, 22, 

1946, p. 42] 

Greetings and Success to the Third American Slav Congress From the 
Stamford, Connecticut, Committee of the American Slav Congress 



Anna Pankow, Controller 
Dominick Burba, President 
Martha Koda, Secretary 
Stephan Masaryk, Controller 



John Kesnick, Cochairman 
Peter Pankow, Financial secretary 
Louis Kolar, State treasurer 
Stephan Zykowsky, Cochairman 



Exhibit No. 24 

[Ibid., p. 51] 
Greetings From the American Slav Congress of Ohio 



Anton Baslik 
Julie Baslik 
M. Blaskavich 
Rudolph Chelko 
Anthony Halamek 
Joseph Hrebek 
F. P. Jestrab 
Fred Kalinchuk 



Marie Kordula 
Joseph F. Krizek 
Joseph Nohejl 
Josephine Nohejl 
Frank Pliska 
Anna Pliska 
Vaclav Prech 
William Racin 



Leonid S. Rubinchek 
Adam Siediecki 
Christina Talas 
Peter Wnorowski 
Josephine Zakrajsek 
Otto Zmeskal 
Helen Zmeskal 



Exhibit No. 25 

[Ibid., p. 28] 

Greetings to the Third American Slav Congress 



W. C. Storek 
Joseph Novotny 
Michael J. Plahy 
Matilda Kopal 
Albert Plasil 
Ethel M. Plasil 
Helen Trnovsky 
Hedvika Casse 
J. L. Kerpan 
John Parac and family 
Chris Belich 
Kuzma Cernosia 
Sam Milon 
Paul Srok 
S. R. Zladi 
Jack Lipovac 
Nicholas Drazich 
M. Spoler 



San Francisco, Calif. 

Bert Shatek 

Joseph Kokich 

George Ivanian 

Jerry Vukovich 

Emil Posich 

Frank Jurasek 

Jovan Zuber 

Rudolf Kriz 

Nikola Matijevich 

John Vrkljan 

Andrew Marich 

Gregory Zorich and family 

Danica Zorich 

Churcich Brothers 

Katarina Cuckovich 

Matt G. Blazicevich 

George Parhomenko 

Anton Kuchan 



P. V. Knego 
Marian Srdoc 
Anton Petrusich 
Ivan Boban 
Bogdan N. Boban 
Peter Borcichi 
Charles Mjehovich 
Conrad Petrucela 
V. Lulich 
M. Bokan 
Anton Vukota 
Stephen L. Zegura 
Gregorv Viskovich 
Mr. and Mrs. Nick 

Zemavasky 
Mr. and Mrs. Efim 

Iastochkin 
Martin Zorich 



116 



AMERICAN SLAV CONGRESS 



California 

los angeles 

Frank Pintar 

Joe Marekovich 

Joseph and Milka Bezich 

James Yukl 

Mats Zaic 

Blaz Mezari 

Vinko Dobrich 

Mary Stuciu 

George Graovac 

Bob Pancich 

Anton Ianuza 

Tony Yunek 

Basko Peselj 

Nikola Rasich 

Luka Konysvad 

Martin Bazdarich 

Anton Milosevicz 

Andro Masnjak 

N. A. Muick 

John M. Lauch 

D. Witwicki 

Norman Stefanetz 

George Legun 

Frank Petrovich 

Louis Farlan 

Casimir T. Nowacki 

George V. Borsz 

Ivan Koss 

Mrs. Lorraine Koss 

SAN FRANCISCO 

Lodge 3202, American- 
Russian 
Fraternal Society, IWO 



A. Lendich 
P. Brnabich 
A. Bartulovich 
J. Simac 
Mike Shefich 
Marian Roglich 
Ivan Soljak 
Mijo Soljak 
Anton Katavich 
M. Martinovich 
Tom Glibich 
F. Bjelovucich 
Lodge 4252, IWO 

SAN PEDRO 

Petros Realty Co. 
John Mandich 
George Yerkovich 
Harry Antonio 
Nikola Lovrovich 
Joe Marcinko 



llbid., p. 29 

Greetings 

Connecticut 

NORWICH 

Lodge 3011, American- 
Russian 
Fraternal Society, IWO 
J. Jascenia 
W. Derkach 
M. Bashura 

BRIDGEPORT 

William N. Kovac 
Michael Mikulic 
Charles Patrick 
John Severnak 

CANTERBURY 

Peter Kuteka 
Frank Krizmenko 

STAMFORD 

Martha Koda 
Mary Honcharik 
Dominick Burba 
John Kesnick 
Anna Pankow 
Peter Pankow 
Walter Hnatowich 
Anthony Hydincha 
Semion Obuch 
Alexander Skirpan 

District of Columbia 

washington 

James J. Fishenden 
Amelia A. Fishenden 
Mary and Vinko Suglick 

Illinois 

BEND 

Lodge 356, SNPJ 

EAST MOLINE 

Lodge 10, CSA 

CICERO 

Lodge Moravan No. 46, 

CSA 
Polish Lodge 3538, IWO 
Anton Jelinek 

ARGO 

Mrs. Mary Glusko 
Anton Fedorook 



Illinois — Continued 



Rev. Ernest Zizka, OSB 

Sokol Town of Lake 

Mrs. P. Klemkow 

Thomas Snegur 

Walter Patuch 

Peter Mucho 

Ignatz Zirko 

John Bobruk 

Frank Horic 

George Mychik 

Basil Muzyka 

Harry Melnyk 

Andrew Derosky 

John Shelyski 

Lodge 2036, IWO Slovak 

Mr. and Mrs. Adolph 

Ukorka 
Julia Vavra 
Karol Korenic 
William V. Abramchik 
Joseph K. Hellmuth 
Dr. Martin P. Sasko 
Ando Pirich 
Joseph Martinek 
Tom Sarac 
Caspar Buchel 
James Machacek 
Joseph Skribnik 
Alex Dychckowsky 
Mark Basic 
John Flour 
Amelia Cachel 
Anton Milkovic 
Antoni Wesolawski 
Theodore Solovey 
Joseph Mihalik 
George and Betty Cierny 
Mr. Zavodny 
Joseph and Anna Kollar 
Frank Jezek 

BIRKNESS 

Rad Peter Chelcicky c. 
107 CSA 

OAK PARK 

Rev. Zaprian D. Vidoloff 
Indiana 

GARY 

Women's Auxiliary of 

Elinden 
*George Maravich 
Hi Kapac 
Petar Paich 
Andro Kozelko 



•WITHDRAWN. 



AMERICAN SLAV CONGRESS 



117 



Indiana — Continued 

gart — continued 

Mirko Ostojic 

Nikola Sajatovich 

Nikola Radetich 

Matt Prebeg 

Todor Zakula 

Bronenk Labienec 

Milos Bogdanovic 

Yordan Nedeff 

Ivan Radic 

Nick Traicoff 

John Ivkovich 

Simo Bekich 

John Valetie 

Violet Validzie 

Aleska Tarabic 

E. Ivka Brigljevich 

Smajo Galijatovic 

Katherine Erlich Hhndman 

N. M. Busic 

S. Balaban 

J. M. Pavlovic 

Barbara and Toma Muic 

Ivan Bujan 

Nicholas J. Erbesti 

Nichkolas P. Elich 

John M. Kozar 

Peter Plazonja 

Joseph Kurpis 

Emil BJagetz 

Valent Bohum 

Anton Yukel 

Victor Selic 

John Danenbrucn 

George Bracic 

Frank Zivcich 

Mike Hudjeber 

Mary Klicek 

Sophia Denona 

Rose Poldrugach 

WHITING 

Slevenska Bratska Ruka 
Odbor III, NSS 

Maryland 

baltimore 

Rad Jaroslav z Dube 
cislo 154, CSA 
Joseph E. Filip 
Mike Lach 
Anton Sliva 
Joe Shalan 

Michigan 



Mrs. Bernict'Rolka 
T. S. Lamprecht 
Julia Golodowska 
Anthony Oska 
S. Bielawski 



Michigan — Continued Michigan — Continued 



Detroit — continued 

W. Berlinski 

M. Nowak 

Helen Piwkowski 

Halina Pikowska 

Eustachy Szymanski 

Laura Drogorub 

Stanley Gburzynski 

Wladislaw Kucharski 

Andrew Skora 

Joseph A. Wisniewski 

Izydor Kosakiewicz 

Walter Sienkiewicz 

Wolentin Kogut 

J. Smykowski 

J. Malinowski 

Joe Stefan 

A. Kamieniecki 

Frank Glugowonski 

Tom Hebminiacke 

Alex Sheiko 

John Juranty 

Walter Sklodzien 

V. Sefteroff 

Vladimir Lefteroff 

Andro Murcheff 

George M. Berchkoff 

Bill Kardanoff 

Naum Lazaroff 

John Mark 

Ilia Stoyanoff 

S. Dimitroff 

D. J. Glancheff 

Mr. and Mrs. B. Kol- 

chagoff 
Josephine Palitika 
Emilia Doczkal 
Mary Zomkowich 
Anton Obranovic 
Mary Obranovic 
Albert Troka 
Martin Cetinski 
Katarina Payor 
Anton Narich 
Vladimir Veljacich 
Joseph Zeleznak 
John Tuskan 
Milan Milakovic 
Joe Stuglin 
Josip Marolinic 
Dragutin Pipinich 
Otto Dobijash 
Fred Karpik 
Mike Sholah 
George Martin 
Albert Takorcik 
John Dubchek 
George Bartolovich 
Paul Saga 
Josef Korno 
Mike Martin 
John Cervenak 
Charles Belohlavek 
Andrew Gabor 
Jan Juranty 



Detroit — continued 

Ludwik Wolack 

Stanislaw Bojarski 

Mr. and Mrs. Mike Vir- 

ginis 
Mark Kramarich 
Joseph Kramarich 
Andrew Matujec 
Eva Bartakovich 
John Kosavec 
Anton Burich 
John Dobranich 
Matt Blazen 
Nick Kostycz 
Danis Kovalewich 
Peter Mirochmin 
John Kadenuk 
John Rodman 
H. Goncharov 
G. Matroyuk 
C. Ealevega 
R. Mozedko 
N. Humen 
Kasian Horbacewich 
U. Naboychik 
H. Grigorich 

PONTIAC 

Vasil Dancheff 

FLINT 

Joseph Koroschuk 
John Glinianoff 
Straton Kusik 
Charles Klorichek 
Joseph Fedosuk 
Roman Slobodian 
Mike M. Bereznoff 

HAMTRAMCK 

Philip Zoboski 

DEARBORN 

Alex Lebedeff 

Mr. and Mrs. Paytel 

Knez Plahtar 

HIGHLAND PARK 

Josip Dobrinec 
Marijan Rubenic 
Andy Hun jet 

RIVER ROUGE 

Matt Goreta 

GORDON CITY 

John Smolcic 
Andy Samardzich 



118 



AMERICAN SLAV CONGRESS 



M ichig an — Continued 

VAN DYKE 

Ivan Blasko 
Nick Tomelic 

Minnesota 
bronton 
Lodge No. 197, SNPJ 

CROSBY 

Croatian Fraternal Union, 
Lodge 489 

Missouri 

ST. LOUIS 

Lodge 679, SNPJ 
Michael Boskovich 
Julia Boskovich 

Montana 
sand coulee 
Veseli Slovenci St. 454 

New Jersey 

carteret 

Ivan Franko Society, 
Lodge 1507, I WO 

ELIZABETH 

Theodore Fuchilla 
John Rishko 
Michael Rishko 

HILLSIDE 

John Brenkach 

ISLIN 

Feodor Rudawsky 

CLIFTON 

Lodge 4333, IWO 

PERTH AMBOY 

Lodge 3022, IWO 

NEW BRUNSWICK 

Charles Zuboff 
John Kolodinski 
Anany Prihodko 
Dmitri Radkovich 



New York 



New York — Continued 



Lodge 1706, Unity, IWO NEW ™rk city— con. 



NEW YORK CITY 

Rad Jan Hus cislo 180, 
CSA 

Lodge 3073, American- 
Russian Fraternal Soci- 
ety, IWO 

Lodge 3564 Polonia Soci- 
ety, IWO 

Lodge 1649, IWO 

C:ech Lodge 2208, IWO 

Z. Biggiry 

Anne S. Traven 

John Fisher 

Jennie Lenhart 

Karel Grabik 

Charles Sinagl 

Mr. and Mrs. Jerry Dovin 

Samuel Vodicka 

Stefan Celtik 

Vaclav Abraham 

Charles Musil 

William Taraba 

Joseph Rada 

Anna Krepela 

Bruno Haus 

Joseph Sterbenz 

Josef Medit 

Mr. and Mrs. T. Gluszak 

Simon Peleszak 

A. M. Charkeny 

J. Nikoluk 

H. Wengryn 

S. Budzak 

P. Binowsky 

P. Shalak 

W. Ineskow 

D. Orychak 

J. Sopotnitzky 

M. Billy 

A. Nastaschuk 

J. Bahniuk 

M. Bilyk 

J. Wyshynsky 

P. Petriwsky 

T. Kociuba 

G. Bundzak 

W. Nikiforuk 

P. Korchowsky 

I. Romanowich 

S. Markus 

T. Kuleba 

P. Rymorenko 

Ronnie Waliszka 

A. Frydrych 

M. Michalowski 



A. Rajewicz 
M. Lang 

B. Karwoski 
Mrs. M. Birdie 
John Johnson 
G. Krichynko 
S. Genika 

V. Ratushny 

Peter Gishak 

Helen Horowitz 

Dmytro Malyl 

Ane Easchenko 

John Ditko 

Chamos Pakuluk 

L. D. Gritzuk Lodge 1524, 

Ukrainian-American 

Fraternal Union 
F. Rypiak 

BINGHAMTON 

John Sladek 
Henry Konecny 
John Klucka 
Frank Gajdorus 
Frank J. Stefanik 
Martin Kucharek 
George Slezak 
Josephine Basos 
John Babicek 
Mark Machata 
Paul Zelinka 

ENDICOTT 

Lodge 2049 Slovak Work- 
ers Society, IWO 

YONKERS 

Lodge 1533, IWO 
Ohio 



Paul Hodolich 
John Hurak, Sr. 
John Cobrda, Sr. 
M. Ruman 
Beredi Cobrda 
Kedra Hrubik 
Rojka Buzek 
Valent Buzek 
Joseph Kulczycki 



AMERICAN SLAV CONGRESS 



119 



Ohio — Continued 



Lodge 4293 Kirov, IWO 

Serbian Lodge 

"Beograd" 4045, IWO 

V. Bordian 

Mary Corusy 

Amelia Dudek 

Nick Jerebeychik 

Nick Vasco 

Mary Vicoski 

K. Lubnick 

Alex Kordas 

John Kaminsky 

Peter Kuzera 

Vasil Kuzmina 

John Manishka 

P. Marchuk 

Makar Misovitz 

Mary Odnor 

Nick Prokopchuk 

Dr. S. J. Feingale 

Edward Witmer 

Anthony Couzoff 

Lazo Stanley 

John Pejak 

Louis and Theresa Marich 

Mr. and Mrs. Joe Mlatan 

Mr. and Mrs. Sam Taleff 

N. Petrov 

Tom Skrtich 

Mr. and Mrs. R. Feolich 

Paul Matkovich 

CLEVELAND 

Lodge "V boj" 53, SNPJ 
Lodge 257, SNPJ 
Nick Tymoscb.uk 
Prokop Kolynchuk 
Sam Yachyshyn 
Mary Jamemer 
John A. Levchenko 
Sam Kolynchuk 
H. Zarubinski 
William Woznuk 
Mike Partuch 
Nick Worobec 
Dr. Delavec 

MARTINS FERRY 

John and Pauline Misko 

SHADYSIDE 

Lodge Victor Berger 206, 
CSA 



Ohio — Continued 

YORKVILLE 

Lodge 1600, Ukrainian- 
American Fraternal 
Union, IWO 

Steve Malchowski 

Michael and Anna Yohan 

Tony Gazda 

Tony and Sophie Misko 

Alex Himka 



Lodge 3068, American- 
Russian Fraternal So- 
ciety, IWO 

George Fuchilla . 

Kost. Kizyk 

BELLAIRE 

Federation of SNPJ of 
Eastern Ohio and West 
Virginia 

Ukrainian-American Fra- 
ternal Union, IWO, 
District of East Ohio 
and W. Va. 

SALEM 

Lodge 2078, Slovak Work- 
ers Society, IWO 

YOUNGSTOWN 

Teodore Panchak 
S. Parfenchuk 

MASSILON 

Stanko Atanasoff 

Pennsylvania 
ambridge 

Fran Bartuluc 

Cluton Curkovich 

Matt Madjeric 

Mr. and Mrs. Jack Miller 

Steve Paraga 

M. Pontarich 

Simon Roncevic 

cheswick 

Mirna Dolina Lodge 586 

COALDALE 

Ann Kononchuk 



Pennsylvan ia — Con. 

DUQUESNE 

Dolores Lzanov 
Nick Yaroshuk 
Mike Peterson 
Mary Knaproch 
Paul Bitula 
Leo Panko 
Simon Petrov 
Harry Simon 
Mrs. A. Muirhead 
Mrs. Anna Arashinko 
Joe Kudilak 
Mary Kislak 
Nestor Yaroshuk 
Paul Chlep 

JOHNSON CITY 

John Jurka 
Mary Lipa 

JOHNSTOWN 

John Petroff 

MT. PLEASANT 

Lodge Zena Delnika, JCD 

57 
Lodge Dobromil cislo 171, 

CSA 

NESQUEHONING 

Lodge 3318 

Carpatho-Russian Mutual 
Aid Society, IWO 

RTJSSELLTON 

Paul Antoninka 
John Kurich 
John Wolkov 
Stanley Gumbonsky 
Michel Gregorovich 
Matthew Astapchuk 

PITTSBURGH 

Peter Hurcy 
Vasily Huot 
M. J. Cieslok 
F. G. Gmiler 
John Lesny 
William Soudola 
Sergy Klimkovsky 
Anthony Rostocky 



120 



AMERICAN SLAV CONGRESS 



Pennsylvania — Con. 

DUNMORE 

Steve Semonick 

HAZLETON 

Paul Karlik 
John Soltis 
Lodge 3149 IWO 
Lodge 4003 IWO 
Lodge 935 IWO 

WEST HAZLETON 

Milo Djonovich 



Theresa Dargiewicz 
William Sewack 

SCRANTON 

A. C. F. Kenowski 
Frank Romanuk 
Mary Zeleniak 
Martin Sika 
Harry Dubnicky 
Joseph Marchenko 
Mary Mackow 
Hilary Bokey 
Nikolas Golowka 
Joseph Zenkevich 
James Brady (Distr. Att. 
of Lackawanna Co.) 



Dmytro Ilchuk 
Ignatz Skula 

M'KEESPORT 

Matija Gubac, H. P. B. 
IWO 

Matt Svetlick 
Steve Parsich 
Steve Bozicevich 



Pennsylvania — Con. 

WEST BROWNSVILLE 



Rhode Island — Con. 

WOONSOCKET COn. 



Committee of United John Mnysz 
Lodges for Political Vasily Morris 
Education and Action John Jacevich 



UNIONTOWN 



CENTRAL FALLS 



Lodge 2044, IWO 
Lodge 22, Slovak Evan- 
gelical Union 



Library Entertaining and 
Educational Home 

UNIONTOWN 

Branch 101, Slovak Na- 
tional Alliance 
Rev. I. Vangor 

SUMMIT HILL 

Joseph Featro 

Lodge No. 3293, Car- 
patho-Russian Mutual 
Aid Society, IWO 



Lodge 1586, Ukrainian 
American Fraternal 
Union, IWO 

Rhode Island 
providence 

Lodge 3165, American- 
Russian Fraternal So- 
ciety, IWO 

WOONSOCKET 

Lodge 1569, Ukrainian- 
American Union 



Wladyslaw Tracz 
Edward Kalafarski 
Michael Hojnowski 

PAWTUCKET 

Frank Janowski 
Wojciech Rymasiewicz 
Frank Samorajczyk 

Texas 

DALLAS 

Lodge Dallas No. 401 
Washington 

SEATTLE 

Lodge 3185, IWO 

A. Gavredsky 

S. J. Curry 

John Urick 

Alex Lukovich 

A. Kalyk 

Michael S. Barmuta 

West Virginia 
wheeling 

Branch 1605, Ukrainian- 
American Fraternal 
Union 

Esther Costas 



Exhibit No. 26 

[The Slavic American, Fall 194S, p. 29.] 
Greetings from Lodge 3172, A. R. F. S., Sioux City, Iowa 



Peter Zakutonsky 
Louis Klym 



Mary Klym 
Helen Wonsowic 



Paul Romanov 
Mary Romanov 



BRANCH NO. 3295, IWO, CARPA.THO-RUSSIANS, GARY, 1ND. 



Millie Klym 
Michael Klvm 



Anna Samozka 



Walter Ivanzowicz 



AMERICAN SLAV CONGRESS 



121 



Exhibit No. 27 

[Souvenir Folder Rally to Win the Peace, 3d American Slav Congress, New York, September 20, 21, 22, 

1946, p. 78.] 

Greetings to the Third American Slav Congress 



New York, N. Y.: 
Joseph Zurlin 
Dominick Licul 
Ivan Serac 
Philip Letic 
Stephen Gasporini 
Paul Svetina 
Vinko Vincina 
Jacinto Karlota 

Gary, Indiana: 

Pavel Romanov 
Luka Klym 
Kathena Pritisky 
George Sovich 
Peter Ksenak 
Theodor Machita 
Peter Zakutanskv 



Greetings from — 
Mary Antonic 
Bozo Baranic 
Milo Baranic 
John Bezelj 
Paul Biazevich 
Kay Begovich 



Chicago, Illinois: 

Michael Wallace 
Paul Kozak 
George Mosiuk 
Kirill Nikonuk 
George Chmel 
Deonisi Usovich 

Daniel Bobel 
George Sharak 
Joseph Novik 
William Zurovich 
George Walchuk 
Peter Socol 
Andrew Stelebuck 
George Koleda 



San Pedro, Calif.: 
John Grgurich 
Ivan Lazeta 
George Ivankovich 
Bartul Pavlov 
Sam Zarick 
Jerry Makas 
Nick Uglesich 
John M. Gega 
Mijo Radman 
John B. Matulic 
Joseph M. Bozulic 
Steve Savar 



Exhibit No. 28 

[The Slavic American, Fall 1948, p. 29.] 

Florence Ferkich 
Lucy Ljubenko 
George Gelsovich 
Steve Hrosti 
Frank Kursoc 
Ljubica Lovrich 



Greetings from — 
Anthony Adam 
Alex Alexeev 
Bertha Angle 
Vinko Antonich 
Anton Antonovich 
Marie Babka 
John Barich 
John J. Bazhaer 
Pete Bellatich 
Joseph Bezich 
Mr. Geo. Borsz 
Mrs. Geo. Borsz 
Mrs. Ludwig Cinatl 
Casimir Dabrowski 
Philip Drazich 
Stanley Eichorst 
Louis Farlan 
John Gerd 
S. Godlewski 
Vinko Gasjarac 
D. Green 

Michel Gregorovich 
John Grill 
Joseph Grudin 
Mrs. Joseph Haluza 
Andy Hocevar 
Anton Jania 
Robert Judo 
M. Jurich 



Exhibit No. 29 

[The Slavic American, Summer 1948, p. 60.] 



Jack Kapel 
Frances Kapel 
George Kapinski 
Louis Kirn 
Bozena Klabouch 
W. Klodin 
Ivan Koss 
Louis Koudelik 
Anton Kovacic 
Regina Kozicz 
John Kraly 
Anton Krzisnik 

A. Laguna 
Marie Landu 
Anton Livcich 
Louis Majtan 
Andrew Mandich 
F. Merims 
Frank Modic 

B. Monossen 
Ludmila Narratil 
Lazar Nikolich 
George Opacic 
Rudolph Pavlovich 
J. Pawlowski 
Jenie Peshek 
Agnes Pinter 
Stanley Pinter 
Mary Pirsil 



Anton Pesusich 
Erica Petras 
Nick Petrich 
A. Pujatcky 



Joe Piskulich 
Mike Plivelei 
Frank Podborsch 
August Pozarich 
Mary Radenkovich 
Vaso Rosich 
P. Rymorenko 
Joe Sergioch 
Cyrill Soubal 
J. Stemlo 
Antonina Step 
Jacob Strekal 
E. Strudel 
Ivan Surina 
Joseph Sustarsic 
A. Tzwird 
Mr. & Mrs. Urban 
Ivan Veljacic 
Frank Victor 
Ivan Vlah 
Kuzma Vlod 
E. Vrcek 
Mrs. L. Witwicka 

D. Witwicki 
Rose Wodarczyk 
Stanley Wodarczyk 

E. Zwolinski 
Paul Zybko 



122 



AMERICAN SLAV CONGRESS 



Exhibit No. 30 

[Letterhead, August 6, 1945] 

The American Committee for Yugoslav Relief of the War Relief Fund 
of Americans of South Slavic Descent 

58 park avenue, new york 16, n. y. 

LExington 2-2708 
SPONSORS COMMITTEE PARTIAL LIST 



Louis Adamic 
Montgomery B. Angell 
Zlatko Balokovic 
Mrs. Zlatko Balokovic 
Samuel L. M. Barlow 
Max Bedacht 
August Bellanca 
Metropolitan Benjamin 
Mrs. Mary McLeod Be- 

thune 
Mrs. Sidney H. Borg 
Cass Canfield 
Dr. Walter B. Cannon 
Eddie Cantor 
John Alden Carpenter 
Mrs. Edward C. Carter 
Hon. Emanuel Celler 
Dr. Emmanuel Chapman 
Hon. John M. Coffee 
Dr. Henry Sloane Coffin 
Mrs. F. H. Cone 
Bishop Ralph S. Cushman 
Walter Damrosch 
Marcia Davenport 
Jo Davidson 
Hon. Hugh De Lacy 
Hon. Helen Gahagan 

Douglas 
Lion Feuchtwanger 



Marshall Field 

Edward Flore 

Talbot O. Freeman 

John Garfield 

Virginia C. Gildersleeve 

Mrs. Louis Gimbel 

William Green 

Hon. Joseph F. Guffey 

Mrs. J. Borden Harriman 

Sidney Hillman 

Fannie Hurst 

Hon. Stanley M. Isaacs 

George Jessel 

Dr. Foster Kennedy 

Rockwell Kent 

Freda Kirchwey 

Serge Koussevitzky 

Leo Krzycki 

W. W. Lancaster 

Dr. Henry Smith Leiper 

Walter S. Mack, Jr. 

Thomas Mann 

Elsa Maxwell 

Mme. Zinka Milanov 

Hon. Newbold Morris 

William Morris, Jr. 

Michael M. Nisselson 

Bishop G. Ashton Oldham 

Dorothv Parker 



Mrs. Lionel C. Perera, Jr. 

Mrs. Charles Poletti 

Rabbi David de Sola Pool 

James N. Rosenberg 

Baron Edouard de Roths- 
child 

J. Robert Rubin 

Wm. Jay Schieffelin 

Eustace Seligman 

Col. Vincent Sheean 

Herman Shumlin 

Dr. Abba Hillel Silver 

Spyros P. Skouras 

Johannes Steel 

Dr. DeWitt Stetten 

Genevieve Tabouis 

Lawrence Tibbett 

Dr. Channing H. Tobias 

Mary Van Kleeck 

Pierre Van Paassen 

Hon. Robert F. Wagner 

Walter Wanger 

Mrs. Edward M. M. War- 
burg 

James P. Warburg 

Allen Wardwell 

Orson Welles 

Franz Werfel 



Operating under License No. 583, issued by the President's War Relief Control 
Board. 



Exhibit No. 31 

[Cover sheet of pamphlet "Rebuilding Yugoslavia" by Anthony Gerlach (back 
cover).] 

American Association for Reconstruction in Yugoslavia, Inc. 
465 lexington ave., room 21, new york 17, n. y. 



Louis Adamic, writer, Honorary Presi- 
dent 

Zlatko Balokovic, Violinist, Honorary 
President 

Dr. Milislav Demerec, Scientist, Presi- 
dent 

Hon. George Buban, attorney, Vice 
President 

Milan Brenz, supervisor, Vice President 



Nichilas Kovacheff, associate editor, 
Vice President 

Hugo Tomic, manufacturer, Vice Presi- 
dent 

Joseph Zavetnik, engineer, Vice Presi- 
dent 

Anthony Gerlach, Executive Secretary 

George A. Spania, architect, Treasurer 



AUDITING COMMITTEE 



Andrew Grum, Jr., businessman 
Harry M. Justiz, attorney 
Anna Krasna, editor 



William Milson, builder 
Joseph Uldrain, manufacturer 



AMERICAN SLAV CONGRESS 



123 



Exhibit No. 32 

[Slavic American, Fall 1947, p. 58] 

National Council, Americans of Croatian Descent, Greets the Slavic 

American 

Zlatko Balokovic, President 
John Kovac, Vice President 
Vjekovslav Mandic, Vice President 
Frank Borich, Executive Secretary 



John Bronich, Organizer 
Philip Vukelich, Secretary- 
Stephen M. Loyen, Asst. Secretary 
Joe Pleshe, Treasurer 



632 BAKEWELL BUILDING, PITTSBURGH 19, PA. 
Phone: Atlantic 8593 



Exhibit No. 33 

[Souvenir folder, Rally to Win the Peace, 3d American Slav Congress, New York, Sept. 20, 21, 22, 1946, p. 52] 

Greetings to the Third American Slav Congress From the American 
National Council of Croatian Descent and Women's Auxiliaries Com- 
mittee, Cleveland, Ohio 

Joe Gregurincich, E. 172nd St. 

Blaz Aljinovich 

Mr. George' Maljevac 

Mrs. George Maljevac 

Alex Todorovich 

Mrs. Alex Todorovich 

Tom Mustach 

Tony Zivko 

Nick Svilar 

Evan Jankovich 

Ivan Cmko Farrell 

Jacob Royce, 18731 Nauman Ave. 

Pete Bastasic, 19102 Cherokee Ave. 

Matt Jambrekovich 

John Robich 

Barbara Robich 

Louis Majer, 6410 St. Clair Ave. 

♦Joe Zele, 6502 St. Clair Ave. 

Rudi Kozan, 6506 St. Clair Ave. 

Anton Gal, 546 E. 152nd St. 

E. Slavich, 1193 E. 60th St. 

L. Kuk, 2225 W. 53rd St. 

Pete Margetic, 1060 E. 72nd St. 

Frank Mahalec, 5503 Train Ave. 

Frank Burzolic, 1756 W. 28th St. 

John Topalovich, 1127 E. 167nd St. 

Frank Derdich, 830 E. 209th St., 

Euclid, O. 
J. Slapnik, Jr., 6620 St. Clair Ave. 
Marko Perkovic, 6628 St. Clair Ave. 



Helen Medvedich 

Marko Spolajric 

Pete Margetic 

Helen Medvedich 

Kate Basic 

Milka Vlah 

Steffie Medvedich 

Joseph Kovacevich 

Mr. Paul Sarich 

Mrs. Paul Sarich 

Anton Kovacevich 

George Kralj 

Ignac Boticki 

Anton Basar 

Ivan Telesman 

Matt Gotovac 

Zora Marold 

Frank Malner, Chardon Rd. 

Edward Benich 

Mick Strmac, 1595 E. 27th St. 

Frank Markusich, 3847 W. 140th St. 

Blaz Grosinic, 513 E. 152nd St. 

John Sabol, 1573 E. 36th St. 

Joe Baburich, 1107 Addison Rd. 

M. Milisich, 3011 St. Clair Ave. 

P. Petretich, 2033 E. 88th St. 

Andy Curman, 5503 Train Ave. 

Ivan Zagar, 4457 Dause Ave. 

Frank Muza Svirac, 1118 E. 66th St. 

Robert Topolovac, 1470 E. 71st St. 



Exhibit No. 34 

United Committee of South Slavic-Americans 



Adainic, Louis: 

Hon. Pres. 

Editor of Publications 
Bacich, Leo: Member-at -large 
Balokovic, Zlatko: Pres. 
Bez, Nick: Treas. 

•WITHDRAWN. 



Bistrow, Vangel D. : Member 
Bogdanovich, M. J.: Treas. 
Borich, Frank: Member at large 
Buban, George: Member at large 
Buncick, Zarko M.: VP. 
*Butkovich, Ivan: Member 



124 



AMERICAN SLAV CONGRESS 



fCainkar, Vincent: Member 
Cengia, Peter: Member at large 
Cesen, Frank: Member at large 
Devunich, Anna: Member at large 
Doseff, Ivan: Member 
Drenovac, Rev. Nikola: Member 
Evanoff, Michael: Member 
Gachinovich, Rev. Voyeslav: Member 
Glocar, Rev. Emil: Member 
Grigorov, Peter: Member 
*Grkinich, Drago: Member 
Grozeff, George: Member 
Justiz, Harry M. : Member 
Kaferle, Louis: Member at large 
Kolchagoff, Tzveta: Member 
Kosanovich, Dr. Sava N. : Hon. Mem- 
ber 
Kovack, Charles J.: Member at large 
Kovach, Janko: Member 
Kovacheff, Nicola: Member 
Kovacevich, George: Member at large 
Krajnovich, Bosanka: Member 
Kristan, Etbin: VP. 
Kuhel, Mirko G. : Group Secretary 
Kurnick, Peter E. : Member at large 
Kvaternik, Zvonimir: Member at large 
*Ladesic, John P.: Member, 
Lolich, Daisy: Group Secretary 
Loyen, Stephen M.: Member 
Lucas, Anthony : Member at large 
Lucas, Blaz: Member at large 
Mance, Jack C.: Member 
Markovich, Mirko: Member 
Martinek, Joseph M.: Member at large 
Menton, Lia: Member at large 
Milkovich, Mile: Member 
Minerich, Anthony: Member 



Mircheff, Bocho: Member 

Mrnjec, Mary: Member at large 

Muick, Nicholas: Member at large 

Muzar, Charlotte: Asst. Treas 

Nakoff, Rev. David: Member 

*Nogulich, Risto: Member at large 

*Novak, Albina: Member 

Paycheff, Peter: Member 

Peff, Peter: VP 

Petrinovic, Frano: Hon. Member, repre- 
senting Yugoslavs in South America 

Pirinsky, George: Group Secretary 

Popoff, Blagoy: Member 

Popoff, Dr. George: Member 

Popoff, Blagovest: Member 

*Prisland, Mrs. Marie: Member 

*Radich, Peter: Member 

Rajkovich, Nicholas: Member at large 

Rogelj, Yanko N.: Member 

Sekul, John M.: Member at large 

Sharenkoff, Dr. Victor: Group Secretary 

Stokelj, Krist: Member at large 

Stoycoff, Dr. Christ M.: VP. 

Subasic, Dr. Ivan: Hon. Member 

Tsanoff, Prof. Radoslav: Member at 
large 

Traven, Anne S.: Exec. Secretary 

Ujcic, Vincent: Fin. Secy. 

*Urankar, Rev. Alexander: Member • 

Vider, Fred A.: Member 

Voydanoff, Smeale: VP. 

Vukelich, Philip: Group Secy. 

Zaitz, Frank: Member 

Zakrajsek, Josephine: Member at large 

*Zalar, Joseph: Member 

Zaninovich, Joseph J.: Member at large 



Exhibit No. 35 

[The Bulletin of the United Committee of South-Slavic Americans, vol. 1, No. 1, September 7, 1943 

The United Committee of South-Slavic Americans (Incorporated) 
1010 park avenue, new york 28, n. y. 



President: Louis Adamic 

Vice Presidents: 

Zlatko Balokovic 
Zarko M. Buncick 
Etbin Kristan 
Peter Peff 



BUtterfield 8-8762 

Smeale Voydanoff 
Treasurer: 

M. J. Bogdanovich 
Secretaries: 

Peter Radich 

Mirko Markovich 



Yanko Rogelj 
Victor Sharenkoff 
George Pirinsky 
Honorary Member: Frano 
Petrinovic 



REPRESENTING YUGOSLAVS IN SOUTH AMERICA 



Members : 

*lvan Butkovich 

Ivan Doseff 

Rev. Nikola Dreno- 
vac 

Michael Evanoff 

Rev. Voislav Gach- 
inovich 

Miss Navena Geli- 
askova 



♦WITHDRAWN. 
tDECEASED. 



Rev. Emil Glocar 
Peter Grigoroff 
Nicola Kovacheff 
George Kovacevich 
Mirko Kuhel 
John P. Ladesic 
Anthony Lucas 
Rev. Strahinja Male- 
tich 



Anthony Minerich 
Rev. David Nakoff 
Blagovest Popoff 
Blagoy Popoff 
Dr. George Popoff 
Mrs. Marie Prisland 
Rev. Alexander Uran- 

kar 
Joseph Zalar 



AMERICAN SLAV CONGRESS 125 

Exhibit No. 36 

[Letterhead, March 28, 1946] 

The United Committee of South-Slavic Americans of San Feancisco 

California 



AFFILIATED WITH 

President: Peter E. Kur- 

nick 
Vice presidents: 
Peter Cengia 
Jo van Zuber 
Ivan P. Netoff 
Secretary: Emil Posich 
Assistant Secretary : Mary 

Posich 
Treasurer: Anton Pilco- 

vich 
Financial Secretary: 
Violet Vukovich 



THE NATIONAL COMMITTEE, NEW YORK N. T. 



Board of Trustees: 
Matt Spoler 
John Lukrich 
Kuzma Jerkovich 
Rositza Hussar 
Nellie Prastalo 

Publicity Committee: 
Peter Obad 
J. L. Krpan 
Peter E. Kurnick 
Ivan P. Netoff 
Jovan Zuber 



Public Relations 
miyyee : 

Peter Cengia 
Ivan P. Netoff 
Peter E. Kurnick 
J. L. Krpan 
Violet Vukovich 
John Parac 
Joseph Splivalo 
Peter V. Knego 



Com- 



Exhibit No. 37 

[The Bulletin of the United Committee of South-Slavic Americans, vol. 4, No. 2; May 1946, p. 23] 

United Committee of South-Slavic Americans 

465 lexington avenue, new york 17, n. y. 

President: Zlatko Balokovic. 
Honorary President: Louis Adamic. 

Vice Presidents: Zarko M. Buncick, Etbin Kristan, Dr. Christ M. Stovcoff 
Smeale Voydanoff. ' ' 

Executive Secretary: Anne S. Traven. 
Treasurer: Nick Bez. 

Group Secretaries: Mirko G. Kuhel, Daisy Lolich, George Pirinsky, Philip Vuke- 
ncn, Dr. Victor Sharenkoff. 

Honorary Members: Frano Petrinovic. 

Members: Vangel D Bistrow, Rev. Nikola Drenovac, Michael Evanoff Nevena 
Gaiaskova Rev. Emilijan Glocar, Peter Grigorov, Harry M. Justiz, Tzveta 
Kolchagoff Janko Kovach, Nicola Kovacheff, Bosanka Krajnovich, Stephen M 
i°l n \{ ad " C ff Mance, Mirko Markovich, Mile Milkovich, Anthony Minerich,' 

Fred A^derf &SkSST ' ^^ BIag ° y P ° P ° ff ' Yank ° N ' R ° gelj ' : 



Exhibit No. 38 
International Workers Order 

[Souvenir journal, Rally to Win the Peace, 3d American Slav Congress New York 
Sept. 20, 21, 22, 1946, p. 60] ' 

Greetings and Best Wishes for Success to the Third American Slav Con- 

GRESS FROM THE AMERICAN RUSSIAN FRATERNAL SOCIETY, INTERNATIONAL 

Workers Order, Detroit Committee 
A. R. F. S. of I. W. O. English Speaking Hamtramck— 3025: 

A/Pf, , + , n, • F - Zabudsky, Chairman 

M. Duletsky Chairman D. Zarnawcky, Secretary 

Al. Kotenko, Secretary 

West Side— 3013: West Detroit— 3153: 

J. i\aborsky, Chairman Manchenko, Chairman 

Zarenko > Secretary Perenchuk, Secretary 

•WITHDRAWN. 



65890—50- 



126 AMERICAN SLAV CONGRESS 

Mothers Club of American-Russian North Detroit— 3195, 15350 Charest St.: 
Fraternal Society, I. W. O. 2934 A. Peshuchenko Chairman 

*TS&i ST" MiCh - Dea^SkS 3800 SaHaa, 

Dayniak, Chairman Ivuteron, Secretary 

L. Lysy, Secretary 

[Ibid., p. 65] 

Greetings to the Third American Slav Congress From Progressive Club, 
aScIn-RuLan Fraternal Society, Lodge 3052, International 
Workers Order, Flint, Mich. 

Mike M. Bereznoff, President 
Alex Shupig, Secretary 

[The Slavic American, Fall 1947, p. 66] 

Ttte American-Russian Fraternal Society Affiliated With the Inter- 
natVona R l WorkIrs Order, Inc., Extends Greetings to the Slavic 
American 

BEST WISHES FOR SUCCESS TO THE AMERICAN SLA* CONGRESS IN LAUNCHING A 
PUBLiStION WHICH WILL HELP TO UNIFY AMERICANS OF SLAV DESCENT 

Sam Nicolauk, President 
Daniel Kasustchik, Secretary 

NATIONAL OFFICE, 80 FIFTH AVE., NEW YORK 11, N. Y. 
[The Slavic American, Fall 1947, p. 70] 

Greetings to the New Publication of the American Slav Congress 

"Slavic American 

THE CHICAGOLAND LODGES OF THE AMERICAN RUSSIAN FRATERNAL SOCIETY IWO 

District Committee: 

Gordei Busko, Secretary 
Myron Mickloff, President 

[The Slavic American, Fall 1947, p. 72] 

Greetings From Carpatho-Russian Peoples Society of the IWO to the 
Slavic American and Its Readers 

CARPATHO-RUSSIAN AMERICANS WELCOME THIS NEW PUBLICATION OF THE AMERICAN 
SLAV CONGRESS AS THE MEDIUM OF EXPRESSION OF THE CULTURAL AND POLITICAL 
LIFE OF THE SLAVIC AMERICANS 

Peter Kostyshak, President J- Mnahonchak Vice president 

Ann! Kononchuk, Vice president Michael Logoyda, Secretary 

National Committee Members: T Wassen d a 

G. Fuchilla MS toffey nr S Pvsh 

P Pawlack J. Micenko Dr. b. Pysn 

J. Maliniak A. Kuchta 

[The Slavic American, Summer 1948, p. 58] 

Fraternal Greetings to the Fourth Congress of Slavic Americans from 
the Carpatho-Russian Peoples Society of the IWO 

p 0+ „ -K-™tvshak President Anna Kononchuk, Vice president 

John MSS^kV^^resident Michael Lagoyda, Secretary 

Committee members: John Micenko 

S^YSkSich John Maliniak S^SffiS? 

George Fuchilla Mary Stoffey John Wassenaa 

Andres Kachur 



AMERICAN SLAV CONGRESS 127 

Greetings from — - 

Victor Armantoff Nicholas Kozy Sergey Scherbakoff 

Steve Bezuk Anton Kuchan Frank Sepich 

Peter Boskovich F. Lastochkin John Voich 

Kosta M. Churich Jack Lipovac Jerry Vukovich 

Steve Hrvatin Antonia Markova John Yurich 

George Ivanian Vincent Padovich Nick Zemansky 

Peter J. Ivicevich John Orloff S. R. Zladi 

Joseph Kazler George Parhomenko Gregory Zorich 

Claudia Kennedy Joseph Pedisich 

Arthur Kennedy Steve Ruzick 

[Souvenir journal, Rally to Win the Peace, 3d American Slav Congress, New York, September 20, 21, 22, 

1946 p. 37] 

Greetings to the Third American Slav Congress From Chernishewskt 
Society, Russian Branch, No. 3065, International Workers Order, 101 
Avenue A, New York City 

P. Levoniuk, President 

A. Kaptilovich, Secretary-treasurer 

A. Spiridonova, Recording secretary 

[Ibid., p. 62] 

Greetings to the Third American Slav Congress From City Central 
Committee Croation Benevolent Fraternity of International Workers 
Order, Detroit, Mich. 

James Latin, President 

George Prpich, Secretary 

Andrew Glavanovich, Secretary-treasurer 

[Ibid, p. 7.5] 

Greetings From "D. Djakovich" Branch 4310, Croatian Benevolent 
Fraternity, IWO, San Francisco, Calif. 

J. Franulovich, President N. Pudarich, Secretary 

F. Soljat, Sick, Director J Vidolin, Treasurer 

[Ibid., p. 41] 

Croatian Lodge Sloboda No. 4270 of the IWO, Astoria, L. I., N. Y., Greets 
the Third American Slav Congress 

Frank Sokolich, President 
Kick Sladev, Secretary 

[Ibid., p. 70] 

Greetings to the Third American Slav Congress, Pilsen Lodge 2201, 
International Workers Order, 1515 West 18th St., Chicago 8, III. 

B. Mirosovsky, Secretary 

[Ibid., p. 38] 

We Greet the Third American Slav Congress Polonia Society, Central 

Committee, New York City 
J. Dyak, President 
K. Gluszak, Secretary 

[Ibid., p. 41] 

Greetings From Polonia Society, Lodge 3553 of Greenpoint 

261 driggs avenue, brooklyn, n. y. 

J. Strongewski, President 
K. Gluszak, Secretary 

[Ibid., p. 73] 

Greetings to the Third American Slav Congress From Slovak Workers 
Society, International Workers Order 

Helen Vrabel, National president 



128 AMERICAN SLAV CONGRESS 

[Ibid., p. 70.] 

Branch 2016, Slovak Workers Society of the International Workers 
Order, Chicago Salutes the Third American Slav Congress 

Joseph Griger, President Joseph Mihalik, Secretary 

Albert Galis, Vice president Anna Kollar, Treasurer 

[The Slavic American, Fall 1947, p. 64] 

Best Wishes for Success in Strengthening Unity of American Slavs for 
Democratic Peace, for Democracy at Home, for Friendship Among 
Peoples of the World 
national committee of the ukrainian american fraternal union, iwo 

Michael Tkach, President 

Walter Riback, National Secretary 

[The Slavic American, Summer 1948, p. 56] 

Ukrainian American Lodge 1561 Send Greetings 

T Cap T. Hawrylenko J. Reinchuck 

J.' Dobrowolski J. Hrynchuk N. Turanski 

p Doryk J. Koptiuch H. Wengryn 

A Dudar K. Maksvmciw J. Yacyna 

H*. Gatz A. Melnick H. Zuk 

C. Muzyka 



Exhibit No. 39 
Slovene National Benefit Society 

[The Slavic American, Summer 1948, p. 38] 

Greetings to the Fourth American Slav Congress From Slovene National 
Benefit Society, a Fraternal Organization 

home office: 2657 south lawndale ave., chicago 23, ill. 

fVincent Cainkar, President 
M. G. Kuhel, Treasurer 
F. A. Vider, Secretary 

[Souvenir journal, Rally to Win the Peace, 3d American Slav Congress, New York, Sept. 20, 21, 
1 22, 1946, p. 78] 

Greetings to the Third American Slav Congress From Members of Lodge 
Bodocnost No. 408, Slovene National Benefit Society, Kansas City, 
Kansas 

Joseph Horzen, President 
Mary Kvaternik, Secretary 
Mary Kriss, Treasurer 



Exhibit No. 40 

Bulgarian-American People's League 

[Souvenir journal, Rally To Winjthe Peace, 3d"American Slav Congress, New York, Sept. 20, 21, 22, 1946, p. 59] 

Best Wishes and Success to the Delegates and Guests of the Third 
American Slav Congress, National Committee, Bulgarian-American 
People's League, Detroit, Mich. 

Dr. V. Sharenkoff, Presi- B. Mircheff J- Gancheff 

dent J- Racheff K. Genova 

P. Paycheff, Secretary N. Kolcheff 

Dr. Christ M. Stoykoff, M. Doneff 

fDECEASED. 



AMERICAN SLAV CONGRESS ] 29 

[The Slavic American, Fall 1947, p. 76] 

Best Wishes and Success to the Slavic American From National Com- 
mittee, Bulgarian-American People's League 

Dr. Victor Sharenkoff, President Catherine Genova 

Peter PaychefT, Secretary Alike Doneff 

Nick Koicheff, Vice President Evan Gaucher? 

Executive Board: Zbeko Racheff 
Bocho Mircheff 



Exhibit No. 41 

Miscellaneous Organizations and Greetings 

[The Slavic American, Fall 1948, p. 31] 
CARPATHO-RUSSIAN PANEL, ASC OF CHICAGO 

D. Bereznak Mary Kucik Mike Ruscak 

Peter Bilinsky Steve Lesko Andy Seman 

John Charnota Alex Maksymewich Helen Sremaniak 

Steve Chomko John Pavelchuk Andrew Strelec 

John Cimbala John Pragit, Sr. Joseph Varhol 

Mitio Hvize Andrew Prusak Wasyl Yakihnetz 
Gust Krigel 

[Souvenir journal, Rally to Win the Peace, 3d American Slav Congress, New York, September 20, 21, 22, 

1946, p. 36] 

Lodge "Sokol" No. 129 of the Croatian Fraternal Union 



Ned Baron, President 
Katherine Micic, Secretary 



Ubid., p. 53] 



Best Wishes to the Third American Slav Congress, Abraham Lincoln 
Slovak Political Club. Canton, Ohio 

John Hrnciar Potter, President 

[Ibid., p. 58] 

Greetings to the Third American Slav Congress. Croatian American 

Council of Michigan 

croatian hall, 1329 e. kirby, detroit 11, mich. 

Anton Narich, President John Strizich, Assistant secretary 

Joseph Zeleznak, Vice president Katarina Payor, Membership secretary 

*Anton Tornasic, Vice president Marijan Broz Bubinic, Treasurer 

Daniel Lepo, Secretary Walter Veljacic, Recording secretary 

[Ibid., p. 53] 

Greetings From Lodge Eltria, No. 280, Czechoslovak Society of America, 

Elyria, Ohio 
Karel Zelenka, President 
Joseph Malik, Secretary 
Louis Chervenka, Treasurer 

[Ibid., p. 70] 

Greetings to the Third American Slav Congress, Joint Committee of 
Czechs and Slovaks, Chicago, III. 

John Vaculik, President 
Gustav Pikal, Secretary 
J. Jaksa, Treasurer 

•WITHDRAWN. 



130 



AMERICAN SLAV CONGRESS 



[Ibid, p. 54] 

Greetings to Delegates and Officers of American Slav Congress 
Evangelical Slovak Women's Union 



Zuzanna Jandik, President 
Bozena Spacek, Secretary 



[Ibid, p. 36] 



Greetings From Immigrants Technical Aid Bureau, 11 W. 42d St., New 

York, N. Y. 

Irving Novick, Director 

[Ibid, p. 36] 

Greetings, Kosciuszko League, New York, N. Y. 



M. Czarnota, President 

W. Pichalski, Vice president 

S. Petryni, 1st Vice president 

W. Przybyszewski, 2d Vice president 



F. Taparata, Recording secretary 
I. Burzynski, Financial secretary 
A. Borysiewicz, Treasurer 
J. Duda, Sergeant-at-Arms 



[Ibid., p. 62] 

Greetings to the Third American Slav Congress, Macedonian Group 
"Hrjsto Boteff," East Detroit, Mich. 

John Vasileff Petrovich, Secretary 

[Ibid., p. 70] 

With Compliments and Best Wishes for Continued Success of the Amer-- 
ican Slav Congress, Federation of Moravian Societies, Chicago, III. 

Jos. V. Lysak, President 
Lada Bezdek, Secretary 

[The Slavic American, Fall 1947, p. 77] 

Greetings From Russian Mothers Club of Lodge 3025, RAFS 

2934 TEMANS, HAMTRAMCK 12, MICH. 



A. Riviako, President 

M. Lizuro, Financial Secretary 



T. Buday, Recording Secretary 
L. Karpik, Treasurer 



IThe Slavic American, Summer 1948, p. 61] 

Greetings From Russian Americans of Chicago 



Sam Abramchik 
William Abramchik 
Steve Adamchuck 
Harry Alexeichuk 
Alexandra Amelkovich 
Natalie Amelkovich 
Dan Bandik 
Harry Baskoff 
George Thomas Bay 
Mrs. N. Berley 
Albert Binkus 
Sergei Birkos 
V. Blinova 
Vasiley Bobrowsky 
D. Bodnar 
Antonia Bolantca 
Jorge Chetyrbock 
Marie Chigier 
G. Chipurka 
John Chisovich 
Elizabeth Chiz 
Conrad Chiz 
George Chmel 



Ksenia Cybula 
Alex Dmitruck 
Arthur Dorfey 
Zachary Drechan 
Steve Dzaiko 
Ephrosinia Emetz 
Mary Erhoff 
Alex Garbuz 
Alex Genitz 
Nick Gladun 
Rose Glusko 
Florence Gowgeil 
K. Hilko 
N. Hilko 

Frank Honcharuk 
Daniel Husakoff 
Anton Janchenko 
Dolores Kalentchiz 
Elizabeth Kalentchiz 
V. J. Kaspar 
James Kilimnik 
S. A. Klimkow 
A. Kluchanovich 



Mike Kohniak 
George Koliada 
N. Koltonyck 
Adolph Korabelnik 
Sebastian Koshel 
Fred Kot 
Natalia Kott 
S. Kowalchuk 
William Kowalski 
Paul Kozak 
John Kozak 
M. Kuletzky 
Ostap Kulik 
Frank Kutchik 
Antonina Labulsky 
Stefan Lawrinovich 
Jene Lenkevich 
William Leonchick 
Vasily Leonchik 
Walter Lichota 
Harry Lizak 
Andrew Lishuk 
Steve Lissich 



AMERICAN SLAV CONGRESS 



131 



N. Lotoshynsky 
Paul Lutka 
William Maksinuk 
Casmer Memlewski 
J. Maniuk 
Lydia Manuk 
A. T. Marinin 
J. Marsco 
May Marulewski 
Delia Maximena 
John Maximena 
Max Maximena 
John Melgin 
A. Michalchik 
M. Mickloff 
Sam Miller 
M. Mitchell 
George Moiseuk 
William Molozaiy 
John Mshar 
Mark Mshar 
Joe Munko 
Sam Nazaruk 
Mike Nesteruk 
Joseph Novik 
P. Pardo 
A. Pasow 
Tom Pavluka 
Alex Pavulsky 



Fedov Petroff 
I. Petrow 
Ed. Poseehenko 
Helen Pristup 
William Protosevich 
Sam Ptachek 
John Rudchik 
J. Sakman 
Frank Salivonchik 
Steve Salivonchik 
T. Samosevich 
A. Schnip 
Amelia Selianin 
George Seminuk 
Anna Seminuk 
Nicolas A. Seoeff 
Joe Serbuk 
Anton Sidoruk 
Peter Siminovich 
Dan Simons 
Dan Sipawalov 
Tony Slipenko 
T. Snegur 
Mosse Sofonoff 
Luke Sokolowski 
fimofei Sorokin 
Sprincz Family 
Andrew Stelebuck 
F. Tarelka 



Wura Tolkach 
Nina Traguba 
P. D. Trushinsky 
A. Tupica 
P. Turovetz 
W. Ucih 
Paul Udchitz 
Andrew Usoff 
Dan Usovich 
Gregory Valentovich 
Dorothy Wallace 
Sophie Wvda Warame 
Nick Wasilkoff 
J. Winicky 
William Wiolenty 
R. R. Wisniewsky 
Walter Woyt 
James Woytowich 
Paulina Yrovich 
Alexander Yuravel 
Anton Yurko 
Zigmund Zaleski 
Julia Zawoda 
A. Zebrazke 
Karp Zelze 
George Zowodoc 
Andrew Zuk 
Sam Zurak 
Mike Zwick 



[Souvenir journal, Rally to Win the Peace, 3d American Slav Congress, New York, September 20, 21, 22, 

1946, p. 73] 

Greetings From Russian Christian People's Home to the Third American 

Slav Congress 



E. Levchenko, President 
L. Bazar, Vice president 
V. Nechay, Secretary 



A. Boyko, Treasurer 

E. Podberezko, Financial secretary 



[Ibid, p. 57] 



Best Wishes and Success to the Third American Slav Congress From the 
Russian National Temple Association, Detroit, Mich. 



Nicholas Fitch, Assistant recording 

secretary 
Anna Sinelnik, Bookkeeper 
Dmitry Shabluk, Recording secretary 
Max Ozinsky, President 
Nicholas J. Goncharoff, Vice president 
Jacob Shkrobot, Financial secretary 
Walter Schanovich, Treasurer 
Sergey Rudecoff, Auditing committee- 
man 
Anton Geinik, Building committeeman 
Dmitry Hucul, Auditing committeeman 
John Hatzura, Auditing committeeman 



Alexander Ovchinko, Bar stock keeper 
Anton Koshewoy, Auditing committee- 
man 
Board of Directors: 

Sam Omell 

Theodore Schewetz 

Steve Pukalo 

Alex Lebedeff 

Nicholas Prokopenko 

Frank Rudecoff 

Nikolai Losik 

George Efimchik 

Alex Suffron 



[Ibid, p. 62] 
Greetings From Lodge 121, S. N. P. J., Detroit, Mich. 



Joe Mikelich, President 
Mieth Urbas, Treasurer 



Josef Korsic, Secretary, 1947 Florence 
Ave., Detroit, Mich. 



132 AMERICAN SLAV CONGRESS 

[The Slavic American, Fall 1947, p. 64] 

Southern California Sends Greetings From the Slavic Council of Los 

Angeles 

George V. Borsz, President Vice presidents: 

Casimir T. Nowacki, Executive Secre- George Legun, Ukrainian 

tary A. Lesovsky, Czechoslovakian 

Frank Petrovich, Financial Secretary Daniel Witwicki, Polish 

Louis Farlan, Treasurer Philip Drazich, Yugoslavian 

Ivan Koss, Russian 
John Kostoff, Bulgarian 

[The Slavic American, Summer 1948, p. 35] 

Southern California Sends Greetings and Best Wishes From the Slavic 
Council of Southern California 

3300 city terrace drive, los angeles 

Frank Petrovich, President Vice Presidents: 

Casimir T. Nowacki, Executive Secre- Philip Drazich, Yugoslavian 

tary Adolf Lecovsky, Czechoslovakian 

Mary Legun, Financial Secretary Mary Legun, Ukrainian 

Louis Farlan, Treasurer John Kostoff, Bulgarian 

Klemens Kowalczyk, Polish 
Alex M. Alexeev, Russian 

[ Souvenir Journal, Rally to Win the Peace, 3d American Slav Congress, New York, September 20, 21, 22, 

1946, p. 54.] 

Greetings to the Third American Slav Congress from Women's Club 
"Sloboda," 798 Grant St., AkroNj Ohio 

Mary Sekermestrovich, President 
Anna Lolich, Secretary 

[Ibid., p. 53] 

Greetings to the Third American Congress from Slovak National 
Alliance, Branch 6 

Louis Krch John Petrov Stephen Topoly 

Stephen Krajcovic Stephen Hudak John Pangrac 

John Keleciny 

[Ibid., p. 70] 

Greetings to the Third American Slav Congress, Chicago District of 
Slovak National Alliance of America 

Dr. Martin P. Sasko, President John Mizialko, Treasurer 

John Mackovic, Vice president Maria Cillo, Secretary 

[Ibid., p. 50] 

Greetings to the Third American Slav Congress, District 6 of the 
National Slovak Society, Uniontown, Pa. 

John Piovarchy, President Financial Committee: 

John Zuza, Vice president John J. Kenda 

Joseph Saladiak, Secretary John Bohunicky 

Anthony Kovach, Treasurer Stephen Vrabel 

Stephen A. Banas, Elder 

[Ibid., p. 60] 

Greetings, Slovenian Workers Home, Detroit, Mich. 

Frank Modic, President Albert Kirn, Recording secretary 

Louis Kirn, Vice president John Plahtar, Treasurer 

Anton Kerzisnik, Secretary 



AMERICAN SLAV CONGRESS 133 

[Ibid., p. 46] 

Greetings, Sokolska Jednota, Philadelphia 

2202 n. marshall st., philadelphia, pa. 

E. Prostrednik, President 
R. Stanek, Secretary 

[Ibid., p. 63] 

Greetings Third American Slav Congress From United American Slav 

Committee, Flint, Mich. 

Michael M. Bereznoff, Honorary chair- Mrs. Frank Novak, Secretary, 4309 
man Milton Drive, Flint, Mich. 

Michael W. Evanoff, Chairman, 606-608 Trustees: 

Citizens Bank Bldg., Flint, Mich. Luke Homik 

John Glinianoff, Vice chairman Mike Kump 

Mrs. James Bejcek, Secretary-Treasurer Nicholas Ralko 

[The Slavic American, Fall 1947, p. 76] 

The United Russian-American Committee of Chicago and Vicinity Greets 
the American Slav Congress and Its Voice, "The Slavic American" 

1628 w. division st., chicago 22, ill. 

Anton Bernoff, President 
Nicolas A. Swoeff, Secretary 

[Souvenir journal, Rally to Win the Peace, 3d American Slav Congress, New York, September 20, 21, 22 

1946, p. 41] 

The Members of the United Russian Organization of Greater Boston, 
Mass., Express Their Best Wishes for Slav Unity and Success of the 
Third American Slav Congress 

Victor Davidov, President 
Jacob Turchin, Secretary 

[Ibid., p. 56] 

Greetings and Best Wishes for Success to Third American Slav Congress 
From the United Russian Relief Committee, Detroit, Mich. 

N. Goncharoff, President N. Fitch, Secretary 

A. Koshewoy, Vice president J. Kozluck, Financial Secretary 

Max Ozinsky, Vice president P. Thomas, Treasurer 

[The Slavic American, Summer 1948, p. 40] 

Wishing Best of Success for the Unity of All Slavic Americans To Join 
With Sister Russia and With All Progressive Peoples for Unity and 
Peace 

new deal yugoslav club, chicago, ill. 

Marko Ratkovic, President Steve Ivisich, Vice president 

Petar Doljanin, Secretary Steve Buljac, Treasurer 

[Souvenir Journal, Rally to Win the Peace, 3rd American Slav Congress, New York, September 20, 21, 22 

1946, p. 69] 

Best Wishes and Success to the Delegates and Guests of the Third 
American Slav Congress, National Committee, Macedonian-American 
People's League, Detroit, Mich. 

Smeale Voydanoff , President 
Blagoy Popoff, Vice president 
Dr. George Popoff, Vice president 
George Pirinsky, National secretary 
Nicola Kovacheff, Organizational secretary 
Pete Hadjieff, National organizer 



134 AMERICAN SLAV CONGRESS 

Members: 

Tom Pascoff Blagov Gushleff 

George Dotchkoff Elia Nicoloff 

Philip Liochkoff Christ Apostoloff 

[The Slavic American, Summer 1948, p. 52] 

Brotherly Greetings to the Fourth American Slav Congress, Macedonian- 
American People's League, 

5856 chene st., detroit 11, mich. 
National Committee: 
Officers : 

Smeale Voydanoff, President 
Blagoy Popoff, Vice President 
George Pirinsky, National secretary 
Nicola Kovacheff, Organizational secretary 

Members: George Dotchkoff, Tom Pascoff, Blagoy Gushleff, Elia 
Nicoloff, Christ Apostoloff, Spiro Martinoff, Vangel Bistrow, Nikola 
Stoyanoff, Blaga Popravska, Philip Vishin, Karamfila Voydanova 

[The Slavic American, Summer 1948, p. 56] 

Grand Lodge C. S. A. State of Illinois Extends to the Fourth American 
Slav Congress its Greetings 

Fred Vodak, President 
James Smid, Secretary 

[The Slavic American, Fall 1947, p. 58] 

National Council, Americans of Croatian Decent Greets the 
Slavic American 

Zlatko Balokovic, President Stephen M. Loyen, Assistant Secretary 

John Kovac, Vice President Joe Pleshe, Treasurer 

Vjekovslav Mandic, Vice President Frank Borich, Executive Secretary 

Philip Vukelich, Secretary John Bronich, Organizer 



INDEX 



Page 

Abraham Lincoln Brigade 14 

Abraham Lincoln Slovak Political Club 129 

Abraham, Vaclav . 118 

Abramchik, Sam_ 130 

Abramchik, William (also William V.) 105, 

107, 110, 114, 116, 130 

"A Call to Slavic American Youth" 93 

Acorn Press 42 

Adam, Anthony 121 

Adam, Archbishop • 106 

Adamchuck, Steve 130 

Adamic, Louis 7, 25, 

30, 39-49, 58, 77, 88, 89, 91, 95, 106, 122-125 

Adams, Carlyle 96 

Addes, George 14 

Akron Council of American-Soviet Friendship. 43 

Akron Serbian Orthodox Church 44 

Alexeev, Alex M 103, 121, 132 

Alexeichuk, Harry 130 

Aljinovich, Blaz 123 

All-American Slav Congress 3, 12 

Allied Labor News 67 

All-Slav Committee 1, 6, 17 

All-Slav Committee of Czechoslovakia 24 

All-Slav Committee (Moscow) 6, 14-16, 33 

All-Slav Congress 3,13,14,87 

All-Slav Congress in Belgrade 52 

All-Slav Congress Committee 12 

All-Slav Press Service 6 

All-Slavonic Committee 21 

Amelkovich, Alexandra 130 

Amelkovich, Xatalie 130 

American All-Slav Congress 10 

American All-Slav Congress Committee 22 

American All-Slav Congress of Michigan and 

New York 5 

American Association for Reconstruction in 

Yugoslavia, Inc 39,40,74,87,90-92 

American Carpatho-Russian Congress 19 

American Committee for Free Yugoslavia 40,89 

American Committee of Jewish Writers, 

Artists, and Scientists 34 

American Committee for Protection of For- 

eigh Born 32,34,38,42,46,50,65,68,87 

American Committee for Spanish Freedom .. 46 

American Committee for Yugoslav Relief 39, 

40, 77-81 
American Committee for Yugoslav Relief of 
the War Relief Fund of Americans of South 
Slavic Descent (later known as the American 

Committee for Yugoslav Relief) 77-79 

American Communist Party 23 

American Council for a Democratic Greece. .. 46 

American Federation of Labor 24 

American Hungarian Catholic Society. 19 

American Hungarian Federation " 19 

American Labor Party 86 

American League Against War and Fascism. 42,46 
American Lithuanian Roman Catholic 

Women's Alliance 19 

American Peace Mobilization 13,14,87,89 

American-Polish Labor Council 17,68,95 

American-Russian Institute 5 

American-Serbian Committee for Relief of 

War Orphans in Yugoslavia 81 

American Serbian Council 19 

American-Serbian War Orphans Relief Com- 
mittee. 81 

American Sick Benefit Association 19 

American Slav Congress 1-134 

American Slav Congress of Michigan 23,65 

American Slav Congress of Ohio 69 



Page 
American Slav Congress of Western Pennsyl- 
vania 51 

American Slav Printing Association.- 62 

American-Slovak Educational and Beneficial 

Athletic Association 5 

American-Slovak League 17 

American Veterans Committee, Allegheny 

County (Pa.) Area Council 53 

American Workers of Slovak Descent 5 

American Writers' Congress .- 42 

American Youth Congress 18 

American Youth for Democracy 38, 93, 94 

American Yugoslavian Print Co 75 

Americans of South Slavic Descent 78 

Amter, Israel 28, 51, 93 

Andric, Ivo 40 

Angell, Montgomery B 122 

Angle, Bertha 121 

Aniszko, M 112 

Anti-Fascist Youth Committee of Moscow 15 

Antonic, Mary 121 

Antonich, Vinko 121 

Antoninka, Paul 119 

Antonio, Harry 116 

Antonovich, Anton 121 

Apostoloff, Christ 134 

Arashinko, Anna 119 

Arch, F.J 110 

Armantofi, Victor 127 

Asch, Sholem 106 

Astapchuk, Matthew 119 

Atanasoff, Stanko 119 

Atlantic Pact 64 

Babev, Anton 109 

Babicek, John 118 

Babich, Paul 103,-105, 107, 115 

Babin, Thomas 105 

Babiv, Anton 109 

Babka, Marie 121 

Baburich, Joe 123 

Bacich, Leo 107, 123 

Backora, V. P 103, 110 

Bahniuk, J 118 

Balaban, S 117 

Balcoff, Nicholas 108 

Baldwin, C. B 106 

Balek, Frank 102, 105 

Balokovic, Joyce (Borden) 77, 107 

Balokovic, Zlatko 6, 

14, 27, 30, 35-39, 43, 45, 55, 77, 79, 81, 90-92, 99, 
101, 105-108, 112, 122-125, 134. 

Balokovic, Mrs. Zlatko 81, 122 

Baltich, Nikola 107 

Baltisky, N 22 

Banas, Stephen A 132 

Bandik, Dan 130 

Barabasoff, Arthur 105 

Baranic, Bozo 121 

Baranic, Milo 121 

Barich, John 121 

Barlow, Samuel L. M 78, 122 

Barmuta, Michael S 120 

Baron, Ned 129 

Bartakovich, Eva 117 

Bartkiw, Peter 112, 114 

Bartl, Arthur 52, 110, 111 

Bartolovich, George 117 

Bartulovich, A 116 

Bartuluc, Fran 119 

Basar, Anton 123 

"Bases and Empire" 46 

135 



136 



INDEX 



Page 

Bashura, M 116 

Basic, Kate... 123 

Basic, Mark.. 6, 7, 52, 116 

Baskoff, Harry 130 

Baslik, Anton 115 

Baslik, Julie 115 

Basos, Josephine 118 

Bastasic, Pete 123 

Baxa, John 103 

Bay, George Thomas 130 

Bayus, John 103 

Bazant, Adolph 102 

Bazar, L 131 

Bazdarich, Joseph 103, 105 

Bazdarich, Martin 116 

Bazhaer, John J 121 

Bebler, Ales 40, 79 

Becher, Johannes 3 

Bedacht, Max 48, 76, 78, 84, 122 

Begovich, Kay 121 

Bejcek, Miss E 110 

Bejcek, Mrs. James 133 

Bekich, Simo ....__..._.__. ... 117 

Beleff, Guitcho 26 

Belich, Chris 115 

Belief!, A . 112 

Bell, Thomas 106, 108 

Bella, Joe 107 

Bellanca, August 122 

Bellatich, Pete 121 

Belohlavek, Charles 109, 117 

Benich, Edward 123 

Benjamin, Herbert _. 51,84 

Benjamin, Metropolitan 102,105,106,122 

Benko, John 114 

Benko, M. F 102 

Benson, Elmer A 106 

BerchkofI, George M 117 

Beresney, Timothy 102 

Bereznak, D 129 

BereznofF, Michael M 110, 117, 126, 133 

Berezowsky, Alice Newman 80 

Berley, Mrs. N 130 

Berlinski, W 109, 117 

BernofI, Anton 133 

Bernstein, Walter 78 

Besenic, Thomas 109 

Bethune, Mary McLeod 106,122 

Bez, Nick 123,125 

Bezdek, Lada 180 

Bezelj, John 121 

Bezich, Joseph 116, 121 

Bezich, Milka 116 

Bezuk, Steve 127 

Biazevich, Paul ._ 121 

Biddlc, Francis 13,35,48, 50, 52 

Biegalska, Mrs. E 109 

Bielawski, S 117 

Bielich, Sam 103, ill 

Bierut, Boleslaw 6,32,35 

Biggiry, 7, 118 

Bilinsky, Peter 129 

Billy, Michael 114, 118 

Bily, Paul 112 

Bilyk, M 118 

Binder, Charles 105 

Binkus, Albert 130 

Binowsky, P.._ 118 

Birdie, Mrs. M 118 

Birkos, Sergei 130 

Bishop's Council of the Greek Rite Church.. 19 

Bistrow, Vangel D 107, 123, 125, 134 

Bitula, Paul 119 

Bjelovucich, F 116 

Blaeetz, Emil 117 

Blaskavich, M 115 

Blaskn, Ivan 118 

Blatniak, Anna 13 

Blatnik, John A 106 

Blazen, Matt 117 

Blazicevich, Matt G 115 

Blinova, V 130 

Boban, Bogdan N 115 

Boban, Ivan 115 

Bobel, Daniel 121 

Bobrowsky, Vasiley 130 

Bobruk, John 116 

Bobruk, Zenon 112 



Page 

Bodnar, D 130 

Bodnar, Steve 103 

Bodrog, John _. 61,63, 103, 110, 111 

Bogdanovic, Milos 117 

Bogdanovich, M. J 42, 123, 124 

Bohum, Valent 117 

Bohunicky, John 132 

Bojarski, Stanislaw.. 117 

Bokan, M 115 

Bokey, Hilary 120 

Bolantca, Antonia 130 

Bold, Michel 76 

Book Find Club 46 

Borba (Struggle) 9, 57 

Borcichi, Peter 115 

Borden, Joyce 36 

Bordian, V 119 

Borg, Mrs. Sidney H 122 

Borich, Frank... 36, 51, 52, 86, 107, 110, 111, 123, 134 
Borsz, George (also George V.). 103, 105, 116, 121, 132 

Borsz, Mrs. George 121 

Borysiewicz, A 130 

Bosanac, Michael 82 

Boskovich, Julia 118 

Boskovich, Michael 118 

Boskovich, Peter 127 

Boticki, Ignac ,. 123 

Boyko A 131 

Boziceivich, Steve 120 

Bozulic, Joseph M 121 

Bracic, George 117 

Bradac, J. S 102 

Bradley, Lyman R 106 

Brady, James (district attorney of Lacka- 
wanna County) 120 

Brazich, Philip 132 

Brenkach, John.. 118 

Brenz, Milan 122 

Brewster, Dorothy 106 

Bridges, Harry 14,89 

Brigljevich, E. Ivka 117 

British Youth Brigade 94 

Brkich, Steve 73 

Brnabich, P 116 

Broda, Maria 109 

Brodsky, Joseph 39 

Bronich, John 36, 123,134 

Brook, Calvin 60-62,103,111 

Browder, Earl 23,44-46,51,84,89 

Brown, Constantine 97 

Brozovich, Josip (Tito) 17 

Bruck, Koloman 60 

Buban, George M 6, 52, 

77, 87, 103, 105, 106, 110, 114, 122, 123 

Bubinic, Marijan Broz 129 

Buchel, Casper 107,116 

Bucke, Emory Stevens 96 

Buckner, George Walker 96 

Buday, T 130 

Budenz, Louis F 42,45,46 

Budisavijevich, Milan 82 

Budiak, Joseph 107 

Budzak, S 118 

Buerk, Eugene J 33 

Bujan, Ivan _.. 117 

Bulgarian American Committee 43 

Bulgarian-American People's League 65,66, 129 

Bulgarian- American People's League, National 

Committee 128 

Bulgarian Home Service 10 

Bulgarian-Macedonian People's League. 17 

Bulgarian Macedonian Victory Congress 45 

Bulgarian Telegraphic Agency 67 

Buljac, Steve... 133 

"Bulletin" 55 

Buncich, Zarko M 42, 43, 45, 101, 105, 123-125 

Bunchich, Zlatko 43 

Bundzak, G 118 

Bunjevac, Ilija 82 

Burarich, Vladimir 95 

Burba, Dominick 115,116 

Burich, Anton 117 

Burv, Frank 110,111 

Burzolic, Frank.. 123 

Burzvnski, I 13 

Busic, N. M 117 

Busic, Nick 87 

Busko, Gordei 126 



INDEX 



137 



Page 

Busse, Mary ... 105 

Butkovich, Ivan 43, 123, 124 

Butkovich, John D - 99, 101, 105 

Buzek, Rojka 118 

Buzek, Valent 118 

Byrnes, James F 25, 33, 47, 73, 95 

Cachel, Amelia 116 

Cainkar, Vincent 88,89,99, 101, 105, 124, 128 

California Joint Fact-Finding Committee 34,89 

Canfield, Cass 122 

Cannon, Walter B 122 

Cantor, Eddie 122 

Cap, T 128 

Carnegie Tech 54 

Carpatho-Russian American Mutual Aid 

Society 83 

Carpatho-Russian Panel, ASC 129 

Carpatho-Russian People's Committee 5 

Carpenter, John Alden 122 

Carter, Edward C 21 

Carter, Mrs. Edward C 122 

Casse, Hedvika 115 

Cavendish 76 

Ceglowski, Roman V 108 

Celler Emanuel 106, 122 

Celtik, Stefan 118 

Cengia, Peter 103, 105, 124, 125 

Central Committee of the Polish Trade- 
Unions. 48 

Central Yugoslav Committee 5 

Cernich, Victor 114 

Cernosia, Kuzma 115 

Cervenak, John 107, 110, 117 

Cesen, Frank 124 

Cetinski, Martin 107, 109, 117 

Chapman, Emmanuel 122 

Charkeny, A. M 118 

Charnota, John 129 

Charnowola, Mrs 109 

Chelcickv, Rad Peter 116 

Chelko, Rudolph... 115 

Chervenka, Louis 129 

Chetyrbock, Jorge 130 

Chicago District of Slovak National Alliance 

of America 132 

Chigier, Marie 130 

Chipurka, G 130 

Chirin, J 109 

Chisovich, John 130 

Chiz, Conrad 130 

Chiz, Elizabeth 130 

Chlep, Paul . liy 

Chmel, George 121,130 

Chomko, Steve 129 

Chopin, Pavlov 20 

Chornock, Orestes P 62 

Christ, Dushan 109 

Christowe, Stoyan 102, 108 

Chudowich, A 112 

Chudowich, Alex 114 

Churcich Brothers 115 

Churich, Kosta M 127 

Cierny, Betty 116 

Cierny, George 116 

Cieslok, M. J 119 

Cillo, Marie 132 

Cimbala, John 129 

Cinatl, Mrs. Ludwig 121 

CIO 48 

CIO Council, Wayne County 16 

Citizens Legislative Conference 38 

Civil Rights Congress 31, 38, 46, 50, 68 

Cbrk, Tom C 2. 

28-32, 34, 36, 38, 39, 47, 50, 56, 57, 81, 88, 94, 95 

Cobrda, Beredi US 

Cobrda, John, Sr 118 

Coffee, John M 23, 122 

Coffin, Henry Sloane 122 

Coleman, Edward J 113 

Cominform 6, 10, 29, 37, 56, 81 

Committee for a Democratic Far Eastern 

Policy 46, 56 

Committee of United Lodges for Political Ed- 
ucation and Action. 120 

Communist International.. 6, 10, 25, 29, 36, 46, 79, SI 
Communist Party, National Committee 13, 29 



Communist Party, U. S. A 

Communist Slavic Press 

Cone, Mrs. F. H 

Conference on Pan-American Democracy 

Congress of American Women 

"Conspiracy Aeainst Peace" 

Cooperative Publishing Co., Inc 

Corusy, Mary 

Costas, Esther- 

Council of Americans of Croatian Descent 

Council of Canadian Slavs 

Council of Canadian South Slavs 

Council of the United Evangelical Churches. 

Couzoff, Anthony 

Croatian American Council 

Croatian American Council of Michigan 

Croat'an American National Council 

Croatian Benevolent Fraternity..! 

Croatian Benevolent Fraternity of Americans. 

Croatian Catholic Union of the U. S. A 

Croatian Fraternal Union 13,17,72,84 

Croatian Fraternal Union of America. 

Croatian Fraternal Union, Lodge 489 

Croatian Fraternal Union, Lodge "Sokol" 

Croatian Republic Peasant Party 

Croatian Voice 

Crum, Bartley C 

CTK 



Page 

31 

90 

122 

42,46 

68 

47 

66 

119 

120 

43 

89 

91 

67 

119 

45 

129 

36 

91 

83 

19 

86, 88 

5 

113 

129 

85 

37,92 

lOf 

61,62 

Cuckovich, Katarina 115 

Culen, Marek 21 

Cultural and Scientific Conference for World 

Peace 10 

Cunja, Andrej 11 

Curkovich, Cluton 119 

Curman, Andy 123 

Curran, Joseph 106 

Curry, S.J 120 

Cushman, Ralph S 122 

Cvetic, Matthew 74, 103, 105, 107, 110 

Cybula, Ksenia 130 

Cyril 20 

Czarnota, M 130 

Czechoslovak National Alliance 14 

Czechoslovak National Council 17 

Czechoslovak National Council of America... 5 

Czechoslovak Societies of America 17 

Czechoslovak Society of America, Lodge 10. . 116 
Czechoslovak Society of America, Lodge 

Dobromil cislo 171 119 

Czechoslovak Society of America, Lodge 

Elyria No. 280 129 

Czechoslovak Society of America, Lodge 

Moravan No. 46 116 

Czechoslovak Society of America, Lodge 

Victor Berger 206 119 

Czechoslovak Society of America, Rad Jan 

Hus cislo 180 118 

Czechoslovak Society of America, Rad Jaro- 

slav z Dube cislo 154 117 

Czechoslovakian American Youth 14 

Czelen, Anthony 103, 111 

Dabrowski, Casimir 121 

Daily People's World 69 

Daily Worker 10, 

12-16, 29, 31, 34-36, 38, 44, 45, 49-54, 56, 60, 61, 
63, 66, 69, 75, 78, 80, 83, 88, 89, 91, 93. 

Dalibar, Soldatic 72 

Damrosch, Walter 122 

Dancheff, Vasil 117 

Danenbruch, John 117 

Danowski, Frank 30 

Darcy, Sam 79, 86, 89 

Dargiewicz, Theresa 120 

Darlan 42 

Datchman, John A 103 

Davenport, Marcia 122 

Davidou, Tomas 5 

Davidov, Victor 133 

Davidson, Jo 78, 122 

Daychuk, D 109 

Dayniak 126 

Derive, Gotze 20 

Dedek, Michael 105 

Dedijer, Stefan .' 57 

Dedijer, Vladimir 40, 57, 79 

DeLacy, Hugh 23, 78, 122 



138 



INDEX 



Page 

Delanoy, Dennis W -.- 90 

DeMaio, Ernest 78 

Demerec, Milislav 122 

Dennis, Eugene 4 

Denona, Sophia 117 

Derdich, Frank 123 

Derkaeh, W 116 

Derkos, Anton 86, 99, 101 

Derosky, Andrew 116 

Detroit Civil Rights Congress 23 

Detroit. News 15 

Devunich, Anna 105, 107, 110, 111, 124 

Dieoff, Vasil 99, 101, 109 

"Dies" 18 

Dimitroff, S 117 

Dimitrov, George. __ 6, 25, 31, 33, 38, 41, 46, 63-65 

Dionisije, Bishop 58 

Ditko, John , 118 

Djonovich, Milo 120 

Dmitruck, Alex 130 

Dmytrishyn, A 13 

Dmytruk, Mary 105 

Dobijash, Otto 117 

Dobranich, John 117 

Dobrich, Vinko 116 

Dobrinec, Josip 117 

Dobrowolski, J 128 

Dobrzynski, Zygmund 49 

Dochkoff, George 107 

Doczkal, Emilia 117 

Dogdanovich, M. J 43 

Dolinajec, John 114 

Doljanin, Petar 133 

Doll, Tracy M 14 

Dombrowski, Adam 111 

Dombrowski, Thomas X 71 

Domevich, Boris 112 

Domostoy, Michael 111 

Doneff, M _ 128 

Doneff, Mike 107, 129 

Dorfey, Arthur.. 130 

Dorvk, P 128 

DosefT, Ivan 124 

Dotchkoff, George 134 

Doubek, Marie 112 

Douglas, Helen Gahagan 122 

Douglas, Melvyn 106 

Dovin, Jerry 118 

Dovin, Mrs. Jerry 118 

Dr. (Drustvo) Delavec (Lodge) 119 

Dragoitcheva, Tsola 24, 26, 33, 95 

Draper, Muriel 106 

Drazich, Nicholas 115 

Drazich, Philip 121,132 

Drechan, Zachary 130 

Drenovac, Nikola 43,57-59,81,111,124,125 

Droban, Michael 114 

Drobnic, Jacob 92 

Drogorub, Laura 117 

Dubchek, John 117 

Dubnicky, Harry 120 

Duda, J 130 

Dudar, A 128 

Dudash, Mike (also Michael) 110,111 

Dudek, Amelia 119 

Dufek, Joseph 113 

Duletsky, M 125 

Dunn, Frank 109 

Dvorzak, Glinka Smetana 20 

Dyak, J 127 

Dychckowsky, Alex 116 

"Dynamite" 41 

Dzaiko, Steve 130 

Dzuroska, Steven 114 

Ealevega, C 117 

Easchenko, Ane 118 

East Detroit— 3161 126 

Efimchik, George 131 

Eichorst, Stanley 121 

Eisler, Gerhart 34, 50, 79, 86 

Eisler, Hilda 79 

Elich, Nicholas P 117 

Emergency Peace Mobilization 87 

Emetz, Ephrosinia 130 

Enakopravnost (Equality) 74 

Erbesti, Nicholas J 117 



Page 

Erhoff, Mary 130 

Ernst, Hugo 106 

Evanchenko, Carl 113 

Evangelical Slovak Women's Union 130 

Evanoff, Michael (also Michael W.) 103, 

105, 107, 110, 124, 125, 133 

Evans, Louis 29 

Ezerski, Frank in 

Fadeyev, Alexander. 3 

Fairchild, Henry Pratt .._ 106 

Farlan, Louis 116, 121, 132 

Farrell, Ivan Crnko 123 

Fast, Howard 76, 80 

Featro, Joseph 120 

Federal Information Department, Yugoslavia. 40 

Federation of Moravian Societies 130 

Federation of SNPJ of Eastern Ohio and 

West Virginia 119 

Federek, M 15 

Federoff, N 112 

Federook, Anton 116 

Fedosuk, George 110 

Fedosuk, Joseph . 117 

Feingale, S. J 119 

Feix, Adolph R . 105 

Feolich, R 103, 119 

Feolich, Mrs. R 119 

Ferencik, Andrew 61 

Ferkich, Florence _ 121 

Feuchtwanger. Lion 122 

Fiala, Franchisek 24 

Field, Marshall 122 

"Fight for Victory and Peace" 23 

Fijan, Carol. 93, 112 

Filip, Joseph E 117 

First Catholic Slovak Ladies Union _.. 19 

First Catholic Slovak Union of the U. S. A... 19 

First Slovak Wreath of Free Eagle 19 

Fishenden, Amelia A 116 

Fishenden, James J 116 

Fisher, John 118 

Fisher, Leo 53, 89 

Fitch, N 113, 133 

Fitch, Nicholas... 107, 131 

Flaxer, Abraham 78 

Flore, Edward 122 

Flour, John 116 

Foreman, Clark 106 

Foster, William Z 4, 51, 91 

Fourth American Slav Congress 26-29, 49 

Fourth Slav Congress 8 

Frahm, Fred W 50 

Frankfeld, Philip 51 

Franulovich, J 127 

Fraternal Orders Committee 12, 48 

Fraternal Outlook 71 

Freedom Train 47 

Freeman, Talbot O 122 

Friends of Soviet Russia 76 

Fritchman, Stephen H ■ 106 

Frydrych, A 118 

Fuchilla, G 126 

Fuchilla, George 119, 126 

Fuchilla, Theodore 118 

Fyodorov, Eugene 22 

Fylyma, T 109 

Gabalac, Stephen 103 

Gabor, Andrew 117 

Gabrisek 74 

Gachinovich, Milena 103, 111 

Gachinovich, Voyeslav 43, 81, 102, 111, 124 

Gacinov, Milena 91 

Gailmor, William S 78 

Gajdorus, Frank 118 

Gal, Anton 123 

Galaburda, Helen 105 

Galiaskova, Nevena 125 

Galijatovic, Smajo 117 

Galis, Albert 128 

Gancheff, Evan 129 

Gancheff. J 128 

Garbuz, Alex 130 

Garbuzov, S 26 

Garfield, John 122 

Gasjarac, Vinko 121 

Gasporini, Stephen 121 



INDEX 



139 



Page 

Gatz, H - |28 

Gavredsky, A if' 

Gazda. Tony Jj» 

Gburzynski, Stanley 117 

Gebert, Bill ----•-■ - 13 

Gebert, Bronislaw Konstantmc (also known as 
i Boleslaw Gebert, Boleslaw K. Gebert, B. K. 
Gebert, William Gebert and Bill Gebert)... 13, 
14, 48, 49, 71, 83, 95. 105. 

Gega, John M }2J 

Geinik, Anton "1 

Geliaskova, Navena 65,124 

Gellert, Huso « 

Gelsovich, George Jfi 

Genika, S - }\° 

Genitz, Alex — . J?V 

Genova, Catherine J^ 

Genova K 1*" 

George Pirinsky Defense Fund Committee... 34,87 

Gerd, John 121 

Gerlach, Anthony (Anton) (Tony).... 39,91,93,122 

Gerlach, Fred 93 

Gerlach, John 1"7 

Gerson, Simon W 38 

Gibasiewicz, Jadwiga 108 

Gildersleeve, Virginia C --- 122 

Gimbel, Elinor S 106 

Gimbel, Mrs. Louis 12- 

Gishak, Peter -- 11* 

Gitlow, Benjamin 75 

Glad, Michael - I 09 

Gladun, Nick 130 

Glancheff, D. J 117 

Glas Naroda (People's Voice) 74 

Glavanovich, Andrew 127 

Glibich, Tom. 116 

Glinianoff, John.... 117, 133 

Glocar, Emil 43, 44, 124 125 

Glos Ludowy (People's Voice) 68-72 

Glugowonski, Frank 117 

Glusko, Mary 116 

Glusko, Rose „ 130 

Gluszak, Katherine — - 83, 90, 105, 107, 112, 127 

Gluszak, T 118 

Gluszak, Mrs. T 118 

Gmiler, F. G 119 

Godlewski, Mary 109 

Godlewski, S 121 

Goebbels, Joseph 95 

Golodowska, Julia 117 

Golosinec, John 105 

Golowka, Nikolas 120 

Goncharoff, N 133 

Goncharoff, Nicholas J 131 

Goncharov, H n/il 

Gorbunov, Timofei 24,95 

Gordoy, Benedict 103 

Goreta, Matt 86,117 

Gorginoff, John 109 

Gotovac, Matt I 23 

Gougin, A. P 103 

Gowgeil, Florence 130 

Grabik, Karel 118 

Grand Carniolean Slovenian Catholic Union. 19 

Graovac, George 116 

"Great Conspiracy Against Russia"... 60 

Greek Catholic Union of the U. S. A 19 

Green, D 121 

Green, William 122 

Gregorovich, Michel 110,119,121 

Gregurineich, Joe 123 

Grgurich, John 121 

Griffiths, George 53 

Griger, Joseph 107, 128 

Grigorich, H 117 

Grigorov, Peter 65,105,124,125 

Grigorsky, Frank 103 

Grill, John -— 121 

Grill, Vatro J '5 

Grizodubova, Valentina. 22 

Grkinich, Drago 12* 

Grkovioh, Peter 82 

Grosinic, Blaz 123 

Grozeff, George 124 

Grubiak, Steve -. 103 

Grudin, Joseph — 121 

Gruich, Lazar - 82 



Page 

Gruitch, William. 103 

Grum, Andrew, Jr 122 

Gubac, Matija - 120 

Guffey, Joseph F 122 

Guino-Zorkin, Mladen 95 

Gumbonskv, Stanley 119 

Gundorov, Alexander. . 1, 3, 4, 6, 7, 9, 10, 17, 22, 24, 33 

Gunther, Blair F 14, 18, 21, 22, 99, 101 

Gurskv, E 112 

Gushlefl, Blagoy 134 

Guzley, Katherine 107, 126 

Guzlev, Mrs. P 112 

Hadjieff, Pete 109, 133 

Flaidai, Zoya 26 

Halamek, Anthony 115 

Haluza, Mrs. Joseph 121 

Hamtramck— 3025 125 

Hanusiak, Michael 105, 110, 111 

Haraiovic, Joseph 61 

Harriman, Mrs. J. Borden 122 

Hatzura, John 131 

Haus, Bruno 118 

Hawrylenko, T 128 

Hay, Ludowit 20 

Hearst 18 

Hebminiacke, Tom 117 

Hellmuth, Joseph K 103, 105, 107, 110, 114, 116 

Henderson, Donald 106 

Hhndman, Katherine Erlich 117 

Hilko, K... — 130 

Hilko, N 130 

Himka, Alex 119 

Hitler, Adolph 1, 42 

Hitler-Truman Doctrine 32 

Hnatowich, Walter 116 

Hocevar, Andy... - 121 

Hodolich, Paul.. 118 

Hodza, Milan 17 

Hofrichter, Frank 113 

Hojnowski, Michael 120 

Holod, Michael — 102 

Homik, Luke 133 

Honcharik, Mary 116 

Honcharuk, Frank 130 

Hoover.. _ 70 

Horbacewich, Kasian 117 

Horic, Frank 116 

Horneichuk, Alexander 21 

Horowitz, Helen 118 

Horvath, Michael 73 

Horvath, Michael J 102 

Horzen, Joseph 128 

H. R. No. 209 ► 27 

H. R. 1920 27 

H. R. 5852 --- 27 

Houska, Joseph 113 

Hrebek, Joseph 115 

Hronek, Charles 103 

Hrosti, Steve 121 

Hrubik, Kedra 118 

Hruska, Stephen 114 

Hrvatin, Steve 127 

Hrvnchuk, J 128 

Hucul, D . — 113 

Hucul, Dmitry 131 

Hudak, Stephen 132 

Hudjeber, Mike 117 

Hudvma, Michael 105, 107 

Humen, N 117 

Hungarian Reformed Federation 19 

Hunjet, Andy 117 

Huot, Vasily 119 

Hurak, John, Sr 118 

Hurcy, Peter --- 119 

Hurst, Fannie 122 

Husakoff, Daniel - 130 

Huss, Patrick Jan 20 

Hussar, Rositza 125 

Hvize, Mitio — 129 

Hydincha, Anthony 116 

Ianuza, Anton --- 116 

Ilchuk, Dmvtro 113,120 

Ilchuk, Frank 93 

Illinois State Unemployed Councils 51 

Immigrants Technical Aid Bureau 130 

Immigration Department-. 31, 50 

"The Incredible Tito, Man of the Hour" 76 



140 



INDEX 



Page 

Ineskow, W 118 

International Fishermen and Allied Workers 

of America 31 

International Fur and Leather Workers 

Union 31, 89 

International Labor Defense 91 

International Longshoremen's and Ware- 
housemen's Union (CIO) 78 

International Union of Fishermen and Allied 

Workers of America 89 

International Workers Order 5, 13, 35, 45, 48, 

50, 54, 57, 60, 68, 71, 82-84, 87, 91, 95 

Lodge 935 120 

Lodge 1533 118 

Lodge 1649 118 

Lodge 2044_ 120 

Lodge 3022 118 

Lodge 3149 120 

Lodge 3185 120 

Lodge 4003 120 

Lodge 4252 116 

Lodge 4333 118 

American-Russian Fraternal Society 83 

Lodge 3011 116 

Lodge 3068 119 

Lodge 3073 118 

Lodge 3165 120 

Lodge 3202 116 

Chicagoland Lodges 126 

English Speaking Lodge 125 

Mothers Club 126 

Progressive Club 126 

"Beograd" 4045 119 

Carpatho-Russian Mutual Aid Society... 119 

Lodge 3293 120 

Carpatho-Russian Peoples Society 126 

Chernishewsky Society, Russian Branch 

No. 3065 127 

Croatian Benevolent Fraternity: 

City Central Committee 127 

"D. Djakovich" Branch 4310 127 

Lodge Sloboda No. 4270 127 

Czech Lodge 2208 118 

Fraternal Society 116 

Ivan Franko Society, Lodge 1507 US 

Kirov, Lodge 4293 119 

Pilsen Lodge 2201 127 

Polish Lodge 3538 116 

Polonia Society 48,68 83,90,95 

Lodge 3553 127 

Lodge 3564 118 

Slovak Section «. 13 

Slovak Workers Society: 

Branch 2016 128 

Lodge 2049 118 

Lodge 2036.. 116 

Lodge 2078 119 

Ukrainian- American Fraternal Union 83, 93 

Lodge 1501 128 

Lodge 1569 120 

Lodge 1586 120 

Lodge 1600 119 

Branch 1605 120 

National Committee 128 

District of East Ohio and West Vir- 
ginia 119 

Ukrainian section 13 

Unity, Lodge 1706 118 

Isaacs, Stanley M 7,78,106,122 

Isbey, Frank N 14,108,109 

Ivanian, George 115,127 

Ivanish, Mary 75 

Ivankovich, George 121 

Ivanzowicz, Walter. 120 

Ivicevich, Peter J 127 

Ivisich, Steve 133 

Ivkovich, John 117 

"I Was a Soviet Worker" 92 

Iztur, Ludowit 20 

Izvestia 7,62,70 

Jacevich, John 120 

Jaffee, Sam ,. 78 

Jakasa, Dalibor . 11 

Jakimowski, Jan 103 

Jaksa, J 129 

Jambrekovich, Matt 123 

Jamemer, Mary 119 

Janchenko, Anton. 130 



Page 

Jandik, Zuzanna 105, 130 

Jania, Anton 121 

Jankovich, Evan 123 

Janosik, John F 103, 111 

Janovitz. Tilly 114 

Janowski, Frank. 120 

Januszajtis, Marian 3 

Javornik, John ill 

Jascenia, J 116 

Jasinski, Eugene 107 

Jedosky, J 113 

Jelinek, Anton 116 

Jepich, Frank 1 107 

Jerebeychik, Nick 119 

Jerkovich, Kuzma 125 

Jessel, George 122 

Jestrab, F. P 115 

Jezek, Frank 116 

Johnson, Hewlett 67 

Johnson, John 118 

Joint Anti-Fascist Refugee Committee. 38, 

42, 46, 76, 79, 86, 87, 89 

Joint Committee of Czechs and Slovaks 129 

Jouvicevjcb, Eli . 112 

Jozefczyk, A. M 102 

Judo, Robert 121 

Juranty, Jan . 117 

Juranty, John 117 

Jurasek, Frank ; 115 

Jurasek. Helen 103 

Jurich, Joseph F 89 

Jurich, M 121 

Juricich, Matthew C 103 

Jurka, John 119 

Justice Department 50, 63, 68 

Justiz, Harry M 79, 

86, S7, 91, 105, 107, 112, 122, 124, 125 

Kaehansky, Triva 103, 109, 110 

Kachur, Andres 126 

Kachur, Michael 103, 111 

Kadak, Bill 93 

Kadenuk, John 117 

Kaferle, Louis 124 

Kahn, Albert E 60, 79 

Kakak, Anna M 113 

Kalafarski, Edward 120 

Kalain, Matt 103 

Kalentchiz, Dolores 130 

Kalentchiz, Elizabeth 130 

Kalicak, John 107, 114 

Kalinchuk, Fred 115 

Kalman, Brueck 60 

Kalyk, A 120 

Kamera, Ivan 5 

Kamieniecki, A 117 

Kaminsky, John 119 

Kammer, Michael 109 

Kantin, Z. J 108 

Kapac, Hi 116 

Kapel, Frances 121 

Kapel, Jack 121 

Kapinski, George 121 

Kaptilovich, A 127 

Karadjick, Uyk 20 

Karczmarzvk, Anthony 105 

Kardanoff, Bill 117 

Karenko, A 113 

Karlik, Paul 120 

Karlota, Jacinto 121 

Karpik, Fred 113, 117 

Karpik, L 130 

Karpik, Lena 113 

Ivarsner, Rose 76 

Karwoska, F 107 

Karwoski, B 118 

Kasanovich, Sava N 44,45,79,88,95,96 

Kaspar, V. J 130 

Kasustchik, Daniel 83, 102, 105, 107. 126 

Katavich, Anton 116 

Kazakevich, Vladimir 15 

Kazimer, Paul 105 

Kazler, Joseph 127 

Kazorski, Stanley K 111 

Kebe, Matthew 103,111 

Kedo, Helen 107 

"Keep America Free" 53,57,61 

Keleciny, John 132 

Keller, Mike 103,111 



INDEX 



141 



Page 

Kelly, Peter „ 110 

Kemula, Ladislaus.. :-..... 109 

Kcnda, John J..... . 132 

Kennedy, Arthur 127 

Kennedy, Claudia 127 

Kennedy, Foster 122 

Kenny, Robert W 106 

Kenowski, A. C. F_. 120 

Kent, Rockwell 106,122 

Kepic, Ann 105 

Kerpan, J. L 115 

Kerzisnik, Anton 132 

Kesnick, John 115, 116 

Kidritch, Boris 40 

Kiepura, Jan 112 

Kiliinnik, James 130 

Kirchwey, Freda 122 

Kirn, Albert 132 

Kirn, Louis 121,132 

Kirvan, Joseph 103, 111 

Kis, Ludvig 105 

Kislak, Mary 119 

Kizyk, Kost 119 

Klabouch, Bozena 103,105,107,115,121 

Klein, Vincent 102,105,109 

Klemkow, Mrs. P 116 

Klicek, Mary 117 

Klimkovsky, Sergy 119 

Klimkow. S. A 130 

Klodin, W 121 

Klopacka, Georse 112 

Klopacka, Pauline. 108 

Klorichek, Charles 117 

Kluchanovich, A 130 

Klucka, John 118 

Klun, Paul ._ 111 

Klym, Louis 120 

Klym, Luka 121 

Klym, Mary 120 

Klym. Michael 120 

Klym, Millie 120 

Knaproch, Mary 119 

Kneco, P. V 115 

Knego, Peter V 125 

Kiu'z, Mary 109 

Knezevich, George 103, 111 

Knezevich, Michael. 102, 105 

Knocevich, Fedor F 105 

Koban. Joseph.. 112 

Koehajda, Eva 110 

Kocharsky, John 13 

Kocis, Joseph 109 

Kociuba, T 118 

Koda, Martha 103, 115, 116 

Kogoz, John 105 

Kogut, Wolentin 117 

Kohniak, Mike 130 

Kokich, Joseph 115 

Kolar, Anna - 107 

Kolar, Louis 115 

Kolarik, Michael 114 

Kolchagoff, B 117 

Kolchagoff, Mrs. B 117 

Kolchagoff, Tsveta 102, 105, 109, 124, 125 

Kolcheff, N 128 

Kolcheff, Nick 66, 105, 129 

Kolechko, Vladimir E 113 

Koleda, George 121 

Koledin, Joseph 91 

Kolensky, Mary 113 

Koliada, George 130 

Kollar, Anna 116, 128 

Kollar, Jan.._ 20 

Kollar, Joseph 116 

Kolodinski, John 118 

Koltonyck, N 130 

Kolynchuk, Prokop 119 

Kolynchuk, Sam 119 

Kondracky, A.._ 112 

Kondracky, Alex 105, 112, 114 

Konecny, Henry 118 

Kononchuk, Anna 105, 107, 119, 126 

Konvsvad, Luka 116 

Kopal, Matilda 115 

Koptiuch, J 128 

Korabelnik, Adolph 130 



Page 

Korchowsky, P 118 

Kordas, Alex.. 119 

Kordula, Agnes 105 

Kordula, Marie 115 

Korenic, Charles 13 

Korenic, Karol 116 

Korneichuk, Alexander 3, 24, 95 

Korno, Josef 117 

Koroschuk, Joseph 117 

Korsic, Josef 131 

Kosakiewicz, Izyor 117 

Kosanovich, Sava N 124 

Kosavec, John .' 117 

Koscinski, Arthur 102, 108 

Kosciuszko League 95, 130 

Koshel, Sebastian. 130 

Koshewov, Anton 109, 113, 131, 133 

Koss, Ivan 116, 121, 132 

Koss, Lorraine 116 

Kostich, Konstantin 108 

Kostoff, John 132 

Kostolich, Marcus... 72, 87 

Kostycz, Nick 117 

Kostyshak, Peter 103, 105, 126 

Kot, Fred 130 

Kotenko, Al 125 

Kotoun, Albina 105 

Kotrlv, Joseph 82 

Kott, Natalia 130 

Koudasheff, Vladimir 102 

Koudelik, Louis 121 

Kournokoff, Sergi 16 

Koussevitzky, Serge 122 

Kovac, Charles J.. 105 

Kovac, John 123, 134 

Kovac, William N 116 

Kovacevich, Anton 123 

Kovacevich, George 102,105,124 

Kovacevich, Joseph 123 

Kovach, Anthony 132 

Kovach, Janko 110,111,124,125 

Kovach, John 86 

Kovacheff, Nichilas 122 

Kovachefl, Nicola 107, 109, 124, 125, 133, 134 

Kovacheff, Mrs. R 109 

Kovacic, Anton 121 

Kovack, Charles (Charles J.) 103, 124 

Kovalewich, Danis 117 

Kovicic, Paul 110 

Kowalchuk, S - 130 

Kowalczvk, Klemens 132 

Kowalinka. Y. S 113 

Kovvalski, William 130 

Kozak, John 130 

Kozak, Paul 121,130 

Kozan, Rudi 123 

I^ozar, John M 117 

Kozdroj, Chester A .■ 14,102,109 

Kozelko, Andro 116 

Kozicz, Rcgina 121 

Kozlov, Vassily 24 

Kozluck, J 133 

Kozy, Nicholas 127 

Krajocovic, Stephen. 132 

Krajnovich, Bosanka 105, 124, 125 

Kralj, George 123 

Ivrall, Steve 17, 101, 105, 108 

Kraly, John 121 

Kramarech, John__. 103 

Kramarich, Joseph 117 

Kramarich, Mark 110, 117 

Krasich, Frank 107 

Krasich (Krasic), Martin 86, 

87, 103, 105, 108, 110, 111 

Krasna, Anna P 74, 103, 122 

Kraynovich, Yovan 42 

Krch, Louis 103, 132 

Krepela, Anna. 118 

Krichynko, G 118 

Krigel, Gust 129 

Kriss, Mary 128 

Kristan, Etbin 42-45, 88, 101, 105, 107, 124, 125 

Kriz, Rudolf 115 

Krizek, Joseph F 115 

Krizmenko, Frank 116 

Krpan, J. L... 125 



65890—50 10 



142 



INDEX 



Page 

Kruchyn, M 1°9 

Krzisnik, Anton 1-ji 

Krziwonos, Albert - 103 

Krzycki, Leo 7, 11, 14, 18, 25, 29, 30, 32-35, 93, 

95, 99, 101, 105-108, 122 

Krzywonos, Albert 105 

Ksenak, Peter 121 

Kuchan, Anton - 115. 127 

Kucharek, Martin - 118 

Kucharenok, Victor 103 

Kucharski, Wladislaw 68, 69, 107, 117 

Kuchta, A.. 126 

Kucik, Mary --- 129 

Kudilak, Joe — 119 

Kuhel, M. G 128 

Kuhel, Mirko G._ 43, 44, 74, 88, 89, 106, 107, 124, 125 

Kuk, L 123 

Kulczycki, Joseph - - n° 

Kuleba, T — 118 

Kuletzky, M IfO 

Kulifay, Stephan ---- 114 

Kulik, Ostap 130 

Kumer, Michael 111 

Kump, Mike 133 

Kupala, Janka - ~i 

Kurepa, Lazar »J 

Kurich, John ll» 

Kurnick, Peter E 124, 125 

Kurpis, Joseph Jlj 

Kursoc, Frank 121 

Kusic, George J}2 

Kusik, Straton 117 

Kusy, Suzanne 102,105 

Kutchik, Frank 130 

Kuteka, Peter 1» 

Kuteron 126 

Kutuzov, Mikhail 20 

Kuzera, Peter 11- 

Kuzmina, Vasil 119 

Kvaternik, Mary 128 

Kvaternik, Zvonimir 12* 

Laban, Michael 107 

Labienec, Bronenk 117 

Labor Department 36 

"Labor Unity" 52 

Labulsky, Antonina 130 

Lach, Mike 117 

Lacina, Vivian 105 

Lacko, Stefan ---- J If 

Ladesic. John P 86,102.124 

Ladies Pennsylvania Slovak Union 19 

Ladizinski, Ivan 103 

Lagoyda, Michael 105, 107 

Laguna, A__ 121 

Lah, Michael. 105 

Lakota, Ivan J* 

Lalich, Vladimir °- 

Lamprecht, T. S 117 

Lancaster, W. W 122 

Landis --- 97 

Landu, Marie 1 j* 

Landy, Avrum 16, 45 

Lang, M --- !l° 

Lange, Oscar 24, 71, 95 

Lasich, Frank 103 

Lastochkin, Efim 115 

Lastochkin, Mrs. Efim_ 115 

Lastochkin, F 127 

Latin American Slav Congress o 

Latin, James 127 

Lauch, John M... 11° 

Lausche, Frank J_ - £$ 

Lavrentjev, Anatoly \%i 

Lawrinovich, Stefan - 130 

Lawyers Committee to Keep the United 

States Out of War 87 

Lazarofl, Naum 117 

Lazaruk, Ignaty 105 

Lazura, Mary-. --- 113 

Lazeta, Ivan. 7 Ifl 

League of Catholic Slovenian Americans 19 

League for the Defense of Russian Minorities. 5 

Lebedeff, Alex..- r 108, 117, 131 

Lecovsky, Adolf. Iff 

Ledvinka, Frank. 104, 111 

Lefteroff, Vladimir - - — - 117 

Legun, George H6> "* 



Page 

Legun, Mary 132 

Leiper, Henry Smith 122 

Lemesh Press 62 

Lendich, A - - 116 

Lengyel, Einil 106 

Lonhart, Jennie 118 

Lenkevich, Jene 130 

Lconchick, William - - 130 

Leonchik, Vasily.. 130 

Leoniuk, P 112 

Lepeemskaya, Olga 22 

Leno, Daniel - - HO, 129 

Lepovich, Matt... 104, 110, 111 

Lesich, Frank HI 

Lesko, George 105 

Lesko, Steve 129 

Leslie, Kenneth 106 

Lesny, John 119 

Lesnvskv, A --- 132 

Let ic, Philip 121 

Leuzura, M 126 

Levchenko, E 131 

Lovchenko, John A 119 

Levoniuk, P 127 

Lewis, John L 52 

Library Entertaining and Educational Home. 120 

Lichota, Walter 130 

Licul, Dominick 121 

Liochkofl, Philip 134 

Lipa, Mary 119 

Lipkowski, Frank 107 

Lipovac, Jack 115, 127 

Lipow, Charles 94 

Lishuk, Andrew 130 

Lissich, Steve 130 

Lithuanian Alliance of America 19 

Lithuanian American Council 19 

Lithuanian Roman Catholic Alliance 19 

Litvinov, Maxim 2, 94 

Litvinov Pledge 8 

Livcich, Anton 121 

Lizak, Harry 130 

Lizuro, M 130 

Ljubenko, Lucy 121 

Lodge 3318 H9 

Lodge, Dallas No. 401 120 

Lodge, Zena Delnika, JC D 57 1 19 

Lodovy Dennik (People's Daily) (now 

Ludove Noviny) 13, 51, 56, 60, 61, 83 

Loff, Michael 109 

Logoyda, Michael H2, 126 

Lokota, Ivan 21 

Lolich, Anna 132 

Lolich, Daisy... 53, 105, 124, 125 

Losik, N H3 

Losik, Nikolai 131 

Lotoshyka, Helen 107 

Lotoshynsky, N 131 

Lovett, Robert A 97 

Lovrich, Ljubica 121 

Lovrovich, Nikola H6 

Loyden, Stephen M... 86, 123-125, 134 

Lubeshkoff. Harry 99,101,105,107,113 

Lubnick, K U9 

Lucas, Anthony 43,102,105,124 

Lucas, Blaz A 104, 105, 124 

Ludove Noviny (People's News) 61-63 

Lukin, Paul 92 

Lukovich, Alex 120 

Lukrich, John 125 

Lulich, V. 115 

L'Unita del Popolo 75 

Lutka, Paul J31 

Lysak, Jos. V.. }30 

Lysy, L. 126 

Lzanov, Dolores ilv 

Macedonian American People's League. ----- 14, 

32, 63, 66. 68 
Macedonian American People's League of 

America, eleventh national convention 45 

Macedonian American People's League, 

national committee 133 

Macedonian Group "Hristo Botefr 130 

Macedonian People's League 66 

Machacek, James JJ" 

Machata, Mark --- n* 



INDEX 



143 



Page 

Machita, Theodor 121 

Maciew, Petrunella . 105 

Mack, Walter S., Jr. 122 

Maekovic, John .. 132 

Mackow, Mary . 120 

Madjcric, Matt 119 

Mahaloc, Frank 123 

Majer, Louis 123 

Majnerich, Anton (also known as Tony 
Minerich, Anthony Minerich, Tony May- 

narich) 6, 52 

Majtan, Louis 121 

Makas, Jerry 121 

Maksinuk, William 131 

Maksymciw, K. 128 

Maksymewich, Alex 129 

Malchowski, Steve.. 119 

Maletic, S 91 

Maletich, Strahinja 104,105,124 

Malik, Joseph 129 

Maliniak, J._ 126 

Maliniak, John 126 

Malinowski, J 117 

Maljevac, George 123 

Maljevac, Mrs. George 123 

Malner, Frank 123 

Maltz, Albert 106 

Malyl, Dmytro... 118 

Mamula, Milo D 104 

Mance, J. C- - 104, 111 

Mance, Jack C 124, 125 

Mance, Jacob 86, 105 

Manchenko 125 

Manchir, J -- 113 

Mandic, Vjekovslav 123, 134 

Mandich, Andrew 121 

Mandich, John 116 

Manich, Vlekoslav 87 

Manishka, John. 119 

Maniuk, J 131 

Mann, Thomas.. 122 

Manousec, Michael 102 

Manuk, Lydia.. 131 

Maravich, George 116 

Marcantonio, Vito 106 

March, Herbert 78 

Marchenko, Joseph 120 

Marchuk, P 119 

Marcinko, Joe - 116 

Marek, Martin 104 

Marekovich, Joe 116 

Margetich, Peter 107, 123 

Marich, Andrew 115 

Marich, Louis 119 

Marich, Theresa 119 

Marinin, A. T 131 

Marinkovich, Michael 104, 105 

Marinoff, T -- 109 

Marion, George - 46 

Mark, John 117 

Markova, Antonia. 127 

Markovich, Mirko... 42-44, 57, 58, 104, 105, 124, 125 

Marksity, George. 108 

Markus, S 118 

Markusich, Frank 123 

Marold, Zora.. 123 

Marolinic, Josip 117 

Marsalka, J. M.__. 107 

Marsalka, John 10, 11 

Marsco, J 131 

Marshall, Mary. 112 

Marshall plan 63 

Martin, George 110, 117 

Martin, Mike 117 

Martinek, Joseph 102, 105, 116, 124 

Martinoff, Spiro 131 

Martinovich, M 116 

Martonovic, Rudolph... 13, 62 

Marulewski, May. 131 

Masanovich, Bozo 105 

Masaryk, Stephan 115 

Maslaric, Lozidar 6,9,21 

Masnjak, Andro. 116 

Mason, Thaddeus 105 

Matanich, Paul 110 

Matchek, Vlateo. 85 

Matejka, Joseph 114 



Page 

Matejka, Michael 114 

Mather, Kirtley F 106 

Matia, George.... 107, 114 

Matich, Zoran.. 110 

Matijevich, Nikola 115 

Matkovich, Paul 119 

Matosich, John 114 

Matroyuk. G__ 117 

Matujec, Andrew 117 

Matujec, Francis.. 104 

Matulic, John B 121 

Maximena, Delia 131 

Maximena, John 131 

Maximena, Max 131 

Maxwell, Elsa 122 

Maynarich, Tony (usually known as Anthony 

Minerich) 42 

McKittrick, Elizabeth 94 

McWilliams, Carey 106 

Medit, Josef 118 

Medvecky, Joseph 114 

Medvedich, Helen.. 123 

Medvedich, Steffie 123 

Meizio, Stan. 104 

Melgin, John 131 

Melish, William Howard 96 

Melnick, A... 114, 128 

Melnik, Maxim P *... 109 

Melnyk, Harry 116 

Memlewski, Casmer - 131 

Mendeleyev, Botev 20 

Menton, Lia 104, 105, 124 

Merims, F. 121 

Mesarosh, Steve 29 

Methodius 20 

Metropolsky, N. M 104 

Mevorah, Nisim 66 

Mezari, Blaz 116 

Micenko, J_._ 126 

Micenko, John 126 

Michailovich, Drajo 59, 60 

Michalchik, A 131 

Michalowski, M 118 

Michigan Civil Rights Congress 50 

Michigan Committee for Wallace for Presi- 
dent 50 

Michigan Defense Savings Program 14 

Michigan Herald... 65, 69 

"Michigan Slav" 16 

Michigan Slav Congress 14, 16, 17, 45, 54 

Micic, Katherine 129 

Mickiewicz, Tolstoy 20 

Mickloff, M 131 

MicklofT, Mvron 126 

Mihailovitch 5, 17, 41, 43, 44, 58, 80, 89 

Mihalik, Joseph 116, 128 

Mikelich, Joe 131 

Mikulic, Michael - --- H6 

Milakovic, Milan H7 

Milanov, Zinka 122 

Milanovich, Nikola. - 82 

Milgrom, Samuel (also known as Hyman 
Sampson Milgrom, Sampson Milgrom, 

Shimshun Milgram and A. W. Mills) 83 

Milisich, M 123 

Milkovic, Anton H6 

Milkovich, Mile 124, 125 

Miller, Jack 119 

Miller, Mrs. Jack.. 119 

Miller, Sam 131 

Miller, Watson B... - 97 

Mills, Saul 106 

Milon, Sam 11° 

Milosevicz, Anton - 116 

Milson, William 122 

Mindas, Jan - 105 

Mine, Mill and Smelter Workers Union 

(CIO) -- 78 

Minerich, Anthony J. (also known as Tony 
Minerich, Anthony Minerich, Anton Maj- 
nerich, and Tony Maynarich) 12, 

15, 43, 45, 51, 52, 90, 102, 105, 107, 111, 124, 125 

Mircheff, B_ -- — - J28 

Mircheff, Bocho - 107, 109, 124, 125, 129 

Mirna Dolina Lodge 586 1J9 

Mirochmin, Peter H' 



144 



INDEX 



Page 

Mlrosovsky, B 127 

Misko, John. 119 

Misko, Pauline— -.- 119 

Misko, Sophie 119 

Misko, Tony 119 

Misovitz, Makar 119 

Mitchell, M 131 

Mizialko, John 132 

Mizoch, Joseph 113 

Mjehovieh, Charles ... 115 

Mlatan, Joe 119 

Mlatan, Mrs. Joe 119 

Mnahonchak, J 126 

Mnahonchak, John 126 

Mnysz, John 120 

Mochalov, Valentine.. 6, 9 

Modelski, Izyador.... 17, 48, 95 

Modic, Frank.... 121, 132 

Moehlman, Arthur B 96 

Moiseuk, George 131 

Molotov, V. M 24, 33 

Molozaiy, William 131 

Monashko, Anna 109 

Monossen, B 121 

Moravansky, Frank 109 

Morning Freiheit 83 

Morris, Newbold 122 

Morris, Vasily k. 120 

Morris, William, Jr 122 

Moscow All-Slav Committee. 16, 24 

Moscow Institute of Western Slavic Languages 

and Cultures 3 

Moscow New Times 22 

Moscow Overseas Service Radio 10 

Mosiuk, George 121 

Motak, Mrs. Charles L. 104 

Mozedko, R. 113, 117 

Mrnjec, Mary 86, 105, 124 

Mshar, John 131 

Mshar, Mark. 131 

Mucho, Peter 116 

Muic, Barbara 117 

Muic, Toma 117 

Muick, N. A 116 

Muick, Nicholas 124 

Muirhead, Mrs. A 119 

Mulzac, Hugh 17 

Mundt-Nixon Anti-Communist bill... 34, 38, 39, 55 

Munko, Joe 131 

Murcheff, Andro 117 

Murray, James E 106 

Murray, Thomas A 106 

Musil, Charles 104, 105, 107, 112, 118 

Mustach, Tom 123 

Mutz, Ludwig 105, 112 

Muzar, Charlotte... 108,124 

Muzik, Wesley J 99, 101, 105 

Muzvka, Basil 116 

Muzyka, C 128 

Mvchik, George.. 116 

"Mv Native Land" 41, 42, 44, 45, 54, 78 

Naborsky, J 125 

Naboychik, TJ 117 

Nahorney, Stella 104 

Najduch, John J 108 

Nakofl, David 124 

Nakov, N. D 102 

Naprickowski, Anthony 111 

Narich, Anton 104, 105, 107, 108, 110, 117, 129 

Narich, Muriel 104 

Narodna Volya (People's Will) 28-30,63, 

65, 66, 68, 94 

Narodni Glasnik (People's Voice) 6, 12, 15,45, 

51-54, 56, 60, 62, 83, 89, 95 

Narratil, Ludmila 121 

Nataschuk, A 118 

National Anti- Fascist Liberation Council 43 

National Catholic Welfare 79 

National Committee for Defense of Political 

Prisoners. _ _ 42, 46 

National Committee for People's Rights 42, 46 

National Committee to Win the Peace 34,35 

National Council of American-Soviet Friend- 
ship 47,94 

National Council of Americans of Croatian 

Descent 36,45,86,87 

National Emergency Conference 42,46 



Page 
National Emergency Conference for Demo- 
cratic Rights 87 

National Federation for Constitutional 

Liberties 42,46.87 

National Free Browder Congress 50 

National Group Commission 29 

National Lawyers Guild 68, 87 

National Liberation Army 44 

National Maritime Union (CIO) 17, 78 

National Miners Union 48, 51 

National Slovak Societies 17 

National Slovak Society 14 

National Slovak Society, District 6... 132 

National Wallace for President Committee... 56, 

66,88 
National Youth Assembly Against Universal 

Military Training 93 

National Youth for Wallace Committee 93 

National Youth Lobby 93 

Nazaruk, Sam 131 

Nechay, V 131 

Nedeff, Yordan 117 

Nejedly, Zdenek... __ 21, 22 

Nelson, Steve 29 

Nemesh, Mike 109 

Neruda, Pablo 46 

Nesteruk, Mike . 131 

Netofl, Ivan P 125 

Nevsky, Alexander 20 

New Deal Yugoslav Club 133 

New Masses 15,36,41,45,46 

Newton, Louie D 96 

New York Herald Tribune 79 

New York Star 40 

New York Times 38, 46, 80 

New York World-Telegram. 46 

Nicolac, N. J 87, 107 

Nicolauk, Sam. 105, 107, 126 

Nicoloff, Atanas 107 

Nicolofl, Elia 107, 134 

Nikich, John 112 

Nikiforuk, W 118 

Nikolich, Lazar 121 

Nikoluk, J_. 118 

Nikonuk, Kirill 121 

Niksich, Sylvia 107 

Nisselson, Michael M 79, 106, 122 

Nogulich, Risto 107, 124 

Nohejl, Joseph 115 

Nohejl, Josephine 115 

North Atlantic Military Alliances 63 

North Atlantic Pact 10, 11, 28 

North Detroit— 3195 126 

Novak, Albina.. 124, 125 

Novak, Mrs. Frank 133 

Novick, Irving 130 

Novik, Joseph 121, 131 

Novikoff, M 113 

Novikoff, Michael 104, 109 

Novosti 91 

Novotny, Joseph 115 

Novoye Russkoye Slovo 13 

Nowacki, CasimirT.. 68, 107, 116, 132 

Nowak, Lola.... 109, 110 

Nowak, M — 117 

Nowak, Margaret 14 

Nowak, Stanley 13, 

14, 30, 49-51, 68, 78, 105-107, 109 

Nowell, William Odell 49 

Nowy Swiat 14 

Obad, Peter... 125 

Obleska, Gust— 115 

Obranovic, Anton 117 

Obranovic, Mary 117 

Obuch, Semion 116 

Odaysky, A 112 

Odaysky, Alex 114 

Odnor, Mary 119 

Office of Strategic Services- 54 

Office of War Information 18,44 

Ogrizovich, George 82 

Oldham, G. Ashton 122 

Omell, Sam 131 

Opacic, George 121 

Orlorf, John 127 

Orychak, D 118 

Oska, Anthony 117 



INDEX 



145 



Page 

Ossip, K 112 

Ossip, Konstantin 112 

Ossip, Kostia 107 

Ossowski. W. T 14, 102, 105, 108 

Ostojic, Mirko 117 

Ottawa Journal 92 

Ovchinko, Alexander 131 

Oxnam, G. Bromley % 

Ozanian, Dora 107,112 

Ozanianns, Dora 107 

Ozinsky. Max 131,133 

OZNA --- 37,52 

Oznasi 37 

Padar, Jennie 112 

Padovich, Vincent 127 

Paich, Petar 116 

Paige, Mary "Soc" 14 

Paints, Barcals -. 113 

Pakuhik, Chamos - 118 

Palitika, Josephine 117 

Panchak, Teodore - 119 

Pancich, Bob 116 

Pangrac, John 132 

Panko, Leo 119 

Pankov, A. M. A 104, 105 

Pankow, Anna 115, 116 

Pankow, Peter 115. 116 

Parac, John 115,125 

Paraga, Steve 119 

Pardo, P 131 

Parfenchuk, S -- - 119 

Parhomenko, George.. 115,127 

Parker, Dorothy 122 

Parsich, Steve 120 

Partuch, Mike 119 

"Party Organizer" 48 

Partvka. Edmund 109 

Pascbff, Tom 134 

Pasow, A 131 

Patorzhynsky, Ivan 26 

Patrick, Charles 116 

Patterson, Frank P 88 

Patton, James G 106 

Patuch, Walter 116 

Paul, Prince 37 

Paunoff, George 67 

Pavelchuk, John 129 

Pavlakovich, Matt 111 

Pavlica, Milan 82 

Pavliny, John 114 

Pavlov, Bartul 121 

Pavlov, Steve 15 

Pavlovic, J. M 117 

Pavlovich, Rudolph 121 

Pavluka, Tom 131 

Pavulskv, Alex 131 

Pawlick, Peter. 126 

Pawloff, Steve 102, 109 

Pawlowski, J 121 

Payavich 110 

Paycheff, Peter 64, 

66, 104, 107, 109, 124, 125, 128, 129 

Payer, Harry 105 

Payor, Katarina-..;. 117, 129 

Pavtel 117 

Paytel, Mrs 117 

Pecelj, Bosko 107 

Pedisich, Joseph. 127 

Pefl, Peter 45, 101, 124 

Pegler 47 

Pejak, John 119 

Peleszak, Simon 118 

Pelikan, Jaroslav. 102 

Pennsylvania State Department of Welfare... 80 

Pennsylvania Wallace Committee 56 

People's Daily 61 

People's Federated Republic of Croatia 85 

People's Radio Foundation, Inc.. 39 

Pepper, Claude 106, 108 

Pereganoff, J ..*. 113 

Perenchuk 125 

Perera, Mrs. Lionel C, Jr 106, 122 

Perkovic, Marko 123 

Peselj, Basko 116 

Peshek, Jenie 121 

Pesir, A 113 

Pesir, F 113 



Page 

Pesusich, Anton 121 

Peter, King 58,60 

Peterson, Mike... 119 

Petkov, George 24,25 

Petrak, Milan M 72, 86 

Petras, Erica.. 121 

Petretich, P 123 

Petrich, Nick 121 

Petrikowicz, Irene 107, 109 

Petrinovic, Frano. 42, 43, 124, 125 

Petriwsky, P 118 

Petrofl, Fedov 131 

Petroff, Ivan 106, 112 

Petrofl, N 119 

Petros Realty Co.... 116 

Petrov, John.. 119, 132 

Petrov, Simon. 119 

Petrovich, Frank 116, 132 

Petrovich, John Vasileff 130 

Petrow, I 131 

Petrucela, Conrad 115 

Petrusich, Anton... 115 

Petryni, S 130 

Peyovich, Daniel... 109 

Phillipoff, Anatole 112 

Pichalski, W 130 

Pikal, Gustav 107, 129 

Pilcovich, Anton 125 

Pintar, Frank 116 

Pinter, Agnes 121 

Pinter, Stanley.. 121 

Piovarchy, John 132 

Pipinich, Dragutin 117 

Pirich, Ando 116 

Pirinsky Defense Fund Committee 32 

Pirinskv, George 7, 8, 

10, 13, 14, 16, 23, 25, 28, 30-32, 43, 45, 55, 63, 64, 
66, 68, 70, 79, 86, 88, 93, 99, 101, 105, 107, 108, 124, 
125, 133, 134. 

Pirinsky, Mary 7, 105, 106 

Pirinsky, Mary Prihidofl 102 

Pirsil, Mary 121 

Piskulich, Joe... 121 

Pittsburgh Press 56, 6!, 72 

Piwkowska, Halina 109, 117 

Plantar, John 132 

Plahtar, Knez H7 

Plahy, Michael J. U5 

Plasil, Albert H5 

Plasil. Ethel M H5 

Platek, V. S 14, 99, 101, 105, 110, 111 

Plazonja, Peter. U7 

Pleshe, Joe 123, 134 

Pleshuchenko, A 126 

Pliska, Anna — 115 

Pliska, Frank 115 

Plivelei, Mike 121 

Plusc, Igor 109 

Podberezko, E 131 

Podborsch, Frank -- 121 

Podolski, Henry 68, 107 

Poinc, Edmund 99, 101, 109 

Pokorny, Ernest. 112 

Poldrugach, Rose - 117 

Poletti, Mrs. Charles 122 

Polish American Congress - 19 

Polish- American Labor Council 17 

Polish Beneficial Association 19 

Polish Central Citizens Committee 14 

Polish Embassy 32 

Polish Falcons of America 14 

Polish National Alliance 14 

Polish National Alliance of the United States. 19 

Polish National Council 14, 35 

Polish Roman Catholic Seminary 14 

Polish Roman Catholic Union of America 19 

Polish Union of the United States of North 

America 19 

Polish Women's Alliance of America 14, 19 

Political Affairs 22 

Pollock, John 107 

"Polonia Restituta" 32 

Pontarich, M 119 

Pool, David de Sola 122 

Popadich, Velimir 82 

Pope, Arthur Upham 106 

Popoff, Blagovest — 124 



146 



INDEX 



Page 

Popoff, Blagoy 105, 107, 121, 125, 133, 134 

Popoff, Eva 105 

Popoff, George 124, 133 

Popovich, Milan 87 

Popravska, Blaga 109,134 

Posechenko, Ed 131 

Posich, Emil . 115,125 

Posich, Mary 125 

Poskonka, Joseph 107 

Potofsky, Jacob S 106 

Potter, John Hrnciar 129 

Poutiatin, Alexander 105 

Pozarich, August 121 

Pragit, John, Sr : 129 

Prastalo, Nellie 125 

Pravda (Truth) 7, 60, 62 

Prchal, Charles M . 105,106 

Prchal, Karel 102 

Prebeg, Matt 117 

Prech, James 113 

Prech, Vaclaw 105,115 

Preshern, Shevchenko 20 

Prihodko, Anany 118 

Primieh, John 102 

Prisland, Marie 124 

Pristup, Helen 131 

Pritisky, Kathena 121 

Progressive Citizens of America .. 35 

Progressive Party 30, 35, 46, 56, 86, 88 

Prokopchuk, Nick 119 

Prokopenko, N . 113 

Prokopenko, Nicholas 109, 131 

Proletarec (Proletarian) 74 

"Proletarian" 50 

Prompt Press 42 

Prostrednik, E 133 

Prosveta 74 

Protosevich, William.. 131 

Providence Association of Ukrainians in 

America 19 

Provisional Committee Trade Union Confer- 
ence for United Action 51 

Prpich, Ann . 52 

Prpich, Anton 7 

Prpich, George... 127 

Prstojevieh, Anka 107 

Prusak, Andrew. 129 

Przybyszewski, W 130 

Ptachek, Sam 131 

Puncar, Frank 104 

Pudarich, N.„_ 127 

Pujatcky, A 121 

Pukalo. Steve 131 

Pushkin, Dask 20 

Puzyr, Mary 114 

Pysh, S 126 

Pysh, Simeon. 104, 105, 107, 112, 126 

Quinn, C. Pat 16 

Racheff, Geco... 107 

Racheff, J 128 

Racheff, Zheko 129 

Racin, William _ 115 

Rada, Joseph 118 

Radenkovich, Mary 121 

Radetich, Nikola 117 

Radic, Ivan 117 

Radich, Peter 43, 124 

Radischev Chorus and Dance Group 106 

Raditsa, Bogdan 57 

Radkovich, Dmitri 118 

Radman, Mijo 121 

Radnik 86 

Radoman, Lous 112 

Radovich, Mrs. John 104 

Radulovich, Savo 108 

Radzyminski, J. H 104 

Rajevicz, Ann.. 112, 118 

Rajkovich, Nicholas 124 

Rakochv, M 107 

Ralko, Nicholas 133 

Ranostaj, John 104 

Rasich, Nikola 116 

Ratiac, Nick 104 

Ratica. Peter 99, 101, 105, 111 

Ratkovic, Marko 133 

Ratushny, V 118 

"Rebuilding Yugoslavia" 91 



Page 

Recht, Charles 106 

Red International of Labor Unions 48 

Red International of Trade Unions 91 

Red Star 3 

Regent, Ivan 21 

Reinchuck, J_._ 128 

Reiner, John.. 102, 105 

Reissig," Herman.. '___ 96 

Relief for Italy, Inc 79 

"Resist" 46, 47 

Reviako, A 126 

Reznicek, William .. 104, 105, 112 

Riback, Walter 83, 102, 105, 128 

Ribar, Imro...- _ 114 

Ribar, Ivan 37 

Ribic, John P... 104 

Rishko, John 118 

Rishko, Michael 118 

Riviako, A 130 

Robeson, Paul 26 

Robich, Barbara 123 

Robich, John 123 

Robich, Tmbro.. 114 

Robinson, Reid 78 

Rodman. John 117 

Rogelj, John 102 

Rogelj, Yanko 42, 43, 124, 125 

Rogerson, Anna.. 112 

Roglich, Marian 116 

Rolik, Andrew 105 

Rolka, Mrs. Bernict 117 

Romanov, Mary 120 

Romanov, Paul. 120 

Romanov, Pavel 121 

Romanowich, I 118 

Romanuk, Frank 120 

Roncevic, Simon 119 

Roodson, N... 112 

Roodson, Nicolai 107 112 

Rosenberg, James N 122 

Rosich, Vaso 121 

Rosner 21 

Rostocky, Anthony 119 

Rothschild, Edouard de 122 

Royce, Jacob 123 

Rozov, Alexander 65 

Rubenic, Marijan 117 

Rubin, J. Robert. 122 

Rubinchek, Leonid S 115 

Rucinski, Anthony 109 

Rudawsky, Feodor 118 

Rudchik, John 131 

Rudecoff, Frank. 131 

Rudecoff, Sergey 131 

Rudiak, Joseph 107, 110 

Ruman, M___ 118 

Rusak, Frank 109 

Ruscak, Mike . 129 

Russian Brotherhood Organization 19 

Russian Christian People's Home 131 

Russian Mothers Club of Lodge 3025, RAFS. 130 

Russian National Temple Association 131 

Russian War Relief. 18,80 

Ruzich, Jorin 107 

Ruzick, Steve 127 

Rvmasiewicz, Wojciech 120 

Rymorenko, P 118,121 

Rypiak, F 118 

Sabath, A. J 106 

Sabol, John 123 

Sadowski, George G 104, 106, 109 

Safanek, Otto 14 

Saga, Paul. 117 

Sajatovich, Nikola 117 

Sakman, J 131 

Sakowska, Jean 112 

Saladiak, Joseph 104, 111, 132 

Salai, Juro 4, 21 

Salerno, Michael. r 75 

Salivonchik, Frank. 131 

Salivonchik, Steve , 131 

Samorajczyk, Frank ' 120 

Samosevich, T , , 131 

Samozka, Anna I 120 

Sarich, Anton 87 

Sarich, Paul 123 



INI>EX 



147 



Page 

Sarich, Mrs. Paul 123 

Salovay, Mary 110 

Samardzich, Andy 117 

Sarac, Tom _ _ 116 

Sasko, Martin P.. 104, 116, 132 

Savar, Steve. 121 

Sayers, Michael ..:. 60 

"Saznanie"_._ 13, 30, 31 

Schanovich, Walter 131 

Scherbakofi, Sergey... 127 

Scherbatiuk, I. P 12 

Schewetz, Theodore- 131 

Schieffelin, William Jay. 106, 122 

Schmidt, Joseph. 105 

Schnip, A.. 131 

Schoen Printing Co... 108 

Schostakovsky, Pablo P 11 

Schultz, Michael... 104 

Schuman, Frederick L 107 

Scientific and Cultural Conference for World 

Peace 3 

Seckar, Alvena 108 

Second Croatian Congress 95 

Second Soviet Youth Anti- Fascist Meeting in 

Moscow 22 

Sefteroff, V 117 

Sekermestrovieh, Mary 132 

Sekul, JohnM 105, 124 

Selepak, John.. 113 

Selianin, Amelia 131 

Selic, Victor... 117 

Seligman, Eustace .- 122 

Selly, J. P 107 

Seman, Andy.. 129 

Semeniuk, Ann 107 

Seminar, Vaclav. 105 

Seminuk, Anna 131 

Seminuk, George 131 

Semonick, Steve... 120 

Senate Judiciary Committee 55 

Seoeff, Nicolas A 131 

Sepich, Frank 127 

Serac, Ivan 121 

Serb National Federation 18, 19 

Serbian American Federation. 83 

Serbian American Vidovdan Council 43 

Serbian Independent Democratic Party 44 

Serbian Lodge 119 

Serbian National Defense Council 19 

Serbian National Defense Council of America. 95 

Serbian National Federation 14 

Serbian Orthodox Church 58 

Serbian Progressive Club Karageorge 5 

Serbian Progressive Movement 57, 58 

Serbian Vidovdan Council 5, 43 

Serbuk, Joe 131 

Sergio, Lisa 107 

Sergioch, Joe 121 

Severnak, John 116 

Sewack, William. 120 

Shabluk, Dmitry 131 

Shalak, P ....J.... 118 

Shalan, Joe 117 

Sharak, George 121 

Sharenkoff, Victor 43, 

64, 65, 102, 105, 109, 124, 125, 128, 129 

Sharshon, Mary 105, 107 

Shatek, Bert— 115 

Sheean, Vincent 122 

Shefich, Mike 116 

Sheiko, Alex 117 

Shelyski, John 116 

Shepero Shoe Store 114 

Shipka, Peter 83, 103, 105, 107 

Shipler, Guy Emery 96 

Shkrobot, Jacob.. 131 

Sholah, M 113 

Sholah, Mike 117 

Sholokhov, Mikhail... 21 

Shumlin, Herman 122 

Shupig, Alex.. 126 

Sidoruk, Anton. 131 

Siedlecki, Adam R _■ 69, 115 

Siemasz, John. 1 109 

Sienkiewicz, Walter 117 

Sika, Martin 120 

Silver, Abba Hillel 122 



Page 

Simac, J 116 

Simich, Stanoje 79 

Siminovich, Peter 131 

Simko, Joseph 104, 105 

Simon, A 109 

Simon, Alois 109 

Simon, Harry 119 

Simons, Dan 131 

Simunek, Marie 112 

Sinagl, Charles 118 

Sinelnik, Anna.. 109, 113, 131 

Sintich, Anton G _ 104 

Sipawalov, Dan 131 

Skerlong, Mary 105, 111 

Skertich, Milan 87 

Skirpan, Alexander 116 

Skirpan, F. J.... 105 

Sklodzien, Walter 117 

Skojevoi 37 

Skora, Andrew... 117 

Skouras, Spyros P 122 

Skribnik, Joseph 116 

Skrtich, Tom 119 

Skula, Ignatz 120 

Skulich, Jovo. 82 

Slaby, Andrew 104 

Sladek, John. 118 

Sladev, Kick 127 

Slapnik, J., Jr 123 

Slav Committee in Sofia 24 

Slavenska, Mia 107 

"Slavianie" (The Slavs) 5,7,8 

Slavic American 1, 24, 26, 28, 30, 36, 

39, 49, 58, 62, 66, 90, 94, 96 

Slavic Council of Los Angeles 132 

Slavic Council of Southern California 69, 132 

Slavich, E 123 

Slavonic Committee for Democracy 5 

Slavs United for Democracy, Peace, and 

Security 23, 65 

Slavyanye 22 

Slevenska Bratska Ruka Odbor, III, NSS 117 

Slezak, George 118 

Slipenko, Tony 131 

Sliva, Anton... 117 

Slobodian, Roman -- 117 

Slobodna Rech (Free Expression) . . 5, 42, 44, 45, 51, 
56-60, 62, 79, 81-83, 91 

Slovak Catholic Sokol 19 

Slovak Evangelical Union 12 

Slovak Evangelical Union, Lodge 22 120 

Slovak Herald 75 

Slovak League of America 18, 19 

Slovak National Alliance 13, 132 

Slovak National Alliance, Branch 101 120 

Slovak Women's Society (Ziveny). 13 

Slovak Worker's Society 83 

Slovene National Benefit Society 88, 89, 128 

Slovene National Benefit Society, Lodge 

Bodocnost, No. 408 128 

Slovene National Congress 40 

Slovene National Council 5 

Slovene Publishing Co 74 

Slovenian American Council 43 

Slovenian American National Council 40, 

44, 45, 74, 88 

Slovenian Catholic Federation 19 

Slovenian Mutual Benefit Society 19 

Lodge 121 131 

Lodge 197 - 118 

Lodge 257 119 

Lodge 356 116 

Lodge 679 .- 118 

Lodge "V boj" 53 119 

Slovenian National Council 17 

Smedo, Anna - 110 

Smey, Peter. 104,105 

Smid, James 134 

Smith, Andrew 92 

Smith, Ferdinand C 17,50,78 

Smith, Ivica - - 37 

Smolcic, John 117 

Smykowski, J 117 

Snegur, T. 131 

Snegur, Thomas -- 116 

Sobczak, John 104, 105, 111 

Sobleski, J.. ...... 105 



148 



INDEX 



Page 

Sobol, Laco 61 

Socol, Peter 12) 

Sofonoff, Mosse 131 

Sokol Town of Lake 116 

Sokolich, Frank... 127 

Sokolowski, Luke 131 

Sokolska, Jednota 133 

Soldatic 91 

Soljak, Ivan 116 

Soljak, Mijo.. 116 

Soljat, F 127 

Solovay, Mary Ill 

Solovey, Theodore 116 

Soltis, John____ 120 

Sopotnitzky, J _ 118 

Sorokin, Pitirim.. 108 

Sorokin, Timofei 131 

Soubal, Cyrill 121 

Soudola, William 119 

Soukhodo], O. G 113 

Soukhodol, Gregory 109 

South Slav Bureau of the Communist Party. . 36 

"South Slavs Today— Tomorrow"... 65 

Sovich, George 121 

"Soviet Russia Today" 34, 37, 47, 79 

Soviet Women's Anti- Fascist Committee. 15, 21, 22 

Soyda, Waclaw 105 

Spacek, Bozena 130 

Spacek, William 104 

Spania, George A 122 

Spech, Theresa 105 

Spiridonova, A 127 

Splivalo, Joseph 125 

Spolajric, Marko . 123 

Spoler, M 115 

Spoler, Matt 125 

Sprincz family 131 

Srdoc, Marian.. 115 

Sremaniak, Helen 129 

Srok, Paul 115 

Stankoviansky, Emil 104,105,111 

Stanek, R 133 

Stanley, Lazo 119 

Stanowska, Mary 108 

Starostin, A 113 

Starostin, Alexander 109 

Stary, Jerry 113 

Stachel, Jack 50 

Stalin-Hitler pact 58,59,87 

Stalin, Joseph 6-8, 

10, 18, 25, 27, 29, 33, 37, 42, 47, 49, 86, 90 

State, County and Municipal Workers (CIO). 78 

State Planning Commission 40 

Steel, Johannes. 78,107,122 

Steel Workers Conference, Steering Commit- 
tee 48 

Steel Workers Organizing Committee 51 

Stefan, Joe _ 117 

Stefanetz, Norman 116 

Stefanik, Frank J__. 118 

Stelebuck, Andrew 121, 131 

Stemlo, J 121 

Stemple, Joseph 104 

Step, Antonina 121 

Stepinac, Archbishop 67 

Sterbenz, Joseph 118 

Stern, Bernhard J 107 

Stern, Monroe.. - 96 

Stetten, DeWitt 122 

Stewart, Donald Ogden 107 

Stimetz, Carole 104 

Stiyensky, Radule 21 

Stofley, Mary... 126 

Stokelj, Krist 124 

Stolman, G 113, 126 

Storek, W. C 115 

Stoyanoff, Ilia. 117 

Stoyanoff, Nikola 134 

Stoyanov, A 21 

Stoycoff, Christ M_... 66, 103, 105, 107, 124, 125, 128 
"The Strategy and Tactics of World Com- 
munism".- 57 

Strekal, Jacob 121 

Strelec, Andrew 129 

Strizich, John. 129 

Strmac, Mick 123 

Stromko, Matej 114 



Page 

Strongewski, J 127 

Strudel, E____ 121 

Struik, Dirk J. 107 

Subasic, Ivan 124 

Stuciu, Mary.. 116 

"Struggle" 41 

Stuglin, Joe 117 

Suflron, Alex.. 131 

Suglick, Mary... 116 

Suglick, Vinko 116 

Suhar, Katherine 113 

Suk, Joseph J... 104, 105 

Sulovsky, Michael 104, 111 

Sumrak, Mary 53 

Sunday Worker 89 

Supich, Obrad.... 82 

Surina, Ivan 121 

Surtz, Frank M 103 

Susloff, Anna - 105 

Susnjar, Zora 82 

Sustarsic, Joseph 121 

Suvorov, Alexander. 20 

Svec, Miroslav 104 

Svetina, Paul 121 

Svetlick. Matt.. 120 

Svilar, Nick - 123 

Svirac, Frank Muza 123 

Svoboda, S 109 

Svornost - 75 

Swetnick, Nick - 14 

Swierczewski, Karol.. 24,95 

SwoefE, Nicolas A.. 133 

Syski, A — 14 

Szyk, Arthur.... 107 

Szymanska, Helen 105 

Szymanski, Eustachy 117 

Tabouis, Genevieve 122 

Takorcik, Albert 117 

Tal, Stefa - 114 

Talas, Christina 115 

Taleff, Sam...- 119 

Taleff, Mrs. Sam 119 

Tanjug. 52,56,66 

Taparata, F - 130 

Taparata, Frank 112 

Tappes, Shelton 16 

Taraba, William 118 

Tarabic, Aleska 117 

Tarasevich, J 105 

Tarelka, F 131 

Tarnowsky, Nicholas 15,105,107,112,114 

Tartaglia. 95 

TaBB 52, 56, 61 

"Teheran, Our Path in War and Peace" 45 

Telesman, Ivan 123 

Tempest, Edward V 90 

Tenenbaum, Joseph 107 

Tenerowicz, Rudolph 16 

Tenesy, George - 103,105 

Tereshtenko, V. J 112 

Third American Slav Congress 7,22-26,69,95 

Third American Slav Congress, Souvenir 

Journal 57 

Third Congress of Slavs 12 

Third Slav Congress 11 

Thomas, P 133 

Thorez, Maurice 4 

Tibbett, Lawrence - 122 

Timko, George 106 

Timofeeuk, H .... 113 

Timoshenko - -- 15 

Timotijevic, Dusan.. 40 

Tkach, Michael ..- 83, 99, 101, 105, 107, 128 

Tkach, Olga 112 

Tobias, Channing H 122 

Todorovich, Alex .- 123 

Todorovich, Mrs. Alex - 123 

Tolbokhin 6 

Tolkach, Wura- - 131 

Tolstoi, Alexei - - 3, 4, 21 

Tomanovich, Miloslav - 82 

Tomashek, W__ - 126 

Tomasic, Anton 103, 129 

Tomasin, Marie - -- 108 

Tomelic, Nick 118 

Tomic, Hugo.. 122 

Topolovac, Robert - 123 



INDEX 



149 



Page 

Topalovich, John 123 

Topoly, Stephen — 132 

Totka, Vincent - 104 

Tovaleski, V 113 

Tracz, Wladyslaw 120 

Trade-Union Educational League 52 

Trade Union Unity League 91 

Traguba, Nina - 131 

Traicoff, Nick 117 

Transport Workers Union (CIO) 78 

Traven, Anne S... - 118, 124, 125 

Travnik, Raymond 103, 108 

Trees, Daniel 23, 24, 107, 109 

"Trends and Tides" 4, 6 

Trexler, Samuel 96 

Trinanovich, Vaso._ --- 42 

Trkulja, Ljubomir 82 

Trnovskv, Helen... 115 

Troka, Albert 117 

"The Trotsky Opposition and Its Lessons".. 51 

Trushinsky, P. D 131 

"The Truth About Yugoslavia" 42, 58 

Tsanoff, Radoslav 124 

Tuhy, Bohuslav 104 

Tupica, A 131 

Turanski, N 128 

Turchin, Jacob.. 133 

Turovetz, P -- 131 

Turza, Joseph 114 

Tuskan, John 117 

Tutens, Ben 104, 106 

Tutin, Edward 114 

Tymoschuk, Nick 119 

Tzwird, A 121 

Ucih, W.... 131 

Udchitz, Paul 131 

Uglesich, Nick 121 

Ujcich, Vincent 13, 112, 124 

Ukorka, Adolph - 116 

Ukorka, Mrs. Adolph 116 

Ukrainian American League 5 

Ukrainian Congress Committee 19 

Ukrainian Daily News 14, 15 

Ukrainian National Aid Association .. 19 

Ukrainian National Association 19 

Uldrain, Joseph 122 

Union of Yugoslav- Americans 5 

United American-Czechoslovak Soviety 5 

United American Slav Committee 133 

United Automobile Workers of America 14 

United Automobile Workers, Ford Local 600. 16 

United Automobile Workers Union (CIO) ... 50 
United Committee of Croatian, Serbian, and 

Slovenian Americans 43 

United Committee of Slavic Americans 45 

United Committee of South Slavic Americans. 39-45, 

51, 57, 65, 66, 73, 75, 82, 87-S9 

United Committee of Yugoslav- Americans. _ . 57 

United Conference of South-Slavic Americans. 42 
United Croatians of the United States and 

Canada 19 

United Electrical, Radio, and Machine 

Workers of America (CIO) 31, 78 

United Federal Workers (CIO) 78 

United Mine Workers of America (AFL) 48, 52 

United Nations Congress 16 

United Nations Economic and Social Council. 57 
United Office and Professional Workers of 

America (CIO) 31, 78 

United Packinghouse Workers of America 31 

United Russian-American Committee of Chi- 
cago 133 

United Russian Organization of Greater Bos- 
ton, Mass 133 

United Russian Relief Committee 133 

United Shoe Workers of America (CIO) 78 

United Societies of the Greek Catholic Re- 
ligion 19 

United South Slav Committee 45 

United Yugoslav Committee 42 

Urankar, Alexander 124 

Urban 121 

Urban, Mrs 121 

Urbancic, Frank 112 

Urbas, Mieth.. 131 



Page 

Urick, John. 120 

United States Congress Against War and 

Fascism 49 

Usofif, Andrew 131 

Usovich, Dan.. 131 

Usovich, Deonisi 121 

U. S. S. R. Slav Committee.. -. 10 

Vaculik, John. 129 

Valentovich, Gregory 131 

Valetie, John 117 

Validzie. Violet 117 

Vangor, Emrich 106 

Vangor, I 120 

Van Kleeck, Mary 107, 122 

Van Paassen, Pierre... 122 

Varhol, Joseph 129 

Varzalv, Stephen 62, 106, 111 

Vasco, Nick 119 

Vastlik, Francis 113 

Vavra, Julia 116 

Veljacic, Ivan 121 

Veljacic, Walter 129 

Veljacich, Vladimir. 117 

Veloski, Frank 104 

Verbanek, Charles 86 

Verhovay Fraternal Insurance Association 19 

Veseli Slovenci St. 454 118 

Vesely, Josephine 111 

Vicoski, Mary 119 

Victor, Frank 121 

Vider (Vidar), Fred A 88, 89, 107, 124, 125, 128 

Vidolin, J 127 

Vidoloff, Zaprian D 116 

Vidovdan Congress.. 45 

"Vidovdan" Congress of American Serbs 5 

Vincina, Vinko - 121 

Vishin, Philip. — 134 

Vinski, Mark — 42 

Vionova, Lydia 24 

Virginis, Mike 117 

Virginis, Mrs. Mike 117 

Vishin, Christ 66 

Vishin, Philip - 109 

Viskochil 109 

Viskovich, Gregory 115 

Vistnik (Messenger) 62,63 

Vlah, Ivan - 121 

Vlah, Milka..- 123 

Vlahov, Ilene 93 

Vlakhov, Dmitri - 21 

Vlod, Kuzma 121 

Vodak, Fred =■ 134 

Vodicka, Samuel 118 

Voich, John 127 

Vosmik 109 

Voydanoff, Smeale 45, 

66, 103, 105, 107, 124, 125, 133, 134 

Voydanova, Karamfila 134 

Vrabel, Helen 106, 127 

Vrabel, Stephen - 132 

Vrcek, E 121 

Vrkljan, John... 115 

Vucelich, Theodore 104 

Vuich, Charles 57, 82, 104, 107, 111 

Vuk, Vinko -'- 14, 42 

Vukcevich, Agnes 107 

Vukcevich, Peter 107, 112 

Vukelich 74 

Vukelich, Branko 92 

Vukelich, Philip 72, 73, 87, 88, 107, 123-125, 134 

Vukota, Anton.. -- H5 

Vukovich, Jerry 115, 127 

Vukovich, Violet - 125 

Walchuk, George... 121 

Waliszka, Ronnie H8 

Wallace, Dorothy 131 

Wallace, Henry A 7, 

16, 29, 30, 35, 37, 39, 46, 47, 50, 56, 63, 69, 73 

Wallace, Michael - 121 

Wallace-for-President Committee — 39 

Wallach, Alex - H2 

Walsh, J. Raymond 78, 106, 107 

Wanger, Walter - 122 

Warame, Sophie Wyda 131 

"The War and the American Slovenes" 40 



150 



INDEX 



Page 

Warburg, Mrs. Edward M. M 122 

Warburg, James P 122 

Wardwell, Allen. 122 

"War and Post-War" 41 

War Relief Services 79 

Washington Industrial Union Council 89 

Washington Post . 38 

Washington Star 94 

Wasilewska, Wanda (wife of Alexander 

Korneichuk) _ 3, 4, 21 

Wasilkoff, Nick 131 

Wassenda, John 126 

Wattras, Joseph A 14, 103, 106 

Weekly Truth.... 61 

Weiner, William (also known as Welwel 

Warczower) 84 

Weinstone, William 49 

Welcl, Emilie 104 

Welles, Orson 122 

Weltflsh, Gene 107 

Wengryn, H 114,118,128 

Werfel, Franz.. 122 

Werlinich, Sam 82 

Werlinich, Samuel... 99, 101, 106 

Wesolawski, Antoni 116 

West Detroit— 3153 125 

West Side— 3013 125 

"What I Saw in the Slavic Countries" 32 

Whitney, A. F 107 

Wilchynsky, S.. 114 

Williams, Claude.— 96 

Williamson, John 50 

Wilson 59 

Winicky, J 131 

Win-the-Peace Conference 34, 42, 46 

Wiolenty, William 131 

Wisniewski, Joseph 109, 117 

Wisniewsky, R. R 131 

Witkovich, George 106 

Witmer, Edward 119 

Witwicka, Mrs. L. 121 

Witwicki, D 116, 121 

Witwicki, Daniel 132 

Wnorowski, Peter. 115 

Wodarczyk, Rose 121 

Wodarczyk, Stanley 121 

Wojkowski, Maria 104, 106 

Wojtovich, H 113 

Wolack, Ludwik 117 

Wolf, Friedrich 3 

Wolfe, Philip 108 

Wolkov, John — — 119 

Wolynec, P.... 113 

Women's Auxiliary of Elinden 116 

Women's Club "Sloboda" 132 

Wonsowic, Helen. 120 

The Worker 15, 28, 42, 64 

Workers Bookshop 26 

World Congress of Peace 11 

World Federation of Democratic Youth 94 

World Federation of Trade Unions 24 

World Trade Union 23 

World Youth Congress of 1938 17 

World Youth Festival- 93, 94 

Worobec, Nick 119 

Woyt, Walter 131 

Woytowicn, James 131 

Woznuk, William 119 

Wuchinich, George S 29, 

30, 53-57, 62, 81, 88, 107, 108, 111 

Wyshynsky, J 118 

Yacyna, J... 128 

Yaehyshyn, Sam. 119 

Yakhontoff, Victor A 15, 107 

Yakihnetz, Wasyl 129 

Yale 11 

Yaneff, Sotir 112 

Yankanich, John.. 126 

Yaroshuk, Nestor 119 

Yaroshuk, Nick 119 

Yary, Anthony 104, ill 

Yatich, D. K 103, 106, 109, 110 

Yergunov, Alexander 24 

Yerkovich, George 116 

Yogun, Nick 109 

Yohan, Anna.. 119 

Yohan, Michael 119 



Page 

Young Communist League 14, 38, 51, 93 

Young Communist League, Michigan 14 

Young, Harold 16 

Young Progressive Citizens of America 93 

Youth Anti-Fascist Committee 24 

Yrovich, Paulina. 131 

Yugoslav American Youth Club 93 

Yugoslav Friends of Democracy 13 

Yugoslav Home Service 40 

Yugoslav Liberation Armies 45 

Yugoslav National Defense Society of Chile.. 42 

Yugoslav Red Cross _ 81 

Yugoslav Review (Yugoslavenski Obzor) 5 

Yugoslav Workman's Publishing Co., Inc 74 

Yugoslav Writers' Union. 40 

"Yugoslavia" 42 

Yugoslavenski Obzor (Yugoslav Review) 5 

Yukel, Anton 117 

Yukl, James. 116 

Yunek, Tony 116 

Yuravel, Alexander 131 

Yurich, John 127 

Yurkiwski, Steve 109 

Yurko, Anton 131 

Zabudsky, F 125 

Zagar, Ivan 123 

Zahradnik, John — 104, 106, 111 

Zaic, Mats 116 

Zaitz, Frank 124, 125 

Zajednicar (Brotherhood) 72-74, 84, 86-89, 91 

Zakrajsek, Josephine 106, 113, 115, 124 

Zakula, Todor - 117 

Zakutonsky, Peter 120, 121 

Zalar, Joseph 43, 44, 124 

Zaleski, Zigmund 131 

Zaninovich, Joseph J — . 124 

Zaranko, H. 113 

Zaremba, John 104, 106, 109 

Zarenko.. 125 

Zarick, Sam 121 

Zarnawcky, D - 125 

Zarubinski, H 119 

Zary, Joseph 104, 111 

Zatecky, Alois 112 

Zatkovich, Gregory 103 

Zavartkaj, Frank... 114 

Zavetnik, Joseph. 104, 107, 112, 133 

Zavodny 116 

Zawoda, Julia - 131 

Zdenek 3 

Zdvoracek, Mrs. Rudolph 106 

Zdvoracek, Rudolph 114 

Zebrazke, A 131 

Zegura, Stephen L 115 

Zele, Joe.... - - - - 123 

Zeleniak, Mary -- 120 

Zelenka, Karel - 129 

Zeleznak, John -- 110, 117 

Zeleznak, Joseph 129 

Zelinka, Paul - 118 

Zelze, Karp. - 131 

Zeman, John -- 103 

Zeman, Stephan, Jr 12, 

14, 20, 22, 99, 101, 105, 108, 110, 111 

Zemansky, Nick...... 127 

Zemavasky, Nick 115 

Zemavasky, Mrs. Nick. 115 

Zenkevich, Joseph 120 

Zilinek, Joseph 114 

Zilliacus, Konni 67 

Zirko, Ignatz 116 

Zivcich, Frank --- 117 

Zivko, Tony 123 

Zizka, Ernest.... - — 103 ,106, 116 

Zladi, S. R - 115, 127 

Zlamal, Oldrich 104 

Zlepko, Michael 106 

Zmeskal, Helen 115 

Zmeskal, Otto. - 115 

Zmrhal, J. 14 

Zmrhal, J. J 99, 105, 107, 108 

Zmrhal, Jaroslav J 101,110,114 

Zoboski, Philip 113, 117 

Zoch, John 107 

Zomkowich, Mary - 117 

Zorich, Danica 115 

Zorich, Gregory 115, 127 



INDEX 



151 



Page 

Zorich, Martin... 115 

Zorkin, Mladen Guino 89 

Zornik, Anton Ill 

Zowodoc, George 131 

Zuber, Jovan 115, 125 

Zuboff, Charles 118 

Zuk, Andrew.. 131 

Zuk, H 128 

Zuracielli, M 113 

Zurak, Sam 131 

Zurlin, Joseph 121 

Zurovich, William 121 



Page 

Zuskar, John 62 

Zuza, John 132 

Zuyeva, Tatyana 22 

Zwick, Mike 131 

Zwolinski, E 121 

Zybko, Paul 121 

Zykoff (Zaikoff), George (alias George Ni- 

colofl) 31 

Zykowsky, Stephan 115 

Zymierski, Michal... 26, 32, 95 

Zyzka, Jan 20 



o 



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